Portrait: Hans and Sophie Scholl

Wednesday, 25 July 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Portrait
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Ludwig Maximilians University Munich - Lichthof © Cfaerber/cc-by-sa-3.0

Ludwig Maximilians University Munich – Lichthof © Cfaerber/cc-by-sa-3.0

Hans and Sophie Scholl, often referred to in German as die Geschwister Scholl (literally: the Scholl siblings), were a brother and sister who were members of the White Rose, a student group in Munich that was active in the non-violent resistance movement in Nazi Germany, especially in distributing flyers against the war and the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler. In post-war Germany, Hans and Sophie Scholl are recognized as symbols of the Christian German resistance movement against the totalitarian Nazi regime.

On February 18, 1943, two of the siblings, Hans and Sophie Scholl, were handing out flyers at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich when they were caught by the custodian, Jakob Schmid, who informed the Gestapo. By February 22, 1943, they had been sentenced to death by the People’s Court, led by Judge-President Roland Freisler and were executed by Guillotine on the same day in the Stadelheim Prison. Their grave is in the adjacent Perlacher Forst cemetery.

Ludwig Maximilians University Munich - Lichthof © Cfaerber/cc-by-sa-3.0 © bundesarchiv.de Walhalla - Sophie Scholl bust © Michael J. Zirbes/cc-by-3.0 White Rose memorial in front of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich © Gryffindor Graves of Sophie und Hans Scholl and Christoph Probst in Munich © Rufus46/cc-by-sa-3.0
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White Rose memorial in front of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich © Gryffindor
The Geschwister-Scholl-Preis is a literary prize initiated by the State Association of Bavaria (Landesverband Bayern e. V.) in the Stock Market Society of the German Book Trade (Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels) and the city of Munich. Since 1980, they have annually awarded this prize to the book which “shows intellectual independence and supports civil freedom, moral, intellectual and aesthetic courage and that gives an important impulse to the present awareness of responsibility” (“…das von geistiger Unabhängigkeit zeugt und geeignet ist, bürgerliche Freiheit, moralischen, intellektuellen und ästhetischen Mut zu fördern und dem gegenwärtigen Verantwortungsbewusstsein wichtige Impulse zu geben“).

There are many memorial places for the Scholl siblings at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich. The new Geschwister-Scholl-Institut for political science, founded in the post-war era, was named after them on January 30, 1968. The area in front of the university’s main building is named “Geschwister-Scholl-Platz.” The last flyer of the White Rose is set in the ground. Since 1997, a memorial to the Geschwister Scholl and other members of the White Rose can be found in the atrium of the main building, and since 2005, a bronze bust of Sophie Scholl. The Geschwister-Scholl-Preis is awarded annually in the auditorium of the university. However, a proposal by the student government to rename the university “Geschwister Scholl University” was rejected by the university’s leadership. In addition, since 1945, many cities in both the Federal Republic of Germany as well as the German Democratic Republic have named streets, plazas and schools after the Scholl siblings. Geschwister-Scholl-Schule is the most common school name in Germany. In the Thuringian town of Flurstedt, there is even a Geschwister-Scholl fountain.

Read more on Wikipedia Hans and Sophie Scholl (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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