Severomorsk in Russia

Saturday, 1 October 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
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Northern Fleet © flickr.com - Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0

Northern Fleet © flickr.com – Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0

Severomorsk, known as Vayenga until April 18, 1951, is a closed town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. Severomorsk is the main administrative base of the Russian Northern Fleet. The town is located on the coast of the Barents Sea along the Kola Bay 25 kilometers (16 mi) northeast of Murmansk, the administrative centre of the oblast, to which it is connected by railway and a motorway. The town of Polyarny is in the immediate vicinity on the opposite side of Kola Bay.

The first settlement on the site of the modern city arose between 1896 and 1897. It was named Vayenga, after the river, the name of which itself comes from the Sámi “vayongg”, meaning “doe” or “reindeer“. In 1917, only thirteen people lived in the settlement, who engaged in hunting, fishing and animal husbandry. In 1926, the Murmansk office of logging was founded, one of the artels of which was sent to Vayenga. A barracks, a dormitory, and a banya were built, and a telephone line was laid through the village. In 1933, the bay was chosen as one of the bases for the newly created Northern Fleet. From 1934 and until the beginning of World War II, wooden and brick buildings, as well as military installations, were built in the settlement, and the Vayenga-1 naval airfield was built in the neighbouring bay. From August 1941, all construction was suspended. The airfield was used by the British; namely No. 151 Wing RAF to protect the Arctic Convoys before their fighters were later handed over to the Soviet Naval Aviation. After the end of the war, construction was resumed. Vayenga, taking into account the existing arrangement, was chosen as one of the main bases of the Northern Fleet. On September 1, 1947, staff and management of the Northern Fleet were relocated from Polyarny to Vayenga. Also in 1947, the first secondary school in the city was opened. The population of Vayenga was then 3,884. In 1948, Vayenga’s village Soviet of deputies of workers was opened.

View of the Kola Bay in Severomorsk © Insider/cc-by-sa-3.0 Housing © flickr.com - Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0 Downtown Severomorsk © panoramio.com - Лобанов Вячеслав/cc-by-3.0 Harbour © panoramio.com - Лобанов Вячеслав/cc-by-3.0 Housing © flickr.com - Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0 Housing © flickr.com - Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0 Housing © flickr.com - Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0 Northern Fleet © flickr.com - Сергей Шинкарюк/cc-by-2.0 © panoramio.com - Konstantin Mednikov/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - Лобанов Вячеслав/cc-by-3.0
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Downtown Severomorsk © panoramio.com - Лобанов Вячеслав/cc-by-3.0
On April 18, 1951, Vayenga received town status and was renamed to Severomorsk, from the Russian “sever”, meaning “north”, and “more”, meaning “sea”. By the 1960s, the city was already thoroughly equipped. The city had its own bakery, sausage factory, and soft drink bottling plant, and a swimming pool was being built. On November 26, 1996, by the decree of the President of Russia, the city of Severomorsk, as a major naval base, was converted into a closed city. Settlements that have been merged into it include Safonovo, Roslyakovo, Safonovo-1, Severomorsk-3, and Shchukozero.

Most of Severomorsk’s industry is related to food, particularly the Severmorsk Dairy Plant, and the Toni Bottling Plant. There are also construction and shipyard companies, and a developed infrastructure of housing and communal and consumer services, as well as trade. The town is the main administrative base of the Russian Northern Fleet. Severomorsk has the largest dry dock on the Kola Peninsula. On May 13, 1984, on the outskirts of Severomorsk, there was a major fire at a stockpile of naval missiles that resulted in numerous large explosions on May 17. The incident killed 200–300 people and destroyed at least one-third of the Northern Fleet‘s stockpile of surface-to-air missiles (Severomorsk Disaster).

Read more on Wikipedia Severomorsk (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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