Easter Island in the Polynesian Triangle

Monday, 30 January 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  3 minutes

15 standing moai at Ahu Tongariki © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0

15 standing moai at Ahu Tongariki © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0

Easter Island (Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui; Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is an island and special territory of Chile in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania. The island is most famous for its nearly 1,000 extant monumental statues, called moai, which were created by the early Rapa Nui people. In 1995, UNESCO named Easter Island a World Heritage Site, with much of the island protected within Rapa Nui National Park.

Experts disagree on when the island’s Polynesian inhabitants first reached the island. While many in the research community cited evidence that they arrived around the year 800, there is compelling evidence presented in a 2007 study that places their arrival closer to 1200. The inhabitants created a thriving and industrious culture, as evidenced by the island’s numerous enormous stone moai and other artifacts. However, land clearing for cultivation and the introduction of the Polynesian rat led to gradual deforestation. By the time of European arrival in 1722, the island’s population was estimated to be 2,000 to 3,000. European diseases, Peruvian slave raiding expeditions in the 1860s, and emigration to other islands such as Tahiti further depleted the population, reducing it to a low of 111 native inhabitants in 1877.

Traditional music and dance of Rapa Nui © flickr.com - magical world/cc-by-sa-2.0 15 standing moai at Ahu Tongariki © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Catholic Church in Hanga Roa © fritillary/cc-by-sa-3.0 Rano Kau and Pacific Ocean © ikallerna/cc-by-sa-4.0 Rano Raraku volcano, the quarry of the moai statues © Rivi/cc-by-sa-3.0 Rapa Nui National Park © Kenov66/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Traditional music and dance of Rapa Nui © flickr.com - magical world/cc-by-sa-2.0
Chile annexed Easter Island in 1888. In 1966, the Rapa Nui were granted Chilean citizenship. In 2007 the island gained the constitutional status of “special territory” (Spanish: territorio especial). Administratively, it belongs to the Valparaíso Region, constituting a single commune (Isla de Pascua) of the Province of Isla de Pascua. The 2017 Chilean census registered 7,750 people on the island, of whom 3,512 (45%) considered themselves Rapa Nui.

Easter Island is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world. The nearest inhabited land (around 50 residents in 2013) is Pitcairn Island, 2,075 kilometres (1,289 mi) away; the nearest town with a population over 500 is Rikitea, on the island of Mangareva, 2,606 km (1,619 mi) away; the nearest continental point lies in central Chile, 3,512 km (2,182 mi) away.

Read more on Rapa Nui, Wikivoyage Easter Island and Wikipedia Easter Island (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

30 years German unity

30 years German unity

[caption id="attachment_214734" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Tag der Deutschen Einheit Potsdam 2020 © miteinander-brandenburg.de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The German Unity Day (German: Tag der Deutschen Einheit) is the National Day of Germany, celebrated on 3 October as a public holiday. It commemorates the anniversary of German reunification in 1990 when the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) were unified, so that for the first time since 1945 there existed a single...

[ read more ]

Theme Week New England - New Hampshire and Maine

Theme Week New England - New Hampshire and Maine

[caption id="attachment_165845" align="aligncenter" width="590"] New Hampshire - Berlin © Americanadian 8[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]N E W    H A M P S H I R E New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by land area and the 9th least populous of the 50 United States. Concord i...

[ read more ]

Beuvron-en-Auge in Normandy

Beuvron-en-Auge in Normandy

[caption id="attachment_236980" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Zairon/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Beuvron-en-Auge is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France. Beuvron is affiliated to Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("the most beautiful villages of France"), an independent association of communes and communities of communes which seeks to promote as tourist destinations those small, picturesque French villages which meet its membership criteria. [gallery size="la...

[ read more ]

Schwerin, the city of seven lakes and forests

Schwerin, the city of seven lakes and forests

[caption id="attachment_160184" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Schwerin Castle - Parliament of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern © Kolossos[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Schwerin is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population, as of end of 2007, was 96,000. Schwerin is surrounded by many picturesque lakes. The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See, has an area of 60 km². In the midst of these lakes there was once an Obotrite settlement (dated back to the 11th century). The...

[ read more ]

Theme Week San Francisco - Fisherman’s Wharf

Theme Week San Francisco - Fisherman’s Wharf

[caption id="attachment_151580" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Pier 39 from Coit Tower © DimiTalen/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Fisherman's Wharf is a neighborhood and popular tourist attraction in San Francisco. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco from Ghirardelli Square or Van Ness Avenue east to Pier 35 or Kearny Street. The F Market streetcar runs through the area, the Powell-Hyde cable car lines runs to Aquatic Park, at the edge of Fisherman's Wharf, and the Powell-Mason cable c...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Iceland - Keflavík

Theme Week Iceland - Keflavík

[caption id="attachment_163678" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Keflavík from seaside © Chmee2/Valtameri/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Keflavík (meaning Driftwood Bay) is a town in the Reykjanes region in southwest Iceland. As of 2016, its population when combined with the nearby town Njarðvík, is 15,000. In 1995 it merged with Njarðvík and Hafnir to form a municipality called Reykjanesbær with a population of 15,000. In Iceland, Keflavík was renowned as a rich source of musicians during the 1960s and 70s...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Lorraine

Theme Week Lorraine

[caption id="attachment_152238" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Quiche Lorraine © Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lorraine (German: Lothringen) is a cultural and historical region in north-eastern France. From 1982 until January 2016, Lorraine was an administrative region of France, when it became part of the new region Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine. Lorraine's name stems from the medieval kingdom of Lotharingia, which in turn was named for either Emperor Lothair I or King Lothair II. It became later the D...

[ read more ]

Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln

Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln

[caption id="attachment_228310" align="aligncenter" width="458"] Abraham Lincoln © Alexander Gardner[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Gettysburg Address is a speech that U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered during the American Civil War at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on the afternoon of November 19, 1863, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is one of the best-known speeches in American history. ...

[ read more ]

Kehl on the Rhine

Kehl on the Rhine

[caption id="attachment_160187" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Kehl © Uwe Barghaan/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kehl is a town in southwestern Germany in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg. It is located on the river Rhine, directly opposite the French city of Strasbourg. In 1338 the first permanent bridge between Kehl and Strasbourg was completed. In 1678 the city was taken over by France, as it was considered to be part of the defence system of Strasbourg. Hence the village was transformed into a fortress in 1683 b...

[ read more ]

Cricket

Cricket

[caption id="attachment_164841" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Pulkit Sinha/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch with a wicket (a set of three wooden stumps) sited at each end. One team, designated the batting team, attempts to score as many runs as possible, whilst their opponents field. Each phase of play is called an innings. After either ten batsmen have ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Chabe01/cc-by-sa-4.0
Rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine in Paris

The Rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine (English: Street of the Suburb of Saint Anthony) is a street in Paris. It should...

Jost Van Dyke - White Bay beach © Pinkhousejvd/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Caribbean – British Virgin Islands

The British Virgin Islands (BVI), officially the Virgin Islands, are a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, to the east...

© EmDee/cc-by-sa-3.0
Royal Museum for Central Africa in Tervuren

The Royal Museum for Central Africa or RMCA (Dutch: Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika or KMMA; French: Musée royal de l'Afrique...

Close