Theme Week New York City – National September 11 Memorial and Museum

Saturday, 14 March 2015 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Museums, Exhibitions, New York City
Reading Time:  6 minutes

© Cadiomals/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Cadiomals/cc-by-sa-3.0

The National September 11 Memorial & Museum is the principal memorial and museum, respectively, commemorating the September 11 attacks of 2001 (which killed 2,977 people) and the World Trade Center bombing of 1993 (which killed six). The memorial is located at the World Trade Center site, the former location of the Twin Towers (which were destroyed during the attacks). It is operated by a non-profit corporation, headed by Joe Daniels, whose mission is to raise funds for, program, own and operate the memorial and museum at the World Trade Center site.

In 2003, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation launched an international competition to design a memorial at the World Trade Center site to commemorate the lives lost on 9/11. Individuals and teams from around the world submitted design proposals. On November 19, 2003, the thirteen-member jury selected eight finalists. Reflecting Absence, designed by Michael Arad and Peter Walker, was chosen as the winning design on January 6, 2004. It consists of a field of trees interrupted by two large, recessed pools, the footprints of the Twin Towers. The deciduous trees (swamp white oaks) are arranged in rows and form informal clusters, clearings and groves. The park is at street level, above the Memorial Museum. The names of the victims of the attacks (including those from the Pentagon, American Airlines flight 77, United Airlines flight 93 and the 1993 bombing) are inscribed on the parapets surrounding the waterfalls in an arrangement of “meaningful adjacencies”. A portion of the slurry wall originally designed to hold back the Hudson River is maintained in the museum. On January 14, 2004, the final design for the World Trade Center site memorial was unveiled at a Federal Hall press conference.

In August 2006, the World Trade Center Memorial Foundation and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began heavy construction on the memorial and museum. The World Trade Center Memorial Foundation was renamed the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in 2007.

North Pool © Farragutful/cc-by-sa-3.0 South Pool © Farragutful/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Farragutful/cc-by-sa-3.0 © InSapphoWeTrust/cc-by-sa-2.0 Survivor Tree © PumpkinSky/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Cadiomals/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Survivor Tree © PumpkinSky/cc-by-sa-3.0
In September 2007 the Memorial & Museum began a four-month national-awareness tour of 25 cities in 25 states, and thousands participated in tour activities. The tour began at Finlay Park in Columbia, South Carolina, ending at Steinbrenner Field in Tampa, Florida. Highlights included an exhibition of photographs, artifacts from the site and a film with firsthand accounts from individuals who had directly experienced the attacks. At the opening ceremony in South Carolina, the students of White Knoll Middle School (who raised over $500,000 in 2001 for a new truck for the New York City Fire Department) were honored and retired New York City police officer Marcelo Pevida presented the city with an American flag which had flown over Ground Zero. The main attractions of the 2007 national tour were steel beams, later used in the construction of the memorial, for visitors to sign.

A callery pear tree recovered from the rubble at the World Trade Center site in October 2001 was later called the “Survivor Tree”. When the 8-foot (2.4 m)-tall tree was recovered, it was badly burned and had one living branch. The tree had been planted during the 1970s near buildings four and five, in the vicinity of Church Street. Memorial president Joe Daniels described it as “a key element of the memorial plaza’s landscape.” In November 2001, the tree was moved by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation to the Arthur Ross Nursery in Van Cortlandt Park in the Bronx for care. It was then replanted in the Bronx on November 11, 2001. The tree was not expected to survive, but it showed signs of new growth the following spring. Although the national memorial team planned to include the Survivor Tree, its location was unknown at the time. Still under the care of the Bronx nursery, the tree was replanted without significant damage in March 2010 after it was uprooted by a storm. After the replanting, Mayor Michael Bloomberg said: “Again, we and the tree refused to throw in the towel. We replanted the tree, and it bounced back immediately.”

On September 11, 2011, a dedication ceremony commemorating the tenth anniversary of the attacks was held at the memorial. It opened to the public the following day; the museum was dedicated on May 15, 2014 and opened on May 21. Its exhibits include 23,000 images, 10,300 artifacts, nearly 2,000 oral histories of those killed – mostly provided by friends and families – and over 500 hours of video. Three months after its opening, the memorial had been visited by over a million people. In 2012 Tuesday’s Children, a non-profit family-service organization dedicated to individuals directly impacted by 9/11 and those who have lost loved ones to terrorism worldwide, joined with the 9/11 Memorial to offer private tours to family members of 9/11 victims and first responders.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on National September 11 Memorial and Museum, USS New York (LPD-21) and Wikipedia National September 11 Memorial and Museum (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.





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