Berlin Wall, Bernauer Strasse and East Side Gallery

13 August 2011 | Author/Destination: | Rubric: General, Berlin, Museums, Exhibitions Reading Time:  9 minutes

Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall map © ChrisO

Berlin Wall map © ChrisO

The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area (later known as the “death strip”) that contained anti-vehicle trenches, “fakir beds” and other defenses. The Soviet-dominated Eastern Bloc officially claimed that the wall was erected to protect its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the “will of the people” in building a socialist state in East Germany. However, in practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that marked Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.   read more…

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