Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan

Tuesday, 11 October 2022 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  4 minutes

© Giovanni Dall'Orto

© Giovanni Dall’Orto

Santa Maria delle Grazie (“Holy Mary of Grace”) is a church and Dominican convent in Milan, northern Italy, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The church contains the mural of The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, which is in the refectory of the convent. Duke of Milan Francesco I Sforza ordered the construction of a Dominican convent and church at the site of a prior chapel dedicated to the Marian devotion of St Mary of the Graces. The main architect, Guiniforte Solari, designed the convent (the Gothic nave), which was completed by 1469. Construction of the church took decades. Duke Ludovico Sforza decided to have the church serve as the Sforza family burial site, and rebuilt the cloister and the apse, both completed after 1490. Ludovico’s wife Beatrice was buried in the church in 1497.

The design of the apse of the church has been attributed to Donato Bramante, as his name is inscribed in a piece of marble in the church vaults delivered in 1494. However, some dispute that he worked on the church at all. According to one source, in 1492–1497 Bramante worked on the crossing and the dome as well the transept apses and the coir with apse; this source also attributes a plan and section of the building to Bramante. Some documents mention the name Amadeo, likely Giovanni Antonio Amadeo. There are similarities between this church and Amadeo’s design for Santa Maria alla Fontana.

In 1543, the Titian altarpiece depicting Christ receiving the crown of thorns was installed in the Chapel of the Holy Crown, located on the right of the nave. The painting, looted by French troops in 1797, is now in the Louvre. This chapel is frescoed with Stories of the Passion by Gaudenzio Ferrari. In the small cloister adjacent to the tribune near the door that leads to the sacristy is a fresco by Bramantino. The church also contained frescoes depicting the Resurrection and Passion by Bernardo Zenale.

The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci © Joy of Museums/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Marcin Białek/cc-by-sa-3.0 © flickr.com - Ștefan Jurcă/cc-by-2.0 © Giovanni Dall'Orto © MarkusMark/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci © Joy of Museums/cc-by-sa-4.0
Composer and cellist Giovanni Perroni served as maestro di cappella at the cathedral from 1718–1720.

During World War II, on the night of 15 August 1943, an allied aerial bombardment hit the church and the convent. Much of the refectory was destroyed, but some walls survived, including the one that holds The Last Supper, which had been sand-bagged in order to protect it. Some preservation works are done to maintain it for the future. It is believed that the current and future preservation works will keep the painting safe for many centuries to come.

Nowadays the Sacrestia vecchia, or the Old Sacristy, designed and constructed by Donato Bramante, is the seat of a Dominican Cultural Centre (Centro Culturale alle Grazie), in which the brethren organize and host conferences on various themes pertaining to spirituality, philosophy, art, literature and sociology, in addition to musical concerts and artistic exhibitions.

Read more on Basilica di Santa Maria delle Grazie, in-lombardia.it – Santa Maria delle Grazie and Wikipedia Santa Maria delle Grazie (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Kronborg Castle in Elsinore, where the legend of Hamlet's tragedy lives on

Kronborg Castle in Elsinore, where the legend of Hamlet's tragedy lives on

[caption id="attachment_154192" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Kronborg Castle © Fiskfisk[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kronborg is a star fortress situated near the town of Helsingør (immortalized as Elsinore in Shakespeare's Hamlet) on the extreme northeastern tip of Zealand at the narrowest point of the Øresund, the sound between Denmark and Sweden. In this part, the sound is only 4 km wide, hence the strategic importance of maintaining a sea fortress at this location commanding one of the few outlets of the Baltic Sea. The ...

[ read more ]

The floating private residence The World

The floating private residence The World

[caption id="attachment_152656" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The World in Monaco © Bahnfrend/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The World is a cruise ship serving as a residential community owned by its residents. The residents, from about 40 different countries, live on board as the ship travels the globe—staying in most ports from 2 to 5 days. Some residents live on board full time while others visit periodically throughout the year. It is operated by ResidenSea, headquartered in Miramar, Florida. It has 165...

[ read more ]

The White Cliffs of Dover

The White Cliffs of Dover

[caption id="attachment_152961" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Dover Seafront and Castle © James Armitage[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England. It faces France across the narrowest part of the English Channel, and lies south-east of Canterbury; east of Kent's administrative capital Maidstone; and north-east along the coastline from Dungeness and Hastings. The town is the administrative centre of the Dover District and home of the Dover Calais ferry th...

[ read more ]

The Großherzogin Elisabeth

The Großherzogin Elisabeth

[caption id="attachment_168173" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © VollwertBIT/cc-by-sa-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Großherzogin Elisabeth is a 1909 German sailing ship built as the San Antonio, a replacement for the 1907 freighter San Antonio which had been lost in a collision at sea. On 25 January 1914, San Antonio ran aground off the coast of Morocco. In 1929 she capsized near Copenhagen, Denmark; however, she was salvageable and was converted into a coastal trading vessel.[gallery size="medium" gss="1" ids="16817...

[ read more ]

Anchorage in Alaska

Anchorage in Alaska

[caption id="attachment_152317" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Anchorage and Chugach Mountains © flickr.com - Frank K./cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Anchorage is a unified home rule municipality in the southcentral part of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is the northernmost city in the United States with more than 100,000 residents and the largest community in North America north of the 60th parallel. With an estimated 299,000 residents, it is Alaska's most populous city and contains more than 40 percent of the state's tot...

[ read more ]

The spa town of Aachen

The spa town of Aachen

[caption id="attachment_159824" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Aachen Theatre © Martin Möller[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Aachen, also known in English by its French name Aix-la-Chapelle, has historically been a spa town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Aachen was a favoured residence of Charlemagne, and the place of coronation of the Kings of Germany. Geographically, Aachen is the westernmost town of Germany, located along its borders with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km (40 mi) west of Cologne. RWTH Aachen University, ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week North Frisian Islands - Pellworm

Theme Week North Frisian Islands - Pellworm

[caption id="attachment_152906" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © nordseetourismus.de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Pellworm is an island within the Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park. Its area is 37 km², and its population is roughly 1,200. Together with several smaller islands, Pellworm forms the Amt Pellworm. In medieval times Pellworm was a part of the larger island of Strand which was torn into pieces in a disastrous storm tide in 1634. Other remnants of Strand are Nordstrand and the Halligen. All these belo...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Afghanistan

Theme Week Afghanistan

[caption id="attachment_208741" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Landscapes of Afghanistan © PD-USGov-USAID - PD-USGov-Military-Army - PD-USGov-Military-Army-USACE[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in South and Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast. Occupying 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), it is a mountainou...

[ read more ]

The Wagner city of Bayreuth

The Wagner city of Bayreuth

[caption id="attachment_160537" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Richard Wagner Festival Hall on the Green Hill © rizi-online.de - Rico Neitzel[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bayreuth is a sizeable town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains. The town's roots date back to 1194 and it is nowadays the capital of Upper Franconia with a population of 73,000. It is world-famous for its annual Bayreuth Festival at which performances of operas by the 19th...

[ read more ]

Area 51 in Nevada

Area 51 in Nevada

[caption id="attachment_233056" align="aligncenter" width="590"] 'No Photography' photo © David James Henry/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Area 51 is the common name of a highly classified United States Air Force (USAF) facility within the Nevada Test and Training Range. A remote detachment administered by Edwards Air Force Base, the facility is officially called Homey Airport (ICAO: KXTA, FAA LID: XTA) or Groom Lake (after the salt flat next to its airfield). Details of its operations are not made public, but the USAF ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Malaga Cove © Cardinalngold
Palos Verdes Estates in California

Palos Verdes Estates (Palos Verdes, Spanish for "Green Sticks") is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, situated...

© Definite1ymaybe
Memorial International receives the Nobel Peace Prize

Memorial is an international human rights organisation, founded in Russia during the fall of the Soviet Union to study and...

McIlhenny Co. Factory, makers of Tabasco sauce © Shane K. Bernard/cc-by-sa-3.0
Avery Island in Louisiana

Avery Island (historically French: Île Petite Anse) is a salt dome best known as the source of Tabasco sauce. Located...

Close