Paulus-Haus in East Jerusalem

Wednesday, 7 December 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  5 minutes

© DVHL-PR1/cc-by-sa-4.0

© DVHL-PR1/cc-by-sa-4.0

The Paulus-Haus is a pilgrim hospice in Jerusalem under the care of the German Association of the Holy Land. It is situated on the Nablus Road in East Jerusalem, directly opposite the Damascus Gate of the Old City. The monumental architecture is reminiscent of the crusader castles. The Schmidt’s Girls College is a German international school for Christian and Muslim girls. It was founded in 1885 and provides primary and secondary education to approximately 500 pupils.

At the end of the 19th century, there were already numerous Germans going on organised pilgrimages to Jerusalem, some offered by the German Association of the Holy Land, founded in 1895 through a merger between the Association of the Holy Grave (est. 1885) and the Palestine Union of the German Catholics. Since 1866 there has been a small guest house for German pilgrims on a street leading to the Jaffa Gate. At a meeting with the German Kaiser Wilhelm II during his travels through Palestine in 1898, the German Lazarist, Friedrich Wilhelm Schmidt, suggested building a new, bigger and more suitable accommodation for pilgrims. The Kaiser had already supported the construction of the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer and the establishing of the Benedictine Abbey of the Dormition on Mount Zion. With his support, the German Association of the Holy Land successfully acquired two parcels in the immediate vicinity of the Damascus Gate in 1899. The pilgrim hospice project was taken on by the architect of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne, Henrich Renard, who was also responsible for building the Abbey of the Dormition and the Dormitio Church on Mount Zion at the same time. The first foundation stone was laid on 20 March 1904. In 1908 the Saint Paul Hospice was opened and entrusted to the Catholic Sisters of St. Carl Borromaeus. It offered space for approximately 160 guests and it quickly became a much beloved place among German pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem. Due to the outbreak of the First World War and the consequent halting of organised pilgrimages, the Paulus-Haus was closed and for a short time used as a headquarters and recuperation facility for German soldiers.

After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Jerusalem came under the control of the British Mandate of Palestine and became the seat of the high commissioner and the mandate administration. The Paulus-Haus was seized by the British Armed Forces and used as a general consulate until 1948. When the British mandate ended, the building was returned to the German Association of the Holy Land.

As a result of the division of Jerusalem after the Palestine War, the Paulus-Haus found itself in the Jordanian section of Jerusalem. Due to the military action, the activity of the Schmidt’s Girls College was interrupted and the school, housed since 1886 in the Old Hospice on what is today Hillel Street in Israeli West Jerusalem, was first moved into the Paulus-Haus in 1950, and into a newly constructed building adjacent to it in 1967.

© DVHL-PR1/cc-by-sa-4.0 © DVHL-PR1/cc-by-sa-4.0 Kaisersaal © Johannes Müller/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Yoavd Old City's walls from Schmidt's College © Deror avi/cc-by-sa-3.0 Paulus-Haus Museum - Temple Mount model by Conrad Schick © DVHL-PR1/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Paulus-Haus Museum - Temple Mount model by Conrad Schick © DVHL-PR1/cc-by-sa-4.0
Since 1967, the Paulus-Haus has resumed its role as a pilgrim accommodation and from 1989 onwards, along with the Schmidt’s Girls College, has been entrusted to the international convent of the Sisters of the Congregation of Jesus.

The Kaisersaal (King’s Chamber) in Paulus-Haus has been preserved with its original layout and donated furniture from the time of Kaiser Wilhelm II.

The museum of the German Association of the Holy Land has two archaeological finds from the time of Jesus on display, as well as items connected to the history of the Association and two models of the Temple Mount, one representing Conrad Schick‘s reconstruction of the Herodian Temple, and one of the Muslim Haram ash-Sharif. The museum was opened at the beginning of the 1990s in the basement of the Paulus-Haus.

The rooftop terrace offers a sweeping view over the Old City of Jerusalem between the Mount of Olives, Temple Mount, Mount Zion and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Read more on Wikipedia Paulus-Haus (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The European Union: Quo vadis?

The European Union: Quo vadis?

[responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"](Latest update: 7 June 2022) Best of all first: The EU and the Eurozone today have greater approval among its citizens than it did in the past 35 years. This is not just any indicator, but a solid basis and a work order that has so far been adopted only in part to actually address ambitious, long overdue reforms and the necessary reorientation of the EU. A nicely written white paper by the European Commission, which presents possible scenarios until 2025, isn't enough. What is needed is a "EU Vision 2030" plan w...

[ read more ]

Tower Hill in London

Tower Hill in London

[caption id="attachment_204953" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Tower Hill and Tower of London © flickr.com - Sheri/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tower Hill is a complex city or garden square northwest of the Tower of London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets just outside the City of London boundary yet inside what remains of the London Wall - a large fragment of which survives toward its east. It was an extra-parochial area with moniker Great Tower Hill. According to Tower Hamlets Borough Council, it is ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Japan - Kobe

Theme Week Japan - Kobe

[caption id="attachment_192100" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Chinatown © Laitr Keiows/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kobe is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is located on the southern side of the main island of Honshū, on the north shore of Osaka Bay and about 30 km (19 mi) west of Osaka. With a population around 1.5 million, the city is part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kyoto. The earliest written records regarding the region come fr...

[ read more ]

London 2012

London 2012

[caption id="attachment_27650" align="aligncenter" width="590"] 2012 Olympic Torch Relay © flickr.com - Matthew Smith/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The 2012 Summer Olympic development is a process running from 2005 to 2012, following the successful London bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. While many of the plans were included in the bid portfolio, which gained the favour of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) over the four other bids on 6 July 2005, there were more details released and decisions made afterwards. ...

[ read more ]

Kalymnos in the southern Aegean

Kalymnos in the southern Aegean

[caption id="attachment_150577" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Cruising near Pserimos © kallerna/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kalymnos is a Greek island and municipality in the southeastern Aegean Sea. It belongs to the Dodecanese and is located to the west of the peninsula of Bodrum, between the islands of Kos (south, at a distance of 12 km (7 mi)) and Leros (north, at a distance of less than 2 km (1 mi)): the latter is linked to it through a series of islets. Kalymnos lies between two to five hours away by sea fro...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Venezuela - Maracaibo

Theme Week Venezuela - Maracaibo

[caption id="attachment_172203" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Calle Carabobo © The Photographer[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Maracaibo is a city and municipality in northwestern Venezuela, on the western shore of the strait that connects Lake Maracaibo to the Gulf of Venezuela. It is the second-largest city in the country (after the national capital Caracas) and the capital of the state of Zulia. The population of the city is approximately 2.7 million with the metropolitan area estimated at 3.9 million. Maracaibo is nicknamed L...

[ read more ]

German Museum in Munich

German Museum in Munich

[caption id="attachment_26889" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © deutsches-museum.de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Deutsches Museum (which means German Museum) in Munich, is the world's largest museum of science and technology, with approximately 1.5 million visitors per year and about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology. The museum was founded on June 28, 1903, at a meeting of the Association of German Engineers (VDI) as an initiative of Oskar von Miller. A few months before the 1903 meet...

[ read more ]

The Suez Canal

The Suez Canal

[caption id="attachment_153638" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Port Said - Suez Canal Authority © Daniel Csörföly[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction work, it allows ship transport between Europe and eastern Asia without navigation around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said and the southern terminus is Port Tawfiq at the city of Suez. Ismailia lies on its west ban...

[ read more ]

Regent Street in London

Regent Street in London

[caption id="attachment_236261" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Pink sunrise © flickr.com - Alper Çu%u011Fun/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Regent Street is a major shopping street in the West End of London. It is named after George, the Prince Regent (later George IV) and was laid out under the direction of the architect John Nash and James Burton. It runs from Waterloo Place in St James's at the southern end, through Piccadilly Circus and Oxford Circus, to All Souls Church. From there Langham Place and Portland Place ...

[ read more ]

The Buena Vista Social Club

The Buena Vista Social Club

[caption id="attachment_193501" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club in Lorient/France © XIIIfromTOKYO/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Buena Vista Social Club is an ensemble of Cuban musicians established in 1996 to revive the music of pre-revolutionary Cuba. The project was organized by World Circuit executive Nick Gold, produced by American guitarist Ry Cooder and directed by Juan de Marcos González. They named the group after the homonymous members' club in the Buenavista quarter of Havan...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© flickr.com - nakashi/cc-by-2.0
Philadelphia City Hall

Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of the municipal government of the City of Philadelphia. Built in the ornate Second...

© Daniel Vorndran/cc-by-sa-3.0
Musée d’Orsay in Paris

The Musée d'Orsay (English: Orsay Museum) is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank of the Seine. It...

© Sergi Larripa/cc-by-sa-3.0
La Rambla in Barcelona

La Rambla is a street in central Barcelona. A tree-lined pedestrian street, it stretches for 1.2 km (0.75 mi) connecting...

Schließen