Port Arthur in Texas

Monday, 18 April 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Rose Hill © Michael Reed/cc-by-sa-3.0

Rose Hill © Michael Reed/cc-by-sa-3.0

Port Arthur is a city in Jefferson County within the Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan area of the U.S. state of Texas. A small, uninhabited portion extends into Orange County; it is 90 mi (140 km) east of Houston. The largest oil refinery in the United States, the Motiva Refinery, is located in Port Arthur. Port Arthur is vulnerable to hurricanes and extensive damage to the city has been caused several times. Port Arthur’s Museum of the Gulf Coast is recognized as the area’s definitive collection of items and displays for figures from Port Arthur and the surrounding communities.

The population of Port Arthur was 53,818 at the 2010 census, down from 57,755 at the 2000 census. By 2020, its population rebounded to 56,039. Early attempts at settlements in the area had all failed. However, in 1895, Arthur Stilwell founded Port Arthur, and the town quickly grew. Port Arthur was incorporated as a city in 1898 and soon developed into a seaport. It eventually became the center of a large oil refinery network. The Rainbow Bridge across the Neches River connects Port Arthur to Bridge City.

Home to a large portion of United States oil refining capacity, Port Arthur has seen renewed investment in several key installations. Motiva Enterprises began undertaking a major addition to its western Port Arthur refinery, expanding capacity to 600,000 barrels per day (95,000 m³/d). This $10.0 billion project is the largest U..S refinery expansion to occur in 30 years. Premcor Refining (now Valero) completed a $775 million expansion of its petrochemical plant, and BASF/Fina commenced operations of a new $1.75 billion gasification and cogeneration unit on premises of its current installation, which had just completed its own $1 billion upgrade. These operations are supported by the Port of Port Arthur, one of Texas’ leading seaports. Port Arthur still suffers, though, from one of the highest unemployment rates in the state.

Rainbow Bridge © people.smu.edu - Aren Cambre/cc-by-sa-2.5 Rose Hill © Michael Reed/cc-by-sa-3.0 The Pompeiian Villa © Michael Reed/cc-by-sa-3.0 Dusk shot of an industrial scene © Library of Congress - Carol M. Highsmith Dusk shot of barges traversing a short canal © Library of Congress - Carol M. Highsmith Jefferson County Sub-Courthouse © Larry D. Moore/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Dusk shot of barges traversing a short canal © Library of Congress - Carol M. Highsmith
The commercial center of Port Arthur was at its peak in the early 1900s. Together with the effects of suburbanization, which drew off wealthier residents to new housing away from town, gradually taking businesses with them, from 1960 until 1974, successive waves of economic recession caused much distress in the town. The central business district has many boarded up and vacant locations. Hurricane Rita struck a direct hit on the Proctor Street Seawall, and damaged many downtown businesses and homes. As economic activity picked up in the region, calls for downtown revitalization have been advanced. The true center of commercial activity has gravitated from downtown to other areas. The main shopping center is Central Mall, opened outside the downtown in 1982.

The Hotel Sabine opened at 600 Proctor Street in 1929 and operated as the Vaughn Hotel until the mid-1930s. At 118 feet, 10 stories, and the tallest building in Port Arthur, the building is of Beaux-Arts architecture style, built with steel-reinforced concrete and brick on 640 steel-laced wooden cypress pilings driven 60 ft into the ground. It was designed to withstand the most severe coastal storms. The hotel closed down in the mid-1980s. The Port Arthur News reported August 28, 2010, that “DWA (Digital Workforce Academy) Buys Sabine Hotel”. By November 2011, the hotel was reported to be slated for demolition. The cost of renovations were estimated at $10– 12,000,000 dollars and demolition estimates as $500,000 to 1.2 million.

Read more on Port Arthur, VisitPortArthurTX.com, Wikivoyage Port Arthur and Wikipedia Port Arthur (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Eastbourne on the English Channel

Eastbourne on the English Channel

[caption id="attachment_153849" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Eastbourne Beach © geograph.org.uk - Oast House Archive/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Eastbourne is a large town, seaside resort, and borough in East Sussex, on the south coast of England, 17 miles (27 km) east of Brighton. Eastbourne is located immediately east of Beachy Head, the highest chalk sea cliff in Great Britain and part of the South Downs National Park. With a seafront consisting largely of Victorian hotels, the pier, and a Napoleonic era fort and...

[ read more ]

Brewer Street in London

Brewer Street in London

[caption id="attachment_240194" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Duke of Argyll © flickr.com - Pedro Szekely/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Brewer Street is a street in the Soho area, City of Westminster of central London, running for about 350 metres west to east from Glasshouse Street to Wardour Street. The street was developed in the late 17th century by the landowner Sir William Pulteney. It first appears on a map of 1664, and was built up over the following decades from east to west. The street is named aft...

[ read more ]

Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan

Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan

[caption id="attachment_192990" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Dushanbe Presidential Palace © VargaA/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. Dushanbe means Monday in the Tajik language, the local language is Parya language. It was named this way because it grew from a village that originally had a popular market on Mondays. As of 2016, Dushanbe had a population of 803,000. Historically a small village, Dushanbe was made the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet S...

[ read more ]

Kirkenes in Northern Norway

Kirkenes in Northern Norway

[caption id="attachment_152787" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Bair175/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kirkenes is a town with a population of 3,500 in Sør-Varanger Municipality in Finnmark county, in the far northeastern part of Norway. The town lies on a peninsula along the Bøkfjorden, an arm of the large Varangerfjorden. The main church for Kirkenes is Kirkenes Church, located in the Haganes area of the town. Kirkenes is served by Kirkenes Airport in Høybuktmoen. There are non-stop flights to Oslo and Tromsø. ...

[ read more ]

Yiwu in Central Zhejiang Province

Yiwu in Central Zhejiang Province

[caption id="attachment_227464" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Park on the river © Cherubby/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Yiwu is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Jinhua in Central Zhejiang Province, East China. As of the 2020 census, the city had 1,859,390 inhabitants and its built-up (or metro) area, joined with that of the neighboring Dongyang, was home to 2,947,340 inhabitants. The city is famous for its light industry commodity trade and vibrant market and as a regional tourist destination. ...

[ read more ]

German Green Belt

German Green Belt

[caption id="attachment_1374" align="alignleft" width="375" caption="Green Belt Germany map © Lencer"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The German Green Belt (Grünes Band Deutschland in German) is a project of Bund Naturschutz (German only), one of Germany's largest environmental groups. The project was begun in 1989. On the former inner German border, there is a strip of land approximately 1400 km (870 miles) long (with an area of more than 100 km² / 39 mi²) that remained nearly untouched since the construction of the Berlin Wall....

[ read more ]

Theme Week Istria - Poreč

Theme Week Istria - Poreč

[caption id="attachment_153464" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Main square with church © Johann Jaritz/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Poreč is a town and municipality on the western coast of the Istrian peninsula. Its major landmark is the 6th century Euphrasian Basilica, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. Ever since the 1970s, the coast of Poreč has been the most visited tourist destination in Croatia. Poreč is almost 2,000 years old, and is set around a harbor protected from the sea by the small island of S...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Cyclades - Tinos

Theme Week Cyclades - Tinos

[caption id="attachment_153468" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town of Tinos © Eu.stefan/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tinos is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea. It is located in the Cyclades archipelago. In antiquity, Tinos was also known as Ophiussa (from ophis, Greek for snake) and Hydroessa (from hydor, Greek for water). The closest islands are Andros, Delos, and Mykonos. It has a land area of approximately 194 square kilometres (75 sq mi) and a 2011 census population of 8,636 inhabitants. Tinos is ...

[ read more ]

University of Coimbra

University of Coimbra

[caption id="attachment_230084" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Joanine Library © Alvesgaspar/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The University of Coimbra (UC; Portuguese: Universidade de Coimbra) is a public research university in Coimbra, Portugal. First established in Lisbon in 1290, it went through a number of relocations until moving permanently to Coimbra in 1537. The university is among the oldest universities in continuous operation in the world, the oldest in Portugal, and played an influential role in the dev...

[ read more ]

Wipperfürth, the oldest town in the Bergisches Land

Wipperfürth, the oldest town in the Bergisches Land

[caption id="attachment_160535" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Town Hall © J. Berger[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Wipperfürth is a municipality in the Oberbergischer Kreis of North Rhine-Westfalia, Germany, about 40 km north-east of Cologne, and the oldest town in the Bergischen Land. Wipperfürth lies on the flow Wupper which is designated in the upper reaches to the east of the town Wipper. Today Wipperfürth has 24,000 inhabitants, half of them living in the town itself, the other half living in the nearby villages a...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
National Congress of Brazil © flickr.com - Marcelo Jorge Vieira/cc-by-sa-2.0
Praça dos Três Poderes in Brasília

Praça dos Três Poderes (Three Powers Plaza) is a plaza in Brasília, the capital of Brazil. The name is derived...

© Adrian Pingstone
Woolacombe in Devon

Woolacombe is a seaside resort on the coast of North Devon, England, which lies at the mouth of a valley...

Tudor City © flickr.com - Tony Hisgett/cc-by-2.0
Turtle Bay in Manhattan

Turtle Bay is a neighborhood in New York City, on the east side of Midtown Manhattan. It extends from roughly...

Close