Sderot in Israel

Wednesday, 9 March 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Yanchik Hill near Kibbutz Nir Am, view on Sderot and railway Beersheba-Sderot © Dr. Avishai Teicher/cc-by-2.5

Yanchik Hill near Kibbutz Nir Am, view on Sderot and railway Beersheba-Sderot © Dr. Avishai Teicher/cc-by-2.5

Sderot is a western Negev city and former development town in the Southern District of Israel. In 2019 it had a population of 27,635. Sderot is located less than a mile from Gaza (the closest point is 840 m), and is notable for having been a major target of Qassam rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip. Between 2001 and 2008, rocket attacks on the city killed 13 people, wounded dozens, caused millions of dollars in damage and profoundly disrupted daily life. Although rocket fire subsided after the Gaza War, the city has come under rocket attack on occasion since that time.

Sderot was originally founded in 1951 as a transit camp called Gabim Dorot for Israeli immigrants, primarily from Kurdistan and Iran, who numbered 80 families. The development was located on the land of the Palestininan village of Najd which was depopulated during 1948 Arab-Israeli War and served as part of a chain of settlements designed to block infiltration from Gaza. Permanent housing was completed three years after the transit camp’s establishment in 1954. The town was renamed Sderot after the Eucalyptus boulevard planted along the length of the town, whose planting provided employment to the residents of the settlement. From the mid-1950s Moroccan Jews increasingly settled in the township. Romanian Jewish and Kurdish Jewish immigrants also began settling in Sderot. In 1956, Sderot was recognized as a local council. In the 1961 census, the percentage of North African immigrants, mostly from Morocco, was 87% in the town; another 11% of the residents were immigrants from Kurdistan. Sderot received a symbolic name, after the numerous avenues and standalone rows of trees planted in the Negev, especially between Beersheba and Gaza, to combat desertification and beautify the arid landscape. Like many other localities in the Negev, Sderot’s name has a green motif that symbolizes the motto “making the desert bloom”, a central part of Zionist ideology. Sderot absorbed another large wave of immigrants from the former Soviet Union during the 1990s Post-Soviet aliyah, and also took in immigrants from Ethiopia during this time. Its population doubled as a result. In 1996, it was declared a city.

Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip onto Sderot on display at a police station © Aaron Vazquez/cc-by-sa-3.0 Sapir Academic College campus © Eckart sussenburger Yanchik Hill near Kibbutz Nir Am, view on Sderot and railway Beersheba-Sderot © Dr. Avishai Teicher/cc-by-2.5 Sderot is located in the 10-15 sec of Grad rocket range © Israel Defense Force Spokesperson/cc-by-sa-2.0 Sderot Market © Nizzan Cohen/cc-by-sa-4.0 Public Shelter © Jewbask
<
>
Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip onto Sderot on display at a police station © Aaron Vazquez/cc-by-sa-3.0
An unusually high ratio of singers, instrumentalists, composers and poets have come from Sderot. Several popular bands have been formed by musicians who practiced in Sderot’s bomb shelters as teenagers. As an immigrant town with high unemployment experiencing a dramatic musical success, as bands blend international sounds with the music of their Moroccan immigrant parents, it has been compared to Liverpool in the 1960s. Among the notable bands are Teapacks Knesiyat Hasekhel and Sfatayim. Well-known musicians from Sderot include Shlomo Bar, Kobi Oz, Haïm Ulliel and Smadar Levi. The winner of the Israeli version of “American Idol” 2011 was Hagit Yaso, a local Sderot singer of Ethiopian origin. Israeli poet Shimon Adaf was born in Sderot, as well as the actor and entertainer Maor Cohen. Adaf dedicated a poem to the city in his 1997 book Icarus’ Monologue. In 2007, Jewish-American documentary filmmaker Laura Bialis immigrated to Israel, and decided to settle in Sderot “to find out what it means to live in a never-ending war, and to document the lives and music of musicians under fire”. Her film Sderot: Rock in the Red Zone focuses on young musicians living under the daily threat of Qassams. Politically, the town leans heavily to the right. The Israeli musician Dror Kessler, who lives in Sderot, has published Intifada Solitaire, a music album recorded during “Operation Protective Edge”, in which he expressed a unique and local opinion, one that may be considered to be leaning to the left.

Sderot cinema is a name given to gatherings at a hill in Sderot, where over 50 locals would come to watch the fighting in the Gaza strip during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, cheering when bombs would strike. The name was coined by a Danish journalist who snapped a photo of it and posted it on Twitter. Similar events happened in Operation Cast Lead in 2009, after which some critics decided to refer to the hill as “Hill of Shame”. Sderot residents have complained about the media portrayal. Marc Goldberg noted in The Times of Israel that “it shouldn’t surprise anyone that after suffering a huge amount of shelling over the course of several years, they are cheering the IDF attacking the weapons that have been turned on them.”

Read more on Sderot, Sderot Media Center, Wikitravel Sderot and Wikipedia Sderot (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Bhutan - Paro

Theme Week Bhutan - Paro

[caption id="attachment_221440" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Taktsang Monastery © Bernard Gagnon/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Paro is a town and seat of Paro District, in the Paro Valley of Bhutan. It is a historic town with many sacred sites and historical buildings scattered throughout the area. It is also home to Paro Airport, Bhutan's sole international airport. The main street has many examples of traditionally decorated buildings. Paro is home to Bhutan's tallest building, the Ta-Dzhong, which is 22 meters (...

[ read more ]

Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic

Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic

[caption id="attachment_171431" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Ben Kucinski/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Punta Cana is a resort town within the Punta Cana-Bávaro-Veron-Macao municipal district, in the municipality of Higüey, in La Altagracia Province, the easternmost province of the Dominican Republic. The area has beaches and balnearios which face both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and it has been a popular tourist destination. The Punta Cana area has an estimated population of 54,...

[ read more ]

Lappeenranta in South Karelia

Lappeenranta in South Karelia

[caption id="attachment_151377" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lappeenranta Harbour - Photo by Petritap[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lappeenranta is a city and municipality that resides on the shore of the lake Saimaa in South-Eastern Finland, about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the Russian border. It belongs to the region of South Karelia. With approximately 72,000 inhabitants Lappeenranta is the 13th largest city in Finland. The neighboring municipality of Joutseno was consolidated with Lappeenranta on January 1, 2009, and the nei...

[ read more ]

The port city of Aalborg

The port city of Aalborg

[caption id="attachment_152743" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Nytorv Square © Tomasz Sienicki[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Aalborg is a Danish industrial and university city in North Jutland. The city of Aalborg has a population of 102,312 (124,921 including Nørresundby) making it the fourth largest city in Denmark in terms of population. The municipality of Aalborg has a population of 197,426 (2010) making it the third most populous municipality in the country after Copenhagen and Århus. The earliest settlements date back to...

[ read more ]

Dockwise Yacht Transport (DYT)

Dockwise Yacht Transport (DYT)

[caption id="attachment_151940" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © yacht-transport.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dockwise Yacht Transport (DYT) is the world's leading yacht logistics company, and offer hassle-free yacht transport & boat transport to the world’s most desirable cruising grounds. DYT serves its customers with a global network of 10 offices and many highly-qualified representatives. The goal is to help make yacht transport as smooth and simple as possible. With its own fleet of three semi-submersible, dedicated y...

[ read more ]

Ascension Island

Ascension Island

[caption id="attachment_231497" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Royal Marine barracks in former Royal Dockland in Georgetown © JERRYE & ROY KLOTZ MD/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island, 7°56′ south of the Equator in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from the coast of Africa and 1,400 miles (2,300 km) from the coast of South America. It is governed as part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, of which t...

[ read more ]

Oświęcim in Poland

Oświęcim in Poland

[caption id="attachment_150658" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Oświęcim Castle © Beemwej/cc-by-sa-3.0-pl[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Oświęcim (german: Auschwitz) is a town in the Lesser Poland province of southern Poland, situated 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Kraków, near the confluence of the rivers Vistula (Wisła) and Soła. The town is best known as being the location of the Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. Oświęcim lies on the intersection of National Road nr. 44 with local road nr. 933, an...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Washington, D.C. - The White House

Theme Week Washington, D.C. - The White House

[caption id="attachment_165148" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Matt H. Wade/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800. The term White House is often used as a metonymy to refer to actions of the president and his advisers, as in "The White House announced that...". The residence was designed ...

[ read more ]

Titanic Belfast® in the Titanic Quarter

Titanic Belfast® in the Titanic Quarter

[caption id="attachment_150791" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sinking of the RMS Titanic - www.buddelschiffmuseum.de © Werner Willmann[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Drive over the Lagan Bridge or along the historic Queen’s Road in the heart of the former shipyard and you will see a stunning piece of architecture coming to life. The new Titanic visitor attraction is creating excitement amongst the tourist trade and the public. Its creators describe Titanic Belfast® as a "must see" visit in any tour of Belfast and Northern Irel...

[ read more ]

Beauvais in the historical province of Picardy

Beauvais in the historical province of Picardy

[caption id="attachment_151670" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town Hall © flickr.com - Andy[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Beauvais is a city approximately 79 kilometres (49 mi) by highway north of central Paris, in the northern French region of Picardie. It currently has a population of over 60,000 inhabitants. Beauvais lies at the foot of wooded hills on the left bank of the Thérain at its confluence with the Avelon. Its ancient ramparts have been destroyed, and it is now surrounded by boulevards, outside of which run branches...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Lightning Rod entrance © McDoobAU93/cc-by-sa-3.0
Dollywood in Pigeon Forge

Dollywood is a theme park jointly owned by entertainer Dolly Parton and Herschend Family Entertainment. It is located in the...

Moussa Sursock's palace © James Bradbury/cc-by-sa-4.0
Achrafieh in Beirut

Achrafieh is an area in eastern Beirut, Lebanon. In strictly administrative terms, the name refers to a sector (secteur) centred...

© flickr.com - Jocelyn Erskine-Kellie/cc-by-2.0
Stari Grad in Croatia

Stari Grad ("Old Town") is a town on the northern side of the island of Hvar in Dalmatia, Croatia. One...

Schließen