Royal Exchange in London

1 January 2021 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, House of the Month, London

© flickr.com - Rev Stan/cc-by-2.0

© flickr.com – Rev Stan/cc-by-2.0

The Royal Exchange in London was founded in the 16th century by the merchant Sir Thomas Gresham on the suggestion of his factor Richard Clough to act as a centre of commerce for the City of London. The site was provided by the City of London Corporation and the Worshipful Company of Mercers, who still jointly own the freehold. It is trapezoidal in shape and is flanked by Cornhill and Threadneedle Street, which converge at Bank junction in the heart of the City. It lies in the ward of Cornhill.   read more…

Old Billingsgate Market in London

6 July 2020 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, London

Market door detail © MRSC

Market door detail © MRSC

Old Billingsgate Market is the name given to what is now a hospitality and events venue in the City of London, based in the Victorian building that was originally Billingsgate Fish Market, the world’s largest fish market in the 19th century.   read more…

Tower Hill in London

30 October 2019 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, London

Tower Hill and Tower of London © flickr.com - Sheri/cc-by-sa-2.0

Tower Hill and Tower of London © flickr.com – Sheri/cc-by-sa-2.0

Tower Hill is a complex city or garden square northwest of the Tower of London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets just outside the City of London boundary yet inside what remains of the London Wall – a large fragment of which survives toward its east.   read more…

Temple Church in London

2 May 2018 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, London

© geograph.org.uk - John Salmon/cc-by-sa-2.0

© geograph.org.uk – John Salmon/cc-by-sa-2.0

The Temple Church is a late 12th-century church in the City of London located between Fleet Street and the River Thames, built by the Knights Templar as their English headquarters. During the reign of King John (1199–1216) it served as the royal treasury, supported by the role of the Knights Templars as proto-international bankers. It is jointly owned by the Inner Temple and Middle Temple Inns of Court, bases of the English legal profession. It is famous for being a round church, a common design feature for Knights Templar churches, and for its 13th and 14th century stone effigies. It was heavily damaged by German bombing during World War II and has since been greatly restored and rebuilt. The area around the Temple Church is known as the Temple and nearby formerly in the middle of Fleet Street stood the Temple Bar, an ornamental processional gateway. Nearby is the Temple Underground station.   read more…

20 Fenchurch Street

1 October 2015 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, House of the Month, London

Tower Bridge and 20 Fenchurch Street © mattbuck/cc-by-sa-4.0

Tower Bridge and 20 Fenchurch Street © mattbuck/cc-by-sa-4.0

20 Fenchurch Street is a commercial skyscraper in London that takes its name from its address on Fenchurch Street, in the historic City of London financial district. It has been nicknamed ‘The Walkie-Talkie’ because of its distinctive shape. Construction was completed in spring 2014, and the top-floor ‘sky garden’ was opened in January 2015. The 34-storey building is 160 m (525 ft) tall, making it the fifth-tallest building in the City of London and the 13th tallest in London. Designed by architect Rafael Viñoly and costing over £200 million, 20 Fenchurch Street features a highly distinctive top-heavy form which appears to burst upward and outward. A large viewing deck, bar and restaurants are included on the top three floors; these are, with restrictions, open to the public.   read more…

St Paul’s Cathedral in London

20 June 2015 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, London, Museums, Exhibitions

© flickr.com - Mark Fosh/cc-by-2.0

© flickr.com – Mark Fosh/cc-by-2.0

St Paul’s Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits at the top of Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604. The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed within Wren’s lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme which took place in the city after the Great Fire of London. The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London, with its dome, framed by the spires of Wren’s City churches, dominating the skyline for 300 years. At 365 feet (111 m) high, it was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962, and its dome is also among the highest in the world. In terms of area, St Paul’s is the second largest church building in the United Kingdom after Liverpool Cathedral.   read more…

Lloyd’s building in London

20 August 2014 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, London

© geograph.org.uk - Oast House Archive/cc-by-sa-2.0

© geograph.org.uk – Oast House Archive/cc-by-sa-2.0

The Lloyd’s building (sometimes known as the Inside-Out Building) is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd’s of London. It is located on the former site of East India House in 1 Lime Street, in London’s main financial district, the City of London. The building is a leading example of radical Bowellism architecture in which the services for the building, such as ducts and lifts, are located on the exterior to maximise space in the interior. The Lloyd’s building is 88 metres (289 ft) to the roof, with 14 floors. On top of each service core stand the cleaning cranes, increasing the overall height to 95.10 metres (312 ft). Modular in plan, each floor can be altered by addition or removal of partitions and walls.   read more…

30 St Mary Axe in the City of London

1 March 2014 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, House of the Month, London

© flickr.com - Edward Simpson/cc-by-sa-2.0

© flickr.com – Edward Simpson/cc-by-sa-2.0

30 St Mary Axe, widely known informally as “the Gherkin” and previously the Swiss Re Building, is a skyscraper in London’s main financial district, the City of London, completed in December 2003 and opened in April 2004. With 41 floors, the tower is 180 metres (591 ft) tall and stands on a street called St Mary Axe, on the site of the former Baltic Exchange, which was extensively damaged in 1992 by the explosion of a bomb placed by the Provisional IRA.   read more…

The London Stone

6 July 2013 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, London

London Stone © englishhistoryauthors.blogspot.com

London Stone © englishhistoryauthors.blogspot.com

London Stone is a historic stone that is now set within a Portland stone surround and iron grille on Cannon Street, in the City of London.   read more…

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