Portrait: Britain’s longest-reining monarch, great and exemplary European, conciliator, beacon of stability, constancy, integrity, conscientiousness, Britishness, solid as a rock, institution, inspiration and companion of generations of people around the globe: Queen Elizabeth II and the end of an era

Monday, 19 September 2022 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Portrait
Reading Time:  30 minutes

Queen Elizabeth II in 2015 © Joel Rouse/Ministry of Defence

Queen Elizabeth II in 2015 © Joel Rouse/Ministry of Defence

Elizabeth II was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her life and served as monarch of 15 of them at the time of her death. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days is the longest of any British monarch and the longest recorded of any female head of state in history.

Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth). Her father acceded to the throne in 1936 upon the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, making Elizabeth the heir presumptive. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In November 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, and their marriage lasted 73 years until his death in April 2021. They had four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward.

When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth—then 25 years old—became queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (known today as Sri Lanka), as well as Head of the Commonwealth. Elizabeth reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland, devolution in the United Kingdom, the decolonisation of Africa, and the United Kingdom’s accession to the European Communities and withdrawal from the European Union. The number of her realms varied over time as territories gained independence and some realms became republics. Her many historic visits and meetings include state visits to China in 1986, Russia in 1994, and the Republic of Ireland in 2011, and meetings with five popes.

Personal flag of Queen Elizabeth II © Denelson83/cc-by-sa-3.0 Queen Elizabeth II during Royal Tour of New Zealand in 1953 © Archives New Zealand/cc-by-2.0 Queen Elizabeth II in 2015 © Joel Rouse/Ministry of Defence Queen in Birmingham during Royal Diamond Jubilee tour in 2012 © flickr.com - West Midlands Police/cc-by-sa-2.0 Queen in Brisbane, Australia, in 1982 © flickr.com - Queensland State Archives/cc-by-2.0 President Ronald Reagan riding horses with Queen Elizabeth II during visit to Windsor Castle in 1982 © Reagan White House Photographs
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President Ronald Reagan riding horses with Queen Elizabeth II during visit to Windsor Castle in 1982 © Reagan White House Photographs
Significant events include Elizabeth’s coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver, Golden, Diamond, and Platinum jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012, and 2022, respectively. Elizabeth was the longest-lived British monarch and the second-longest reigning sovereign in world history, behind only Louis XIV of France. She faced occasional republican sentiment and media criticism of her family, particularly after the breakdowns of her children’s marriages, her annus horribilis in 1992, and the death of her former daughter-in-law Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997. However, support for the monarchy in the United Kingdom remained consistently high, as did her personal popularity. Elizabeth died aged 96 at Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire.

For her, as a great reconciler and European, it was certainly very painful to see that just over 50% of her minions opted for Brexit and ultimately even voted anti-British. After the loss of the Empire, this was the next big step in reducing the power of influence in the world. What will become of the Commonwealth is still completely open at this point in time, but here too the possibilities are constantly being reduced. In the royal memoirs, if there are any, the three Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher, David Cameron and Boris Johnson in particular are unlikely to do well. Many others, on the other hand, were so colorless that one can hardly remember their names today, like John Major, whose only distinguishing feature was his glasses.

Princess Elizabeth went on her first overseas tour in 1947, accompanying her parents through southern Africa. During the tour, in a broadcast to the British Commonwealth on her 21st birthday, she made the following pledge: “I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong.” and that’s exactly what she did until the last day of her life. Thank you for being awesome and a great example to millions of Brits and non-Brits, Ma’am. It almost feels like a personal loss.

The key questions that her three living successors will need to answer wisely are what will become of the British monarchy? The Queen was not buried while Royalists and Anti-Royalists already warmed up to the issue. What about the UK? Will it endure or will it fall apart and the Commonwealth with it? Penny pinchers have also raised the question of whether, at a time when an alarming number of British households are living in abject poverty as a result of Brexit, Covid-19 and Putin’s war of aggression against Ukraine, and many 10,000 more will experience personal bankruptcies after the winter, a major event like the mourning period and the funeral service for the Queen can be justified at all? If you look at the enormous and also very emotional sympathy of the British, even some hardened Republicans shed tears, at the death of the Queen and also the sympathy from all over the world (4 billion television viewers have clearly broken all previous records and even the flight from Edinburgh to London was the most tracked flight of all time), then you can only answer the question with: Yes, of course that was and is correct and ultimately also the only worthy setting to say appropriately goodbye to such an exceptional personality, that many people secretly thought or perhaps hoped would live forever. The interim monarch is Charles III, whose job it will be to pave the way for the very popular couple, William and Kate.

Media coverage: BBC, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II has died, The Times, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II obituary, The Guardian, 8 September 2022: Live King Charles III expresses ‘greatest sadness’ upon death of his mother Queen Elizabeth II, The Hill, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth, longest-serving British monarch, dies, DW, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II has died at her Balmoral residence — as it happened, Arab News, 8 September 2022: Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II dies aged 96, Al Arabiya, 8 September 2022: Obituary: Elizabeth, the queen who moved with a changing world, NPR, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-serving British monarch, has died at 96, The New Yorker, 8 September 2022: The Reign of Queen Elizabeth II Has Ended, The Atlantic, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s Unthinkable Death, Al Arabiya, 8 September 2022: White House: Undermining Northern Ireland agreement will not help US-UK trade talks, France24, 8 September 2022: ‘She is mourned most deeply,’ King Charles III addresses the nation after Queen Elizabeth’s death, The Hill, 8 September 2022: A timeline of Queen Elizabeth’s life, Al Arabiya, 8 September 2022: ‘Global icon’: Arab leaders offer condolences on death of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth, Arab News, 8 September 2022: Saudi leaders pay tribute to ‘model of leadership’ as world reacts to death of Queen Elizabeth II, CNN, 8 September 2022: What can the world expect from King Charles III?, Politico.eu, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II dead at 96, The Atlantic, 8 September 2022: Photos: The Remarkable Life of Queen Elizabeth II, DW, 8 September 2022: Elizabeth II: Britain’s longest-ruling monarch weathered war and crisis, The New York Times, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II Dies at 96; Was Britain’s Longest-Reigning Monarch, The Times, 8 September 2022: The Queen’s work ethic was driven by a sense of sacred duty, NPR, 8 September 2022: These photos follow the life of Queen Elizabeth II — from childhood to the throne, The Hill, 8 September 2022: After the Queen: Charles has a tough act to follow. His weaknesses will make it harder, Arab News, 8 September 2022: Arab world bids farewell to Queen Elizabeth II, an unwavering friend, Al Arabiya, 8 September 2022: Tributes from world leaders pouring in following Queen Elizabeth’s death, Irish Times, 8 September 2022: Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II dies at the age of 96, Los Angeles Times, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth dies at 96, reigned longer than any other British monarch, Politico.eu, 8 September 2022: World reacts to death of Queen Elizabeth II, France24, 8 September 2022: Macron says Queen Elizabeth ‘held special place in the hearts of French people’, CNN, 8 September 2022: Who’s who in the House of Windsor: Queen Elizabeth II’s line of succession, The National, 8 September 2022: King Charles III confirms title after a lifetime preparing for the role, The Times, 8 September 2022: The Commonwealth: 56 countries, 2.5 billion people, one Queen, The Washington Post, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II dies at 96. For 7 decades, a symbol of stability in Britain and on world stage, France24, 8 September 2022: Biden pays tribute to queen as ‘stateswoman of unmatched dignity’, Al Arabiya, 8 September 2022: Factbox: What changes will UK see with a new monarch?, The Hill, 8 September 2022: Biden on Queen Elizabeth: ‘She defined an era’, The New York Times, 8 September 2022: See Queen Elizabeth’s life in photos., Los Angeles Times, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth lived nearly a century. The most striking image of her for me is from this year, France24, 8 September 2022: In pictures: Queen Elizabeth II’s seven decades on the throne, The National, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth death: UAE leaders send condolences, BBC, 8 September: King Charles III leads tributes to ‘cherished’ Queen, The Washington Post, 8 September 2022: Nine in 10 living humans were born after Elizabeth became queen, Los Angeles Times, 8 September 2022: Photos: Queen Elizabeth II | 1926 – 2022, BBC, 8 September: Death of Queen Elizabeth II: Royal Family tree and line of succession, The Times, 8 September 2022: What kind of king will Charles be?, The National, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II dies – live updates as a nation mourns, Times of Israel, 8 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s long, complex relationship with the British Jewish community, Los Angeles Times, 8 September 2022: Photos: Thousands gather at Buckingham Palace to mourn the only queen many have ever known, The National, 8 September 2022: King Charles III latest: Charles formally proclaimed king, France24, 8 September 2022: ‘She is mourned most deeply,’ King Charles III addresses the nation after Queen Elizabeth’s death, BBC, 8 September 2022: In pictures: Sporting memories of the Queen, Politico.com, 8 September 2022: Foreign Affairs: King Charles Is Too Political for the USA, Foreign Policy, 8 September 2022: A Queen for the Ages, The Algemeiner, 8 September 2022: ‘She Enriched Our Lives’: Jewish Leaders Across World Mourn Passing of Queen Elizabeth II, The Times, 9 September 2022: The Queen’s relationship with her prime ministers, BBC, 9 September 2022: Obituary: Queen Elizabeth II, Irish Times, 9 September 2022: How will Britons cope without their Queen?, DW, 9 September 2022: Prince William remembers grandmother, vows support for King Charles III — as it happened, The Times, 9 September 2022: When and where is the Queen’s funeral? The plans in detail, CNN, 9 September 2022: This is what the royal line of succession looks like, DW, 9 September 2022: A kingdom united in grief: UK mourns Queen Elizabeth II, BBC, 9 September 2022: Death of Queen Elizabeth II: The moment history stops, Politico.eu, 9 September 2022: British MPs pay tribute to ‘bridgebuilder’ Queen Elizabeth, Al Arabiya, 9 September 2022: Britain’s King Charles III addresses nation, vows lifelong service, DW, 9 September 2022: Stars’ farewell to Queen Elizabeth II, from Mick Jagger to Paddington Bear, The New Yorker, 9 September 2022: Britain Wakes Up Without Queen Elizabeth II, BBC, 9 September 2022: ‘I will never forget meeting her’ – your tributes to the Queen, Al Arabiya, 9 September 2022: UK officially declares period of national mourning for Queen Elizabeth, DW, 9 September 2022: What to know about King Charles III, Britain’s new monarch, The Hill, 9 September 2022: Five big moments from Queen Elizabeth II’s 70-year reign, France24, 9 September 2022: ‘A mother figure to us all’: Shock and sorrow as crowds grieve for Queen, Al Arabiya, 9 September 2022: Britain’s King Charles greets well-wishers outside Buckingham Palace, DW, 9 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s death sparks mixed feelings across Africa, The Atlantic, 9 September 2022: No One Performed Britishness Better Than Her Majesty, BBC, 9 September 2022: Six times the Queen made us laugh, Al Arabiya, 9 September 2022: King Charles tells PM Truss: Queen’s death a moment he’s been ‘dreading’, DW, 9 September 2022: Elizabeth II: South Asia’s difficult relationship with British monarchy, The New Yorker, 9 September 2022: Where Does the British Monarchy Go Under King Charles III?, France24, 9 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II: Record breaker, BBC, 9 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II: Children remember ‘that fantastic twinkle’, Haaretz, 9 September 2022: Between a Mohel and a Sieg Heil: What Did Elizabeth Really Think of Her Jewish Subjects?, CNN, 9 September 2022: Clothes that rallied a nation: Queen Elizabeth II’s fashion legacy, Irish Times, 9 September 2022: Death of Queen Elizabeth II: King Charles III pays tribute to ‘darling mama’, France24, 9 September 2022: ‘She loved France and we loved her back’: Tears, tributes at Paris market named after Queen, CNN, 9 September 2022: What are the plans for the Queen’s funeral? Your questions, answered., The National, 9 September 2022: King Charles III: climate change and a slimmed down monarchy – what to expect, DW, 9 September 2022: A kingdom united in grief: UK mourns Queen Elizabeth II, The Times, 9 September 2022: After empire, she knew what had to happen, The New York Times, 9 September 2022: First Speech as King of Britain Caps Day of Remembrance, Irish Times, 9 September 2022: King Charles has ‘profound’ personal connection with Ireland, The Times, 9 September 2022: Catherine is ready to be a very modern Princess of Wales, CNN, 9 September 2022: Camilla, King Charles’ longtime love, has a divisive history. What do we know about the Queen Consort?, New York Magazine, 9 September 2022: The Queen’s Face Is on a Lot of Money. Now What?, The National, 9 September 2022: King Charles III: climate change and a slimmed down monarchy – what to expect, The Times, 9 September 2022: Prince William, the new Prince of Wales, will be his own man, The Times, 9 September 2022: It’s up to us to shape the Charles we want, Los Angeles Times, 9 September 2022: Queen’s death adds another challenge for Britain at a troubled time, CNN, 9 September 2022: The Queen’s dogs were her beloved companions. What will happen to them now?, The Times, 9 September 2022: King Charles III: I pledge myself to you, Los Angeles Times, 9 September 2022: Charles vows to reign with ‘respect and love’ as Britain mourns the queen, Politico.eu, 9 September 2022: King Charles III pledges to serve with ‘love’ as he pays tribute to his ‘darling mama’, Arab News, 9 September 2022: Iranian media slams Queen Elizabeth amid global outpouring of sorrow, Haaretz, 9 September 2022: Over 120 Countries, but Never Israel: Queen Elizabeth II’s Unofficial Boycott (funny but also frightening that such a false headline appears in Haaretz. One would have expected nothing less from the Jerusalem Post or the Israel Hayom, but Haaretz? First, the Queen has not visited over 70 countries for various reasons. She has not boycotted any of them, not even Israel, but has waited for the moment of political change, in this case the long overdue two-state solution between Israel and Palestine. She turned 96 and the peace treaty still doesn’t exist. That says little about the Queen, but a lot about the narrow-mindedness of the two parties to the dispute), The Economist, 9 September 2022: The Commonwealth will miss Queen Elizabeth, The Times, 10 September 2022: She had finished tidying everything up and then simply let go, BBC, 10 September 2022: Charles praises Queen’s reign as he is formally confirmed as king, France24, 10 September 2022: ‘Like a pilgrimage’: Crowds hail King Charles III after emotional tribute to Queen, Politico.eu, 10 September 2022: Inside the archaic royal ceremony where Charles will be proclaimed king, Arab News, 10 September 2022: King Charles III officially announced as Britain’s new monarch, BBC, 10 September 2022: Queen to lie in state for four full days before state funeral, DW, 10 September 2022: Prince William remembers grandmother, vows support for King Charles III — as it happened, The Guardian, 10 September 2022: Live: King Charles III: William, Catherine, Harry and Meghan view tributes in Windsor as Queen’s funeral date set, France24, 10 September 2022: Charles III is formally proclaimed king by Accession Council, The Times, 10 September 2022: What happens next after the Queen’s death?, BBC, 10 September 2022: National life after Queen’s death: Will schools close?, France24, 10 September 2022: London mourns Queen Elizabeth II, CNN, 10 September 2022: The death of Queen Elizabeth II, France24, 10 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II and Africa: From an iconic dance in Ghana to friendship with Mandela, The Times, 10 September 2022: The real King Charles III: up early for breakfast but never a boiled egg in sight, Politico.eu, 10 September 2022: The spy chief who will bid Queen Elizabeth a final farewell, France24, 10 September 2022: In pictures: Charles III proclaimed King of England, The Times, 10 September 2022: King Charles III: A new era begins with the most gloriously elaborate piece of box-ticking, BBC, 10 September 2022: Queen was with me at happiest and saddest times – William, CNN, 10 September 2022: In pictures: The world reacts to the Queen’s death, France24, 10 September 2022: Mourners choose favourite moments of Elizabeth II’s 70-year reign, BBC, 10 September 2022: Ex-PMs on taking Queen’s advice and King’s ‘long apprenticeship’, Arab News, 10 September 2022: Prince Harry, Meghan join William and Kate on Windsor walkabout, Al Arabiya, 10 September 2022: Funeral of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth to be held on September 19, The Times, 10 September 2022: A glorious journey from the era of steam to an age of streaming, NPR, 10 September 2022: Charles officially announced as king at royal ceremony, France24, 10 September 2022: Live: Charles III is formally proclaimed King by Accession Council, The Times, 10 September 2022: Special relationship: US mourns the Queen as it would a president, CNN, 10 September 2022: William and Harry seen together for the first time since June, Al Arabiya, 10 September 2022: Saudi Arabia’s King, Crown Prince congratulate British King Charles on accession, The Guardian, 10 September 2022: Prince William: Prince of Wales will be a ‘more relaxed heir’ to the throne, say royal experts, Irish Times, 10 September 2022: Queen’s legacy will be calming anchor in British-Irish relations, Al Arabiya, 10 September 2022: Canada proclaims Charles king in Ottawa ceremony, The Economist, 10 September 2022: Explainer: What King Charles could mean for the royal finances, The Guardian, 10 September 2022: The Princess of Wales: Kate will ‘create her own path’ for the role, BBC, 11 September 2022: Queen’s funeral date set as young royals join in mourning, The New York Times, 11 September 2022: Queen’s Coffin Leaves Balmoral, Beginning Procession to Edinburgh, The Times, 11 September 2022: Princes’ awkward truce to honour the Queen, Los Angeles Times, 11 September 2022: Queen’s coffin begins journey from beloved Balmoral Castle to Scottish capital, DW, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s casket arrives in Edinburgh — as it happened, BBC, 11 September 2022: Queen’s final Scottish journey charts a life of service, NPR, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin leaves her Balmoral estate, DW, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth: A long, touching farewell — from Balmoral to Buckingham, Los Angeles Times, 11 September 2022: Mixed emotions in India on a day of mourning for Queen Elizabeth II, CNN, 11 September 2022: Antigua and Barbuda to vote on whether to remove British monarch as head of state, PM says, The Hill, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin passes through Scotland, The New York Times, 11 September 2022: With Queen Gone, Former Colonies Find a Moment to Rethink Lasting Ties, Politico.eu, 11 September 2022: No private jets, no helicopters, and a bus to Westminster Abbey: VIP guidance for queen’s funeral revealed, CNN, 11 September 2022: Queen’s coffin arrives at royal residence in Scottish capital, the first leg of her final journey, BBC, 11 September 2022: Charles III: Antigua and Barbuda plans vote on King’s role as head of state, Politico.eu, 11 September 2022: World leaders scramble for invites to ‘a funeral like no other’, The National, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s funeral – the coming week, NPR, 11 September 2022: Antigua and Barbuda may try to remove King Charles III as its head of state, The Guardian, 11 September 2022: Queen’s coffin at rest in Palace of Holyroodhouse – as it happened, BBC, 11 September 2022: Saturday’s sport pays tribute to Queen Elizabeth II, France24, 11 September 2022: Queen’s funeral cortege arrives in Edinburgh from Balmoral Castle, BBC, 11 September 2022: Queen’s coffin lies in rest in Edinburgh as final journey begins, CNN, 11 September 2022: The Queen’s funeral, BBC, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s cortege met by huge crowds in Edinburgh, NPR, 11 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s corgis will go to her son Prince Andrew and his ex-wife, The Times, 11 September 2022: Anthony Albanese: Australia is years away from becoming a republic, BBC, 11 September 2022: Prince Andrew to care for Queen’s beloved corgis, France24, 11 September 2022: ‘The British are worried’: Queen’s death comes amid deep economic anxiety, The Times, 11 September 2022: Millions will line the streets to salute end of Elizabethan era, BBC, 11 September 2022: Prince of Wales: William speaks of honour after getting title, Irish Times, 11 September 2022: Crowds turn out in rain to witness ‘moment in history’ at Hillsborough Castle, The Times, 12 September 2022: King’s words originate in another Elizabethan era, BBC, 12 September 2022: Queen’s coffin lies at rest after royal vigil, CNN, 12 September 2022: Public can pay respect to the Queen’s coffin in Edinburgh throughout the night, Scottish government says, DW, 12 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II honored at Scotland’s St.Giles’ Cathedral, The Times, 12 September 2022: Queen’s lying in state: Mourners warned of 35-hour waits or disappointment, NPR, 12 September 2022: Not everyone mourns the queen. For many, she can’t be separated from colonial rule, The Times, 12 September 2022: King Charles keeps vigil in honour of Queen at St Giles’ Cathedral — follow latest, DW, 12 September 2022: Advice for King Charles from Londoners: ‘Leave politics to the politicians’, France24, 12 September 2022: Live: Royal family pays tribute to the queen at St Giles’s cathedral in Edinburgh, The National, 12 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II latest: queen’s coffin arrives at Edinburgh’s Palace of Holyroodhouse, The Times, 12 September 2022: Biden can bring his Beast — but other dignitaries face taking bus, Politico.eu, 12 September 2022: UK rows back from ‘no cars, no private jets’ VIP guidance for Queen Elizabeth’s funeral, The New York Times, 12 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II Will Lie in Rest in Scotland Until Tomorrow, Arab News, 12 September 2022: King Charles III and his siblings escort Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin, CNN, 12 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth witnessed the crumbling of British power in the Middle East, NPR, 12 September 2022: Anti-royal protesters are being arrested in the U.K. as the ‘Not My King’ tag grows, The Times, 12 September 2022: In pictures: King’s next steps before royal funeral, Politico.eu, 12 September 2022: For the monarchy’s future, keep some Royals at arm’s length, The National, 12 September 2022: Emotional Edinburgh crowds queue from dawn to say goodbye to Queen Elizabeth, NPR, 12 September 2022: From Truman to Biden, the queen’s meetings with presidents were formal, fun or awkward, France24, 12 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s death ignites sensitive debate over Africa’s colonial past, The Times, 12 September 2022: Caitlin Moran on the Queen: ‘Everything feels slightly misty now’, Politico.eu, 12 September 2022: The queen could have redressed Britain’s colonial sins. She didn’t., The Times, 13 September 2022: Royal family united in grief, The New York Times, 13 September 2022: A report that the royal beekeeper had informed the queen’s bees of her death received mockery. But it’s in line with tradition., The Times, 13 September 2022: Queen’s vital role in repairing relations with Ireland, BBC, 13 September 2022: Royal Family greet Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin at Buckingham Palace, DW, 13 September 2022: UK’s King Charles in Belfast as free speech concerns mount, The Times, 13 September 2022: Charles shouldn’t fear defending the faith, CNN, 13 September 2022: Prince William just inherited a 685-year old estate worth $1 billion, The Times, 13 September 2022: King Charles visits Northern Ireland before Queen’s coffin heads to London — follow latest, France24, 13 September 2022: Queen’s coffin arrives at Buckingham Palace upon return to London, Irish Times, 13 September 2022: How rich is King Charles? He built his own property empire long before he inherited his mother’s, The Times, 13 September 2022: Unstuffy Sophie to play a big role in new-look royal family, DW, 14 September 2022: Queen’s casket arrives at Buckingham Palace after most tracked flight ever, BBC, 14 September 2022: William and Harry side by side behind Queen’s coffin, The Times, 14 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s reign in charts: how has Britain changed?, DW, 14 September 2022: Queen lies in state as mourners pay their respects, BBC, 14 September 2022: Clarence House staff told jobs are at risk, The Times, 14 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth spends one last night at Buckingham Palace, CNN, 14 September 2022: William and Harry’s show of unity for the Queen, The New York Times, 14 September 2022: Queen’s Coffin Passes London Landmarks, in a Grand but Hushed Display, The Times, 14 September 2022: Nation pays respects as Queen’s coffin lies in state, DW, 14 September 2022: What is the future of the Commonwealth in Asia after the death of Queen Elizabeth II?, CNN, 14 September 2022: RAF plane carrying Queen Elizabeth’s coffin sets all-time flight tracking record, The Times, 14 September 2022: In pictures: Charles, William and Harry join the Queen’s coffin procession, BBC, 14 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth lies in state as public pay respects, The Washington Post, 14 September 2022: Why the crown won’t skip to Prince William. Even if some people want it to., The National, 14 September 2022: Sombre silence for Queen Elizabeth’s lying in state, BBC, 14 September 2022: Royals follow Queen’s coffin on sombre journey – in pictures, The New York Times, 14 September 2022: Lines are stretching for miles for the public viewing of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster., NPR, 14 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II lies in state after a solemn procession from Buckingham Palace, Los Angeles Times, 14 September 2022: Queues form as London mourns the passing of Queen Elizabeth II: A photojournalist’s perspective, BBC, 15 September 2022: Walking behind coffin brought back memories of Diana’s funeral, says William, The Guardian, 15 September 2022: Queen lying in state: mourners queueing into the night expect nine-hour wait to see coffin, DW, 15 September 2022: After the pomp and ceremony, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth to get private burial, Politico.eu, 15 September 2022: The tragedy of King Charles III, CNN, 15 September 2022: The Queue to end all queues: Brits do what they do best as they pay respects to Queen, The National, 15 September 2022: The proud history of British pomp and ceremony (with the odd hiccup thrown in), France24, 15 September 2022: Buckingham Palace unveils plans for Queen Elizabeth’s state funeral, Politico.eu, 15 September 2022: Chinese delegation barred from viewing Queen Elizabeth’s coffin in parliament, NPR, 15 September 2022: No, King Charles III won’t pay any inheritance tax on his massive gain, DW, 15 September 2022: How German are the British royals?, Los Angeles Times, 15 September 2022: After Queen Elizabeth II, it’s a long line of kings. Will that matter?, The Atlantic, 15 September 2022: King Charles Should Get Ready to Abdicate, The Times, 16 September 2022: Queen lying in state: King Charles and siblings keep vigil over coffin, BBC, 16 September 2022: Queen’s lying-in-state: How long is the queue?, Irish Times, 16 September 2022: Stephen Collins: Monarchy’s positive role in Anglo-Irish relations could have a political spillover, The Times, 16 September 2022: The Queen’s funeral: your complete hour-by-hour guide to the plans, The National, 16 September 2022: Queen’s funeral will be Britain’s largest security event yet, France24, 16 September 2022: King Charles and his siblings hold vigil by Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin, Politico.eu, 16 September 2022: Queen’s queue entry paused as park reaches capacity , The Times, 16 September 2022: It’s too much to hope the King can save us from ourselves, The National, 16 September 2022: ‘She was wonderful’: ex-Kuwaiti ambassador mourns Queen Elizabeth’s death, CNN, 16 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s children hold vigil beside her coffin, BBC, 16 September 2022: Silent vigil at Queen’s coffin led by King Charles, The National, 16 September 2022: Britain’s King Charles meets faith leaders to promise a modern monarchy, The Guardian, 16 September 2022: Queen’s children hold vigil over coffin in Westminster Hall, Politico.eu, 16 September 2022: Royals pretend to be soldiers, Putin pretends to be a wolf, BBC, 16 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II: A day-by-day guide from now to the funeral, Politico.eu, 16 September 2022: Liz Truss to meet Joe Biden ahead of queen’s funeral , The Times, 17 September 2022: The Queen’s reign told through 70 years of Sunday Times reporting, BBC, 17 September 2022: Queen’s eight grandchildren hold vigil around coffin, The Guardian, 17 September 2022: Queen lying in state: William and Harry stand vigil over coffin as Biden arrives for funeral, The Times, 17 September 2022: William and Harry: a frosty kind of truce, Irish Times, 17 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s grandchildren hold vigil around coffin in Westminster Hall, DW, 17 September 2022: What does the future hold for the Commonwealth in Africa?, The New York Times, 17 September 2022: Britons Undeterred by Daylong Waits to Mourn a Queen They Loved, Los Angeles Times, 17 September 2022: All 8 grandchildren stand vigil and pay respects to Queen Elizabeth II, France24, 17 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s grandchildren mount vigil around coffin, CNN, 17 September 2022: Princes William and Harry lead somber vigil by Queen’s coffin, BBC, 17 September 2022: William and Harry lead historic coffin vigil, The New York Times, 17 September 2022: Why Queen Elizabeth’s Strength Is Putin’s Weakness, CNN, 17 September 2022: Watch King Charles and Prince William surprise people in line to see Queen, The National, 17 September 2022: Prince William and Prince Harry don uniform in vigil by queen’s coffin, Arab News, 17 September 2022: In Yemen, Queen’s death recalls memories of colonial past, The New York Times, 17 September 2022: Prince William Moves Into the Spotlight as Heir to the Throne, CNN, 17 September 2022: Hospital appointments, flights and hotels canceled as Britain grapples with how to pay tribute to the Queen, Arab News, 17 September 2022: Man arrested after ‘disturbance’ as line to see Queen Elizabeth II swells, The Times, 18 September 2022: The Queen’s funeral: King Charles gives thanks before final farewell, The Guardian, 18 September 2022: Queen lying in state: UK falls silent for Queen as public told not to set off to join queue for coffin, DW, 18 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II funeral: Who is and isn’t invited?, The Times, 18 September 2022: ‘Mummy, Mother, Your Majesty’: Prince Andrew’s tribute to the Queen, The Washington Post, 18 September 2022: Biden, in London, honors the queen and avoids diplomatic disputes, Politico.eu, 18 September 2022: World leaders descend on London for Queen Elizabeth II funeral, France24, 18 September 2022: Biden, world leaders pay respects to queen on eve of state funeral, BBC, 18 September 2022: King Charles says he is deeply touched by public’s support ahead of funeral, DW, 18 September 2022: What does King Charles mean for the British monarchy?, The Washington Post, 18 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral service is Monday. Here’s how to watch., Politico.eu, 18 September 2022: UK parliament U-turns on letting Chinese delegation view Queen Elizabeth’s coffin, France24, 18 September 2022: The schedule for Queen Elizabeth II’s state funeral, Al Arabiya, 18 September 2022: Britain holds minute’s silence for Queen Elizabeth II, CNN, 18 September 2022: London braces itself for massive security operation ahead of Queen’s funeral, Los Angeles Times, 18 September 2022: Bidens among thousands paying respects to Queen Elizabeth II, BBC, 18 September 2022: ‘You just get on with it’, Queen told Jacinda Ardern about life as new mother, Arab News, 18 September 2022: Arab leaders arrive in UK to offer condolences on death of Queen Elizabeth II, DW, 18 September 2022: Joe Biden pays respects at Queen Elizabeth’s coffin, The Times, 18 September 2022: German prince saved Victoria’s funeral and started a tradition, France24, 18 September 2022: ‘Calm, stillness and quiet’: A pause in everyday life as UK holds funeral for the queen, DW, 18 September 2022: How the UK’s monarchy keeps the country from coming apart at the seams, Al Arabiya, 19 September 2022: Thank you for your messages, King Charles tells Britain and the world, DW, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth laid to rest in state funeral — updates, The Times, 19 September 2022: Where will the Queen be buried? A history of St George’s Chapel, BBC, 19 September 2022: Family say final goodbye as Queen buried next to Philip, The Times, 19 September 2022: The Queen’s state funeral — in pictures, DW, 19 September 2022: The funeral of Queen Elizabeth II: An unprecedented police operation in London, Irish Times, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s funeral on TV: There is a degree of culture shock watching Britain grieve, The Times, 19 September 2022: The Queen’s funeral: the order of service in full, NPR, 19 September 2022: As bagpipes played ‘Sleep, Dearie, Sleep,’ a nation bids farewell to Queen Elizabeth, Politico.eu, 19 September 2022: UK falls silent for funeral of Queen Elizabeth II, The Atlantic, 19 September 2022: What the Queen’s Funeral Taught Me About Britain, BBC, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II funeral: Nation comes together to pay sombre farewell, Irish Times, 19 September 2022: Queen’s leaving of London confirms the end of an age, NPR, 19 September 2022: In Pictures: The state funeral of Queen Elizabeth II, The Times, 19 September 2022: Spanish royalty reunited at Queen Elizabeth’s funeral, The New Yorker, 19 September 2022: The Queen’s Funeral Went Off Without a Hitch, Politico.eu, 19 September 2022: The decorativeness of Britain’s House of Windsor, France24, 19 September 2022: Britain and the world bid sombre, final farewell to Queen Elizabeth II, The National, 19 September 2022: UK bids farewell to Queen Elizabeth, the rock on which country was built, Arab News, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s coffin lowered into vault ahead of private burial, The New York Times, 19 September 2022: Thousands Pay Tribute as Britain Says Final Farewell to Its Queen, Al Arabiya, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth’s coffin lowered into vault ahead of private burial, The National, 19 September 2022: Monarchs, emirs, presidents and prime ministers bid Queen Elizabeth farewell, The Washington Post, 19 September 2022: Queen’s funeral was a production for the ages, The Times, 19 September 2022: King Charles ‘deeply touched’ by public support, The New York Times, 19 September 2022: The events around Queen Elizabeth’s death have unfolded with an astonishing amount of formal, choreographed movement., Los Angeles Times, 19 September 2022: Britain says its final farewell to Queen Elizabeth II, marking the end of an era, BBC, 19 September 2022: This was history – solemn, spectacular and intense, Politico.eu, 19 September 2022: The queen is dead. Is the monarchy next?, France24, 19 September 2022: In pictures: Britain’s royal family, world leaders attend Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral, The Washington Post, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II buried after historic state funeral, The Times, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral: World leaders arrive at Westminster Abbey — follow latest, The Guardian, 19 September 2022: Queen’s funeral: Elizabeth II laid to rest alongside husband, royal family announces, The Times, 19 September 2022: The Queen’s funeral was the grandest the world has seen, CNN, 19 September 2022: Queen Elizabeth II laid to rest after final procession, The Times, 19 September 2022: Go forth on thy journey: Queen is laid to rest with splendour and pageantry, BBC, 19 September 2022: Crown, orb and sceptre taken from Queen for final time.

Read more on Wikipedia Elizabeth II (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Johns Hopkins University & Medicine - Coronavirus Resource Center - Global Passport Power Rank - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.














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