Sargasso Sea in the Atlantic Ocean

Friday, 18 February 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

© U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

© U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

The Sargasso Sea is a region of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by four currents forming an ocean gyre. Unlike all other regions called seas, it has no land boundaries. It is distinguished from other parts of the Atlantic Ocean by its characteristic brown Sargassum seaweed and often calm blue water. The sea is bounded on the west by the Gulf Stream, on the north by the North Atlantic Current, on the east by the Canary Current, and on the south by the North Atlantic Equatorial Current, the four together forming a clockwise-circulating system of ocean currents termed the North Atlantic Gyre. It lies between 20° to 35° N and 40 and 70 W and is approximately 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) wide by 3,200 kilometres (2,000 mi) long. Bermuda is near the western fringes of the sea.

All of the currents deposit the marine plants and refuse which they are carrying into this sea, yet the ocean water in the Sargasso Sea is distinctive for its deep blue color and exceptional clarity, with underwater visibility of up to 61 m (200 ft). It is also a body of water that has captured the public imagination, and so is seen in a wide variety of literary and artistic works and in popular culture.

European eel © David Perez/cc-by-3.0 Lines of sargassum © Ocean Explorer/NOAA American eel © flickr.com - Clinton & Charles Robertson/cc-by-2.0 Sargasso_Sea-U.S._Fish_and_Wildlife_Service Life cycle of an European eel © Salvor Gissurardottir/cc-by-sa-2.5
<
>
Life cycle of an European eel © Salvor Gissurardottir/cc-by-sa-2.5
The Sargasso Sea is home to seaweed of the genus Sargassum, which floats en masse on the surface. The sargassum is not a threat to shipping, and historic incidents of sailing ships being trapped there are due to the often calm winds of the horse latitudes. The Sargasso Sea plays a role in the migration of catadromous eel species such as the European eel, the American eel, and the American conger eel. The larvae of these species hatch within the sea, and as they grow they travel to Europe or the East Coast of North America. Later in life, the matured eel migrates back to the Sargasso Sea to spawn and lay eggs. It is also believed that after hatching, young loggerhead sea turtles use currents such as the Gulf Stream to travel to the Sargasso Sea, where they use the sargassum as cover from predators until they are mature. The sargassum fish is a species of frogfish specially adapted to blend in among the sargassum seaweed. In the early 2000s, the Sargasso Sea was sampled as part of the Global Ocean Sampling survey, to evaluate its diversity of microbial life through metagenomics. Contrary to previous theories, results indicated the area has a wide variety of prokaryotic life.

Owing to surface currents, the Sargasso accumulates a high concentration of non-biodegradable plastic waste. The area contains the huge North Atlantic garbage patch. Several nations and nongovernmental organizations have united to protect the Sargasso Sea. These organizations include the Sargasso Sea Commission established 11 March 2014 by the governments of the Azores (Portugal), Bermuda (United Kingdom), Monaco, the United Kingdom and the United States. Bacteria that consume plastic have been found in the plastic-polluted waters of the Sargasso Sea; however, it is unknown whether these bacteria ultimately clean up poisons or simply spread them elsewhere in the marine microbial ecosystem. Plastic debris can absorb toxic chemicals from ocean pollution, potentially poisoning anything that eats it.

Read more on Sargasso Sea Commission and Wikipedia Sargasso Sea (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Jutland - Aabenraa

Theme Week Jutland - Aabenraa

[caption id="attachment_216692" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Pedestrian zone © Arne List/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Aabenraa is a town in Southern Denmark, at the head of the Aabenraa Fjord, an arm of the Little Belt, 26 kilometres (16 mi) north of the Denmark–Germany border and 32 kilometres (20 mi) north of German town of Flensburg. It was the seat of Sønderjyllands Amt (South Jutland County) until 1 January 2007, when the Region of Southern Denmark was created as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform. W...

[ read more ]

Starnberg in Five-Lake-Land

Starnberg in Five-Lake-Land

[caption id="attachment_160812" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lake Starnberg © Ascea[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The city of Starnberg is in Bavaria, Germany, some 30 km south-west of Munich. It lies at the north end of Lake Starnberg, in the heart of the "Five Lakes Country", and serves as capital of the district of Starnberg. Recording a disposable per-capita income of € 26,120 in 2007, Starnberg regained its status as the wealthiest town in Germany from the Frankfurt suburb of Hochtaunus. The town was first mentio...

[ read more ]

Borough Market in London

Borough Market in London

[caption id="attachment_217901" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Jeremy Keith/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Borough Market is a wholesale and retail market hall in Southwark, London, England. It is one of the largest and oldest food markets in London, with a market on the site dating back to at least the 12th century. The present buildings were built in the 1850s, and today the market mainly sells speciality foods to the general public. Borough Market is located on Southwark Street and Borough High Street j...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Russia - Vladivostok on the Golden Horn

Theme Week Russia - Vladivostok on the Golden Horn

[caption id="attachment_153655" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Center of Vladivostok and Golden Horn © Владимир КОБЗАРЬ/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Vladivostok is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai located at the head of the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China and North Korea. The population of the city is 592,000. The city is the home port of the Russian Pacific Fleet and the largest Russian port on the Pacific Ocean. In 2012, Vladivostok hosted the ...

[ read more ]

Opening of the new SALEWA Headquarter

Opening of the new SALEWA Headquarter

[caption id="attachment_153971" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © salewa.de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Heiner Oberrauch: “This is where we work, this is where we live our SALEWA Headquarter is our home” The OberAlp/SALEWA group has set up camp for its new futuristic headquarter, to become the hub of the company’s activities in a place where technology meets with nature. This immense project was much desired by Heiner Oberrauch, founder and president of the OberAlp/SALEWA group, and has earned itself the award o...

[ read more ]

Galeries Lafayette

Galeries Lafayette

[caption id="attachment_152799" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Galeries Lafayette Haussmann © flickr.com - zoetnet/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Galeries Lafayette is an upmarket French department store company located on Boulevard Haussmann in the 9th arrondissement of Paris. In 2011, Galeries Lafayette recorded earnings of 2,957 million euro. It is a part of the company Groupe Galeries Lafayette. In 1895, Théophile Bader and his cousin Alphonse Kahn opened a fashion store in a small haberdasher's shop at the corn...

[ read more ]

New Providence, the most populated island of the Bahamas

New Providence, the most populated island of the Bahamas

[caption id="attachment_150986" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Pirates of Nassau Museum © JERRYE AND ROY KLOTZ MD/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]New Providence is the most populous island in the Bahamas, containing more than 70% of the total population. It also houses the national capital city, Nassau. The island was originally under Spanish control following Christopher Columbus's discovery of the New World, but the Spanish government showed little interest in developing the island (and the Bahamas as a whole). Nassa...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Iceland - Ísafjörður

Theme Week Iceland - Ísafjörður

[caption id="attachment_163719" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Fishery Museum © TommyBee[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ísafjörður (meaning ice fjord or fjord of ice) is a town in the northwest of Iceland. It is the seat of Ísafjarðarbær municipality. With a population of about 2,600, Ísafjörður is the largest town in the peninsula of Vestfirðir (Westfjords) and the seat of the Ísafjarðarbær municipality, which includes the nearby Hnífsdalur, Flateyri, Suðureyri, and Þingeyri. It is located on a spit of sand, or ey...

[ read more ]

InterContinental New York Barclay Hotel in Midtown Manhattan

InterContinental New York Barclay Hotel in Midtown Manhattan

[caption id="attachment_203336" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Onyo at wts wikivoyage/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]InterContinental New York Barclay Hotel is a historic luxury hotel in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Caswell-Massey had its flagship store in InterContinental New York Barclay for over 80 years. Caswell-Massey, the oldest chemist and perfumer in America, was the first and oldest tenant of the Barclay. Bette Davis, Gloria Swanson, Mary Pickford, Marlon Brando, Jimmy Durante, Debbie Reynolds, Ernes...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Morocco - Fez

Theme Week Morocco - Fez

[caption id="attachment_167327" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Blue Gate © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Fez is the second largest city of Morocco and the oldest (founded in 789) of the four imperial cities (Marrakesh, Meknes and Rabat). Fez was the capital city of modern Morocco until 1925 and is now the capital of the Fès-Meknès administrative region. The city has two old medina quarters, the larger of which is Fes el Bali. It is listed as a World Heritage Site and is believed to b...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Red Sea-Dead Sea Canal map © Makeandtoss
Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance

The Red Sea–Dead Sea Conveyance (RSDSC), sometimes called the Two Seas Canal, is a planned pipeline to run from the...

© LittleJoe/cc-by-sa-3.0
San Bernardino Pass in Switzerland

San Bernardino Pass (Italian: Passo del San Bernardino, German: Bernhardinpass, 2,066 metres (6,778 ft)) is a high mountain pass in...

The Original Farmers Market sign © JS2PR/cc-by-sa-4.0
Los Angeles Farmers Market

The Original Farmers Market is an area of food stalls, sit-down eateries, prepared food vendors, and produce markets in Los...

Schließen