Portrait: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American architect and last director of Bauhaus

Wednesday, 22 June 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Architecture, Portrait
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1934) by Hugo Erfurt

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1934) by Hugo Erfurt

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect. He was commonly referred to as Mies, his surname. Along with Alvar Aalto, Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as one of the pioneers of modernist architecture. The European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture – Mies van der Rohe Award was created in 1987.

In the 1930s, Mies was the last director of the Bauhaus, a ground-breaking school of modernist art, design and architecture. After Nazism‘s rise to power, with its strong opposition to modernism (leading to the closing of the Bauhaus itself), Mies emigrated to the United States. He accepted the position to head the architecture school at what is today the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago.

Barcelona Pavillon for the 1929 International Exposition © Ashley Pomeroy/cc-by-3.0 Barcelona Pavillon for the 1929 International Exposition © Hans Peter Schaefer/cc-by-sa-3.0 IBM Plaza in Chicago © J. Crocker Neue Nationalgalerie Berlin © Manfred Brückels/cc-by-sa-3.0 Seagram Building in New York City © Noroton Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1934) by Hugo Erfurt
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Barcelona Pavillon for the 1929 International Exposition © Hans Peter Schaefer/cc-by-sa-3.0
Mies sought to establish his own particular architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. The style he created made a statement with its extreme clarity and simplicity. His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces, as also conducted by other modernist architects in the 1920s and 1930s such as Richard Neutra. He strove toward an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of unobstructed free-flowing open space. He called his buildings “skin and bones” architecture. He sought an objective approach that would guide the creative process of architectural design, but was always concerned with expressing the spirit of the modern era. He is often associated with his fondness for the aphorisms “less is more” and “God is in the details“.

Read more on Wikipedia Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Johns Hopkins University & Medicine - Coronavirus Resource Center - Global Passport Power Rank - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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