Shushtar in Iran

Thursday, 26 January 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System © Razie Amirian/cc-by-sa-4.0

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System © Razie Amirian/cc-by-sa-4.0

Shushtar is a city and capital of Shushtar County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. Shushtar is an ancient fortress city, approximately 92 kilometres (57 mi) from Ahvaz, the centre of the province. Much of its past agricultural productivity derives from the irrigation system which centered on the Band-e Kaisar, the first dam bridge in Iran. The whole water system in Shushtar consists of 13 sites called Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System which is registered as a Unesco World Heritage.

The people of Shushtar, called Shushtaris, maintain a unique cultural heritage stretching back to ancient times, and a Persian dialect called Shushtari dialect distinct to their group. The devoutness of Shushtar’s people has led to it being nicknamed “Dar al-Mu’minin”. Local tradition attributes certain customs to ancient Roman colonists, as well as the construction of the Band-e Kaisar and the introduction of brocade manufacturing technique.

© Iman Yari/cc-by-sa-4.0 Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System © Razie Amirian/cc-by-sa-4.0 © UNESCO © Aminjm/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Elaheabed/cc-by-sa-4.0 © flickr.com - Adam Jones/cc-by-sa-2.0
<
>
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System © Razie Amirian/cc-by-sa-4.0
The Band-e Kaisar (“Caesar’s dam”) is believed by some to be a Roman built arch bridge (since Roman captured soldiers were used in its construction), and the first in the country to combine it with a dam. When the Sassanian Shah Shapur I defeated the Roman emperor Valerian, he is said to have ordered the captive Roman soldiers to build a large bridge and dam stretching over 500 metres. Lying deep in Persian territory, the structure which exhibits typical Roman building techniques became the most eastern Roman bridge and Roman dam. Its dual-purpose design exerted a profound influence on Iranian civil engineering and was instrumental in developing Sassanid water management techniques. While the traditional account is disputable, it’s not implausible that Roman prisoners of war were involved in its construction.

The approximately 500 m long overflow dam over the Karun, Iran’s most effluent river, was the core structure of the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, a large irrigation complex from which Shushtar derived its agricultural productivity, and which has been designated World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 2009. The arched superstructure carried across the important road between Pasargadae and the Sassanid capital Ctesiphon. Many times repaired in the Islamic period, the dam bridge fell out of use in the late 19th century, leading to the degeneration of the complex system of irrigation.

Read more on unesco.org – Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System and Wikipedia Shushtar (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Venezuela - Margarita Island

Theme Week Venezuela - Margarita Island

[caption id="attachment_172194" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Juan Griego Pier © The Photographer[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Margarita Island (Isla de Margarita) is the largest island in the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta, situated off the northeastern coast of the country, in the Caribbean Sea. The capital city of Nueva Esparta, La Asunción, is located on the island. Primary industries are tourism, fishing and construction. Christopher Columbus was the first European to arrive on Margarita Island in 1498. The local nativ...

[ read more ]

The Northwest Territories in Canada

The Northwest Territories in Canada

[caption id="attachment_27218" align="aligncenter" width="392"] Northern Lights - Aurora Village © flickr.com - Hideyuki KAMON/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Northwest Territories (NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO) is a territory of Canada. With a population of 43,500, the Northwest Territories is the most populous territory in Northern Canada. Yellowknife became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission. The Northwest Territories, a portion of the old Nor...

[ read more ]

Santa Maria di Castellabate in Southern Italy

Santa Maria di Castellabate in Southern Italy

[caption id="attachment_160741" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Santa Maria di Castellabate Panorama © Matthias Holländer[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Santa Maria di Castellabate is a frazione of Castellabate, a commune in the province of Salerno, southern Italy. It is the largest frazione of its comune and of the province. It is also the seat of the town hall. The town was known in the 18th century as "Isca delle Chitarre", its original area and now the old town. The downtown is extended by two squares, Piazza Matarazzo...

[ read more ]

Bordeaux, city of art and history

Bordeaux, city of art and history

[caption id="attachment_151817" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Grand Théâtre © Christophe Finot[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne River in southwest France, with an estimated (2008) population of 250,082. The Bordeaux-Arcachon-Libourne metropolitan area, has a population of 1,010,000 and constitutes the sixth-largest urban area in France. It is the capital of the Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. Its inhabitants are called Bordelais. Bordeaux is the world's...

[ read more ]

Darlington in the Tees Valley

Darlington in the Tees Valley

[caption id="attachment_160577" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town centre including clock tower © Dan892k9[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Darlington is a market town in the Borough of Darlington, part of the ceremonial county of County Durham, England. It lies on the small River Skerne, a tributary of the River Tees, not far from the main river. It is the main population centre in the borough, with a population of 97,838 as of 2001. The town owes much of its development to the influence of local Quaker families during the Victori...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Styria - Leoben

Theme Week Styria - Leoben

[caption id="attachment_153210" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Leoben © tobias b. köhler/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Leoben is a Styrian city in central Austria, located by the Mur river. With a population of about 24,000 it is a local industrial center and hosts the University of Leoben which specialises in mining. Leoben is known as the “Gateway to the Styrian Iron Road”. The 13th century Main Square features the Hackl House with its baroque façade in red and white. The City Parish Church, St. Francis ...

[ read more ]

The Kensington Palace

The Kensington Palace

[caption id="attachment_160579" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Kensington Palace © Arnoprepa[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century and is the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, while the Duke and Duchess of Kent reside at Wren House. Kensin...

[ read more ]

Rapid City in South Dakota

Rapid City in South Dakota

[caption id="attachment_220929" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Firehouse Brewing Company © flickr.com - Nick Amoscato/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rapid City (Lakota: "Swift Water City") is the second most populous city in South Dakota and the county seat of Pennington County. Named after Rapid Creek, where the settlement developed, it is in western South Dakota, on the Black Hills' eastern slope. As of 2019, the population was estimated at 77,500. Known as the "Gateway to the Black Hills" and the "City of Pres...

[ read more ]

Temple Church in London

Temple Church in London

[caption id="attachment_172105" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © geograph.org.uk - John Salmon/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Temple Church is a late 12th-century church in the City of London located between Fleet Street and the River Thames, built by the Knights Templar as their English headquarters. During the reign of King John (1199–1216) it served as the royal treasury, supported by the role of the Knights Templars as proto-international bankers. It is jointly owned by the Inner Temple and Middle Temple Inn...

[ read more ]

Neustadt in Strasbourg

Neustadt in Strasbourg

[caption id="attachment_234010" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palais du Rhin © Chabe01/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Neustadt (German for New Town) is a district of Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, France. In 2017, the heart of the district was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, as an extension of the site including the older city centre (Grande Île) and Strasbourg Cathedral. The district is a unique example of city planning, merging the Haussmannian model with elements of German architecture and urban planning. ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Island Harbour © Roy Googin/cc-by-3.0
Theme Week Caribbean – Anguilla

Anguilla is a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean. It is one of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands...

Mark Twain by Ernest H Mills, ca 1895 © NPR
Portrait: Mark Twain, an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He...

© Starus/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Caribbean – Saint Barthélemy

Saint Barthélemy is an overseas collectivity of France in the Caribbean. It is often abbreviated to St. Barth in French,...

Close