Neringa in Lithuania

Wednesday, 15 November 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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Thomas Mann's summer house © Wojsyl/cc-by-sa-3.0

Thomas Mann’s summer house © Wojsyl/cc-by-sa-3.0

Neringa or Neringa Municipality (Lithuanian: Neringos savivaldybė) is a municipality of Klaipėda County in westernmost Lithuania, comprising several villages in the Curonian Spit. In terms of population, it is the smallest municipality of the country. The name of the city is relatively new and is not found in old scriptures in this form. The name is derived from a German word Neringe, Nerunge, Nehrung which itself is a derivative of a curonian word nerija meaning a long peninsular spit.

Neringa is located south of Klaipėda, separated from the mainland Lithuania by Curonian Lagoon. It is accessible from the mainland Lithuania by ferry crossing the lagoon or overland through Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. The villages in Neringa municipality comprise:

They are tourist resorts and by then it was popular to grant more self-government to resorts. The municipality is the only one in Lithuania which is not called after a town or city. The name Neringa was created at Soviet time for the new city municipality.

Resort house © Andrzej Otrębski/cc-by-sa-4.0 Resort house © Derbrauni/cc-by-4.0 Resort houses © Dezidor/cc-by-sa-3.0 Thomas Mann's summer house © Wojsyl/cc-by-sa-3.0 Traditional Neringa house © Otto Magnus/cc-by-sa-3.0 Hill of Witches entrance © Alma Pater/cc-by-sa-3.0 Museum of Miniature Arts © Alma Pater/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Traditional Neringa house © Otto Magnus/cc-by-sa-3.0
Since 1252 the region was part of the State of the Teutonic Knights, after the Thirteen Years’ War (1454–1466) a Polish fief. From 1701 onwards it was part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and from 1871 it was also part of Germany. Already in 1569 a “confusion of languages” was noticed: German, Lithuanian, LatvianCuronian (Nehrungs-Kurisch) and Prussian. Nehrungs-kurisch was the language of the fishers.

The colours of the typical houses are handed down from the pagan religion and symbolize Divinities: Earth (brown), Sky and Water (blue), Clouds and Spray (white). At the top two crossed “zirgs” (horse heads).

The census of 1897 showed that about 60% used the Curonian language, on sea even 65%. In 1923, when sovereignty over the spit came to Lithuania, the inhabitants had problems with their nationality. Only few opted for Lithuania, many emigrated to Germany and others stayed as German “resident foreigners” in their villages. The result of the census of 1956: 59% Lithuanians, 21% Russians and only 15% (22 families) of the autochtone inhabitants.

Read more on Wikivoyage Nida and Wikipedia Neringa (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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