Oranienburg on the Havel river

Thursday, 8 May 2014 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks

Oranienburg Palace © Kds11/cc-by-sa-3.0

Oranienburg Palace © Kds11/cc-by-sa-3.0

Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg. It is the capital of the district of Oberhavel. Oranienburg is a town located on the banks of the Havel river, 35 km north of the centre of Berlin. The original name of Oranienburg was Bötzow. The town was founded in the 12th century and was first mentioned in 1216. Albert the Bear is believed to have ordered the construction of a castle on the banks of the Havel. Around the castle there was a settlement of traders and craftsmen. In 1646, Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg married Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau (German: Oranien-Nassau). She was so attracted by the town of Bötzow, that her husband presented the entire region to her. The princess ordered a new castle to be built in the Dutch style and called it Oranienburg or Schloss Oranienburg. In 1653, the town of Bötzow was renamed Oranienburg.

Silvio Gesell, the founder of Freiwirtschaft, lived in Oraninburg between 1911 an 1915, publishing his magazine, “Der Physiocrat”. He returned to the town in 1927 and lived there up to his death in 1930. The town remained a center of the free economy movement until it was outlwed by the Nazi regime in 1933, and many of Gessel’s followers ended up as prisoners in the town’s concentration camp.

Oranienburg Palace © Kds11/cc-by-sa-3.0 Oranienburg Palace gardens and lake © Pante94 Oranienburg Palace © Avda/cc-by-sa-3.0 Oranienburg Palace © Pante94 Former Orphanage © Dreizung/cc-by-sa-3.0 Memorial Statue at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp © Alex Walker/cc-by-sa-3.0 Sachsenhausen concentration camp © Huysman/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Memorial Statue at Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp © Alex Walker/cc-by-sa-3.0
One of the first Nazi concentration camps was built in Oranienburg in 1933. In 1936 it was replaced by the Sachsenhausen concentration camp which continued to operate until the end of the Nazi regime; 200,000 people were interned in Sachsenhausen over the 9 years the camp was operational under the Nazis. 22,000 were murdered by the Nazis before the liberation of the camp by the Soviet Red Army in 1945. Following this the site was reopened in August 1945 as Soviet Special Camp 7. A further 12,000 people (mostly Nazis not awaiting trial) died under the Soviets before the Special Camp was closed in 1950. Their remains were not discovered until the 1990s.

Read more on City of Oranienburg, Oranienburg Tourism, stiftung-bg.de – Memorial and Museum Sachsenhausen and Wikipedia Oranienburg. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

L’Estaque in Marseille

L’Estaque in Marseille

[caption id="attachment_192350" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Port of L'Estaque © Irønie/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]L'Estaque is a former fishing village, located on the Rade de Marseille, which was incorporated in 1946 as part of the 16th Arrondissements to Marseille. West of L'Estaque begins the Côte Bleue. The hill chain Chaîne de l'Estaque gave the place its name. A bit of this former artists' village or its past is still noticeable today: the inhabitants differ from the other Marseillais and make ...

[ read more ]

St Michael's Mount in Cornwall

St Michael's Mount in Cornwall

[caption id="attachment_160838" align="aligncenter" width="590"] St. Michael's Mount harbour © geograph.org.uk - Chris Downer[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]St Michael's Mount is a tidal island located 366 metres (400 yards) off the Mount's Bay coast of Cornwall. It is a civil parish and is united with the town of Marazion by a man-made causeway of granite setts, passable between mid-tide and low water. The island exhibits a combination of slate and granite. Its Cornish language name - literally, "the grey rock in the wood" ...

[ read more ]

Delray Beach in Florida, America's Most Fun Small Town

Delray Beach in Florida, America's Most Fun Small Town

[caption id="attachment_192632" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Delray Beach © D Ramey Logan/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Delray Beach is a coastal city in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States. The population of Delray Beach is estimated at 67,000. Delray Beach is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, which is home to an estimated 6.2 million people. The city's eastern boundary includes 3 miles (4.8 km) of beachfront along the Atlantic Ocean. Delray Beach is one of South Florida's most popular beach d...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Los Angeles

Theme Week Los Angeles

[caption id="attachment_26643" align="aligncenter" width="590"] East Los Angeles Basin, seen from Mulholland © Lan56/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles, often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in the U.S. state of California and the second-most populous in the United States, after New York City, with a population of 3,9 million. It has a land area of 469 square miles (1,215 km2), and is located in Southern California. The city is the focal point of the larg...

[ read more ]

Mexico City in the Valley of Mexico

Mexico City in the Valley of Mexico

[caption id="attachment_6981" align="aligncenter" width="590"] National Palace © Reinhard Jahn/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Mexico City (also known as México D.F., or simply D.F.) is the Federal District (Distrito Federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole. Mexico City is the country's largest city as well as its most important political, cultural, e...

[ read more ]

The historic port city of Genoa

The historic port city of Genoa

[caption id="attachment_154218" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Grand Hotel Miramare © Twice25 & Rinina25[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Genoa is a city and a major seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. The city proper has a population of 609,000, while its urban agglomeration consists of 718,896 inhabitants. Finally, the coastal metropolitan area that snakes in the central section of Liguria is estimated to have a population of about 878,000. Genoa has been nicknamed la Super...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Berlin - Quartier 206

Theme Week Berlin - Quartier 206

[caption id="attachment_146318" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © ConKret[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]This is one of the most exclusive shopping locations in the city, with a phenomenal range of international designer fashions and couture. Quartier 206 sets luxury fashion against a background of world class architecture. A key feature is the atrium with curved staircases and a black and white mosaic floor, evocative of the San Marco church in Venice. The architecture, designed by the celebrated New York firm of Pei, Cobb...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Paraguay - Concepción

Theme Week Paraguay - Concepción

[caption id="attachment_184033" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Arcadiuš/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Concepción is a city and district in northern Paraguay and capital of the Concepción Department. It lies next to the Paraguay River. Route 5 "Gral. Bernardino Caballero" connects the city with Pedro Juan Caballero and Asunción. The city is nicknamed La Perla del Norte (The Pearl of the North). Founded by a Spanish Governor, named Agustín Fernado de Pinedo, the town prospered in the early year...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
White City sign © Ori~
Theme Week Tel Aviv – The White City

The White City refers to a collection of previously over 4,000 Bauhaus or International style buildings built in Tel Aviv...

Heide Park Resort © Dirk Thierfelder/cc-by-sa-2.5
Soltau in the Lüneburg Heath

Soltau is a mid-sized town in the Lüneburg Heath in the district of Heidekreis, in Lower Saxony. The town is...

King of Prussia Mall © NASA WorldWind
The King of Prussia Mall

The King of Prussia Mall is the largest shopping mall in the United States of America in terms of leasable...

Schließen