Portrait: Marie Curie, physicist and chemist

Wednesday, 26 September 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Portrait
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Marie Curie

Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie, born Maria Salomea Skłodowska was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.

She was born in Warsaw, in what was then the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. She studied at Warsaw’s clandestine Flying University and began her practical scientific training in Warsaw. In 1891, aged 24, she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work. She shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with physicist Henri Becquerel. She won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Birthplace of Marie Curie in Warsaw, today the Marie Curie Museum © Tilman2007/cc-by-sa-4.0 Musée Curie in Paris © Guilhem wilko/cc-by-sa-3.0 Marie Curie Tomb of Pierre and Marie Curie in Panthéon © flickr.com - Willem van Valkenburg/cc-by-2.0
<
>
Birthplace of Marie Curie in Warsaw, today the Marie Curie Museum © Tilman2007/cc-by-sa-4.0
Her achievements included the development of the theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies into the treatment of neoplasms were conducted using radioactive isotopes. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain major centres of medical research today. During World War I, she developed mobile radiography units to provide X-ray services to field hospitals.

While a French citizen, Marie Skłodowska Curie, who used both surnames, never lost her sense of Polish identity. She taught her daughters the Polish language and took them on visits to Poland. She named the first chemical element that she discovered in 1898 polonium, after her native country. Marie Curie died in 1934, aged 66, at a sanatorium in Sancellemoz (Haute-Savoie), France, of aplastic anemia from exposure to radiation in the course of her scientific research and in the course of her radiological work at field hospitals during World War I.

Read more on Musée Curie Paris and Wikipedia Marie Curie (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Dubai on the southeast coast of the Arabian Gulf

Theme Week Dubai on the southeast coast of the Arabian Gulf

[caption id="attachment_24320" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Dubai Creek © Shahid1024/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dubai is a city in the United Arab Emirates, located within the emirate. The emirate of Dubai is located on the southeast coast of the Arabian Gulf and is one of the seven emirates that make up the country. It has the largest population in the UAE (2,100,000) and the second-largest land territory by area (4,114 km2) after Abu Dhabi, the national capital. Dubai and Abu Dhabi are the only two emirates to...

[ read more ]

The museum ship Seute Deern

The museum ship Seute Deern

[caption id="attachment_203416" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Garitzko[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Seute Deern (Low German for Sweet Girl) - originally Elisabeth Bandi, later Bandi and Pieter Albrecht Koerts - is a wooden bark and restaurant ship in Bremerhaven. The ship was declared a cultural heritage in 2005 as part of the overall German Maritime Museum. On August 31, 2019 Seute Deern sank in the Old Port. In 1919, the ship was launched at the Gulfport shipyard in Mississippi as a four-masted gaff schooner Eli...

[ read more ]

German liberal democratic basic order

German liberal democratic basic order

[caption id="attachment_237495" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Reichstag in Berlin © Cezary Piwowarski/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The liberal democratic basic order (German: freiheitliche demokratische Grundordnung (FDGO)) is a fundamental term in German constitutional law. It determines the unalienable, invariable core structure of the German commonwealth. As such, it is the core substance of the German constitution. Building upon more general definitions of liberal democracy, the term has a specific legal meanin...

[ read more ]

The United States: Bon voyage!

The United States: Bon voyage!

[caption id="attachment_169489" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Lipton sale/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tourism in the United States is a large industry that serves millions of international and domestic tourists yearly. Tourists visit the US to see natural wonders, cities, historic landmarks, and entertainment venues. Americans seek similar attractions, as well as recreation and vacation areas. Tourism in the United States grew rapidly in the form of urban tourism during the late nineteenth and early twentieth ce...

[ read more ]

Building automation

Building automation

[caption id="attachment_3042" align="aligncenter" width="500" caption="© gira.com"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Building automation describes the functionality provided by the control system of a building. A building automation system (BAS) is an example of a distributed control system. The control system is a computerized, intelligent network of electronic devices designed to monitor and control the mechanical and lighting systems in a building. BAS core functionality keeps the building climate within a specified range, ...

[ read more ]

Pride of Africa

Pride of Africa

[caption id="attachment_27071" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Dining Car © David Brossard/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Pride of Africa is a luxury train which is run by Rovos Rail. It is billed as the "World's Most Luxurious Train". It travels through South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Tanzania. Rovos Rail was established in 1989. Meals are served in one sitting only in the charming Victorian atmosphere of the dining cars and are complemented by a selection of fine South African wines. An enthusiastic te...

[ read more ]

Ascoli Piceno in the South of the Italian Marche region

Ascoli Piceno in the South of the Italian Marche region

[caption id="attachment_160777" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Piazza del Popolo © flickr.com - Alessandro Bonvini/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ascoli Piceno is a town and comune in the Marche region of Italy, capital of the province of the same name. Its population is around 50,000 but the urban area of the city has more than 105,000. Ascoli has good rail connections to the Adriatic coast and the city of San Benedetto del Tronto, by highway to Porto d'Ascoli and by the Italian National Road 4 Salaria to Rome. ...

[ read more ]

The City of Casablanca

The City of Casablanca

[caption id="attachment_167826" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Port of Casablanca © Brio-En/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Casablanca is a city in western Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. It is the capital of the Grand Casablanca region. Casablanca is Morocco's largest city as well as its chief port. It is also the biggest city in the Maghreb. The 2004 census recorded a population of 2,949,805 in the prefecture of Casablanca and 3,631,061 in the region of Grand Casablanca. Casablanca is considered the economic ...

[ read more ]

Cunard Building in New York City

Cunard Building in New York City

[caption id="attachment_217146" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Entrance © Tdorante10/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Cunard Building, also known as the Standard & Poors Building, is a 22-story office building located at 25 Broadway, adjacent to Bowling Green Park in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan in New York City. The Cunard Building was designed in the Italian Renaissance style by Benjamin Wistar Morris, in conjunction with consultants Carrère and Hastings. The Cunard Building's main facade, on...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Carinthia - Maria Wörth

Theme Week Carinthia - Maria Wörth

[caption id="attachment_153240" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Johann Jaritz/cc-by-sa-3.0-at[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Maria Wörth is a municipality in the district of Klagenfurt-Land. The centre of the resort town is situated on a peninsula at the southern shore of the Wörthersee. In the east the municipal area borders the Carinthian capital Klagenfurt. The municipality consists of the two Katastralgemeinden Maria Wörth and Reifnitz. A first St. Mary's Church was erected about 875 during the Christianization in ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Berbice River © flickr.com - madmack66/cc-by-2.0
Theme Week Guyana – New Amsterdam

New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) is one of the largest towns in Guyana, located in the East Berbice-Corentyne Region, 62...

Kaieteur Falls © Bill Cameron/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Guyana

Guyana is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America. It is, however, often considered part of the...

© François Trazzi/cc-by-sa-3.0
The Sorbonne in Paris

The Sorbonne is an edifice of the Latin Quarter (5th arrondissement), in Paris, which was the historical house of the...

Close