Arab–Israeli and Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Saturday, 6 January 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Editorial, General, Union for the Mediterranean

© Oncenawhile

© Oncenawhile

(Latest update: 28 March 2020) The Arab–Israeli conflict is the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel. The roots (European colonial period, Ottoman Empire, widespread Antisemitism in Europe, Jews in the Russian Empire, Baron Edmond James de Rothschild (Jewish land purchase in Palestine), Theodor Herzl, Jewish National Fund, timeline of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, World War I, Sykes–Picot Agreement (San Remo conference, Mandate for Palestine, UN Charter, Chapter XII – International Trusteeship System, Article 80 (commonly known as the “Palestine Article” used by both conflict parties, Israel and Palestine, to create the wildest interpretations, speculations and conspiracy theories to assert the respective alleged right to the total land area), McMahon–Hussein Correspondence), Balfour Declaration, World War II, The Holocaust (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), Évian Conference, Mandatory Palestine, Forced displacement, and United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine) of the modern Arab–Israeli conflict (or the history of collective failure) are bound in the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism towards the end of the 19th century. Territory regarded by the Jewish people as their historical homeland is also regarded by the Pan-Arab movement as historically and currently belonging to the Palestinians, and in the Pan-Islamic context, as Muslim lands. The sectarian conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs emerged in the early 20th century, peaking into a full-scale civil war in 1947 and transforming into the First Arab–Israeli War in May 1948 following the Israeli Declaration of Independence (Nakba and the assassination of UN mediator Folke Bernadotte by the terror organization Lehi/Stern gang. Among them, the later Israeli PM Yitzhak Shamir). Large-scale hostilities mostly ended with the cease-fire agreements after the 1973 Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War. Peace agreements were signed between Israel and Egypt in 1979, resulting in Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula and abolishment of the military governance system in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, in favor of Israeli Civil Administration and consequent unilateral, internationally not recognized, annexation of the Syrian Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. Even when the text is about 176 pages long, it is just a summary. The multitude of links point out that there is a lot more to learn in detail. At first, it is a timeline of the major developments in the region and it leads to today’s challenges. The starting point is the view of the international community, especially the European Union and North America, on the conflict, enriched with excursions into the ideas, convictions, believes, and thoughts of the direct and indirect involved parties to the conflict.

Content

Timetable of wars and violent events

The nature of the conflict has shifted over the years from the large-scale, regional Arab–Israeli conflict to a more local Israeli–Palestinian conflict, which peaked during the 1982 Lebanon War. The interim Oslo Accords led to the creation of the Palestinian National Authority in 1994, within the context of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process. The same year Israel and Jordan reached a peace accord. In 1988 the Palestinian Authority recognized the state of Israel. A cease-fire has been largely maintained between Israel and Baathist Syria, as well as with Lebanon since 2006. However, developments in the course of the Syrian Civil War reshuffled the situation near Israel’s northern border, putting the Syrian Arab Republic, Hezbollah (whose military arm is classified by the Western community as a terrorist organization – The Guardian, 25 February 2019: UK to outlaw Hezbollah’s political wing) and the Syrian opposition at odds with each other and complicating their relations with Israel. The conflict between Israel and Hamas-ruled Gaza, which resulted in the 2014 cease-fire, is usually also considered part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and therefore the Arab–Israeli conflict. Its 2006–2012 phase is, however, also attributed to the Iran–Israel proxy conflict in the region (Government of Syria and Hezbollah are being supported by Iran). Since 2012, Iran (predominantly Shia) has cut ties with the Sunni Hamas movement on account of the Syrian Civil War. Despite the peace agreements with Egypt and Jordan, interim peace accords with Palestine and the generally existing cease-fire, the Arab world and Israel remain at odds with each other over many issues.

National movements
The roots of the modern Arab–Israeli conflict lie in the rise of Zionism and the reactionary Arab nationalism that arose in response to Zionism towards the end of the 19th century (at that time, Zionism was still a liberal, political, religious, nationalist movement with a clear democratic orientation, which has only experienced a major right-wing, racist, nationalist spin during the past decades and is therefore discussed controversially in the diaspora, in particular because the Zionist movement in Israel isn’t only claiming to speak for all Jews worldwide, but also to determine who is a Jew and how Jews have to live. As expected, this is received well only in parts of the diaspora). Territory regarded by the Jewish people as their historical homeland is also regarded by the Pan-Arab movement as historically and presently belonging to the Palestinian Arabs. Before World War I, the Middle East, including Palestine (later Mandatory Palestine), had been under the control of the Ottoman Empire for nearly 400 years. During the closing years of their empire, the Ottomans began to espouse their Turkish ethnic identity, asserting the primacy of Turks within the empire, leading to discrimination against the Arabs. The promise of liberation from the Ottomans led many Jews and Arabs to support the allied powers during World War I, leading to the emergence of widespread Arab nationalism. Both Arab nationalism and Zionism had their formulative beginning in Europe. The Zionist Congress was established in Basel in 1897, while the “Arab Club” was established in Paris in 1906. In the late 19th century European and Middle Eastern Jewish communities began to increasingly immigrate to Palestine and purchase land from the local Ottoman landlords. The population of the late 19th century in Palestine reached 600,000 – mostly Muslim Arabs, but also significant minorities of Jews, Christians, Druze and some Samaritans and Bahai’s. At that time, Jerusalem did not extend beyond the walled area and had a population of only a few tens of thousands. Collective farms, known as kibbutzim, were established, as was the first entirely Jewish city in modern times, Tel Aviv. During 1915–16, as World War I was underway, the British High Commissioner in Egypt, Sir Henry McMahon, secretly corresponded with Hussein ibn Ali al-Hashimi, the patriarch of the Hashemite family and Ottoman governor of Mecca and Medina. McMahon convinced Husayn to lead an Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire, which was aligned with Germany against Britain and France in the war. McMahon promised that if the Arabs supported Britain in the war, the British government would support the establishment of an independent Arab state under Hashemite rule in the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire, including Palestine. The Arab revolt, led by Thomas Edward Lawrence (“Lawrence of Arabia”) and Husayn’s son Faysal, was successful in defeating the Ottomans, and Britain took control over much of this area. A very relaxed phase reached the relationships, as Baron Edmond James de Rothschild 1882 began to buy land in Palestine. All parties were satisfied with the solution, especially as Rothschild pushed ahead with his own goals, while the Arabs laughed that they had sold another piece of desert to the “batty European”. This could have gone on happily and endlessly, if there had not been fundamental upheavals in Europe and finally the Holocaust.

1974–2000

Egypt
Following the Camp David Accords of the late 1970s, Israel and Egypt signed a peace treaty in March 1979. Under its terms, the Sinai Peninsula returned to Egyptian hands, and the Gaza Strip remained under Israeli control, to be included in a future State of Palestine. The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal and recognition of the Straits of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways (Foreign Policy, 15 January 2019: Club Med: Israel, Egypt, and Others Form New Natural Gas Group, Al Jazeera, 17 June 2019: Egypt in $500m settlement with Israel Electric Corp, Times of Israel, 17 June 2019: Egypt agrees to pay Israel $500 million to end gas dispute, Bloomberg, 24 July 2019: Israel Gas Partners to Change Egypt Deal to Avert Supply Halt, Arab News, 25 July 2019: Israel to start exporting natural gas to Egypt in November — minister, Israel Hayom, 7 August 2019: At summit, Israel, US, Greece, Cyprus agree to boost energy cooperation, Reuters, 8 September 2019: Pipeline operator EMG signs terminal deal for Israel-Egypt gas exports, Reuters, 9 September 2019: Plans for Israeli gas exports to Egypt on track: Egyptian minister, The Wall Street Journal, 12 September 2019: Security Threats Delay Egypt-Israel Gas Deal, Says U.S. Official, Bloomberg, 2 October 2019: Israeli Gas Shares Soar After Egypt Planned Supply Boost, Al Jazeera, 16 December 2019: Israel authorises gas exports from offshore fields to Egypt, Times of Israel, 15 January 2020: In milestone, Israel starts exporting natural gas to Egypt, Israel Hayom, 17 January 2020: Growing Hamas-Iran ties spark concern in Egypt, Times of Israel, 16 February 2020: Worshipers fete ‘very emotional’ Shabbat in refurbished Alexandria synagogue).

Jordan
In October 1994, Israel and Jordan signed a peace agreement, which stipulated mutual cooperation, an end of hostilities, the fixing of the Israel-Jordan border, and a resolution of other issues. The conflict between them had cost roughly 18.3 billion dollars. Its signing is also closely linked with the efforts to create peace between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) representing the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). It was signed at the southern border crossing of Arabah on 26 October 1994 and made Jordan only the second Arab country (after Egypt) to sign a peace accord with Israel (BBC, 21 October 2018: Jordan seeks to end Israel land lease, Al Jazeera, 30 October 2019: Jordan recalls ambassador in Israel to protest citizen detentions, Jerusalem Post, 9 November 2019: Israel to lose Naharayim, Tzofar to Jordan on Sunday, Haaretz, 9 November 2019: Twenty Five Years After Peace Treaty: Jordan Resumes Control of Enclaves Leased to Israel, Times of Israel, 9 November 2019: Gate closes at ‘Isle of Peace’ park as border lands to return to Jordan, Times of Israel, 22 November 2019: King Abdullah: Israeli-Jordanian relations are at ‘an all-time low’, Haaretz, 23 November 2019: Relations Between Israel and Jordan at an All-time Low, King Abdullah Says, Times of Israel, 23 November 2019: Jordan FM: Amman not enjoying full ‘peace dividend’ from ties with Israel, The National, 23 November 2019: Jordan’s King Abdullah says Israel relations worst ever, The Guardian, 26 November 2019: Jordan and Israel’s 25-year peace deal under more strain than ever, Israel Hayom, 6 December 2019: Preserving the peace with Jordan, Haaretz, 8 December 2019: Israel’s Campaign to Destabilize Jordan, France24, 26 January 2020: Jordanian charged with ‘terror’ over tourist stabbings).

Iraq
Israel and Iraq have been implacable foes since 1948. Iraq sent its troops to participate in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and later backed Egypt and Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War and in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War. In June 1981, Israel attacked and destroyed newly built Iraqi nuclear facilities in Operation Opera. During the Gulf War in 1991, Iraq fired 39 Scud missiles into Israel, in the hopes of uniting the Arab world against the coalition which sought to liberate Kuwait. At the behest of the United States, Israel did not respond to this attack in order to prevent a greater outbreak of war (BBC, 25 October 2019: Iraq protests: 40 dead as mass unrest descends into violence, The Guardian, 25 October 2019: At least 40 killed and dozens injured in Baghdad amid protests sweeping Iraq, Arab News, 25 October 2019: At least 40 dead in renewed Iraq protests, 11 die setting fire to armed faction HQ, Al Jazeera, 25 October 2019: Dozens killed as fierce anti-government protests sweep Iraq, The National, 25 October 2019: More deaths as Iraqis resume anti-government protests, France24, 26 October 2019: Deadly protests flare again in Iraq after day of bloodshed, Arab News, 27 October 2019: Iraqis defy bloody crackdown, protest for third day, The National, 28 October 2019: Iraq protests continue despite mounting death toll, Saudi Gazette, 28 October 2019: 2 die, 112 hurt as Iraq declares Baghdad curfew amid protests, Al Jazeera, 29 October 2019: Iraqi protesters pack Baghdad’s Tahrir square, The National, 31 October 2019: Iranian general met Iraqi security officials as Baghdad and Kerbala continue to rage, Arab News, 31 October 2019: Iran’s theory on events in Iraq, Lebanon, The National, 31 October 2019: Iraqi Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi willing to resign, says Barham Salih, France24, 1 November 2019: Iraq’s top clerics warn of foreign interference amid largest anti-government demonstrations yet, The National, 1 November 2019: As Iraq protests enter month two, on the streets people vow to remain peaceful, Al Jazeera, 10 November 2019: Iraq gov’t urged to rein in security forces to end ‘bloodbath’, Gulf Times, 17 November 2019: Strikes resume in Iraq to bolster anti-regime protests, The New York Times, 18 November 2019: The Iran Cables: Secret Documents Show How Tehran Wields Power in Iraq, The Guardian, 18 November 2019: Leaked cables reveal scale of Iran’s influence in Iraq, The National, 18 November 2019: Iraqi officials say Iran runs ‘shadow government’ in Baghdad, The National, 19 November 2019: Iraq: threats, violence and kidnap taking a psychological toll on protesters, Arab News, 19 November 2019: Iraqi protesters block commercial ports, split capital, Arab News, 23 November 2019: Protester shot dead and dozens wounded in Iraq, France24, 24 November 2019: Deadly clashes in Iraq as protests flare once again, Al Jazeerra, 24 November 2019: Death toll rises as anti-gov’t protests grip Iraq, Al Jazeera, 28 November 2019: Why are Iraqi protesters targeting Iranian buildings?, BBC, 28 November 2019: Iraq unrest: 24 killed in fresh wave of protests, France24, 28 November 2019: Dozens of Iraqi protesters killed in crackdown after Iranian consulate torched, Al Jazeera, 28 November 2019: ‘Bloodbath’: Dozens of protesters killed as army deploys south, Arab News, 28 November 2019: Iraqi forces kill 22 protesters in Nassiriya after Iranian consulate torched, The Guardian, 29 November 2019: Iraqi PM says he will resign after weeks of bloody protests, Times of Israel, 30 November 2019: Iraqis keep up anti-regime demos despite PM’s vow to quit, The Guardian, 30 November 2019: Iraq risks breakup as tribes take on Iran’s militias in ‘blood feud’, France24, 1 December 2019: Iraq parliament approves PM Abdul Mahdi’s resignation as thousands mourn fallen protesters, Al Jazeera, 1 December 2019: Uncertainty remains as Iraq parliament accepts PM’s resignation, The National, 1 December 2019: As Iraq uprising intensifies, parliament accepts Abdul Mahdi’s resignation, Arab News, 3 December 2019: Talks in Baghdad as violence hits Iraq’s shrine cities, Al Jazeera, 8 December 2019: Tensions flare as unidentified gunmen kill protesters in Baghdad, The National, 8 December 2019: ‘Outlaw criminals’ responsible for Baghdad protest shooting, says Barham Salih, Arab News, 9 December 2019: Iraq summons Western ambassadors for condemning protest attacks, Al Jazeera, 29 December 2019: US ‘strikes’ target pro-Iran militia bases in Iraq, Syria, The National, 18 January 2020: Renewed clashes leave two protesters dead in Baghdad, The National, 20 January 2020: Iraq’s protests escalate as frustration grows over lack of reform, Al Arabiya, 20 January 2020: Iraqi protesters block main roads on day of deadline for government, Jerusalem Post, 20 January 2020: Dozens of Iraqi protesters wounded as anti-government unrest resumes, Jerusalem Post, 24 January 2020: ‘Million-Man March’ in Baghdad against US presence in Iraq, France24, 24 January 2020: Loudspeakers blast ‘No, no America!’ as Baghdad protesters demand US troops quit Iraq, BBC, 25 January 2020: Iraqis security forces raid Baghdad protest site, l Jazeera, 25 January 2020: Tensions high in Baghdad as police fire tear gas, live bullets, The National, 25 January 2020: Iraqi security fire on crowds as Baghdad crackdown begins, Arab News, 2 February 2020: Iraqi protesters dig in heels despite new PM-designate, Al Arabiya, 7 February 2020: Nearly 550 Iraqis killed in anti-government demonstrations: Commission, France24, 13 February 2020: Rocket hits Iraq base hosting US troops: military, Al Jazeera, 13 February 2020: Rocket attack hits northern Iraq base hosting US troops, The National, 13 February 2020: Nato chief: Iraq gives permission for training mission, Al Arabiya, 13 February 2020: Iran-backed Hezbollah steps in to support Iraqi militias after Soleimani’s death, The National, 24 February 2020: How Nato’s Iraq expansion is a test for its Middle East plans).

Lebanon
In 1970, following an extended civil war, King Hussein expelled the Palestine Liberation Organization from Jordan. September 1970 is known as the Black September in Arab history and sometimes is referred to as the “era of regrettable events”. It was a month when Hashemite King Hussein of Jordan moved to quash the autonomy of Palestinian organisations and restore his monarchy’s rule over the country. The violence resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of people, the vast majority Palestinians. Armed conflict lasted until July 1971 with the expulsion of the PLO and thousands of Palestinian fighters to Lebanon. The PLO resettled in Lebanon, from which it staged raids into Israel. In 1978, Israel launched Operation Litani, in which it together with the South Lebanon Army forced the PLO to retreat north of the Litani river. In 1981 another conflict between Israel and the PLO broke out, which ended with a ceasefire agreement that did not solve the core of the conflict. In June 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon. Within two months the PLO agreed to withdraw thence. In March 1983, Israel and Lebanon signed a ceasefire agreement. However, Syria pressured President Amine Gemayel into nullifying the truce in March 1984. By 1985, Israeli forces withdrew to a 15 km wide southern strip of Lebanon, following which the conflict continued on a lower scale, with relatively low casualties on both sides. In 1993 and 1996, Israel launched major operations against the Shiite militia of Hezbollah, which had become an emergent threat. In May 2000, the newly elected government of Ehud Barak authorized a withdrawal from Southern Lebanon, fulfilling an election promise to do so well ahead of a declared deadline. The hasty withdrawal lead to the immediate collapse of the South Lebanon Army, and many members either got arrested or fled to Israel. In 2006, as a response to a Hezbollah cross-border raid, Israel launched air strikes on Hezbollah strongholds in Southern Lebanon, starting the 2006 Lebanon War. The inconclusive war lasted for 34 days, and resulted in the creation of a buffer zone in Southern Lebanon and the deployment of Lebanese troops south of the Litani river for the first time since the 1960s. The Israeli government under Ehud Olmert was harshly criticized for its handling of the war in the Winograd Commission (see Israeli–Lebanese conflict, Israel–Lebanon relations, and Palestinian insurgency in South Lebanon).

Palestinians
The 1970s were marked by a large number of major, international terrorist attacks, including the Lod Airport massacre and the Munich Olympics Massacre in 1972, and the Entebbe Hostage Taking in 1976, with over 100 Jewish hostages of different nationalities kidnapped and held in Uganda. In December 1987, the First Intifada began. The First Intifada was a mass Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian territories. The rebellion began in the Jabalia refugee camp and quickly spread throughout Gaza and the West Bank. Palestinian actions ranged from civil disobedience to violence. In addition to general strikes, boycotts on Israeli products, graffiti and barricades, Palestinian demonstrations that included stone-throwing by youths against the Israel Defense Forces brought the Intifada international attention. The Israeli army’s heavy handed response to the demonstrations, with live ammunition, beatings and mass arrests, brought international condemnation. The PLO, which until then had never been recognised as the leaders of the Palestinian people by Israel, was invited to peace negotiations the following year, after it recognized Israel and renounced terrorism. In mid-1993, Israeli and Palestinian representatives engaged in peace talks in Oslo. As a result, in September 1993, Israel and the PLO signed the Oslo Accords, known as the Declaration of Principles or Oslo I; in side letters, Israel recognized the PLO as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people while the PLO recognized the right of the state of Israel to exist and renounced terrorism, violence and its desire for the destruction of Israel. The Oslo II agreement was signed in 1995 and detailed the division of the West Bank into Areas A, B, and C. Area A was land under full Palestinian civilian control. In Area A, Palestinians were also responsible for internal security. The Oslo agreements remain important documents in Israeli-Palestinian relations (see Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the film “The Oslo Diaries” by Mor Loushy and Daniel Sivan).

2000–09
The Second Intifada forced Israel to rethink its relationship and policies towards the Palestinians. Following a series of suicide bombings and attacks, the Israeli army launched Operation Defensive Shield. It was the largest military operation conducted by Israel since the Six-Day War (“Censored Voices” by Mor Loushy and Daniel Sivan). As violence between the Israeli army and Palestinian militants intensified, Israel expanded its security apparatus around the West Bank by re-taking many parts of land in Area A. Israel established a complicated system of roadblocks and checkpoints around major Palestinian areas to deter violence and protect Israeli settlements. However, since 2008, the IDF has slowly transferred authority to Palestinian security forces. Israel’s then prime minister Ariel Sharon began a policy of disengagement from Gaza from the Gaza Strip in 2003. This policy was fully implemented in August 2005. Sharon’s announcement to disengage from Gaza came as a tremendous shock to his critics both on the left and on the right. A year previously, he had commented that the fate of the most far-flung settlements in Gaza, Netzararem and Kfar Darom, was regarded in the same light as that of Tel Aviv. The formal announcements to evacuate seventeen Gaza settlements and another four in the West Bank in February 2004 represented the first reversal for the settler movement since 1968. It divided his party. It was strongly supported by Trade and Industry Minister Ehud Olmert and Tzipi Livni, the Minister for Immigration and Absorption, but Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom and Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu strongly condemned it. It was also uncertain whether this was simply the beginning of further evacuation. On 16 March 2003, Rachel Corrie, an American peace activist was crushed to death by an Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) bulldozer in Rafah during a non-violent protest of the Israeli demolition of Palestinian homes. Corrie stood in confrontation with the bulldozers for three hours wearing a bright orange jacket and carrying a megaphone. Although the Israeli government has denied responsibility in the incident and ruled her death as an accident, several eye-witness reports say that the Israeli soldier operating the bulldozer deliberately ran her over. In June 2006, Hamas militants infiltrated an army post near the Israeli side of the Gaza Strip and abducted Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit. Two IDF soldiers were killed in the attack, while Shalit was wounded after his tank was hit with an RPG. Three days later Israel launched Operation Summer Rains to secure the release of Shalit. He was held hostage by Hamas, who barred the International Red Cross from seeing him, until 18 October 2011, when he was exchanged for 1,027 Palestinian prisoners. In July 2006, Hezbollah fighters crossed the border from Lebanon into Israel, attacked and killed eight Israeli soldiers, and abducted two others as hostages, setting off the 2006 Lebanon War which caused much destruction in Lebanon. A UN-sponsored ceasefire went into effect on 14 August 2006, officially ending the conflict. The conflict killed over a thousand Lebanese and over 150 Israelis, severely damaged Lebanese civil infrastructure, and displaced approximately one million Lebanese and 300,000–500,000 Israelis, although most were able to return to their homes. After the ceasefire, some parts of Southern Lebanon remained uninhabitable due to Israeli unexploded cluster bomblets. In the aftermath of the Battle of Gaza, where Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in a violent civil war with rival Fatah, Israel placed restrictions on its border with Gaza borders and ended economic cooperation with the Palestinian leadership based there. Israel and Egypt have imposed a blockade of the Gaza Strip since 2007. Israel maintains the blockade is necessary to limit Palestinian rocket attacks from Gaza and to prevent Hamas from smuggling advanced rockets and weapons capable of hitting its cities. On 6 September 2007, in Operation Orchard, Israel bombed an eastern Syrian complex which was allegedly a nuclear reactor being built with assistance from North Korea. Israel had also bombed Syria in 2003. In April 2008, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad told a Qatari newspaper that Syria and Israel had been discussing a peace treaty for a year, with Turkey as a go-between. This was confirmed in May 2008 by a spokesman for Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. As well as a peace treaty, the future of the Syrian Golan Heights is being discussed. President Assad said “there would be no direct negotiations with Israel until a new US president takes office.” Speaking in Jerusalem on 26 August 2008, then United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice criticized Israel’s increased settlement construction in the West Bank as detrimental to the peace process. Rice’s comments came amid reports that Israeli construction in the disputed territory had increased by a factor of 1.8 over 2007 levels. A fragile six-month truce between Hamas and Israel expired on 19 December 2008; attempts at extending the truce failed amid accusations of breaches from both sides. Following the expiration, Israel launched a raid on a tunnel suspected of being used to kidnap Israeli soldiers which killed several Hamas fighters. Following this, Hamas resumed rocket and mortar attacks on Israeli cities, most notably firing over 60 rockets on 24 December. On 27 December 2008, Israel launched Operation Cast Lead against Hamas. Numerous human rights organizations accused Israel and Hamas of committing war crimes (United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict (Goldstone Report). European Coalition for Israel, which one day dreams of having the same power over the EU Parliament as the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) has over parts of the US Senate and Congress). In 2009 Israel placed a 10-month settlement freeze on the West Bank. Hillary Clinton praised the freeze as an “unprecedented” gesture that could “help revive Middle East talks.” A raid was carried out by Israeli naval forces on six ships of the Gaza Freedom Flotilla in May 2010. After the ships refused to dock at Port Ashdod. On the MV Mavi Marmara, activists clashed with the Israeli boarding party. During the fighting, nine activists were killed by Israeli special forces. Widespread international condemnation of and reaction to the raid followed, Israel–Turkey relations were strained, and Israel subsequently eased its blockade on the Gaza Strip. Several dozen other passengers and seven Israeli soldiers were injured, with some of the commandos suffering from gunshot wounds (The National, 9 July 2019: Israeli court rules Palestinian Authority responsible for Second Intifada attacks).

2010–present
Following the latest round of peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, 13 Palestinian militant movements led by Hamas initiated a terror campaign designed to derail and disrupt the negotiations. Attacks on Israelis have increased since August 2010, after 4 Israeli civilians were killed by Hamas militants. Palestinian militants have increased the frequency of rocket attacks aimed at Israelis. On 2 August, Hamas militants launched seven Katyusha rockets at Eilat and Aqaba in Jordan, killing one Jordanian civilian and wounding 4 others. Intermittent fighting continued since then, including 680 rocket attacks on Israel in 2011. On 14 November 2012, Israel killed Ahmed Jabari, a leader of Hamas’s military wing, launching Operation Pillar of Cloud. Hamas and Israel agreed to an Egyptian-mediated ceasefire on 21 November. The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights said that 158 Palestinians were killed during the operation, of which: 102 were civilians, 55 were militants and one was a policeman; 30 were children and 13 were women. B’Tselem stated that according to its initial findings, which covered only the period between 14 and 19 November 102 Palestinians were killed in the Gaza Strip, 40 of them civilians. According to Israeli figures, 120 combatants and 57 civilians were killed. International outcry ensued, with many criticizing Israel for what much of the international community perceived as a disproportionately violent response. Protests took place on hundreds of college campuses across the U.S., and in front of the Israeli consulate in New York. Additional protests took place throughout the Middle East, throughout Europe, and in parts of South America. Following an escalation of rocket attacks by Hamas, Israel started Operation Protective Edge in the Gaza Strip on 8 July 2014 (Palestine Chronicle, 17 December 2019: Dugard: ICC Prosecutor Bensouda Biased In Favor Of Israel, Unwilling to Deliver Justice for Palestine, France24, 20 December 2019: ICC to investigate alleged war crimes in Palestinian territories, The Guardian, 20 December 2019: ICC to investigate alleged Israeli and Palestinian war crimes, BBC, 20 December 2019: ICC wants to open ‘war crimes’ investigation in West Bank and Gaza, Arab News, 20 December 2019: International prosecutor from ICC preparing to open Palestine war crimes probe, Al Jazeera, 20 December 2019: ICC to investigate alleged war crimes in Palestinian territories, Haaretz, 20 December 2019: Fearing Investigation, Israel Says Hague Has No Jurisdiction in West Bank or Gaza, Times of Israel, 21 December 2019: Israel fears ICC could issue global arrest warrants for top officials — report, Haaretz, 21 December 2019: Israeli Attorney General ‘Resolutely Rejects’ ICC Prosecutor’s Call to Probe Israel’s War Crimes Against Palestinians, Jerusalem Post, 21 December 2019: Palestinians welcome ICC ‘war crimes’ probe, Times of Israel, 22 December 2019: International Criminal Court probe of Israel is ‘pure anti-Semitism,’ says PM (for these hateful lies alone, Netanyahu should be jailed for 2 years straight), Haaretz, 22 December 2019: ‘Anti-Semitic Decrees’: Netanyahu Slams ICC Prosecutor’s Call to Probe Israel for War Crimes, Haaretz, 22 December 2019: The Road to an ICC Probe of Alleged Israeli War Crimes: What Happens Next?, Israel Hayom, 22 December 2019: Netanyahu accuses ICC of waging ‘political war’ against Israel, Jerusalem Post, 22 December 2019: It’s as if ICC issued guilty war crime verdict for Israel without a trial, Haaretz, 23 December 2019: ‘What About Hamas?’: Fact-checking Israel’s Response to ICC Prosecutor’s Call to Probe War Crimes, Times of Israel, 23 December 2019: The Hague vs. Israel: Everything you need to know about the ICC Palestine probe, Haaretz, 23 December 2019: The Right Has Eroded Israel’s Protection Against an International Probe, Israel Hayom, 24 December 2019: How B’Tselem is helping the ICC target Israel, Haaretz, 24 December 2019: Fearing Israel Will Shun ICC Proceedings, Prosecutor Presents Its Legal Opinion to Judges, Palestine Chronicle, 24 December 2019: Israel Considers Preventing Entry of ICC Investigators, Jerusalem Post, 25 December 2019: European hypocrisy (“Netanyahu clan’s nut jobsy” would had been the far better and more precise headline), Israel Hayom, 25 December 2019: Siding With Israel, Germany Says ICC Has No Jurisdiction in Palestinian Territories“>Defense minister warns ICC: ‘Israel will provide a legal Iron Dome to its service members’ (which, in return, means “We absolutely don’t care about (international) laws and never will. For us, the rules of the Torah apply only.”), Jerusalem Post, 25 December 2019: Naftali Bennett: The Hague’s ICC is home of modern antisemitism, Arab News, 25 December 2019: Israel will discredit the ICC ahead of historic probe, Times of Israel, 25 December 2019: Australia rejects ICC Palestine probe; Germany warns against politicization, Jerusalem Post, 26 December 2019: The ICC decision on Israel would make Himmler proud (conspiracy theories have never really worked. Certainly not if they are directed against fully integre institutions such as the International Criminal Court), Times of Israel, 26 December 2019: From The Gambia to The Hague: Meet Israel’s new public enemy number one (priceless, how a “possible investigation” is making that much waves. Most likely, because the Israelis know themselves, that International Criminal Court prosecutor Bensouda’s conclusions are spot on. Hopefully everyone got enough popcorn to enjoy the show), Jerusalem Post, 26 December 2019: Refusing to play the Palestinians’ ICC game, Israel Hayom, 27 December 2019: They say every Jewish settler is a ‘war criminal’ (and when looking at international law, “they” are absolutely right, except you are a Likudnik or another type of right-wing fruit cake, because then of course there are no laws, but the Torah only), Israel Hayom, 27 December 2019: Tiptoeing around the ICC (so the Israeli answer shall be: criminal acts of serious violence against the ICC, which, of course, would finally add-up to an image of Israel as a criminal country in general and not only on some aspects), Jerusalem Post, 29 December 2019: Think about it: Israel and the ICC, Arab News, 1 January 2020: ICC poses real threat to Israel’s hypocrisy and lies, Jerusalem Post, 2 January 2020: ICC Prosecutor to ‘Post’: Probe of Gantz, IDF officers, is premature, Israel Hayom, 6 January 2020: ICC is undercutting its own legitimacy, Times of Israel, 8 January 2020: ICC probe won’t deter Israel from expanding settlements, Netanyahu vows, Palestine Chronicle, 8 January 2020: Justice at Last? ‘Panic’ in Israel as the ICC Takes ‘Momentous Step’ in the Right Direction, Haaretz, 11 January 2020: Hungary Backs Israel in Fight Against ICC Call to Probe War Crimes Against Palestinians, Times of Israel, 11 January 2020: Backing Israel, Hungary says it opposes potential ICC probe of Jewish state, Jerusalem Post, 11 January 2020: Netanyahu asks friendly countries to say ICC has no jurisdiction over Israel, Israel Hayom, 12 January 2020: The legal threat posed by The Hague is real, Times of Israel, 14 January 2020: ICC prosecutor: Netanyahu’s anti-Semitism charge is ‘particularly regrettable’, Haaretz, 21 January 2020: Netanyahu to Use Holocaust Forum to Boost Support for Israel Against the ICC, Times of Israel, 22 January 2020: ICC delays jurisdiction ruling on Israel war crimes case over document length, The National, 26 January 2020: Netanyahu tries to rally global opposition to ICC case, Haaretz, 13 February 2020: Czech Republic Offers ICC to Be ‘Friend of the Court’ in Israel-Palestine Case, Haaretz, 14 February 2020: Siding With Israel, Germany Says ICC Has No Jurisdiction in Palestinian Territories, Times of Israel, 14 February 2020: Germany, Hungary tell ICC they support Israeli position against war crimes probe, Haaretz, 15 February 2020: As Dozens Ask to Join Israel-Palestine Case, Request From Within the ICC Could Be the Deciding One, Haaretz, 16 February 2020: When It Comes to Israel, Merkel Is No Different Than Trump, Jerusalem Post, 17 February 2020: The Palestinians’ statehood gamble at the ICC – analysis, Jerusalem Post, 19 February 2020: The ICC judge who could determine Israel’s fate – analysis, Palestine Chronicle, 26 February 2020: Canada Joins ‘Friendly States’ in Opposing ICC War Crimes Investigation in Palestine, Palestine Chronicle, 4 March 2020: On the ICC and Canadian Government Hypocrisy, Times of Israel, 6 March 2020: Israeli delegation said holding talks in US on countering ICC war crimes probes, Jerusalem Post, 12 March 2020: B’Tselem: Israeli objection to ICC on ‘Palestine’ divorced from reality, Jerusalem Post, 14 March 2020: Visitors from Europe are quarantined, but not their diplomatic challenges, Jerusalem Post, 18 March 2020: ICC decision on Israel delayed by coronavirus shutdown, Times of Israel, 19 March 2020: ICC prosecutor requests more time to weigh jurisdiction over Palestinian areas.

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MAIN CONFLICTS TODAY
Consensus in Europe and North America is, that Israel within the 1967 borders is non-negotiable (Times of Israel, 14 February 2019: Is it really legitimate to talk about legitimacy?). This position has prevailed in most of the rest of the international community as well. Such a basic agreement between the two parties to the dispute is only partially given yet. In all other challenges, of which there are many, significant national and international differences in interests are evident. Of course, it is easier to classify and assess the conflict when not affected personally or emotionally, especially because of the differentiation in countries, states, policies, governments, populations and religions is easier. The closer you get to the action, the more emotional it becomes, and the differentiation hardly succeeds or is going lost at all. Even in this blog post it become clear how difficult it is to keep a semi-neutral observer role in order to include as many voices and views as possible, so that all readers can find themselves at one point or the other and at the same time familiarize themselves with the views of others. This has already been achieved on many points, while we are still working on others. This can also be seen by the selection of the media reports. There are, of course, hundreds of reports on every single topic, of which only a small portion is linked, which reflect the views of the respective journalists/authors and give a good impression of how different the views and evaluations are. Often interesting are less the individual news topics themselves, which are now presented quite similarly internationally. Especially interesting are the different interpretations on the basis of social, societal and historical aspects of the respective countries of origin, but also following political agendas, personal or collective animosities. The result is a mixed situation, which is probably best described as the “Oriental Bazaar of Opinions”, a spice bazaar with spices from all over the world – and each of them is unique in its own way. All in all, however, this is not scientific work, but rather a summary of the conflicts in the region and the approach to the topics from different perspectives, as well as the attempt to make the complexity of the conflicts more comprehensible and accessible, also against the background that the realities of life in Europe and North America are quite different from those in the Levant, which is not conducive to mutual understanding in the sometimes opposing worlds of thought.

State borders
The territory of a future State of Palestine and its border with Israel are unclear and even controversial among Israelis and Palestinians themselves. With the Arabs rejecting the UN Partition Plan of 1947 (Resolution 181 and Haaretz, 29 November 2019: Secrets and Lies: Scenes From the 1947 UN Partition Plan for Palestine) and Israel annexing much of the Palestinian territories during the Palestinian War, the area originally planned for a Palestinian state was reduced enormously. From 1960 to about 1989, according to internal and official documents, the PLO sought a Palestinian state that included Jordan, Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. The PLO gave up the demand for a state in Israel in the Oslo Accords and officially recognized Israel’s right to exist in 1988 (UN Security Council Resolution 242 – at the same time proclaiming the Palestinian Declaration of Independence), while international law doesn’t provide a “right for existence of states” (if there would be a right to exist, there wouldn’t be that many wars around the world, because they wouldn’t make any sense in principle). However, the word creation has served Israel well, especially as a vehicle was needed to create an alternative to the “Territorial Integrity of States” which explicitly refers to “the inviolability of the territory and borders of sovereign states”. Israel and Palestine, Israel and Syria and Israel and Lebanon doesn’t have such borders yet (United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194), so that it will take some time before nationally and internationally recognized borders will be given (it is astonishing that although the “right to exist” of Israel is mantra-like prayed, the fact, that the Palestinians have declared their independence in 1988 is often missed out. Both countries are only majority recognized by the UN as states, or conversely: If one country got granted the right to exist, this must be granted to the other country as well or, consequently, deny the existence to both. There is no solution in between (double standard)). Today, the PLO is seeking a state in the territory of the entire West Bank and the Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital, and is with solution in line with the international community. Parts of Fatah as well as the Islamist, classified by Israel and by parts of the Western community as terrorist organizations, Hamas (international positions) and Islamic Jihad (Times of Israel, 1 April 2019: Reports: Islamic Jihad planning large Gaza attack to derail ceasefire talks) continued to demand the “liberation of the whole of Palestine” including the territory of Israel, with it its elimination. In its recently revised charter, Hamas has distanced itself from this goal and is now referring to the 1967 borders, with the state of Israel still not recognized as such. On the Israeli side, there are calls from settlers and other right-wing extremist, radical and nationalist terrorist organizations (in Israel, referred to as “Taliban with Kippah“) for Eretz Israel, that is, the violent annexation of Gaza, the West Bank (the so-called, internationally unacknowledged, but supported by Christian Zionists (Second Coming of Christ), Judea and Samaria (Judea is the historical core settlement area of the Jews) and the Syrian Golan Heights to create a “Greater Israel”. The demolition of the Bedouin village Khan al-Ahmar in September 2018 has created further conditions for the full partition of the West Bank into two disjointed parts (on both sides of Highway 1) to illegally settle on more Palestinian lands and at the same time prevent the implementation of the 1988 Palestinian Declaration of Independence permanently and at any cost, thereby continuing the Netanyahu government’s endless sabotage of a peace treaty and the two-state solution (Israel National News, 29 May 2017: “Netanyahu no longer supports two-state solution”, BBC, 26 September 2018: Trump: Two-state Middle East solution would work best, NPR, 30 September 2018: Netanyahu’s Not-Quite-2-State Solution, Bloomberg, 15 November 2018: Netanyahu’s Opposition Keeps the Two-State Solution Alive and Times of Israel, 5 March 2019: What if a desperate Netanyahu embraces West Bank annexation?), driving the country more and more into international isolation and turning it into a theocracy. As a result, Netanyahu’s Israel has developed at a remarkable pace backwards and thus becoming increasingly similar to neighboring countries.

Important players in the region are the Gulf States, which are aiming for the two-state solution within the 1967 borders (Arab Peace Initiative), as well as the Western community. Without these players, solving the given challenges will not be possible (Jerusalem Post, 24 March 2019: Stronger Evangelical-Muslim relations will be key in achieving Middle East peace). To signal willingness to negotiate, Saudi Arabia surprisingly announced in May 2017 that it would allow Israeli companies to do business in the country (as part of the Saudi Vision 2030 (Arab News: Road to 2030, Al Arabiya, 15 August 2019: Saudi Arabia’s reforming business landscape)). Another milestone followed in March 2018: for the first time in history, Saudi airspace was opened for commercial passenger flights of Air India to Israel. On 2 April 2018, the reform-oriented (The Washington Post, 1 March 2018: Are Saudi Arabia’s reforms for real? A recent visit says yes.) Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman announced in an interview with The Atlantic (Saudi Crown Prince: Iran’s Supreme Leader ‘Makes Hitler Look Good’) that “the Palestinians and the Israelis have the right to their own land.” This is the first time ever, that a Saudi Arabian high profile awards Israel the right to exist. A statement that seemed to be unthinkable a year ago (New York Times, 3 April 2018: Saudi Prince Says Israelis Have Right to ‘Their Own Land’, BBC, 3 April 2018: Israel and Saudi Arabia: The relationship emerging into the open, France24.com, 3 April 2018: Saudi Crown Prince recognises Israel’s right to exist, Deutsche Welle, 3 April 2018: What is the Saudi prince’s strategy in recognizing Israel?, Haaretz, 1 May 2018: Palestinians Should ‘Shut Up’ or Make Peace, Saudi Crown Prince Told Jewish Leaders, Haaretz, 5 August 2018: Why Younger Saudis Won’t Fund, Facilitate or Fight for a Palestinian State, The New York Times, 23 November 2017: Saudi Arabia’s Arab Spring, at Last: The crown prince has big plans for his society., The Washington Post, 7 August 2018: Saudi Arabia cannot afford to pick fights with Canada, The Guardian, 12 August 2018: The bizarre spat with Canada shows Mohammed bin Salman’s true colours, The Washington Post, 26 October 2018: Israel’s Netanyahu pays surprise visit to Oman, Middle East Eye, 26 October 2018: Netanyahu makes surprise trip to Oman and meets with Sultan Qaboos, Reuters, 26 October 2018: Israeli PM Netanyahu makes rare visit to Oman, Al Jazeera, 26 October 2018: Israel’s Netanyahu meets Sultan Qaboos in surprise Oman trip, Bloomberg, 28 October 2018: Netanyahu’s Oman Visit Sets Off Israeli Cabinet Rush to Gulf, The Washington Post, 1 November 2018: Saudi crown prince described journalist as a dangerous Islamist in call with White House, officials say, The Atlantic, 1 November 2018: Progress Without Peace in the Middle East and BBC, 6 November 2018: Israel-Arab ties warm up after long deep freeze). Even if the Gulf States and Israel officially exclude mutual diplomatic missions, there has been unofficial backroom diplomacy for years, advocated and supported by the respective country leaders. Otherwise these talks wouldn’t be held at all (Jerusalem Post, 6 August 2019: Israelis and Arabs say one thing in public and another behind closed doors). That’s why sometimes Arab delegations stroll through West Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, or observers wonder which conversation partners meet in the business and conference centers of the hotels in Abu Dhabi and Dubai.

Today, the state of Israel is recognized by 169 of the 193 United Nations states, and since 1988 by the Palestinians. Today, the state of Palestine is recognized by 136 137 states (The Washington Post, 7 November 2017: Map: The countries that recognize Palestine as a state, Times of Israel, 30 July 2019: Tiny island nation St. Kitts and Nevis recognizes Palestinian state). Israel isn’t among them (or as Israreli writer Amos Oz wrote: “Israel is a refugee camp, Palestine too. The conflict is a tragic clash between the right and the right … both nations don’t have another place to go. They cannot unite into a big happy family, because they are not family, and they are not happy – these are two miserable, different families. A historical compromise must be made: a two-state solution.”).

April 2019 Israeli legislative election (Round 1)
Early legislative elections were held on 9 April 2019 to elect the 120 members of the 21st Knesset. Elections had been due in November 2019, but were brought forward following a dispute between members of the current government over a bill on national service for the ultra-Orthodox population, as well as impending corruption charges against incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Netanyahu’s Likud tied with Blue and White alliance of Benny Gantz, both winning 35 seats. The balance of power was held by smaller parties, with right-wing and religious parties that have previously sat in coalition with Likud, which would have allowed Netanyahu to form the next government. Due to continuation of the disagreements over the national service of the ultra-Orthodox, a snap election was called, and is set to be held on 17 September 2019. Media coverage: The Jerusalem Post, 24 December 2018: Netanyahu’s coalition collapses; Israel heading to elections in April, Al Jazeera, 24 December 2018: Israel to hold early elections in April, The Guardian, 24 December 2018: Israeli government agrees to hold early elections in April and i24 News, 24 December 2018: Israel announces dissolution of government, snap elections in April (like Trump on Twitter and Putin with his RT channel, besides his “advertisement agency” Israel HaYom, Netanyahu now has his own fake news TV channel, named “Likud TV”, streamed on Facebook – Times of Israel, 4 February 2019: With fake media outlet Likud TV, Netanyahu sets up nakedly self-serving soapbox, matching to the upcoming elections) Times of Israel, 20 February 2019: Netanyahu’s despicable push to bring racists into Israel’s political mainstream, Haaretz, 20 February 2019: Top Posts for Merging With Kahanists: Netanyahu, Far-right Party Reach Deal, France24, 20 February 2019: Israel PM deal seeks to boost ultra-right in April vote, Haaretz, 21 February 2019: Netanyahu Just Destroyed One of Israel’s Key National Security Assets, The Guardian, 21 February 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu strikes deal with hardline parties ahead of Israel elections, Haaretz, 21 February 2019: Netanyahu Now Endorses Jewish Fascism. U.S. Jews, Cut Your Ties With Him Now, Times of Israel, 22 February 2019: AIPAC slams ‘racist and reprehensible’ extremist party wooed by Netanyahu, Haaretz, 22 February 2019: ‘Racist and Reprehensible’: AIPAC Slams Kahanist Party Backed by Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 23 February 2019: Lapid: Netanyahu puts politics before country, harms Israel’s image, Times of Israel, 23 February 2019: After AIPAC rebuke, Netanyahu defends aiding Kahanists: ‘Hypocrisy by the left’, Haaretz, 24 February 2019: For U.S. Jewry, Kahanist Caper Casts Netanyahu as Prince of Darkness and Trump on Steroids, Times of Israel, 24 February 2019: The desecration of Israel, Times of Israel, 24 February 2019: Ex-AIPAC official: By backing extremists, Netanyahu ‘overstepped the line’, Times of Israel, 25 February 2019: US Reform leader: Netanyahu’s deal with extremists is like ‘welcoming’ the KKK, The Guardian, 25 February 2019: Pro-Israel US group condemns Netanyahu pact with extremists, Times of Israel, 28 February 2019: High Court rejects Likud petition to prevent AG announcing Netanyahu indictment, France24, 28 February 2019: Israeli Justice Ministry confirms intention to indict Netanyahu and The New York Times, 28 February 2019: Prosecutor Moves to Indict Netanyahu on Corruption Charges (which is why he is no longer referred to as “Prime Minister” but as “Crime Minister” in Israel), The Guardian, 28 February 2019: Netanyahu to be indicted on corruption charges, Israeli attorney general says, The New York Times, 28 February 2019: Netanyahu Indictment Closer as Israeli Prosecutor Seeks Charges, Times of Israel, 28 February 2019: Gantz appeals to Netanyahu to put Israel’s interests first and ‘resign’, Times of Israel, 28 February 2019: Netanyahu’s illicit dealings benefited tycoon by $500 million, AG alleges, Times of Israel, 28 February 2019: ‘You knew you were taking a bribe’: The specifics of Netanyahu’s alleged crimes, The New York Times, 1 March 2019: Time for Netanyahu to Go, Times of Israel, 1 March 2019: Poll shows two-thirds of Israelis think Netanyahu should resign if indicted, Times of Israel, 2 March 2019: Bret Stephens calls Netanyahu the ‘Nixon of Israel,’ says he should resign, The New York Times, 2 March 2019: Can Israel Survive Without Netanyahu? Israelis Imagine the Future, Times of Israel, 3 March 2019: Is Netanyahu a crook? Allegedly. A threat to democracy? That verdict is sadly in, Haaretz, 4 March 2019: Netanyahu Is Going Down, but What About His Powerful Accomplice?, Times of Israel, 6 March 2019: Right-wing ally of Netanyahu proposes bill to save him from prosecution, Times of Israel, 7 March 2019: Police recommend bribery charges for Likud’s David Bitan, Times of Israel, 7 March 2019: Lapid: If Netanyahu is reelected, he’ll legislate to place himself above the law, Times of Israel, 30 June 2019: Mandelblit warns against ‘real erosion’ of Israel’s founding legal principles, Haaretz, 7 March 2019: Yair Lapid Outlines Four Demands for Peace With Palestinians, The Washington Post, 7 March 2019: Israeli electoral committee bans Arab candidates, allows extreme right to run, Haaretz, 7 March 2019: The Israeli Elections Committee Embraced Jewish Supremacists and Expelled Arab Radicals. So What Else Is New?, Times of Israel, 8 March 2019: Benny Gantz’s tall order: Convincing Israel that he can replace Netanyahu, The Guardian, 10 March 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu says Israel is ‘not a state of all its citizens’, The New York Yimes, 10 March 2019: Netanyahu-Trump Partnership Is Stronger Than Ever. Are These Its Final Days?, Times of Israel, 10 March 2019: Amid Likud’s ‘Bibi or Tibi’ campaign, ADL slams ‘demonization’ of Israeli Arabs, Times of Israel, 10 March 2019: There are no second-class citizens, Rivlin says, in implicit swipe at Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 11 March 2019: For Netanyahu, all Israelis are equal, but some are more equal than others, NPR, 11 March 2019: Netanyahu Says Israel Is ‘Nation-State Of The Jewish People And Them Alone’, Jewish News, 12 March 2019: Jerusalem’s cable car: Moving in the wrong direction, ynet, 12 March 2019: The Likud is the real threat to Israel, Times of Israel, 12 March 2019: Yair Netanyahu put on leave from NGO job a day after deriding Rivlin (the most important lines of the articel are “Throughout the election campaign we have been careful to be respectful toward the Netanyahu family, but now we are calling on Mr. Benjamin Netanyahu: Control the mouth and keyboard of your son Yair,” a statement from party leader Benny Gantz said. “Your incitement toward our president crosses every possible line. Israel comes before anything else, the Netanyahu family doesn’t.”), Haaretz, 14 March 2019: J Street to Offer Competing Free Trip to Israel for Those Fed Up With Birthright, Times of Israel, 14 March 2019: Clouds gather as Israel emerges from economic ‘golden decade’, Jerusalem Post, 14 March 2019: 71% of Israeli Jews find Israeli control over the Palestinains as immoral, The Guardian, 14 March 2019: The fall of the Israeli peace movement and why leftists continue to fight, Haaretz, 14 March 2019: What a Netanyahu Election Victory Will Mean for American Jewry, Haaretz, 16 March 2019: To Defeat Gantz, Netanyahu Instructs His Party to Lie, Netanyahu’s next low point (though he can barely go lower anyway, he manages to beat himself again): Times of Israel, 17 March 2019: Cyber entrepreneur says Netanyahu behind ‘Iranian hack’ of Gantz, Times of Israel, 18 March 2019: Gantz calls for state commission of inquiry into submarine scandal, Times of Israel, 18 March 2019: Gantz: Ignore phone hack, Netanyahu guilty of ‘worst scandal in Israeli history’, The Washington Post, 20 March 2019: Under investigation and up for reelection, Netanyahu’s kinship with Trump has never been clearer, Haaretz, 20 March 2019: Pocket Money, Loans and Millions for Legal Advice: Has Netanyahu’s Wallet Finally Been Found?, Times of Israel, 20 March 2019: Pompeo in region to counter Iran, boost Netanyahu, Haaretz, 20 March 2019: Pompeo Arrives in Israel to Discuss Iran Threat, Energy and Regional Issues, Times of Israel, 20 March 2019: State prosecutors said mulling criminal probe of Netanyahu in submarine case, Times of Israel, 21 March 2019: Gantz is target of most fake news for 8th week running — report, Times of Israel, 21.03.2019: Netanyahu and the submarine scandal: Everything you need to know, Jerusalem Post, 22 March 2019: UNHRC voted 26-16 against Israel’s ‘occupation’ of the Golan Heights, Times of Israel, 22.03.2019: Supreme Court orders state witness in submarines case kept in custody, Jerusalem Post, 22 March 2019: Trumpet recruits Netanyoohoo as 2020 running mate in US elex, The Guardian, 23 March 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu to play Trump card in tight election, Haaretz, 22 March 2019: U.S. Media Finally Discovers Netanyahu-Trump Similarities – and pro-Israel Groups Are Worried, The New York Times, 23 March 2019: Israel Lobby Convenes in Washington Amid Fraying Bipartisanship and Rising Tension, Times of Israel, 24 March 2019: Incredulous Gantz bashes Netanyahu for okaying sub sale to Egypt on his own, Haaretz, 24 March 2019: AIPAC Is More Divisive Than Ever. As Confab Kicks Off, Here’s How to Fix It, Haaretz, 25 March 2019: Cleared of Collusion With Russia, Trump Can Now Collude Shamelessly With Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 25 March 2019: With some of Rabin’s awkward charisma, Gantz passes the AIPAC test, Times of Israel, 25 March 2019: At AIPAC, Gantz vows to rid Israel’s leadership of racism, corruption, The Washington Post, 26 March 2019: On Israel, Charles Schumer rises to the occasion, Haaretz, 27 March 2019: It’s a Grave Mistake to Entrust American Evangelicals With Israel’s Future, Haaretz, 28 March 2019: Bank of Israel Warns of Long-term Decline in Economic Growth, Times of Israel, 31 March 2019: Gantz says Netanyahu rancor could spark ‘civil war’, Haaretz, 1 April 2019: Network of Fake Social Media Accounts Boosting Netanyahu Ahead of Election, Report Says, The New York Times, 1 April 2019: Twitter Network Uses Fake Accounts to Promote Netanyahu, Israel Watchdog Finds, Times of Israel, 1 April 2019: Gantz claims Netanyahu trying to ‘steal elections’ as fake news network revealed, Times of Israel, 2 April 2019: Twitter said to take down most fake pro-Netanyahu accounts flagged in report, The Guardian, 3 April 2019: I fought South African apartheid. I see the same brutal policies in Israel, Times of Israel, 3 April 2019: Benny Gantz to ToI: Future of Israel as a democracy is at stake in this election, Jerusalem Post, 3 April 2019: Former Generals call for national inquiry into submarine corruption, Haaretz, 3 April 2019: Under a Decade of Netanyahu Rule the Israeli Economy Has Gone Backwards, Daily Herald, 3 April 2019: Palestinians Are Nowhere to Be Found in Israel’s Election, Times of Israel, 4 April 2019: Report: PM ‘likely benefited’ from sales by cousin’s company to Gaddafi’s Libya, Jewish News, 4 April 2019: Hidden danger behind the new US approach, Haaretz, 4 April 2019: Netanyahu Deserves to Win the Election. And We Israelis Deserve Him, Times of Israel, 4 April 2019: Who knows?, The Guardian, 5 April 2019: Best of the worst? Israel’s left looks to Gantz as election nears, The Washington Post, 5 April 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu, a political Houdini, is facing his toughest escape act yet, Times of Israel, 5 April 2019: Up to 1 in 5 Israelis said exposed to fake news smearing Gantz, Times of Israel, 5 April 2019: With Israeli election looming, liberal US Jews set their ire on Netanyahu, France24, 6 April 2019: Israeli political parties seek to integrate former generals into their ranks, Haaretz, 6 April 2019: Three Days Until Israeli Election: Netanyahu Hits the Panic Button, The Guardian, 7 April 2019: Netanyahu vows to annex Jewish settlements in occupied West Bank, Haaretz, 7 April 2019: With Gantz as Election Rival, Netanyahu Competes Against an Old Version of Himself, The New York Times, 7 April 2019: As Israel Charts a Future, Color and Chaos Abound in Its Election, Times of Israel, 7 April 2019: The simple, agonizing question for voters Tuesday: Is Netanyahu good for Israel?, The Guardian, 7 April 2019: Netanyahu’s fearmongering is working. Israelis have forgotten how to hope, Haaretz, 7 April 2019: Netanyahu Owned Shares in More Than One of His Cousin’s Companies, France24, 7 April 2019: Israeli extreme right set to become kingmaker, The Guardian, 7 April 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu’s proposal would bury the two-state solution, The Guardian, 7 April 2019: The Observer view on Benjamin Netanyahu and Israel’s elections, Times of Israel, 7 April 2019: Bibi, Trump and the Death of ‘Truth’, Times of Israel, 7 April 2019: The case for Gantz – and a return to decency, Times of Israel, 7 April 2019: Likud cancels Sunday right-wing rally in Jerusalem over fears of poor turnout, The New York Times, 7 April 2019: Will the Israeli ‘King’ Be Recrowned?, The Guardian, 8 April 2019: The secret of Netanyahu’s success? A simple tale of good versus evil, Haaretz, 8 April 2019: Non-Jews Are About to Lose the Right to Vote in Israel, Times of Israel, 8 April 2019: Day before election, Gantz says ‘the right is not in danger – Netanyahu is’. Both, Trump’s recognition of West Jerusalem as an Israeli capital forced by Netanyahu and the recognition of the Syrian Golan Heights as belonging to Israel, have only one consequence, namely that the entire international community has developed the exact opposite point of view, after Netanyahu had forced the member states of the international community to clearly define their own points of view on the two topics. By doing so, Netanyahu ensures the further isolation of Israel (at the same time, of course, he has significantly weakened Israel’s standing in the world, as it becomes increasingly clear that his claim that “Israel belongs to the West” collapses like a house of cards. On all major issues of the recent past, “the West” (with the exception of the USA) from Canada to Australia took opposing positions to his. Instead, he courtes semi-autocrats, autocrats and dictators around the globe and call them “true friends of Israel”. In light of the 2019 election results, 57% of Israelis seems to like this Israeli policy and approach. This will not have a positive impact on Netanyahu’s Israel. It is to be expected a development as recently in Turkey, of course, with Judaism and not Islam as the center). After Netanyahu has already gotten a black eye in the total misjudgment that Trump’s announcement to recognize West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and thus sets the world community on the same path, he will also succeed in getting the next black eye in regard to the Syrian Golan Heights: Haaretz vom 21.03.2019: Trump: Time for U.S. to Recognize Israel’s Sovereignty Over Golan Heights, Times of Israel vom 21.03.2019: Trump says time has come for US to ‘recognize Israel’s sovereignty’ over Golan, The New York Times vom 21.03.2019: Trump Wants U.S. to Recognize Israeli Sovereignty Over the Golan Heights, The Washingotn Post vom 21.03.2019: Trump endorses Israeli control of the disputed Golan Heights, France24, 21 March 2019: Trump says US recognises Israeli sovereignty over Golan Heights, The Guardian, 22 March 2019: Trump provokes global anger by recognising Israel’s claim to Golan Heights, Times of Israel, 22 March 2019: Trump tweet does little for Golan, but much for Netanyahu, critics charge, France24, 22 March 2019: France says Israeli sovereignty over Golan breaks international law, Reuters, 22 March 2019: EU holds position on Golan Heights despite Trump: Tusk, Times of Israel, 22 March 2019: EU says it will not follow Trump in recognizing Israeli sovereignty over Golan, The Guardian, 23 March 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu to play Trump card in tight election, France24, 24 March 2019: Netanyahu in Washington with Golan Heights recognition on tap, France24, 25 March 2019: Trump signs US recognition of Israeli sovereignty over Golan Heights, Times of Israel, 25 March 2019: Alongside PM, Trump signs proclamation recognizing Israeli sovereignty on Golan, France, 26 March 2019: Trump’s Golan move unites Gulf States and Iran in condemnation, The New York Times, 26 March 2019: Golan Heights Recognition by U.S. Sets Precedent for Annexation, Netanyahu Says, Times of Israel, 26 March 2019: Israel says US Golan recognition helps pave way for keeping other captured lands, Haaretz, 26 March 2019: If You’re Still Voting Netanyahu After This Rocket, You’re Thinking Like Hamas, The Guardian, 26 March 2019: Israel-Hamas relations: a predictable but fatal dance, The Guardian, 27 March 2019: Trump’s Golan Heights proclamation is a cynical, dangerous move, Times of Israel, 27 March 2019: All EU countries say no to recognition of Israeli Golan Heights, Times of Israel, 27 March 2019: European envoys said sent to White House, State Department to protest Golan move, Jerusalem Post, 27 March 2019: All 28 EU member states reject Israeli souvereignty over Golan, Haaretz, 27 March 2019: Two-state Solution: U.S. Jews Won’t Budge. Will It Cost Them Their Relationship With Israel?, Haaretz, 27 March 2019: Why Golan Recognition Can’t Pave Way for Israel to Annex West Bank, Haaretz, 27 March 2019: EU States Unanimously Announce: We Do Not Recognize Israeli Sovereignty Over Golan Heights, Times of Israel, 28 March 2019: US slammed at UN Security Council for recognizing Golan as Israeli, The Guardian, 22 May 2019: Israel plans to name settlement on occupied land after Trump (at least the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force can finally be ended). So you can get popcorn ready to watch and laugh at Netanyahu’s latest election comedy stunt, especially since it is completely unimportant what Netanyahu dictates Trump to the pen, because it is not more than ineffective symbolism anyway. Among other things (United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 and United Nations Security Council Resolution 497), this was ensured by the intellectually and strategically overwhelmingly superior and prudent US President Barack Obama, who helped to pass Resolution 2334 on 23 December 2016 in the United Nations Security Council, declaring East Jerusalem, the West Bank, Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip as “non-Israeli”, creating a hurdle insurmountable to Netanyahu and Trump. The only option for the two hasardeurs to overcome the hurdle would be to bring in their own resolution to the Security Council, which would not only neutralize Resolution 2334, but even turn it in the opposite direction. One can probably bet a larger amount of money without hesitation that such a project would be crowned by a crushing defeat. Palestine and Syria should actually cheerfully thank Obama for this even today. In addition, of course, international law explicitly prohibits the annexation of foreign territory. If Netanyahu wants to develop Israel into a pariah state, he is very well on the way. Times of Israel, 28 March 2019: Ex-Mossad chief: Netanyahu’s version on Egypt submarine deal ‘makes no sense’, Haaretz, 29 March 2019: Netanyahu’s Likud Lags Behind Gantz-Lapid Alliance, New Election Poll Shows, Jerusalem Post, 31 March 2019: Bank of Israel: Rising expenditure, reduced taxes endangers economy – with the 2019 Israeli parliamentary elections scheduled for April 9, one can only hope that former IDF Chief of Staff Aluf Benny Gantz will be able to win the election and then begin with the recovery of the deeply damaged and weakend democracy by Netanyahu over the past decades, and, as a result, will more likely be able to activate international support than is the case during the Netanyahu government (even in the US, the approval ratings for Israeli policy have been on the decline for years – Times of Israel, 7 March 2019: New poll: Americans’ support for Israel falls to lowest point in a decade and Times of Israel, 11 March 2019: Omar furor reflects increasingly polarized US debate over Israel). After the killing of Yitzhak Rabin (Times of Israel, 31 March 2019: Gantz accuses Netanyahu of role in incitement ahead of Rabin murder), Israel deserve to have another smart, serious, law-abiding and internationally welcomed statesman (and not only when he finally gets back on the plane to fly off) for Prime Minister, and with it the exact opposite of Netanyahu and his Likud, to not further damage the national and international image and perception of Israel. Following the saying “Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again, but expecting different results.”, it now looks (a few days before the election and despite the charges of fraud and embezzlement awaiting Netanyahu, as well as suspected election interference through the use of bots), as if the Likud government will get another term in order to promote the further erosion of democracy and the rule of law, deepening the right-wing radicalization, xenophobia and continued terrorist activities in East Jerusalem and the West Bank. Overall, the election campaign in recent weeks has become a head-to-head race in a directional election, so that voters are now faced with the task of deciding in which direction the Israeli state should develop: Should Neteanjahu’s Likud continue the further de-democratization and the development of a Jewish theocracy, or should the Blue and White coalition, led by Benny Gantz and Yair Lapid, lead the country into a process of re-democratization, including the return to lawfulness and the fight against corruption (in which Netanyahu for personal reasons, especially because of his own entanglements in numerous crooked businesses, isn’t interested at all)? The answers of the voters will be given soon. Subsequently, the certainly not easy coalition talks to form the future government will start. If the Likud should be re-elected, it would probably be likely that there will be new elections in about a year, because then the lawsuits in several cases against Netanyahu will go on trial, although he is apparently just about to tinker with an immunity law against his prosecution (Haaretz, 8 April 2019: Who Is Running in Israel’s Election? The Full List of Parties and Candidates, France24, 9 April 2019: Polls open in high-stakes election in Israel, The Guardian, 9 April 2019: Israel election: voters go to polls as Netanyahu seeks fifth term, The New York Times, 9 April 2019: In Trump, Netanyahu Sees an Ally Who Helps Him Push the Envelope, The Wahington Post, 9 April 2019: Israeli elections to decide Netanyahu’s fate as voters cast ballots, Haaretz, 9 April 2019: Israel Election 2019: ‘Arab Turnout at Historic Low’; Netanyahu Defends Hidden Cameras in Arab Polling Stations, Haaretz, 9 April 2019: Israel Votes: Everything You Need to Know About Netanyahu’s Corruption Scandal, The Guardian, 12 April 2019: Trump and his imitators are out to nobble the world’s referees, Times of Israel, 12 April 2019: Nine Jewish groups ask Trump to restrain Netanyahu on West Bank annexation, Times of Israel, 14 April 2019: Gantz warns next government will distance country from law and democracy, Times of Israel, 11 June 2019: Democrat Buttigieg warns he would cut Israel aid over West Bank annexation). The election result shows two things: Benny Gantz won the showdown in direct competition with Netanyahu, proving that there is indeed a serious, democratic and liberal alternative to the dubious and racist Netanyahu. Israel will remember it in a year, namely when Netanyahu is expected to stand trial. At the same time, “Blue and White” could not win the election altogether, because Netanyahu had already forged a coalition with nationalists, fascists and extremists before the elections, so that in the future two extremists (Israeli and US commentators compare them to the KKK) will hold ministerial posts. The erosion of democracy and the rule of law will therefore increase in speed. Neighboring states will rejoice that Israel is developing into another theocracy in the region, so that they themselves have no reason to develop their countries towards democracy and still call themselves “one of the many democracies in the Levant”. It will be a mammoth task for the future successor of Netanyahu to get Israel back on track, if at all possible (when religious fanatics are in power, the downward spiral can drag on for decades). Turkish President Erdoğan will also be pleased with the election results, as members of his Justice and Development Party has been voicing concern for some time that Israel could join the EU before Turkey (in real life, no country in the Levant will actually become an EU Member State unless Turkey has already become member). After all, his country is on the list of potential EU Member States, even when the accession talks are frozen and a timely membership is currently excluded. Netanyahu’s Israel isn’t even able to enter the list of potential candidate countries (France24, 9 April 2019: Netanyahu poised to claim victory in Israeli election, The Guardian, 10 April 2019: Israeli election: Netanyahu appears on track for victory despite tied result, France24, 10 April 2019: Right-wing world leaders congratulate Netanyahu on likely election victory, The New York Tims, 10 April 2019: It’s Netanyahu’s Israel Now, Times of Israel, 10 April 2019: Blue and White concedes race, vows to battle Netanyahu from opposition, The Washington Post, 10 April 2019: In tightly fought election, Netanyahu appears set to clinch fifth term in office, Times of Israel, 10 Apri 2019: Top Palestinian official: Israelis voted to maintain status quo, want apartheid, The Guardian, 10 April 2019: ‘The future is dark’: Palestinians react to Israel’s election, Times of Israel, 10 Apri 2019: Netanyahu won, everyone else lost: 5 takeaways from the 2019 elections, The Guardian, 11 April 2019: The Trump-Netanyahu relationship is sowing disaster for both countries, Haaretz, 12 April 2019: AIPAC-affiliated Democrats Warn Netanyahu Against West Bank Annexation, Times of Israel, 13 April 2019: Some of Israel’s best American friends worried by Netanyahu’s annexation talk, The Washington Post, 14 April 2019: Netanyahu was a cautious leader — until Trump came along, The Guardian, 15 April 2019: Europe urged to reject US Middle East plan if it is unfair to Palestinians, Times of Israel, 15 April 2019: German leader calls Netanyahu, stresses need for two-state solution, Times of Israel, 15 April 2019: Trump peace plan likely won’t include Palestinian state — report, Times of Israel, 15 April 2019: The people have spoken. They want to live in Netanyahu’s Israel (2019 electin results), The Washingotn Post, 14 April 2019: Trump peace package for Middle East likely to stop short of Palestinian statehood, Jerusalem Post, 17 April 2019: EU rejects Israeli annexation talk, warns of Middle East chaos, Times of Israel, 17 April 2019: President officially taps Netanyahu to form next government, The Atlantic, 19 April 2019: The French Ambassador Is Retiring Today. Here’s What He Really Thinks About Washington., Times of Israel, 20 April 2019: French envoy to US: Trump plan ‘very close to what Israel wants, 99% doomed’, Haaretz, 21 April 2019: Israel Already an Apartheid State Says Outgoing French Ambassador, Discussing Trump’s Peace Plan, The Guardian, 22 April 2019: Is Benjamin Netanyahu about to go rogue in Jerusalem? All the signs are there, Politico.com, 23 April 2019: Netanyahu calls for new Golan settlement named for Trump, Jerusalem Post, 12 May 2019: Location found in Golan Heights for town to be named after Trump (a nice idea to give the Syrians a clue as to where they can start reconquering their national territory), Times of Israel, 24 April 2019: With immunity gambit, Netanyahu endangers his legacy and our democracy, The Guardian, 24 April 2019: Israelis are not all rightwing. But our leftist parties have lost faith in themselves, Times of Israel, 24 April 2019: Poll: Most Americans like Israelis – but not their government, Times of Israel, 29 April 2019: Mandelblit: The rule of law trumps Netanyahu’s win at the polls, Times of Israel, 13 May 2019: Netanyahu said to plan bill to override High Court, safeguard his immunity, Jerusalem Post, 13 May 2019: Gantz compares ‘threat to democracy’ from Netanyahu to Israel’s enemies, Times of Israel, 13 May 2019: In first Knesset speech, Gantz warns of ‘threat to democratic system’, Times of Israel, 16 May 2019: Full text: The criminal allegations against Netanyahu, as set out by Israel’s AG, Times of Israel, 16 May 2019: Opposition lambastes Netanyahu after report says he will push for immunity law, Haaretz, 16 May 2019: If the U.S. Goes to War With Iran, Netanyahu Will Be the Prime Suspect, Times of Israel, 19 May 2019: Veteran former Likud MK blasts Netanyahu’s ‘corrupt’ immunity bid, Haaretz, 20 May 2019: Netanyahu Is Seeking a Free Hand to Commit Crimes, Times of Israel, 23 May 2019: Former justice minister for Likud warns of Netanyahu ‘dictatorship’, Times of Israel, 25 May 2019: Thousands gather for mass rally to ‘safeguard Israeli democracy’ from Netanyahu, Haaretz, 25 May 2019: Tens of Thousands of Israelis Protest Netanyahu’s Immunity Bills in Opposition’s First Rally, Times of Israel, 25 May 2019: At rally, Gantz and Lapid vow they won’t let Netanyahu turn Israel into Turkey, Haaretz, 26 May 2019: In the Face of Netanyahu’s Threat to Democracy, Israel’s Opposition Makes Rare Show of Unity, Times of Israel, 26 May 2019: Ex-justice, AG: If Netanyahu is above the law, Israel is not a civilized country, The Guardian, 27 May 2019: Netanyahu threatens to call fresh election as coalition talks falter, France24, 29 May 2019: Israel moves towards election rerun as deadline looms, Times of Israel, 28 May 2019: Israel is already in a constitutional crisis, leading law scholar warns, The Washington Post, 29 May 2019: Israel will hold unprecedented second election after Netanyahu fails to form governing coalition, The Guardian, 29 May 2019: Israel to hold new elections after Netanyahu coalition talks fail, DW, 29 May 2019: Israeli parliament votes to hold new election in September, France24, 29 May 2019: Israel faces new election as Netanyahu fails to form coalition, The New York Times, 30 May 2019: Israel in Uncharted Territory as Netanyahu Fails to Form a Coalition, Times of Israel, 30 May 2019: Knesset votes for new elections on September 17 after PM fails to form coalition, Times of Israel, 30 May 2019: The final results of April’s election are in: No one won, Netanyahu lost, Haaretz, 30 May 2019: Netanyahu Just Suffered One of the Biggest Losses of His Political Career, Times of Israel, 31 May 2019: Behind closed doors, Likud officials blame Netanyahu and think about what’s next, France24, 31 May 2019: Great survivor Netanyahu facing fight for political future, The New York Times, 1 June 2019: Is This the End for Netanyahu?, i24News: Israel Elections 2019.

September 2019 Israeli legislative election (Round 2)
Snap legislative elections are due to be held in on 17 September 2019 to elect the 120 members of the 22nd Knesset. Following the prior elections in April, incumbent and Prime Minister-designate Benjamin Netanyahu failed to form a governing coalition, the first such failure in Israeli history. On 30 May, the Knesset voted to dissolve itself and trigger new elections, in order to prevent Blue and White party leader Benny Gantz from being appointed Prime Minister-designate. This election was the first time that the Knesset voted to dissolve itself before a government had been formed. Media coverage: Israel Hayom, 11 May 2019: Israel’s economic ship is heading toward an iceberg, Haaretz, 6 June 2019: Neither Israel’s nor Germany’s Slide Into Fascism Was Accidental, Haaretz, 12 June 2019: Right Wing Starts to Sour on Netanyahu, but Can’t Replace Him, Times of Israel, 13 June 2019: As election campaign begins, cracks emerge in right-wing loyalty to Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 13 June 2019: Supreme Court chief accuses new justice minister of leading Israel to ‘anarchy’, Times of Israel, 16 June 2019: No plans, no budget: ‘Trump Heights’ inauguration slammed as a PR stunt, The Guardian, 17 June 2019: ‘Trump Heights’: Israeli settlement in Golan named after US president (Jerusalem Post, 9 November 2019: Israel’s Trump Heights receives 1st inhabitants), Jerusalem Post, 20 June 2019: Ex-Mossad chief: Netanyahu voters ‘ignorant’ – PM: Left is condescending, Times of Israel, 20 June 2019: Ex-Mossad head: Netanyahu voters are ‘ignorant,’ have no moral standards, Times of Israel, 24 June 2019: Netanyahu offered Gantz rotating premiership in bid to avert elections – report, Times of Israel, 25 June 2019: Netanyahu says he’s considering proposal to cancel September election, Times of Israel, 25 June 2019: Opposition seethes as Netanyahu mulls bid to nix September elections, Palestine Chronicle, 25 June 2019: Fearing Poor Performance, Netanyahu May Try to Avoid New Elections, Haaretz, 26 June 2019: The Only Reason Netanyahu Would Try to Nix the New Election, Times of Israel, 26 June 2019: Netanyahu, Gantz deny reports of unity government, rotation deal, Times of Israel, 26 June 2019: Gantz on Likud bid to avert elections: PM pressed the button — no way back, Haaretz, 26 June 2019: ‘Netanyahu’s Regime Must Be Toppled’: Ehud Barak Makes Comeback With New Israeli Political Party, Haaretz, 27 June 2019: Gaza, Iran, or Is It Hezbollah? Netanyahu Using Intel Warnings to Justify Nixing Election, Jerusalem Post, 8 July 2019: Syria has right to recover the Golan Heights from Israel, envoy tells UNHRC, Arab News, 9 July 2019: Barak’s return a sad reflection of state of Israeli left, Times of Israel, 9 July 2019: Barak says ex-general ‘told the truth’ when he likened Israel to pre-war Germany (Times of Israel, 5 May 2016: Deputy IDF chief: Israeli societal trends akin to pre-Holocaust Europe, Israel Hayom, 26 September 2019: Mr. President, don’t apologize in my name), Times of Israel, 9 July 2019: ‘Feh!’ Top Holocaust scholar pans Netanyahu for warm ties with Poland, Hungary, Haaretz, 10 July 2019: Netanyahu Dirties Up Ehud Barak Over Jeffrey Epstein Scandal So He Looks Cleaner, Jerusalem Post, 19 July 2019: Netanyahu becomes Israel’s longest-serving Prime Minister on Saturday, Haaretz, 19 July 2019: 13 Years, 128 Days and Counting: Netanyahu Surpasses Ben-Gurion. But What’s His Legacy?, Times of Israel, 21 July 2019: Netanyahu’s Israel: Divided over the legacy of its longest serving PM, Times of Israel, 22 July 2019: Is Netanyahu an economic wizard? The numbers beg to differ, Times of Israel, 23 July 2019: Netanyahu said once again pushing right-wing union with racist party, Times of Israel, 26 July 2019: Russians are coming… to the polls. Israeli politicians are finally waking up, Arab News, 27 July 2019: Amid all the politicking, Israel’s policy-free election, Haaretz, 29 July 2019: Israel’s Parties Are Contracting to Bring About Netanyahu’s Downfall, Jerusalem Post, 31 July 2019: Gantz promised not to uproot any settlements in the Jordan Valley, Times of Israel, 31 July 2019: Bahraini king said to decline Netanyahu request to meet in Manama in August, Times of Israel, 30 July 2019: A general’s warning: Yair Golan says only Democratic Camp can mend Israel’s ills, Haaretz, 2 August 2019: Israel’s Do-over Election: A Guide to All the Parties and Who Holds the Keys to the Next Government, Times of Israel, 2 August 2019: Election lists close with rifts on left and right, leaving Liberman as kingmaker, Palestine Chronicle, 1 August 2019: ‘Clear and Decisive Win’: Why Netanyahu Needs a War on Gaza More Than Ever Before, Times of Israel, 1 August 2019: Gantz appears to open, then abruptly closes, door to government with Netanyahu, Haaretz, 3 August 2019: Israel’s Do-over Election: A Guide to All the Parties and Who Holds the Keys to the Next Government, Times of Israel, 3 August 2019: New poll: Most voters oppose unity government with Liberman, Haaretz, 3 August 2019: Jordanian King Rejected Request by Netanyahu for Meeting, Report Says, Times of Israel, 4 August 2019: Netanyahu alleges ‘plot’ to unseat him by Liberman, Lapid and right-wing figures, Israel Hayom, 4 August 2019: With elections afoot, can anyone break the political stalemate?, Times of Israel, 4 August 2019: Top 40 Likud candidates sign pledge not to oust Netanyahu after elections, Times of Israel, 5 July 2019: Netanyahu accuses Lapid of ‘anti-Semitism’ in campaign spot on ultra-Orthodox, Times of Israel, 5 July 2019: Most Israelis say PM tough on defense, but question his personal integrity, Jerusalem Post, 6 August 2019: The five Israeli politicians facing criminal charges, Palestine Chronicle, 6 August 2019: Israel’s Right-Wing Candidates Sign Pledge to Annex 60% of West Bank, Haaretz, 7 August 2019: Netanyahu Vows He Won’t Establish Unity Government After Israeli Election, Times of Israel, 7 August 2019: Smotrich: PM wants a left-wing government, only we can keep him to the right, Times of Israel, 7 August 2019: Netanyahu pans Smotrich’s dream for Torah law in Israel as ‘pure BS’, Times of Israel, 8 August 2019: IDF raids Palestinian village as troops hunt for terrorists who killed student, France24, 8 August 2019: Israel raids West Bank village after soldier found stabbed, Haaretz, 8 August 2019: After West Bank Murder, Netanyahu Vows to Build ‘In All Parts of Our Historic Homeland’, Jerusalem Post, 8 August 2019: In response to West Bank terror, Netanyahu hints at annexation of Area C, Times of Israel, 8 August 2019: Lawmakers blame government policies, push for annexation after student killed, Haaretz, 8 August 2019: Another Radical-right Netanyahu Government Would Decimate Israel’s Ties With American Jews, Haaretz, 11 August 2019: Israel Is Now a Key Battleground in the Global Clash Between Liberal Democracy and Its Enemies, Haaretz, 11 August 2019: Tokyo in Shock: Netanyahu Called Off Japan Visit He Asked for Days Ahead of Trip, Times of Israel, 12 August 2019: Reeling from the last election’s failures, Netanyahu turns on the right, The National, 12 August 2019: Israeli right-wing’s poll threat forced Netanyahu backtrack on Al Aqsa, Haaretz, 12 August 2019: Joint Left-wing Slate Seeks to Woo Voters With Specter of Gantz Joining Netanyahu’s Government, Haaretz, 13 August 2019: Netanyahu Is Running Out of Natural Partners, Haaretz, 13 August 2019: In Netanyahu’s Israel, Democracy Is Dying in Broad Daylight, Haaretz, 14 August 2019: The War for Israel’s Russian Vote Shifts Into High Gear – and Lieberman Is Still Winning, Haaretz, 14 August 2019: Netanyahu Forms New Strategy to Win Israel’s Election, CNN, 15 August 2019: Israel bars Democratic congresswomen from entering country (in view of the upcoming elections in September, Netanyahu’s stunt, ordered by Trump, was, of course, to be expected. The fact that Netanyahu can not deal well with opinions that do not coincide with his own, has become clear for some years in his dealings with the Israeli press (The Guardian, 1 May 2013: Israel downgraded in press freedom report), cultural workers (Haaretz, 1 August 2018: Rethink Policy of Linking Funds for Arts to Settlement Performances, Israel Top Court Says), educational institutions and NGOs (The Guardian, 12 July 2016: Israel passes law to force NGOs to reveal foreign funding). However, applying this procedure to politicians of friendly states, especially the USA, which is a vital partner, represents even for his standards a new low. It should be remembered that politicians of the structurally anti-Semitic German AfD can easily enter the country (but of course they are white and on top of that Islamophobe, just like Netanyahu himself). From a strategic point of view, there is also the question of how sensible it is to prove that political opponents are subject to entry bans and, in addition, to arm them with even more arguments against Israel, which Netanyahu has just done, instead of inviting them to the country to give them the opportunity to learn more about Israel’s points of view, no matter if they are willing to make these points of view their own or not. One day Israel will rely on these voices in one vote or another in US Congress and then don’t get them because of own initiatives and actions. It is becoming increasingly clear that Israel’s greatest enemy is not to be found outside of core Israel, but in the middle of West Jerusalem, in the main office of the Prime Minister’s Office.. Among many other topics, he does not care about the topics “intellect, strategy, security and Israel”. Important for him is himself only and alone), Times of Israel, 15 August 2019: Banned congresswomen call decision ‘insult to democracy’ and a sign of weakness, The Guardian, 15 August 2019: Israel bars entry to US politicians Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib, Irish Times, 15 August 2019: Two US congresswomen denied entry to Israel after Trump plea, Al Jazeera, 15 August 2019: Amid outcry, US congresswomen slam Israel’s move to deny entry (Al Jazeera, 5 August 2019: Israel fears a visit by Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib), The Guardian, 15 August 2019: Israel’s decision to block congresswomen Omar and Tlaib draws widespread criticism, France24, 15 August 2019: Israel to bar visit by two US congresswomen who support boycott, Arab News, 15 August 2019: Israel bars visit by US Democratic lawmakers Ilhan Omar, Rashida Tlaib, Arab News, 15 August 2019: Palestinians must focus on winning the argument internationally, Washington Post, 15 August 2019:Israel’s ban of Reps. Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib is a grave misstep, Washington Post, 15 August 2019: Did Trump and Israel get played by Omar and Tlaib? Some conservatives think so., Times of Israel, 15 August 2019: Barring Tlaib and Omar, Israel inexcusably abandons the diplomatic battlefield, Washington Post, 15 August 2019: Israel barring Omar and Tlaib is good for Democrats and bad for Republicans, Haaretz, 15 August 2019: Nixing Tlaib and Omar Visit, Netanyahu Harms Israel to Assuage Trump’s Ego, Times of Israel, 15 August 2019: Barring Tlaib and Omar, Israel inexcusably abandons the diplomatic battlefield, Haaretz, 15 August 2019: AIPAC, pro-Israel U.S. Lawmakers Rebuke Netanyahu Over Omar-Tlaib Ban, Times of Israel, 15 August 2019: Pelosi: Barring lawmakers beneath Israel’s dignity; Rubio: Decision is a mistake, France24, 15 August 2019: US lawmaker Tlaib rejects Israeli offer to visit West Bank, cites ‘oppressive’ conditions set, Times of Israel, 15 August 2019: AIPAC and other Israel-backers rebuke Israeli decision to bar Omar and Tlaib, Jerusalem Post, 15 August 2019: Israel’s history of blocking entry to anti-Israel activists and others, Palestine Chronicle, 16 August 2019: Tlaib Won’t Visit West Bank under ‘Oppressive’ Israeli Conditions (VIDEOS), Times of Israel, 16 August 2019: Contradicting PM, Omar insists she was planning to meet Israel officials on trip, The New York Times, 16 August 2019: If You Think Trump Is Helping Israel, You’re a Fool, BBC, 16 August 2019: Israel bars Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib from visiting, Haaretz, 16 August 2019: Trump and Netanyahu Just Broke the Special Relationship Between America and Israel, Jerusalem Post, 16 August 2019: Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar outmaneuver Israel – analysis, Israel Hayom, 16 August 2019: Israel should have ignored Trump’s pressure on Omar and Tlaib, Times of Israel, 16 August 2019: The day Israel humiliated its US friends in Congress, Israel Hayom, 16 August 2019: Netanyahu had no choice, Times of Israel, 16 August 2019: Joe Lieberman says Israel made ‘serious mistake’ in banning Tlaib and Omar, The Guardian, 17 August 2019: Trump and Netanyahu are playing a bigoted game of chicken, Times of Israel, 17 August 2019: Pelosi: We can’t let ‘weakness’ of Trump, Netanyahu harm US-Israel ties, Haaretz, 17 August 2019: Fierce Backlash to Tlaib Travel Ban Is a Time Bomb for the U.S.-Israel ‘Special Relationship’, Jerusalem Post, 17 August 2019: Social media users compare ban of Tlaib, Omar, to apartheid S.Africa, Times of Israel, 17 August 2019: The day Netanyahu helped anti-Israel Democrats gain resonance and credibility, Haaretz, 17 August 2019: Netanyahu’s Singular Knack for Turning Friends Into Bitter Enemies, Jerusalem Post, 17 August 2019: Netanyahu’s vs. Rashida Tlaib and Ilhan Omar’s calculations, Times of Israel, 17 August 2019: House Democrats said weighing censure of Israeli, US envoys over entry ban, Times of Israel, 17 August 2019: Tlaib’s grandmother wishes ‘ruin’ on Trump after he mocks her on Twitter, Haaretz, 18 August 2019: Meet Donald Trump’s Most Desperate Sycophant: Benjamin Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 18 August 2019: Feminist icon Steinem says she won’t visit Israel while ‘bully’ Netanyahu is PM, CNN, 18 August 2019: Trump has used Israel for political points — and there may be consequences, Jerusalem Post, 18 August 2019: Netanyahu – damned for bad ties with Obama, damned for good ties with Trump, Haaretz, 18 August 2019: On Israel, Omar and Tlaib Do Not Speak for Party, Says Jewish Democrat Max Rose, Haaretz, 20 August 2019: ‘Furious and Confused’: Liberal U.S. Jews Fume Over Israel’s Tlaib-Omar Rejection, Haaretz, 19 August 2019: Tlaib and Omar Make Things Clear About South Africa’s Successor, CNN, 20 August 2019: Jewish leaders outraged by Trump saying Jews disloyal if they vote for Democrats, The Guardian, 20 August 2019: Trump uses antisemitic trope to question loyalty of Jewish Democrats – live, Haaretz, 20 August 2019: Trump: Jews Voting Democrat Are Disloyal or Ignorant, Times of Israel, 20 August 2019: Jewish groups: Trump spreads anti-Semitic trope by accusing Jews of ‘disloyalty’, Haaretz, 20 August 2019: Gaza Emigration Ploy Suggests Netanyahu Hell-bent on Torching Israel’s Image Abroad, The Guardian, 21 August 2019: Jew-baiting is part of the Trump playbook. It’s a feature, not a bug, Haaretz, 21 August 2019: After Trump ‘Disloyalty’ Remark, Israeli President Tells Pelosi Israel Must Not Become Partisan Issue, The Guardian, 21 August 2019: Trump’s tweets about ‘disloyal’ Jews are laced with centuries of antisemitism, Times of Israel, 21 August 2019: With eyes on ‘erasing’ Green Line, Yamina introduces plan to fix housing crisis, Jerusalem Post, 21 August 2019: Jewish ‘disloyalty’ comments ‘unwelcome and downright dangerous’, Haaretz, 21 August 2019: Trump’s Vile ‘Disloyalty’ Smear Refle, Times of Israel, 21 August 2019: Dreadful symbiosis sees Israel and Jews pulled into volcanic core of US politics, Haaretz, 21 August 2019: Trump Has Made It Official: He Is the Greatest anti-Semite of Our Age, Jerusalem Post, 21 August 2019: One Jewish people, two different realities – analysis, Times of Israel, 21 August 2019: Before ban, ex-US envoy tried to set up meetings for Omar with Israelis, Times of Israel, 21 August 2019: Israel is neither Bibi nor the United States, Politico.com, 21 August 2019: Jewish Dems rage over Trump’s ‘disloyalty’ comments, Al Jazeera, 21 August 2019: Jews tweet ‘disloyal to Trump’ after Trump calls them disloyal, Times of Israel, 21 August 2019: Trump tweets claim Israelis ‘love him like he is the second coming of God’, Times of Israel, 21 August 2019: As Trump questions loyalty of US Jews, Netanyahu is silent, Israel Hayom, 22 August 2019: American Jewry’s implosion, i24 News, 22 August 2019: Trump: Jews who vote as Democrats ‘greatly disloyal’ or lacking knowledge, Israel Hayom, 22 August 2019: US and Israel sign agreement to strengthen partnership, Times of Israel, 22 August 2019: Blue and White MKs rule out center-left coalition with Arab lawmakers, Israel Hayom, 22 August 2019: For Trump, hurting Israel means hurting America, Times of Israel, 22 August 2019: Right-wing parties, left-wing parties ink vote-sharing agreements, Israel Hayom, 22 August 2019: Israel’s self-inflicted black eye, Israel Hayom, 22 August 2019: Trump’s ‘disloyal’ jab may boost base, not Jews, Times of Israel, 23 August 2019: Poll: Likud tied with Blue and White, neither has clear path to majority, Israel Hayom, 23 August 2019: The real turning point in US-Israel relations, Haaretz, 23 August 2019: Of Courage and Cowardice in Israel’s Election Campaign, Israel Hayom, 23 August 2019: Poll: Majority of Israelis plan on repeating April election vote, Jerusalem Post, 25 August 2019: German Jews slam Merkel’s FM for belittling Palestinian terrorist attack (Auswärtiges Amt, 23 August 2019: Der heutige Anschlag auf drei Israelis, einem Vater mit zwei Kindern, im Westjordanland macht uns tief betroffen. Wir verurteilen solche Gewaltakte mit allem Nachdruck & setzen uns dafür ein, dass die Spirale aus Gewalt und Hass überwunden wird.), Times of Israel, 24 August 2019: Dems Schneider, Sherman: Defending Israel harder under Trump-Netanyahu alliance, Haaretz, 24 August 2019: Netanyahu Is Going for Broke, Times of Israel, 24 August 2019: Barak says Netanyahu cowed by Trump ‘like a puppy’, Times of Israel, 25 August 2019: Given cold shoulder, Joint List head attacks ‘racist’ Blue and White, Haaretz, 25 August 2019: The Most Urgent Thing Is Removing Netanyahu. But What Happens the Day After?, Haaretz, 26 August 2019: We Must Choose the Lesser of Two Evils, Times of Israel, 26 August 2019: Israel alarmed by possible Trump-Rouhani talks, fears he’ll let Iran off hook (making Israel a partisan issue comes with a price tag (Jerusalem Post, 29 November 2019: ‘Price tag’ attacks reported in Palestinian villages). Even the blindest Netanjahu fan should now understand that the PM is a greater security risk for Israel than all external threats together), Haaretz, 26 August 2019: Israel Fears Trump Might Sit Down With the Iranians – and Be Outmaneuvered, Times of Israel, 27 August 2019: Former US envoy: Trump harming Israel for his own gain, The Washington Post, 27 August 2019: The hype over possible U.S.-Iran talks obscured something much more ominous, Al Jazeera, 27 August 2019: How will the Joint List fare in Israel’s snap election?, Haaretz, 27 August 2019: Trump’s Soft-pedal Outreach to Iran Is a Preview of Netanyahu’s Worst Nightmares, Times of Israel, 27 August 2019: The first Israel-Iran war, Israel Hayom, 28 August 2019: Israel’s shadow war with Iran bursts into the open, Haaretz, 28 August 2019: Netantyahu Okayed Sale of Submarines to Egypt to Get Israel a Discount, Report Says, Jerusalem Post, 28 August 2019: Editor’s notes: What is happening to Gantz?, Jerusalem Post, 29 August 2019: Blue and White sources: Gantz will have blocking majority against PM, Haaretz, 29 August 2019: In Deal With Far-right Leader, Netanyahu Edges Closer to Reelection. Next Up: The Kahanists, Israel Hayom, 29 August 2019: Lieberman won’t support right-wing government, PM tells Russian voters, Haaretz, 29 August 2019: A Leak That Leaves No Doubts About Netanyahu’s Illicit Deals With Media Tycoon, Israel Hayom, 29 August 2019: Is Israel on the verge of an all-out war?, Israel Hayom, 30 August 2019: The hot potatoes of the election, CNN, 30 August 2019: Israel is making the case for war, in public, against Lebanon, Israel Hayom, 30 August 2019: Pompeo: Israel can rely on diplomatic, legal, military support in any war with Iran, Times of Israel, 30 August 2019: Netanyahu tells Macron ‘now is precisely not the time to talk to Iran’, The Guardian, 31 August 2019: Israel risks becoming the fall guy in Donald Trump’s ‘shadow war’ with Iran, Haaretz, 31 August 2019: Four Bleeding Middle Eastern Fronts Awaiting Trump’s Next Tweet, Arab News, 31 August 2019: Playing with fire may burn more than Netanyahu’s fingers, Times of Israel, 30 August 2019: Liberman says his party is recruiting poll watchers for Haredi and Arab towns, The National, 31 August 2019: Lebanon is in the eye of the storm in the latest round of Iran-Israeli clashes, Jerusalem Post, 31 August 2019: Bennett backs immunity, giving PM majority if he gets 61 seats, Haaretz, 31 August 2019: First Drone War Pulls Israel’s Conflict With Iran Out of the Shadows, Times of Israel, 31 August 2019: IDF sends artillery to northern border as tensions with Hezbollah rise, Haaretz, 31 August 2019: Netanyahu Ratchets Up Attack on Production Company, Journalist Reporting His Corruption Probes, The Guardian, 1 September 2019: Israel and Hezbollah trade cross-border fire for first time in years, BBC, 1 September 2019: Hezbollah fires rockets into Israel from Lebanon, Haaretz, 1 September 2019: It’s Now Clear: Netanyahu Won’t Rest Until a Journalist’s Blood Is Spilled, France24, 1 September 2019: Hezbollah launch anti-tank missiles toward Israel, Tel Aviv fires back, Al Jazeera, 1 September 2019: Israel, Hezbollah exchange fire at Lebanon border, Haaretz, 1 September 2019: Netanyahu Seeks to Silence Critical Media by Hitting Their Revenues, Arab News, 1 September 2019: Hezbollah and Israel exchange fire on the Lebanese border, The National, 1 September 2019: Hezbollah raises spectre of war with Israel in retaliatory cross-border attack, Haaretz, 1 September 2019: Hezbollah Missiles Hit Israeli Base, Military Vehicle on Lebanese Border; No Casualties, Israel Hayom, 1 September 2019: Netanyahu reaffirms pledge to annex parts of Judea and Samaria (West Bank), Al Aarabiya, 1 September 2019: Israel says exchange of fire with Hezbollah likely over, Times of Israel, 2 September 2019: Netanyahu accuses Channel 12 owners of ‘terror attack against democracy’, Times of Israel, 2 September 2019: Gantz blasts Netanyahu for loose lips during Hezbollah flareup, Haaretz, 2 September 2019: Israel, Hezbollah Find Way Out of Escalation, but a Critical Dilemma Remains, Times of Israel, 2 September 2019: IDF chief to UNIFIL: Stop Hezbollah’s missile program, or we will, Palestine Chronicle, 2 September 2019: Palestinian Officials Slam Netanyahu’s Pledge to Annex West Bank, Times of Israel, 2 September 2019: Netanyahu has chosen to go to war with the media, Times of Israel, 2 September 2019: Hailing ‘bold, brave’ attack, Nasrallah vows: ‘No more red lines against Israel’, Haaretz, 3 September 2019: Israel Pats Itself on Back, but Almost Got Dragged Into War Due to Operational Failure, Gulf News, 2 September 2019: Israel, Hezbollah should not jeopardise innocent lives, Times of Israel, 2 September 2019: Attorney general says media can publish leaks from cases against Netanyahu, Al Jazeera, 3 September 2019: Netanyahu’s calculus: Bombs speak louder than words, Haaretz, 3 September 2019: Gantz’s Sleeper Campaign Could Be the Secret Weapon That Fells Netanyahu, France24, 3 September 2019: Israel-Hezbollah clashes ‘play positively’ for Netanyahu’s re-election campaign, Arab News, 3 September 2019: Netanyahu’s election gamble may be costly for Israel , Haaretz, 3 September 2019: Israel Needs an Old-fashioned Leader, Times of Israel, 3 September 2019: Worrying days for Israel when Hezbollah is a key source of credible information, Haaretz, 3 September 2019: The Israeli Election – Through the Eyes of Palestinians Who Can’t Vote, Israel Hayom, 3 September 2019: Dangerous bedfellows, Times of Israel, 3 September 2019: Gantz: No 2nd disengagement, the public will decide on any diplomatic deal, The Guardian, 4 September 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu to meet Boris Johnson on surprise visit to London, Times of Israel, 4 September 2019: Israel said again mulling raid on Iran; thinks Trump, unlike Obama, won’t oppose, The New York Times, 4 September 2019: The Secret History of the Push to Strike Iran, Haaretz, 4 September 2019: ‘Bibi-sitting’ and Drones Out of Azerbaijan: Report Reveals How Close Israel Came to Striking Iran, The National, 4 September 2019: Lebanon, Hezbollah and the danger of throwing the baby out with the bathwater, Times of Israel, 4 September 2019: Lebanese PM: We’re not responsible for Hezbollah; it’s a ‘regional problem’, Haaretz, 5 September 2019: As Bibi Meets Boris — Tory Rebels Prove Morally Superior to Likudniks, Times of Israel, 5 September 2019: PM’s wife, son insisted tycoon’s wife delete all messages from them – report, Haaretz, 5 September 2019: Israel’s Watchdog Proves Himself a Spineless Servant of Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 5 September 2019: Grapevine: Corruption allegations not a priority for Israeli voters, The National, 5 September 2019: Hezbollah and Israel have stepped back from the brink this time but the trajectory is deeply troubling, Times of Israel, 5 September 2019: ‘Miriam Adelson: Sara Netanyahu said it would be my fault if Iran nuked Israel’, Haaretz, 5 September 2019: Iran Overture and Greenblatt Departure Cloud Trump-Netanyahu Paradise, Jerusalem Post, 5 September 2019: Gantz: State comptroller works for Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 5 September 2019: Gantz derides Netanyahu’s jet-setting diplomacy as futile, self-serving, Haaretz, 6 September 2019: Casting Doubt on Election’s Integrity, Netanyahu Commits the Worst ‘Terror Attack on Democracy’, Haaretz, 6 September 2019: Poodles of the Autocracy, Times of Israel, 7 September 2019: Yair Netanyahu more dangerous than Rabin assassin Yigal Amir, says Labor head (Jerusalem Post, 21 December 2019: Yair Netanyahu, EU engage in Twitter spat (no wonder, that the rest of the world is laughing about the Netanyahu Clan nut jobs)), Jerusalem Post, 7 September 2019: Gantz makes appeal to Arab voters: You are equal, influential, Times of Israel, 7 September 2019: Liberman says Likud planning to violently sabotage vote on election day, The Guardian, 7 September 2019: Israelis return to the polls in the election that nobody wanted, Jerusalem Post, 7 September 2019: PA: Greenblatt resignation is Trump’s “opportunity to rethink” peace plan, Jerusalem Post, 7 September 2019: Moshe Ya’alon: Blue and White will not enter coalition led by Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 7 September 2019: Why American Jews should care about voter surpression in Israel, Haaretz, 8 September 2019: Netanyahu on Son’s Tweets About Assassinated Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin: ‘His Opinions Are His Alone’, Times of Israel, 8 September 2019: Barak says passage of Likud-backed Camera Bill would mark ‘the end of democracy’, Times of Israel, 8 September 2019: Is Israel lost without Netanyahu, or are we losing Israel with him?, Times of Israel, 8 September 2019: Foreign Ministry forced to freeze most diplomatic activity due to lack of funds, Haaretz, 9 September 2019: Nine Days to Elections: Netanyahu Deploys Trump’s ‘Election Fraud’ Canard, to Devastating Effect, Times of Israel, 9 September 2019: Trouble in paradise? Trump conspicuously absent from Netanyahu’s re-election bid, Times of Israel, 9 September 2019: Averting shutdown, Foreign Ministry gets emergency cash injection, Jerusalem Post, 9 September 2019: Blue and White leads by one mandate, Otzma Yehudit passes threshold – poll, Times of Israel, 9 September 2019: The dark motivations behind Netanyahu’s bid to put cameras into polling stations, The National, 9 September 2019: With strikes against Iran, Benjamin Netanyahu risks jeopardising his closest alliance, Haaretz, 9 September 2019: Netanyauh’s Camera Bill Is a Gun at Israeli Democracy’s Head, Jerusalem Post, 9 September 2019: Gantz and Lapid: Netanyahu using national security for election campaign, Haaretz, 9 September 2019: Slain Prime Minister Rabin Is Suddenly the Star of Israel’s Mudslinging Election, Israel Hayom, 9 September 2019: An election diversion par excellence, Haaretz, 9 September 2019: Reigning Supremacist: The House of Netanyahu and the Jews Bibi Hates, Jerusalem Post, 9 September 2019: Gantz: I would have let Omar and Tlaib into Israel, The Guardian, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu vows to annex large parts of occupied West Bank, BBC, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu pledges to annex occupied Jordan Valley, CNN, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu says Israel will annex parts of West Bank, Al Jazeera, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu announces post-election plan to annex Jordan Valley, Arab News, 10 September 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu vows to annex West Bank’s Jordan Valley if re-elected, The National, 10 September 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu says he intends to annex Jordan Valley, Haaretz, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu Says Israel Will Annex Jordan Valley if Reelected, Times of Israel, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu’s Jordan Valley vow: Harbinger of US support or indication of failure? (if you watch the film “Peace Talks – The Oslo Diaries” by Mor Loushy and Daniel Sivan, it becomes clear how Netanyahu changed Israel during his tenures to the worse), Irish Times, 10 September 2019: Netanyahu vows to annex large parts of occupied West Bank, NPR, 11 September 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu Vows To Annex Part Of West Bank If He Wins Reelection, Al Jazeera, 11 September 2019: What are areas A, B, and C of the occupied West Bank?, The Washington Post, 11 September 2019: In the Jordan Valley, Palestinians fear further displacement after Netanyahu’s annexation pledge, CNN, 11 September 2019: Netanyahu says Israel will annex parts of West Bank if he’s re-elected, Al Jazeera, 11 September 2019: Netanyahu annexation pledge denounced as ‘dangerous’ and ‘racist’, Arab News, 11 September 2019: Netanyahu’s plan to annex Jordan Valley widely opposed, Amman says peace treaty could be ‘at stake’, Gulf News, 11 September 2019: UAE denounces Netanyahu’s electoral pledge to annex occupied West Bank, The National, 11 September 2019: UAE and Saudi Arabia condemn Netanyahu’s ‘dangerous escalation’ after annexation pledge, Al Arabiya, 11 September 2019: Moscow: Netanyahu’s plans could lead to ‘sharp escalation of tensions’, The Guardian, 11 September 2019: Arab leaders denounce Netanyahu’s plan to annex Palestinian territories, Haaretz, 11 September 2019: U.S. Jewish Groups Slam Netanyahu’s Vow to Annex Jordan Valley: ‘Israelis Won’t Live in Democracy’, Times of Israel, 11 September 2019: Trump said mulling easing Iran sanctions to secure Rouhani meeting, The Guardian, 11 September 2019: The Guardian view on Netanyahu’s land grab: a prison, not a peace, Palestine Chronicle, 11 September 2019: Abbas Threatens to End All Agreements if Israel Annexes Palestinian Land, Haaretz, 11 September 2019: While Netanyahu Makes Annexation Promises, Reality (Almost) Hits Him on the Head, Haaretz, 11 September 2019: The 15-second Video That Could Kill Netanyahu’s Rock-star Election Campaign, Times of Israel, 11 September 2019: Netanyahu blasts Blue and White for celebrating after rocket forces him offstage, Haaretz, 11 September 2019: Netanyahu’s Terrible, Horrible, No Good Very Bad Day, The Guardian, 12 September 2019: Facebook penalises Netanyahu page over hate speech violation, Politico, 12 September 2019: Israel accused of planting mysterious spy devices near the White House (well, maybe not exactly the message Netanyahu might want to send out to his voters, about a week before the upcoming Israeli elections and it’s just another big sign that the “bromance” between Netanyahu and Trump is coming to its end. It’s not even relevant if the report is true or false, as everybody is actually believing that the paranoid Israeli leader has ordered the spy action, anyway. As Netanyahu has made Israel a partisan issue (Trump and the Republicans) in the US, he has now trapped himself finally between a rock and a hard place), The Daily Beast, 12 September 2019: Trump Ignored Evidence Israel Planted Cellphone Spying Devices Near White House: Politico, Haaretz, 12 September 2019: Israel Reportedly Planted Mysterious Spy Devices Near White House; Netanyahu: Total Lie, BBC, 12 September 2019: Netanyahu denies Politico report Israel is spying on US, The Guardian, 12 September 2019: Israel accused of planting spying devices near White House, Haaretz, 12 September 2019: This Is Israel’s Last Ever Zionist Election, Times of Israel, 12 September 2019: Why the man who comes second in Israel’s election could end up prime minister, Haaretz, 12 September 2019: ‘Adelson to Netanyahu: I Keep Writing in Your Favor, I Lose $50m a Year, You Keep Shouting at Me’, Haaretz, 13 September 2019: Netanyahu’s Plan to Escape Trial, in His Own Words: ‘Time for Them to Be Frightened’, Al Jazeera, 13 September 2019: Palestinians in Israel: Netanyahu’s racism makes us want to vote, Israel Hayom, 13 September 2019: Poll predicts 62 seats for left-wing coalition with Lieberman, Politico.com, 14 September 2019: Trump touts defense treaty discussions with Netanyahu days before Israeli election (just remember what Trump thought about the insights of the US intelligence services about Russia’s interference in the US presidential elections in order to come to own conclusions about the spying action in Washington, D.C., or in other words: If you truly believe Trump’s words, we have a bridge in New York to sell to you (George C. Parker)), Jerusalem Post, 14 September 2019: Netanyahu: ‘Gantz’s advisor was behind White House spying leak’, Times of Israel, 14 September 2019: Iranian FM mocks US following disputed report of Israeli spying in Washington, Haaretz, 14 September 2019: Trump Says He Talked Defense Treaty With Netanyahu, to Be Discussed After Israel’s Election, The Guardian, 14 September 2019: Trump floats possible defense treaty days ahead of Israeli elections, Arab News, 14 September 2019: Trump discusses possible mutual defense treaty with Israel’s Netanyahu, Haaretz, 14 September 2019: The Only Real Question Still Looming Over Israel’s Repeat Election, Jerusalem Post, 14 September 2019: Russia prevents Israeli airstrikes in Syria, Haaretz, 14 September 2019: Three Days to Election, Master Wizard Netanyahu Ramps Up Efforts to Mesmerize Israeli Voters, Times of Israel, 14 September 2019: Prominent Bahraini royal to ToI: Netanyahu is an obstacle to better relations, Haaretz, 14 September 2019: Netanyahu’s West Bank Annexation Move Illegal, European States Say, The New York Times, 14 September 2019: Netanyahu’s Fate May Depend on Israeli Arab Voters. Will They Turn Out?, Haaretz, 15 September 2019: Two Days to Election, Netanyahu Government Green Lights Legalizing Jordan Valley Outpost, Times of Israel, 15 September 2019: A failure to inspire: How lackluster rivals let Netanyahu dominate the campaign, Times of Israel, 15 September 2019: With cameras banned, new right-wing patrol seeks to ‘prevent Arab voter fraud’, Haaretz, 15 September 2019: LISTEN: A Watershed Election for Netanyahu – and Israeli Democracy, Israel Hayom, 15 September 2019: Netanyahu: Defense treaty with US won’t compromise our freedom, Times of Israel, 16 September 2019: Netanyahu: After Jordan Valley and settlements, I’ll annex other ‘vital areas’, CNN, 15 September 2019: Netanyahu is endangering the future of a two-state solution, France24, 16 September 2019: Netanyahu, Gantz spur supporters on eve of tense Israeli polls, CNN, 16 September 2019: Trump may no longer be the gift that keeps on giving for Netanyahu, The Guardian, 16 September 2019: Israel elections: why is the country going to the polls again?, France24, 16 September 2019: Netanyahu in tight race against Benny Gantz as Israel prepares to vote in run-off, Times of Israel, 16 September 2019: Will Israel’s Arab citizens turn out to vote?, CNN, 16 September 2019: In the face of Netanyahu’s annexation plans, his centrist rivals remain silent, Al Jazeera, 16 September 2019: ‘Desperate to be re-elected’: Will Netanyahu win Israel vote?, Arab News, 16 September 2019: Israeli PM vows to annex ‘all the settlements’ in West Bank, Haaretz, 16 September 2019: Israel Election: Tell Us Which Minority You Hate, and We’ll Tell You Who to Vote For, Gulf News, 16 September 2019: Israel elections mean nothing to Palestine, The National, 16 September 2019: Israelis return to the polls with Benjamin Netanyahu’s fate still uncertain, Jerusalem Post, 16 September 2019: Netanyahu vows to annex Hebron, Kiryat Arba after election, Haaretz, 16 September 2019: On Election Day, It’s the Prince of Darkness vs. Israel’s Very Soul, Times of Israel, 16 September 2019: Gantz assails Netanyahu over reports he sought to go to war before elections, BBC, 16 September 2019: Israel election a referendum on Netanyahu, France24, 16 September 2019: Benny Gantz: the thorn in Netanyahu’s side, Haaretz, 16 September 2019: 1000, 2000, 4000: Can Netanyahu Escape the Corruption Cases Against Him?, The Guardian, 17 September 2019: For Palestinians, Israel’s elections promise nothing but defeat, France24, 17 September 2019: Israel votes with Netanyahu’s political survival at stake, BBC, 17 September 2019: Israel election: Netanyahu in tough fight in this year’s second vote, The Guardian, 17 September 2019: Israel election: voters head to the polls for second time this year, Arab News, 17 September 2019: Europe lacks the backbone to challenge Israeli annexation, Times of Israel, 17 September 2019: Netanyahu far from 61 seats, Liberman poised to be, Haaretz, 17 September 2019: In ‘Emergency’ Move, Netanyahu Repeatedly Breaks Election Laws Hours Before Polls Close, The New York Times, 17 September 2019: Updates: Israel Election Exit Polls Show Tight Race, Times of Israel, 17 September 2019: Tel Aviv beachgoers hope their ‘bubble’ big enough to burst Bibi’s chances, Haaretz, 17 September 2019: Israel Election 2019: Netanyahu Fails to Secure Ruling Majority, Gantz in the Lead, Exit Polls Show, Times of Israel, 17 September 2019: All TV exit polls see no clear election winner; Netanyahu bloc short of majority, Haaretz, 17 September 2019: Who Is Benny Gantz, the Former General Who Just Overtook Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 17 September 2019: Eyeing coalition with post-Netanyahu Likud, Blue and White says longtime PM lost, Haaretz, 17 September 2019: Exit Polls Prove Netanyahu’s Spell Has Been Broken, Palestine Chronicle, 17 September 2019: Apartheid Made Official: Deal of the Century is a Ploy and Annexation is the New Reality, Politico.com, 17 September 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu appears to suffer election setback, Haaretz, 18 September 2019: In Defeat, Netanyahu Looks to Iran and Trump for Salvation, Times of Israel, 18 September 2019: Gantz, in morning-after comments, wishes Israel a ‘good unity government’, Haaretz, 18 September 2019: ‘Netanyahu Failed, We Succeeded’: Gantz Says Talks Underway to Form Unity Government, France24, 18 September 2019: Netanyahu neck-and-neck with rival Gantz in Israeli election, exit polls show, BBC, 18 September 2019: Israel election: Netanyahu and rival Gantz headed for deadlock, CNN, 18 September 2019: Netanyahu faces uncertain future as he trails in Israeli election re-run, The Guardian, 18 September 2019: Netanyahu and Gantz both vow to form next government, The New York Times, 18 September 2019: Netanyahu Is in Trouble, and Other Takeaways From the Israeli Election, The Washington Post, 18 September 2019: Israel’s election results could be the glimmer of dawn after a nightmare, Al Jazeera, 18 September 2019: Israel election: Partial results show rivals heading for deadlock, Arab News, 18 September 2019: Israeli racism defeated as voters back Arab Joint List, Haaretz, 18 September 2019: How Arab Voters Helped Deprive Netanyahu of Victory, Times of Israel, 18 September 2019: With 95% of vote counted, Blue and White leads by one seat, deadlock persists, The National, 18 September 2019: Israelis have given their verdict: Benjamin Netanyahu could be on his way out, Politico.eu, 18 September 2019: Netanyahu alliance fails to win majority in repeat election, Haaretz, 18 September 2019: Israel Election Results: With Indictment Around the Corner, Netanyahu Is at the Mercy of the Attorney General, Times of Israel, 18 September 2019: Trump says he hasn’t spoken to Netanyahu: ‘Our relationship is with Israel’, France24, 19 September 2019: Netanyahu rival Gantz says he should take PM job in unity government (regardless of how the coalition talks might turn out, Benny Gantz and his liberal political alliance Blue and White have won the elections. By contrast, the April election outcome was tied. Israeli voters are beginning to notice, that the current Prime Minister isn’t as good for the country than he would like to persuade himself and his followers. In many ways a very gratifying development), The Guardian, 19 September 2019: Netanyahu struggles to hold on to power as Gantz claims victory, Haaretz, 19 September 2019: Israel Election Results: Netanyahu’s Loss Creates an Opening for Trump — and for American Jewry, Times of Israel, 19 September 2019: Gantz says he should lead unity government, rejects coalition led by right, CNN, 19 September 2019: Israeli leaders warn of possible third election amid political deadlock, The Washington Post, 19 September 2019: Who is Benny Gantz? The former military chief could be Israel’s next prime minister., Haaretz, 19 September 2019: From Liberals in Tel Aviv to Radical Settlers: How Israelis Voted in the Election, Times of Israel, 19 September 2019: As Netanyahu’s position weakens, liberal US Jews root for an end to his reign, Haaretz, 19 September 2019: Israel Election Results: Netanyahu Clings to Power With Bluff and Bluster – but His Days Are Numbered, France24, 20 September 2019: Israel vote count gives Gantz party slim lead, confirms deadlock, Al Jazeera, 19 September 2019: Israel after Netanyahu?, Palestine Chronicle, 19 September 2019: Israelis Have Shown Netanyahu the Door. Can He Inflict More Damage before He Exits?, Jerusalem Post, 19 September 2019: US-Israel ties: ‘The relations are between our countries’, Haaretz, 20 September 2019: With Israel’s Election Results, Netanyahu Is Reminded That Trump Hates Losers, Times of Israel, 20 September 2019: Results aren’t even official, but already nightmare 3rd election scenario looms, Times of Israel, 21 September 2019: Joint List meets, fails to decide on recommending Gantz for prime minister, Haaretz, 21 September 2019: Israel Election Results: Arab Alliance Expected to Recommend Gantz for Prime Minister, Party Sources Say, Jerusalem Post, 21 September 2019: Gantz on verge of getting more recommendations, The Guardian, 21 September 2019: Israel: Wounded Netanyahu in desperate battle for political survival after poll blow, The New York Times, 22 September 2019: Ayman Odeh: We Are Ending Netanyahu’s Grip on Israel, France24, 22 September 2019: Israel’s potential kingmaker says not backing Netanyahu or Gantz, The Guardian, 22 September 2019: Israeli Arab parties back Gantz for PM in bid to oust Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 22 September 2019: After withholding nomination for PM, Liberman to meet Gantz, Haaretz, 22 September 2019: Israel Election Results: Why the Arab Alliance’s Endorsement of Gantz Is a Big Deal, Times of Israel, 23 September 2019: Minister slams academy as film on Rabin’s killer set to be Israeli Oscars entry (the impacts are obviously coming closer), Israel Hayom, 23 September 2019: Israel at a crossroads: What does the Sept. 17 actually mean?, Haaretz, 23 September 2019: By Backing Gantz, Arab Slate Signals Its Public Seeks to Influence National Agenda, Times of Israel, 23 September 2019: Liberman meets Gantz, says unity government a certainty, The New York Times, 23 September 2019: Benny Gantz Can’t Heal the Rift Between U.S. Jews and Israel, Israel Hayom, 23 September 2019: Rivlin ups the pressure, invites PM and Gantz for unity talks, Haaretz, 23 September 2019: Trump Envoy Greenblatt Meets Gantz as Release of Peace Plan Remains Uncertain, Times of Israel, 23 September 2019: Outgoing Trump peace envoy meets Gantz amid political deadlock, Jerusalem Post, 23 September 2019: How the indicting Bibi train could still go off the rails – analysis, Times of Israel, 24 September 2019: Lost in transition: Will government break down amid enduring political logjam?, Haaretz, 24 September 2019: Rivlin Stalls Decision on Who Forms Government as Gantz, Netanyahu Teams Begin Unity Talks, Times of Israel, 25 September 2019: Rivlin said set Wednesday night to tap Netanyahu to try to form coalition, The Guardian, 25 September 2019: Israel’s president chooses Netanyahu to form government, France24, 25 September 2019: Israeli president asks Netanyahu to form new government, Haaretz, 25 September 2019: President Rivlin Tasks Netanyahu With Forming Government as Unity Talks With Gantz Fail, The New York Times, 25 September 2019: Netanyahu Is Nominated to Form Israel’s Next Government, Al Jazeera, 25 September 2019: Israel president tasks Benjamin Netanyahu to form new government, Arab News, 25 September 2019: Israel president tasks Netanyahu to form new govt: statement, Haaretz, 25 September 2019: Can Trump, Evangelicals and Right-wing Jews Really Relate to a post-Netanyahu Israel?, Times of Israel, 25 September 2019: Netanyahu may be weakened, but authoritarian threat isn’t, warns Russia expert, Times of Israel, 25 September 2019: Elections Committee publishes final results, hands them to president, Times of Israel, 25 September 2019: Mission impossible? Why Netanyahu, asked to form a coalition, isn’t smiling, Haaretz, 25 September 2019: Netanyahu’s Mandate Is Meaningless, but He Will Continue Campaigning, Times of Israel, 25 September 2019: Gantz insists he can’t join government with PM who is facing indictment, Times of Israel, 26 September 2019: With ‘paritetic’ proposal, Rivlin looks to the past for a power-sharing model, Palestine Chronicle, 25 September 2019: Netanyahu on Steroids: What a Gantz-led Government Means for Palestine, Israel Hayom, 26 September 2019: Ending the deadlock: 5 scenarios, Times of Israel, 26 September 2019: Ex-IDF chief: We’ve jeopardized national security by admitting to Syria strikes, Israel Hayom, 27 September 2019: Poll: Most Israelis want a unity government, don’t want an election, Ynet News, 27 September 2019: Netanyahu is holding us hostage, Gantz could change that, Times of Israel, 27 September 2019: Poll: 52% want Netanyahu to stand down as Likud leader to enable unity coalition, Israel Hayom, 27 September 2019: Israel’s flailing democracy, The New York Times, 29 September 2019: How an Israeli Unity Government Could Shrink the Conflict, Arab News, 29 September 2019: Netanyahu, Gantz trade blame over breakdown in Israel coalition talks, The Guardian, 29 September 2019: Crunch time for Netanyahu as talks with rival politicians break down, Times of Israel, 1 October 2019: As PM’s hearing set to begin, defense team hopes to nullify charge sheet, Haaretz, 1 October 2019: Israel Election: Gantz’s Party Nixes Negotiation Meeting With Netanyahu’s Likud Over Unity Government, Times of Israel, 1 October 2019: Gantz cancels Wednesday meet with Netanyahu: ‘Likud not acting in good faith’, Jerusalem Post, 1 October 2019: Barak: Netanyahu, in his current conditions, knows no bounds, Israel Hayom, 2 October 2019: Netanyahu tries to avert indictment as he fights for political life, Haaretz, 2 October 2019: 3 Cases, 4 Days and Dozens of Lawyers: Netanyahu’s Pre-indictment Hearing Begins Wednesday, Israel Hayom, 2 October 2019: Netanyahu’s legal woes: How much trouble is he in?, Al Jazeera, 2 October 2019: Israel’s PM Netanyahu corruption: Pre-indictment hearing to begin, Jerusalem Post, 3 October 2019: Netanyahu pre-indictment hearing for case 4000 ends after 11 hours, Haaretz, 3 October 2019: Netanyahu Considers Snap Primary to Dispel ‘Rebellion Illusion’; Likud Rival: I’m Ready, Times of Israel, 3 October 2019: Incoming MK Yair Golan again compares right-wing to Nazis, drawing ire, Haaretz, 3 October 2019: Israel Election Results: As New Knesset Sworn In, President Rivlin Says ‘Populism Was Shown a Red Card’, Times of Israel, 3 October 2019: At Knesset swearing-in, Rivlin urges lawmakers to shed politics of division, Jerusalem Post, 3 October 2019: Rivlin: Israel is in crisis, needs government now, Israel Hayom, 4 October 2019: Netanyahu’s fate and the future of Israeli democracy, Haaretz, 5 October 2019: Israeli Arabs Plan More Protests Against Police’s Failure to Stem Violence in the Community, Times of Israel, 5 October 2019: Arab leaders plan protests throughout October over police inaction on violence, Arab News, 5 October 2019: Israel swings in the wind as Netanyahu tries to save his skin, Haaretz, 5 October 2019: Trump’s Impeachment Meltdown Accelerates Collapse of Netanyahu’s Iran Strategy, Israel Hayom, 6 October 2019: Israel’s fractured democracy and its repercussions, Jerusalem Post, 7 October 2019: Submarine affair breaks back into political calendar with a splash, Israel Hayom, 7 October 2019: Netanyahu’s pre-indictment hearing wraps up, Times of Israel, 7 October 2019: Netanyahu hearings end, but defense gets two more weeks for written submissions, Haaretz, 7 October 2019: Israel Is Terrified of Netanyahu’s Magic Wearing Off, Haaretz, 6 October 2019: Half of Israelis Oppose Unity Government Headed by Netanyahu, Poll Finds, Haaretz, 10 October 2019: Trump’s Kurdish Treachery Casts Netanyahu as Lone Rider on Paper Tiger, Times of Israel, 11 October 2019: Amid Case 4000 doubts, AG said aiming to decide on Netanyahu charges in 5 weeks, Palestine Chronicle, 11 October 2019: A Placebo Not the Cure: Why Removing Trump and Netanyahu Won’t Relieve the Illness, Times of Israel, 12 October 2019: Rivlin unlikely to grant Netanyahu more time to form government: report, Haaretz, 12 October 2019: Why Netanyahu Has to Stay Silent About Trump’s Abandonment of the Kurds, Haaretz, 14 October 2019: The Problem Isn’t Just Bibi: It’s the Bibism With Which He Has Infected Israeli Politics, Haaretz, 15 October 2019: Yes, Netanyahu’s Iran Policy Has Failed and Tehran Will Strike Back, Haaretz, 16 October 2019: Democracy Is Still Under Siege, Despite Orbán and Netanyahu’s Election Defeats, Times of Israel, 17 October 2019: Netanyahu floats new offer for unity government, Gantz swiftly rejects it, Israel Hayom, 18 October 2019: Israel coalition stalemate: Gantz dismisses PM’s last-ditch offer, Haaretz, 18 October 2019: Don’t Be Tempted, Gantz, Times of Israel, 21 October 2019: Blue and White, Liberman hit back at Netanyahu for ‘secret scheme’ video, The Guardian, 21 October 2019: Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu fails to form government, Haaretz, 21 October 2019: Long After Netanyahu’s Gone, Likud and the Right Will Suffer From Post-Cult Trauma Syndrome, BBC, 21 October 2019: Israeli PM Netanyahu fails to form a government ahead of deadline, CNN, 21 October 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu gives up on forming new coalition, The New York Times, 21 October 2019: Netanyahu Fails to Form a Government. Israel Turns to Gantz., Times of Israel, 21 October 2019: Netanyahu tells president he can’t form government; now it’s Gantz’s turn to try, Haaretz, 21 October 2019: Netanyahu Tells President He Can’t Form Government; Rivlin to Tap Gantz, CNN, 21 October 2019: Netanyahu fails again to form new Israeli government, opening door for political rival, CNN, 22 October 2019: Netanyahu fails again to form new Israeli government, opening door for political rival (even though the chances of forming a government by Benny Gantz are slim, it is just another step of Netanyahu’s decline), Times of Israel, 22 October 2019: Gantz to be tasked with forming government at official ceremony Wednesday, France24, 23 October 2019: Israeli president tasks Benny Gantz with forming government, Jerusalem Post, 23 October 2019: Encountering peace: The unlikely possible scenario, Haaretz, 23 October 2019: 37 Days After the Fact, Israel Saw Today the First Real Manifestation of Netanyahu’s Election Defeat, Times of Israel, 23 October 2019: Charged with forming coalition, Gantz asks Netanyahu to join, vows to heal rifts, Times of Israel, 24 October 2019: Courting Blue and White, Joint List opposes Zionism but supports ‘compromise’, Jerusalem Post, 25 October 2019: Benny Gantz’s speech: Feigned statesmanship with deadly serious flaw, Haaretz, 25 October 2019: Gantz, Drive Netanyahu Crazy and Save the Day, Times of Israel, 24 October 2019: State prosecutors seek to keep bribery charge in Netanyahu indictment – report, Times of Israel, 25 October 2019: Netanyahu must be questioned in submarine graft case, ex-prosecutor says, Haaretz, 26 October 2019: Netanyahu Recordings Reveal Threats to Publisher: ‘I’ll Come After You With Everything I’ve Got’, Haaretz, 27 October 2019: Netanyahu Appoints Himself Israel’s Diaspora Minister, Times of Israel, 27 October 2019: Dramatic recordings shine light on alleged Netanyahu bid to deal with newspaper, Jerusalem Post, 28 October 2019: Poll: Most Likud voters support forgoing right-wing bloc, Haaretz, 28 October 2019: Netanyahu Goes After the Police for Seizing Advisers’ Phones: This Is a Terror Attack on Democracy, Times of Israel, 28 October 2019: Kushner meets Blue and White heads seeking to unseat Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 29 October 2019: In probe transcripts, PM’s son accuses Likud rival of rape, ex-aide of murder, Jerusalem Post, 28 October 2019: Bernie Sanders: Netanyahu’s government has been racist, Haaretz, 29 October 2019: In Israel, a New Consensus on What Being Jewish Really Means, Times of Israel, 29 October 2019: Gantz: I’ll always prefer diplomacy to thwart Iran, but all options on the table, Israel Hayom, 29 October 2019: Gantz promises area for mixed-gender prayer at Western Wall, Haaretz, 29 October 2019: Mr. Crybaby Netanyahu and His Loyal Legions of Whimpering Whiners, Times of Israel, 31 October 2019: Liberman appears to rule out minority government: ‘Unity only option’, Jerusalem Post, 31 October 2019: Third election looking likely with coalition talks at a deadlock, Times of Israel, 31 October 2019: Arab MKs meet with Gantz, call for ‘real diplomatic process’ with Palestinians, Jerusalem Post, 31 October 2019: Netanyahu will be to blame if Israel heads to third elections – poll, Jerusalem Post, 31 October 2019: Gantz: I’m determind to have broad unity government, not third elections, Haaretz, 1 November 2019: Netanyahu’s Uninhibited Attacks Signal He’s Seeking Another Election, Gantz Says, Times of Israel, 2 November 2019: Gantz at Rabin memorial rally: Israel will never surrender to hatred, Haaretz, 2 November 2019: Gantz at Rabin Memorial: Hate Has Again Been Weaponized by Boundless Politicians, Times of Israel, 31 October 2019: Poll: 1 in 5 Israelis think Rabin’s killer should be pardoned, Haaretz, 3 November 2019: Enough With the Israeli Right’s Self-pity, Times of Israel, 3 November 2019: Hearing Gantz at memorial rally, participants say he’s no Rabin, but could be, Haaretz, 3 November 2019: Gantz, the Perfect Heir to Rabin, Haaretz, 3 November 2019: Netanyahu Alone Responsible for Dragging Israel Into Third Election, Lieberman Says, Times of Israel, 3 November 2019: Bennett warns a third election will ‘collapse’ the right, Haaretz, 3 November 2019: Gantz Is Rabin’s Latest Successor. But His Coronation Comes With a Warning, Times of Israel, 4 November 2019: Netanyahu says those who opposed Oslo peace deal not to blame for Rabin killing (of course, he says so, as he was the guy who spewed the hatred and incitement towards Rabin and the Oslo accord, which lead to Rabin’s assassination. It’s time to take the responsibility for his past misdeeds,which he can not deny anyway, no matter how hard he tries. It’s all in the records and archivs), Haaretz, 4 November 2019: How Rabin Conspiracy Theories Went Mainstream – and Other Bizarre Tales From Netanyahu’s Israel, Haaretz, 4 November 2019: U.S. Jews Treat Israeli Arab Leaders as Equals. Decent Israelis Should Try It, Times of Israel, 7 November 2019: In transcripts, media outlet CEO takes orders on news coverage from PM spokesman, Jerusalem Post, 9 November 2019: MKs react to appointment of Bennett as Defense Minister, Times of Israel, 9 November 2019: Blue and White slams ‘cynical’ Bennett appointment to suit PM’s personal agenda, Haaretz, 10 November 2019: In Appointing Bennett as Defense Chief, Netanyahu Only Has One Thing on His Mind, Jerusalem Post, 10 November 2019: Netanyahu: Yitzhak Rabin was wrong, but he was not a traitor, Times of Israel, 10 November 2019: On anniversary of Rabin’s murder, Rivlin warns of ‘violent’ political climate, Haaretz, 10 November 2019: When It Comes to Rabin’s Murder, Some Israeli Schools Avoid the Topic Altogether, Jerusalem Post, 10 November 2019: Gantz signals turn towards minority government without Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 11 November 2019: Netanyahu clashes with Rabin’s grandson at memorials for slain PM, Times of Israel, 12 November 2019: By design or not, Gaza escalation increases chance of unity government, Haaretz, 13 November 2019: Netanyahu Exploits Gaza Flare-up to Blast Joint List and Isolate Israeli Arabs, Arab News, 14 November 2019: Gaza attack aimed to get Netanyahu out of Israeli political jam, Times of Israel, 15 November 2019: 5 days before deadline, Gantz’s chances of forming coalition seen as fading away, Jerusalem Post, 15 November 2019: Gantz blasts Netanyahu for not giving in on bloc, Jerusalem Post, 15 November 2019: Netanyahu warns Gantz minority coalition, done deal, Haaretz, 17 November 2019: With Three Days Left to Deadline, Netanyahu Rival Gantz Scrambles to Form Gov’t, Times of Israel, 17 November 2019: Trump said ‘frustrated’ with Netanyahu as deadlock delays peace plan, Haaretz, 17 November 2019: Is Gantz Really About to Become Prime Minister? Panicking Bibi Thinks He Might, Times of Israel, 17 November 2019: Blue and White, Yisrael Beytenu report ‘real progress’ in coalition talks, Jerusalem Post, 17 November 2019: Netanyahu: Government backed by Joint List an existential threat to Israel (this was exactly the rhetoric path he took to pave the way to the killing of Rabin), Haaretz, 17 November 2019: With Race-baiting Rabble-rousers Like Netanyahu, Who Needs BDS?, Haaretz, 18 November 2019: Netanyahu Is Worse Than Kahane (Kahanism), Times of Israel, 19 November 2019: Rivlin rebukes Netanyahu for ‘ugly’ comments branding Arab lawmakers a ‘threat’, Al Jazeera, 19 November 2019: Israel after Netanyahu?, France24, 20 November 2019: With no coalition in sight, Benny Gantz says he is unable to form a government, The Guardian, 20 November 2019: Israeli president tells parliament to find new PM or face election, Haaretz, 21 November 2019: Netanyahu and Gantz Both Failed to Form a Governing Coalition. What Happens Now?, Times of Israel, 21 November 2019: ‘A time of unprecedented darkness’: Rivlin passes coalition-building buck to MKs, Jerusalem Post, 21 November 2019: Israel must not give up on Europe, BBC, 21 November 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu: Israel PM charged with corruption (and he’ll be fine with that. A colleague of Attorney General Mandelblit had spoken of “well over 10 cases”), France24, 21 November 2019: Israel’s attorney general indicts Netanyahu on corruption charges, NPR, 21 November 2019: Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu To Be Indicted On Corruption Charges, Politico.eu, 21 November 2019: Netanyahu indicted for bribery, fraud, CNN, 21 November 2019: Israeli leader Benjamin Netanyahu will be indicted on charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust, The Guardian, 21 November 2019: Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu indicted for bribery and fraud, The Washington Post, 21 November 2019: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu indicted on charges of bribery, fraud, breach of trust, The New York Times, 21 November 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu Indicted on Charges of Fraud, Bribery and Breach of Trust, Haaretz, 21 November 2019: Netanyahu Charged With Bribery, Fraud and Breach of Trust, Capping a Dramatic Political Year, Jerusalem Post, 21 November 2019: Prison for VIPs: Not a regular convict, not the life of a leader, Al Jazeera, 21 November 2019: Israeli PM Netanyahu indicted on corruption charges, Arab News, 21 November 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu indicted on corruption charges, The National, 21 November 2019: Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu indicted on corruption charges, Haaretz, 21 November 2019: After Indictment, Gantz’s Party Quotes Netanyahu: ‘A PM Up to His Neck in Investigations Has No Mandate’, Israel Hayom, 21 November 2019: AG decides to indict Netanyahu for bribery, breach of trust, Times of Israel, 21 November 2019: AG announces Netanyahu to stand trial for bribery, fraud and breach of trust, Jerusalem Post, 21 November 2019: Likud supporters in protest: The people no longer believe the system, Times of Israel, 21 November 2019: PM ‘cannot serve one more day’: Calls for resignation multiply over indictment, Jerusalem Post, 21 November 2019: Netanyahu, it’s time to step down – comment (if Netanyahu does not have to resign as prime minister because the law leaves him room for maneuver, then he has to give up at least all his ministry posts, and there are some of them. He is obliged to do so by law. Sooner or later, from “King Bibi” there will be little more left but a plucked rooster anyway, if he stays in office. But if he wants to “save” his political heritage (besides the many negative aspects, there were a few positive aspects as well, some people say), then he should retire as soon as possible. This would be the best solution for the office of the Prime Minister, the various Ministries he heads, and the State of Israel. After completion of all possible revisions against the upcoming sentences, he will be at least in his mid-70s, so he will probably be put under house arrest rather than jailed. If one considers, with whom he is married, that would be ultimately the maximum punishment for him), Times of Israel, 21 November 2019: Asking us to side with him against the state, Netanyahu harms his beloved Israel, The Washington Post, 21 November 2019: The charges against Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, explained, Palestine Chronicle, 21 November 2019: Israel May Face Third Election after Failure to Form Government, Times of Israel, 22 November 2019: Gantz, Lapid pan Netanyahu over ‘insane’ speech: There is no coup, Haaretz, 22 November 2019: Netanyahu Reacts to Criminal Indictment With Seditious Call to Arms (right-wingers and right-wing extremists of the world agree in believing that the law applies only to others. Of course, they should get away with their crimes, because they really believe that they only commit “good” crimes. These crimes should be celebrated and showered with awards, and in no case be punished with court sentences), Jerusalem Post, 22 November 2019: Blue and White demands that Netanyahu drop ministries, Times of Israel, 22 November 2019: After charges, Gantz demands Netanyahu quit his ministries, right pledges faith, The New York Times, 22 November 2019: Netanyahu’s Cry of Attempted Coup Sounds Familiar, Times of Israel, 22 November 2019: TV report says top Likud leaders working behind the scenes to oust Netanyahu, Haaretz, 22 November 2019: Netanyahu Won’t Go Quietly and Will Opt for the Burning Torches, Al Arabiya, 22 November 2019: Israel braces for bitter fight after Netanyahu indictment, Israel Hayom, 22 November 2019: AG’s decision to indict Netanyahu plunges Israeli politics into chaos, Times of Israel, 22 November 2019: In US, Netanyahu indictment seen as cross-Atlantic version of Trump saga, The Guardian, 22 November 2019: Netanyahu rivals move to bring him down after corruption indictments, Haaretz, 22 November 2019: Israel’s Political Waiting Game Exacting a Growing Price From Its Economy, The National, 23 November 2019: Majority of Israelis think Benjamin Netanyahu should resign, Times of Israel, 23 November 2019: Sa’ar to Netanayhu: You are not facing a coup; Likud and Israel need new leader, Haaretz, 23 November 2019: Netanyahu to Relinquish Ministerial Portfolios in Coming Days, Al Arabiya, 23 November 2019: Israeli PM’s challenger proposes unity government rotation, Times of Israel, 23 November 2019: Gantz warns Netanyahu is risking ‘internal war,’ calls Likud to unity coalition, The Guardian, 23 November 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu’s toxic legacy will haunt Israel long after he goes, CNN, 23 November 2019: Netanyahu will make his likely exit as painful, prolonged and destructive as possible, Jerusalem Post, 23 November 2019: 2500 people protest against Netanyahu in Habima square., Haaretz, 23 November 2019: Senior Likud Lawmaker Calls for Leadership Race: Netanyahu Can’t Form Government, Haaretz, 24 November 2019: Netanyahu’s Long and Illustrious Career Is Coming to a Sad and Shameful End, Arab News, 24 November 2019: Israeli PM’s party support is key to his political survival, Times of Israel, 24 November 2019: Netanyahu’s cousin bought Greek steel company as PM backed Greece gas deal, Jerusalem Post, 24 November 2019: Netanyahu thanks demonstrators supporting him in Jerusalem, Times of Israel, 24 November 2019: Netanyahu’s Likud loyalists must end silence, reduce risk of political violence, Haaretz, 25 November 2019: No Legal Grounds Forcing Netanyahu to Resign as PM, Attorney General Says, Times of Israel, 25 November 2019: Netanyahu rival Sa’ar claims premier in panic over primary challenge, Jerusalem Post, 25 November 2019: Massive crowd expected for protest against legal establishment, Jerusalem Post, 26 November 2019: Netanyahu – in the national interest, please step down now, Arab News, 26 November 2019: Israeli politics at its lowest ebb thanks to Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 26 November 2019: From hasbara hero to legal system censure – analysis, Times of Israel, 26 November 2019: Thousands of Netanyahu supporters urge prosecutors’ arrest at Tel Aviv rally, Jerusalem Post, 26 November 2019: Anti-legal demonstration attracts thousands but few MKs, Haaretz, 26 November 2019: ‘Stop the Coup’: Pro-Netanyahu Rally in Tel Aviv Draws Several Thousand, Haaretz, 28 November 2019: Holding Out for a Hero in Trump and Netanyahu’s Sodom and Gomorrah, Times of Israel, 29 November 2019: Gantz: Likud knows the right thing to do is form a coalition without Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 30 November 2019: Thousands demand Netanyahu’s resignation at Tel Aviv protest, Times of Israel, 1 December 2019: Gantz pledges united front following weekend security incidents in north, south, Haaretz, 2 December 2019: How i24News Turned pro-Netanyahu to Secure Broadcast License, Times of Israel, 2 December 2019: Netanyahu to Trump: We must seize ‘historic opportunity’ to annex Jordan Valley, Jerusalem Post, 2 December 2019: Knesset legal advisor: Bennett appointment as defense minister was illegal, Haaretz, 3 December 2019: 5 U.S. Billionaires Who Are Potential Witnesses at Netanyahu’s Corruption Trial, Times of Israel, 3 December 2019: As unity talks falter, details of proposed pact show annexation, 30 ministers, Jerusalem Post, 4 December 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu agrees to December 22 Likud leadership race, The Guardian, 5 December 2019: Netanyahu cousin and associates to be charged with corruption, Haaretz, 5 December 2019: Netanyahu’s Personal Lawyer, Ex-navy Chief Face Charges in ‘Submarines Affair’ (well, the results of the sentences will be like a “family reunification program” for the future prisoners of the Netanyahu clan), Jerusalem Post, 5 December 2019: Reuven Rivlin will consider pardon if Netanyahu resigns, confesses – report, Times of Israel, 5 December 2019: Prosecutors announce bribery charges in vast submarine corruption case, Haaretz, 5 December 2019: After Months of Negotiations, Gantz Believes Netanyahu Less Than Ever, Jerusalem Post, 5 December 2019: State to indict 2 top Netanyahu aides, ex-navy commander in Case 3000, Times of Israel, 6 December 2019: TV: Netanyahu wanted to join Pompeo on Morocco visit, but king refused, Israel Hayom, 6 December 2019: Prime suspects in submarine graft case to face bribery, fraud charges, Haaretz, 8 December 2019: Netanyahu Is on His Way to a Plea Deal, Jerusalem Post, 9 December 2019: ‘Alternative’ poverty report: Over 1m. Israeli children living in poverty, Times of Israel, 9 December 2019: AG’s office said to warn PM Jordan Valley annexation could lead to ICC probe, Haaetz, 9 December 2019: Israeli Election to Be Held March 2 if Knesset Dissolves, Netanyahu, Gantz Agree, Times of Israel: 2019 Israeli elections, Haaretz: Israel election 2019, i24 News: Israel Elections 2019, Jerusalem Post: Israel Elections, BBC: Israeli elections 2019.

March 2020 Israeli legislative election (Round 3)
Legislative elections for the twenty-third Knesset will be held in Israel on 2 March 2020 and with it the third elections within just one year. According to surveys, the vast majority of Israelis blame Netanyahu for this debacle. His re-election prospects are sinking almost daily, especially since he is accused of his criminal activities in initially three cases, but is not willing to step down from his posts immediately. This shows once more how little he cares about the country and his party, but at the same time how much he enjoys self-enrichment and personal advantages. It is of course questionable how he intends to arrange the expected prison sentence with the office of the Prime Minister. Perhaps he is speculating that he will be jailed in an open prison so that he can continue to play the minister president during the day and profile himself as a prisoner at night. The extent to which Benny Gantz and Blue and White will be able to benefit from this scenario remains to be seen. So far, they have been able to improve their results from election to election. Media coverage: The Washington Post, 10 December 2019: After two elections this year, Israeli leaders have less than 48 hours to stop a third, The New York Times, 11 December 2019: Israel Heads to Record Third Election, Extending Deadlock, CNN, 11 December 2019: Israel heads for unprecedented third election in a year, as Netanyahu clings to power, Times of Israel, 11 December 2019: Gantz: Israel is going to 3rd elections because Netanyahu wants immunity, The Guardian, 11 December 2019: Israel heading for unprecedented third election in a year, BBC, 11 December 2019: Israel heading towards third general election in a year, Arab News, 11 December 2019: Israel parliament moves for third election as talks falter, Times of Israel, 11 December 2019: Lawmakers advance bill to disperse Knesset, call elections for March, DW, 11 December 2019: Israel barrels towards third election in 12 months, Politico.com, 11 December 2019: Frustration mounts as Israel heads toward third election, Reuters, 12 December 2019: With Netanyahu’s fate in question, Israel heads to new election, Times of Israel, 12 December 2019: Netanyahu says he’ll drop all his ministerial posts except premier by year’s end, Times of Israel, 12 December 2019: Blue and White opens 3-seat lead over Likud in first poll of new elections, Times of Israel, 12 December 2019: Gantz says he’ll weigh backing Netanyahu pardon in exchange for his retirement, Jerusalem Post, 12 December 2019: Israelis pessimistic about next gov’t making peace with Palestinians – poll (interesting, especially as there is no Israeli government in sight), Haaretz, 13 December 2019: Thanks to Netanyahu, Gantz Is Now Ready to Be Prime Minister, Jerusalem Post, 14 December 2019: Will Israel’s third elections be a festival of hate, violence and disgust?, Jerusalem Post, 15 December 2019: Think About It: How committed is the Israeli public to democracy?, Arab News, 15 December 2019: Israel braced for another divisive Groundhog Day election, Haaretz, 15 December 2019: The Hurdles Facing Israel’s Parties Ahead of Third Election in March 2020, Haaretz, 15 December 2019: Poll: Gantz-led Center-left Bloc Two Seats Away From Knesset Majority if Netanyahu Leads Likud, Haaretz, 16 December 2019: For Israelis Bitter About Their Third Round Election, Ben & Jerry’s Offers Sweet Consolation, Haaretz, 17 December 2019: Israel’s William Barr Trashes the Justice System to Please Master Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 19 December 2019: The new normal impeachments in US, criminal investigations in Israel, Jerusalem Post, 20 December 2019: Olmert to ‘Post’: Netanyahu leaving opens new horizons for Israel, Times of Israel, 20 December 2019: Jewish Home party, far-right Otzma Yehudit reunite ahead of third elections, Haaretz, 21 December 2019: ‘What Israel Needs Is Strategic Patience, There Are No More Existential Threats’, Haaretz, 24 December 2019: Netanyahu, Sa’ar Tried to Light Up the Crowd Ahead of Likud Race. Only One of Them Succeeded, Arab News, 24 December 2019: Israel’s settler policy at the very heart of its government, Haaretz, 24 December 2019: Israel’s Political Crisis Already Impacting Economy, Times of Israel, 25 December 2019: Netanyahu again rushed offstage at event as Gaza rocket fired at Ashkelon, The Guardian, 25 December 2019: Benjamin Netanyahu: weakened Israeli PM faces primary vote, Jerusalem Post, 25 December 2019: ICC war crimes allegations likely to help Netanyahu at polls – analysis, Haaretz, 25 December 2019: Israel Strikes in Gaza After Rocket Launched at South, Forcing Netanyahu Off Stage at Mid-campaign Event, France24, 26 December 2019: Netanyahu’s decades-long Likud dominance at risk in Israel’s third election of the year, BBC, 26 December 2019: Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu in party leadership challenge, The Guardian, 26 December 2019: Voting under way in Likud primary seen as threat to Netanyahu, Al Jazeera, 26 December 2019: Netanyahu faces party leadership challenge, France24, 26 December 2019: Israel’s Netanyahu wins Likud vote, set to helm party into next general election (this guy has not only wrecked himself, but is now set to ruin the whole of the country. When looking at the turnout, not even half of the just under 120,000 Likud members voted at all. That is far from a “great victory”, which, in turn, is good news), NPR, 27 December 2019: Netanyahu Wins Likud Party’s Primary, Setting Up Another Election Run, The Guardian, 27 December 2019: Leadership win gives Netanyahu boost before tough election, Al Arabiya, 27 December 2019: Israel’s embattled Netanyahu declares victory in primary, Times of Israel, 27 December 2019: After Likud win, Netanyahu vows to ‘finalize borders,’ get US to back annexation (but of course there is also the question of whether the party would have been better off with the election of the even more right-wing Gideon Saar), Times of Israel, 27 December 2019: Gantz: Party of Jabotinsky, Begin elected a leader with 3 criminal indictments, Haaretz, 27 December 2019: Netanyahu, Following Indictment, Appoints Health Minister Who May Also Face Indictment, Times of Israel, 29 December 2019: Netanyahu says immunity from prosecution is a ‘cornerstone of democracy’ (incidentally, the same guy claims that Israel is a constitutional state in which there is no institutional corruption, although for the latter in particular he, parts of his cabinet and his own relatives are the living, internationally clearly visible counter evidences. Sometimes reality is more entertaining than any comedy), Haaretz, 30 December 2019: 2010-2019: The Decade That Devoured the Ties Between Israel and U.S. Jews, Times of Israel, 30 December 2019: Netanyahu’s ‘cornerstone’: How the PM will seek immunity from prosecution, Haaretz, 31 December 2019: The Decade in Which All Israelis Became Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 31 December 2019: Lapid: Netanyahu deceived the public, lied to his voters on immunity bid, Al Jazeera, 31 December 2019: Israeli top court hears case on Netanyahu’s future, Haaretz, 31 December 2019: Immunity or Trial? What Happens After Netanyahu Asks for Protection From Prosecution, Times of Israel, 31 December 2019: Wary court hears petition, to rule later on whether Netanyahu can form coalition, Palestine Chronicle, 31 December 2019: Israel’s Supreme Court Hears Case on Netanyahu’s Political Future, Times of Israel, 31 December 2019: Forced to give up portfolios, Netanyahu set to appoint new ministers, Palestine Chronicle, 31 December 2019: Israeli Public Rejects Netanyahu Immunity, Poll Shows, The Guardian, 1 January 2020: Benjamin Netanyahu to seek immunity from corruption charges, Times of Israel, 1 January 2020: Gantz puts out Russian-language New Year’s poster, reportedly angering Liberman, France24, 1 January 2020: Israel’s Netanyahu to ask parliament for immunity, DW, 1 January 2020: Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu to seek immunity from corruption charges, Al Jazeera, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu to seek parliamentary immunity, Arab News, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu seeks immunity, buying time until after vote, The National, 1 January 2020: Benjamin Netanyahu to seek immunity in graft cases, Al Arabiya, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu says will seek parliamentary immunity in corruption cases, Times of Israel, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu asks Knesset for immunity from prosecution, delaying indictment, The Washington Post, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu to ask Israeli parliament for immunity from criminal charges, The New York Times, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu Seeks Immunity From Israeli Corruption Charges, Haaretz, 1 January 2020: Netanyahu Requests Immunity From Prosecution in Three Criminal Cases, Times of Israel, 1 January 2019: Pressure mounts for Knesset to muster panel to quickly reject Netanyahu immunity, Times of Israel, 2 January 2019: Due to criminal charges, Netanyahu resigns from 3 ministerial portfolios, Haaretz, 2 January 2020: Netanyahu’s Pitiful Desperation Conjures Devastating 1999 Election Defeat, Times of Israel, 2 January 2020: Gantz hints he may sue Netanyahu over claim that he illegally pocketed millions, France24, 2 January 2020: Top Israeli court ‘unable to rule’ on PM’s eligibility to form govt, The New York Times, 2 January 2020: Israeli Supreme Court Removes an Obstacle for Netanyahu, The Guardian, 2 January 2020: Israel supreme court dismisses ‘premature’ Netanyahu petition, Times of Israel, 2 January 2020: High Court rejects petition seeking to bar Netanyahu from forming government, Al Jazeera, 2 January 2020: Israel: A model for the far right, Haaretz, 2 January 2020: Poll: Center-left Bloc Leads, but Likud Holds Steady Despite Netanyahu Immunity Request, Times of Israel, 2 January 2020: Israel needs unity, not immunity, Haaretz, 4 January 2020: Benny Gantz’s Year in Politics: Netanyahu’s Complete Opposite Inches Closer to PM Seat, Times of Israel, 5 January 2020: Netanyahu gives cabinet seat to another lawmaker facing bribery charges, Times of Israel, 6 January 2020: Blue and White reportedly moving rightward ahead of March election, Haaretz, 8 January 2020: Publishing Trump’s Peace Plan Before Israeli Election Would Be ‘Outright Intervention,’ Gantz Says, Jerusalem Post, 8 January 2020: Netanyahu: I won’t let settlements be uprooted in any diplomatic plan, Jerusalem Post, 10 January 2020: Blue and White leads on Likud by four seats, new poll finds, Israel Hayom, 10 January 2020: The ‘year of 3 elections’ has changed us, and not for the better, Times of Israel, 11 January 2020: Blue and White, Likud gird for immunity fight Netanyahu sought to avoid, Jerusalem Post, 11 January 2020: Netanyahu’s immunity request to be rejected, paving way for trial, France24, 12 January 2020: Israeli MPs get backing to discuss Netanyahu immunity, Times of Israel, 12 January 2020: In blow to Netanyahu, Knesset adviser rules immunity debate can go ahead, Haaretz, 14 January 2020: Trump Officials Hint Peace Plan May Come Out During Israel’s Election Campaign, Times of Israel, 14 January 2020: Likud again pushing to get extremists into Knesset on far-right slate, Haaretz, 16 January 2016: Israeli Right’s Idea of Democracy Doesn’t Include the Rule of Law, Haaretz, 16 January 2020: In the Battle Over Kahanists, Bennett Finally Stands Up to Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 16 January 2020: From powerhouses to Pirates, parties file for March vote just under the buzzer, Haaretz, 16 January 2020: Israel Election 2020: All the Candidates Running in the March 2 Election, Al Arabiya, 16 January 2020: Far-right Israeli parties join forces ahead of March election, Haaretz, 16 January 2020: Betrayals, Defections and Fewer Women: The Losers and Winners of Israel’s New Political Map, Haaretz, 16 January 2020: Analysis Netanyahu’s Trumpian Election Strategy: Division, Diversion, Derision and Defamation, Times of Israel, 17 January 2020: Gantz says PM ‘unfit’ for office over attempt to bring Kahanists into Knesset, Haaretz, 18 January 2020: Bennett Orders to Bar Some Left-wing Activists From West Bank, Times of Israel, 18 January 2020: Bennett orders ‘radical’ left-wing activists banned from West Bank, Haaretz, 19 January 2020: By Barring Left-wing Activists’ Entry to West Bank, Bennett Cynically Uses Army for His Politics, Times of Israel, 19 January 2020: Knesset speaker to convene plenum for vote on Netanyahu immunity panel, Haaretz, 19 January 2020: Tell Me How Rich You Are, I’ll Tell You if You’ll Vote Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 19 January 2020: Holocaust Forum: A historic event, but missed opportunity for cooperation, Haaretz, 20 January 2020: Whoever Wins Israel’s Next Election Will Be a Right-winger (perhaps the Palestinians should learn from the Israelis here: by simply voting every few months, the rest of the world doesn’t notice that there is no legitimate government capable of acting. This is much more clever than not holding elections at all), Jerusalem Post, 20 January 2020: Trump to decide on ‘Deal of the Century’ release date in coming days, Times of Israel, 20 January 2020: Knesset speaker faces fierce Likud backlash for allowing Netanyahu immunity vote, Haaretz, 20 January 2020: Defense Chief Cynically Exploits Israeli Army as Part of His Election Campaign, Times of Israel, 21 January 2020: Launching campaign, Netanyahu vows to annex all settlements ‘without exception’, Haaretz, 22 January 2020: Gantz Promised Annexation to Win Right-wing Votes, but the Only Winner Is Netanyahu (according to current surveys in Israel, about 1/3 would be in favor of the annexation, 1/3 clearly against it and the rest has no opinion so far), Times of Israel, 22 January 2020: US said to oppose Israeli annexation of Jordan Valley before peace plan rollout, BBC, 23 January 2020: Netanyahu urges world to unite to confront Iran, The Washington Post, 23 January 2020: Trump is preparing to release his Middle East peace plan, will brief Israel’s Netanyahu in Washington, Pence says, The New York Times, 23 January 2020: Netanyahu and Gantz Invited to White House to Discuss Peace Plan, Haaretz, 23 January 2020: Netanyahu Exploits the Holocaust to Brutalize the Palestinians, Times of Israel, 23 January 2020: Blue and White said to accuse US of trying to help PM delay immunity hearings, France24, 24 January 2020: Trump to unveil stalled Middle East peace plan ahead of Netanyahu and Gantz White House visit, Politico.eu, 24 January 2020: Trump says he’ll roll out Middle East peace plan ahead of meeting with Israeli leaders, Jerusalem Post, 24 January 2020: ‘Deal of the Century?’ Netanyahu just got the gift of the century, Al Arabiya, 25 January 2020: Israel’s Gantz says to meet Trump on peace plan, Haaretz, 25 January 2020: Gantz to Meet Trump Separately From Netanyahu to Discuss Mideast Plan in Washington, Jerusalem Post, 25 January 2020: Netanyahu: ‘Trump deal is a once-in-history opportunity’, Haaretz, 26 January 2020: Trump’s ‘Deal of the Century’ Was Written in a Way So the Palestinians Would Reject It. Maybe That Was the Plan, The Guardian, 26 January 2020: Netanyahu hopes to ‘make history’ during White House visit, Haaretz, 26 January 2020: Israel, Beware the True Cost of Trump’s ‘Peace’ Plan, Times of Israel, 26 January 2020: The week Israel says yes to annexing the West Bank, consequences be damned, Haaretz, 26 January 2020: Here’s What Happens if Israel Annexes the West Bank and Lets Palestinians Vote, Times of Israel, 26 January 2020: Netanyahu’s right-wing bloc to boycott Knesset vote on immunity panel, Jerusalem Post, 26 January 2020: Israeli settler leaders to join Netanyahu in Washington for Trump talks, Times of Israel, 26 January 2020: AG to charge Likud lawmaker with bribery in graft case, Haaretz, 27 January 2020: Netanyahu First, Then Gantz: Trump to Host Leaders to Discuss Peace Plan, Politico.com, 27 January 2020: Trump predicts Palestinians will buy into his Middle East peace plan, Arab News, 27 January 2020: Donald Trump to unveil Middle East peace plan that ‘makes sense for everybody’, Times of Israel, 27 January 2020: Trump to tell Israelis they have 6 weeks to get peace plan moving — report, Al Jazeera, 27 January 2020: What we know about Trump’s Middle East plan, Al Arabiya, 28 January 2020: Israel’s Gantz praises Trump peace plan, pledges to implement it after poll, Haaretz, 27 January 2020: Trump Meets Israeli Leaders in Washington: Palestinians ‘Going to Want’ Mideast Plan, Times of Israel, 27 January 2020: With PM at his side, Trump says without Palestinians ‘we don’t do the deal’, France24, 28 January 2020: Israel’s Netanyahu withdraws bid for parliamentary immunity from corruption charges, The Guardian, 28 January 2020: Netanyahu withdraws immunity from prosecution request, Times of Israel, 28 January 2020: Netanyahu abandons his immunity bid, paving way for an indictment within days, Haaretz, 28 January 2020: Netanyahu Withdraws Request for Immunity From Prosecution in Corruption Cases, BBC, 28 January 2020: Netanyahu indicted in court on corruption charges after dropping immunity bid, Al Jazeera, 28 January 2020: Netanyahu formally indicted in court on corruption charges, Foreign Policy, 28 January 2020: Trump, Netanyahu Turn White House Into Election Campaign Stop, Jerusalem Post, 29 January 2020: Only 10% think plan will bring peace, Haaretz, 28 January 2020: Netanyahu Officially Indicted in Court After Withdrawing Immunity Bid, Times of Israel, 30 January 2020: Naama Issachar is not Anatoly Sharansky, The Times, 30 January 2020: Netanyahu urged to grab West Bank territory under peace deal, Jerusalem Post, 31 January 2020: Benjamin Netanyahu’s strategy: What is it?, Haaretz, 31 January 2020: ‘Trump Loves You Israelis So Much, He May Love You to Death’, Israel Hayom, 31 January 2020: 2nd Gantz aide compares Trump to Hitler; says US president ‘using’ Israel, Jerusalem Post, 30 January 2020: US envoy urges ‘anti-Israel’ German MP to help Mideast peace plan (Röttgen is of course absolutely right. Why wasting time and energy on a plan that obviously doesn’t work and is supposed to distract from Trump’s and Netanyahu’s domestic problems only or in other words: “If you discover you are riding a dead horse – get off.”?), Times of Israel, 4 February 2020: The art of no deal: Who’s subverting Trump’s Israeli-Palestinian peace plan?, Haaretz, 5 February 2020: A Year to Kahol Lavan’s Founding: How Israel’s Party of Generals Became an Effective Political Force, Haaretz, 9 February 2020: Friedman: Unilateral Israeli Action Risks Losing U.S. Support for Annexation, Politico.com, 9 February 2020: U.S. ambassador to Israel warns against West Bank annexation, Times of Israel, 9 February 2020: Settler leaders call on PM to ‘put US in its place,’ swiftly annex W. Bank land, Haaretz, 9 February 2020: App Used by Netanyahu’s Likud Leaks Israel’s Entire Voter Registry, Jerusalem Post, 10 February 2020: The rift between the first and second Israel, Haaretz, 10 February 2020: Fueled by Pathological Self-pity, Trump and Netanyahu Plot Insurrections Against Democracy, CNN, 11 February 2020: Personal data of all 6.5 million Israeli voters exposed by security flaw in app, Times of Israel, 13 February 2020: Political deadlock set to continue, poll shows, Haaretz, 14 February 2020: Trump’s Angry Vendetta Against Rule of Law Is Preview of Netanyahu, Should He Win, Haaretz, 13 February 2020: Gantz’s Party Maintains Lead Over Netanyahu’s Likud, Election Poll Shows, Jerusalem Post, 14 February 2020: What Netanyahu really wants is a fourth election – Editor’s Notes, Haaretz, 14 February 2020: Latest Polls: Israel Election 2020, Haaretz, 14 February 2020: A Fourth Election Is Growing More Likely by the Day, but Israelis Don’t Care, Times of Israel, 15 February 2020: In media blitz, Gantz vows that Joint List won’t be part of future coalition, Jerusalem Post, 16 February 2020: Lapid to ‘Post’: If Democrat wins, Netanyahu-led Israel in ‘deep trouble’, Politico.com, 16 February 2020: Israel’s Gantz vows to form government without Netanyahu, Haaretz, 17 February 2020: Massive Israeli Data Leak Is Treasure Trove for Iran Intel. It Can Jeopardize Mossad and Special Ops, Times of Israel, 17 February 2020: Opinion polls predict continued deadlock after upcoming elections, Haaretz, 17 February 2020: Gantz’s Kahol Lavan Widening Lead Over Netanyahu’s Likud, Election Poll Shows, Haaretz, 18 February 2020: Netanyahu Corruption Trial to Begin March 17, Two Weeks After Israel Election, France24, 18 February 2020: Netanyahu must be present for start of corruption trial set for March 17, Justice Ministry says (the really interesting part about corruption in Israel is that not even the political opposition and the legislative branch has problems with it. Not only Benny Gantz, but even the Attorney General offers exemption in the event that Netanyahu resigns. Unbelievable), Times of Israel, 18 February 2020: Netanyahu corruption trial set to open on March 17, two weeks after election, Haaretz, 18 February 2020: Why Netanyahu’s Post-election Court Date Might Mean a Quicker Ouster, Palestine Chronicle, 18 February 2020: Netanyahu’s Trial to Begin on March 17, Two Weeks after Israeli Election, Jerusalem Post, 19 February 2020: High turnout for Israel early vote in Washington, Haaretz, 19 February 2020: Gantz Refuses Netanyahu’s Call for Televised Debate: ‘It’s One Big Spin’, Times of Israel, 19 February 2020: Gantz turns down Netanyahu debate challenge: ‘I don’t work for him’, The Washington Post, 20 February 2020: One group of Israelis is benefiting from the endless cycle of elections: Campaign advisers, Haaretz, 20 February 2020: The Difference Between Benny Gantz and Yitzhak Rabin, Al Jazeera, 22 February 2020: How will the US Middle East plan impact the Israeli election?, Jerusalem Post, 22 February 2020: Blue and White asks AG for another Netanyahu probe, Arab News, 24 February 2020: Israel on the cusp of a bleak new era, Haaretz, 24 February 2020: These 50,000 Israelis Can Send Netanyahu Packing, Jerusalem Post, 25 February 2020: Gantz warns Netanyahu becoming ‘Israeli Erdogan’, The Guardian, 25 February 2020: Netanyahu announces new settlements days before Israeli election, Times of Israel, 25 February 2020: Lapid: It’s either ‘Bibi and his liars’ or Gantz, who ‘everyone knows is honest’, Haaretz, 26 February 2020: Netanyahu’s Latest Election Spin Is a Point of No Return for Israeli Settlements, Palestine Chronicle, 26 February 2020: Beyond Israeli Elections: Israel at the Cusp of a Bleak Era, Times of Israel, 26 February 2020: Polls suggest momentum with Netanyahu, as campaigns turn nasty in final days, Haaretz, 26 February 2020: Netanyahu Associate Hired Intel Firm to Dig Up Dirt on Gantz, Palestine Chronicle, 26 February 2020: Sanders May Relocate US Embassy to Tel Aviv if Elected, Jerusalem Post, 26 February 2020: Lapid: ‘Israel won’t be a democracy if Netanyahu passes immunity law’, Times of Israel, 26 February 2020: Ex-Mossad chief says Likud app leaks as dangerous to Israel as coronavirus, Haaretz, 26 February 2020: Israel’s Top Diplomat Slams ‘Horrifying’ Sanders Comment Calling Netanyahu a ‘Reactionary Racist’, Jerusalem Post, 26 February 2020: Benny Gantz: We will never go back to ’67 lines, Times of Israel, 26 February 2020: Blue and White slashes left, right in home-stretch scramble to regain top spot, Jerusalem Post, 26 February 2020: Former PM Ehud Olmert: Liar Netanyahu’s career is over, Arab News, 26 February 2020: Israeli Jews who want peace should vote for Arab parties, Haaretz, 26 February 2020: Netanyahu Promised Hundreds of Billions in Gas Revenue. Real Figure Is a Tiny Fraction, Times of Israel, 26 February 2020: Palestinian Authority lashes Netanyahu’s vow to build in West Bank corridor, Arab News, 27 February 2020: Israeli challenger Gantz plays character card against Netanyahu, Haaretz, 27 February 2020: Bleeding Seats, Gantz Changes His Strategy Days Before Israeli Election, Times of Israel, 27 February 2020: Israel advances plans for nearly 1,800 new settlement homes days before election, The Guardian, 27 February 2020: Former Netanyahu maid seeks damages over first lady’s ‘rage’, Jerusalem Post, 27 February 2020: European ambassadors hold Jerusalem meeting with Israel over E1 fears, Haaretz, 27 February 2020: In anti-Netanyahu Stronghold, There Are Only Two Choices in This Israeli Election, Jerusalem Post, 27 February 2020: State to indict two more top defense officials in Case 3000, Israel Hayom, 27 February 2020: PM: If I pushed a leftist agenda, everyone would support me (wishful thinking. A criminal is a criminal is a criminal. That’s why he lost and is still losing (international) support), Times of Israel, 27 February 2020: Israelis happy with democracy, but support for democratic rights is low – poll, Jerusalem Post, 27 February 2020: Poll finds 30% of Israelis expect fourth election, USA Today, 27 February 2020: ‘Truly shameful’: Pro-Israel AIPAC slams Sanders after he says conference is platform for ‘bigotry’ (Haaretz, 28 February 2020: Bibi Killed AIPAC Long Before Bernie Came Along), Times of Israel, 27 February 2020: Police transcript tells of $24,000 Netanyahu dinner, covered by billionaire, The Washington Post, 28 February 2020: Israel will try again to vote in a government — this time with coronavirus fears in the mix, Times of Israel, 28 February 2020: PM’s son in legal quarrel after tweet leads followers to harass young woman, Times of Israel, 28 February 2020: Reports: PM working to discredit, possibly dismiss Mandelblit after election, Palestine Chronicle, 28 February 2020: Former Israeli General: ‘Netanyahu Led Israel into Total Chaos’, Times of Israel, 28 February 2020: Former Mossad, Shin Bet heads call Netanyahu ‘a danger’ who puts country at risk, Haaretz, 29 February 2020: Netanyahu Is Trying to Dig Up Dirt on the Attorney General Who Indicted Him, France24, 29 February 2020: Netanyahu, Gantz neck and neck as campaign reaches climax, Haaretz, 29 February 2020: Two Days to Election: Will Netanyahu’s Sordid Campaign of Sex, Lies and Sham Videos Carry the Day?, Times of Israel, 29 February 2020: Netanyahu saw Trump plan as asset, but now polls show surge of angry Arab voters, Jerusalem Post, 29 February 2020: Liberman: Netanyahu told Jordan he wouldn’t annex Jordan Valley, Haaretz, 29 February 2020: Finally, Somebody Dares to Hit Back at AIPAC, The Guardian, 1 March 2020: Israel in limbo as weary voters go to polls for third time in year, The National, 1 March 2020: Amid polling fatigue, can Arab list make gains in third vote?, Politico.com, 1 March 2020: Sanders defends attacks on Israel’s Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 1 March 2020: Gantz tells AIPAC he won’t let Israel ‘become a partisan issue’ in US, The National, 1 March 2020: Race increasingly desperate as voters go to polls, The New York Times, 1 March 2020: Israel, ‘Start-up Nation,’ Groans Under Strains of Growth and Neglect, Al Jazeera, 1 March 2020: Israel’s Palestinian citizens: We’ll vote because we’re targeted, The National, 1 March 2020: Netanyahu: West Bank to be annexed ‘within weeks’ of re-election, Israel Hayom, 1 March 2020: Israel’s 3rd election in less than a year to cost billions to economy, Haaretz, 1 March 2020: Israel Election Updates: Gantz Warns ‘Mafia’ Will Stay if Netanyahu Wins, Times of Israel, 1 March 2020: Yair Netanyahu ordered to pay $81,000 to journalist in libel suit, Times of Israel, 1 March 2020: Sanders: I am pro-Israel and pro-Palestinian; I want to bring people together (first of all, it’s no secret, not even in Israel, that Netanyahu is a racist (Haaretz, 4 March 2020: Netanyahu Declares Victory Among ‘Zionists’ Because ‘Arabs Not Part of the Equation’). That’s one reason why people voting for him. During the Obama era, he started to turn AIPAC into a partisan event, to make sure that he will get unconditional support from a completely uncritical crowd for his weird policies – what he has achieved. The reactions on Sander’s statements are showing just that. Danon’s and Katz’S comments aren’t that clever, as they might fire back soon. Should Sanders become elected president, their political boats will sink within minutes), Jerusalem Post, 1 March 2020: Politicians spew hatred, but people want peace and love, Times of Israel, 1 March 2020: AIPAC conference opens with appeals for bipartisanship, broadsides at Sanders, NPR, 1 March 2020: Israel’s ‘Groundhog Day’: Hold Elections. Call Another Vote. Repeat, France24, 2 March 2020: Israelis head to the polls for the third time this year, CNN, 2 March 2020: Israel is voting on Monday. Here’s what you need to know, The Guardian, 2 March 2020: Israel election: round three under way as voters head to the polls, The Washington Post, 2 March 2020: Secret recordings roil Israeli election on final weekend of campaigning, The New York Times, 2 March 2020: The Israel Election (Round 3): Here’s What You Need to Know, Al Jazeera, 2 March 2020: US and Israel vote: Two ‘racist’ incumbents and two proud Jews, Times of Israel, 2 March 2020: Netanyahu slams Bernie Sanders’ AIPAC ‘bigots’ jab as ‘libelous’, Haaretz, 2 March 2020: Israel Election: Netanyahu’s Dream of 61 Seats Spells Certain Danger for Rule of Law, Arab News, 2 March 2020: Israel exit polls give Benjamin Netanyahu edge, but short of parliamentary majority, Al Jazeera, 2 March 2020: Exit polls show Netanyahu holds edge over rival, The National, 2 March 2020: Israel elections: exit polls Netanyahu victory but short of majority, Al Arabiya, 2 March 2020: Israeli exit polls show Netanyahu leads Gantz, Haaretz, 2 March 2020: Israel Election Results: Netanyahu Hails ‘Great Victory’ as Exit Polls Show Him Surging Past Gantz, Times of Israel, 2 March 2020: Netanyahu claims victory as exit polls predict 60 seats for the right, Jerusalem Post, 2 March 2020: Win or lose, Netanyahu’s trial is still March 17 – analysis, Times of Israel, 2 March 2020: Exit poll puts Netanyahu ahead but short of majority, France24, 2 March 2020: Netanyahu claims victory in Israeli election on exit poll gains (the official result is expected to be available on Thursday, 5 March 2020. If the result confirms the exit polls, a fourth election can probably be expected. Gantz understandably rules out a coalition with Netanyahu and thus the “tie” goes into the next round), Times of Israel, 3 March 2020: Gantz tells faithful to wait for final results after exit polls show Likud gains, BBC, 3 March 2020: Netanyahu claims victory after exit polls show narrow lead (should the Likud gain 61 seats, that would be the end of the Israeli attempts at democracy and the transformation into a multi-class democracy / illiberal democracy / theocracy (which it is already in part when looking at the rather simple-minded attempts to justify the annexations of the Syrian Golan Heights, the Palestinian East Jerusalem and large parts of the West Bank) / autocracy (white Jews, colored Jews, everyone else – each with graded rights). The neighboring countries would let it cheer, because from then on they could claim to have operated “democracies based on the Israeli example” for decades. That, in turn, should either lead to a noticeable downgrade of Israel in the democracy index or noticeable upgrades of the neighboring countries. Whatever the outcome will look like, it can already be said that voters of Likud and its even more right-wing and/or more religious coalition partners are slipping even more to the far right and a steadily growing number of voters are becoming indifferent to democratic values as long as their own interests, benefits and income from dubious sources remain fully secured and untouched. They have this in common with other right-wing (religious) nationalists / right-wing (religious) extremists around the world, as well as the unconditional support for their (serious) criminal leaders / prime ministers / presidents), Times of Israel, 3 March 2020: Analysis: If Gantz wants to win an election, he needs to learn to talk the talk, The Guardian, 3 March 2020: How Netanyahu got his electoral swagger back amid corruption cases, CNN, 3 March 2020: Israel’s Netanyahu on course to win most seats, but may be short of majority, The Washington Post, 3 March 2020: With most votes counted, Netanyahu’s surprise showing gives him edge in Israeli election, Haaretz, 3 March 2020: ‘It’s a Never-ending Nightmare’: Israelis in N.Y. Feel Defeated After Israel’s Election, Times of Israel, 3 March 2020: Rivlin likely to task Netanyahu with forming government on first day of trial, Palestine Chronicle, 3 March 2020: Arab Coalition in Israel May Claim Largest Election Win Yet, Haaretz, 4 March 2020: ‘An Earthquake’: How Israel’s Arabs Achieved Their Historic Election Win, BBC, 4 March 2020: Netanyahu seeks defectors after failing to secure majority, Haaretz, 4 March 2020: Netanyahu Knew His Lawyer Hired Intel Firm to Spy on Gantz, Document Proves, Times of Israel, 4 March 2020: Netanyahu claims Gantz ‘trying to steal vote’ with bill to block him from power, The Guardian, 4 March 2020: Israel’s Arab parties make historic gains as election support surges, Al Jazeera, 4 March 2020: Benjamin Netanyahu short of majority after Israel’s election, Haaretz, 4 March 2020: Netanyahu Declares Victory Among ‘Zionists’ Because ‘Arabs Not Part of the Equation’, Times of Israel, 4 March 2020: With 99% of votes counted, right-wing bloc slips to 58 seats, 3 shy of majority, Haaretz, 4 March 2020: Netanyahu Has Now Provided Us With Israel’s Watergate, Jerusalem Post, 4 March 2020: Encountering Peace: The real danger of another Netanyahu government, The New York Times, 4 March 2020: Deadlocked in 3 Elections, Israel Seeks Ways to Avert a 4th, Times of Israel, 5 March 2020: Final election results delayed due to ‘extra checks’ in some 20 polling stations, Times of Israel, 5 March 2020: Israel’s fragile Jewish-Arab fabric the big loser in election nobody has yet won, Haaretz, 5 March 2020: Israel Election Results: With One Stroke of the Pen, Netanyahu Writes Off Half a Million Israelis, Times of Israel, 5 March 2020: Final results show Likud with 36 seats, Netanyahu bloc short of majority with 58, Haaretz, 7 March 2020: Israel Election Results: More Than Just Netanyahu vs. Gantz – This Is the New Political Landscape, Haaretz, 7 March 2020: Israel Election Board Rejects Attempts by Netanyahu’s Party to ‘Undermine Its Integrity’, Times of Israel, 7 March 2020: Israeli democracy is no longer a given – but there’s hope, Haaretz, 7 March 2020: Netanyahu’s Worldview? All Means Sanctify the Pursuit of Power, Jerusalem Post, 7 March 2020: All Israelis who attended AIPAC must enter quarantine – Health Ministry, DW, 7 March 2020: Netanyahu ‘not going anywhere’ as rival vows to form govt, Times of Israel, 7 March 2020: Gantz: Again and again, Israelis have ruled the Netanyahu era is over, Jerusalem Post, 8 March 2020: Netanyahu asks court to postpone opening of trial, Al Jazeera, 8 March 2020: Security upped for Israel election challenger Gantz after threats, Haaretz, 8 March 2020: Israel Election Results: Netanyahu Is Playing a Numbers Game, but He’s Closer Than Ever to His Ouster, Jerusalem Post, 8 March 2020: Politically tripping over itself, Israel can’t move on Trump plan, Times of Israel, 8 March 2020: Liberman sets out secularist conditions for joining coalition; Gantz agrees, Haaretz, 8 March 2020: Ex-Shin Bet Head Says Agency Should Provide Gantz Protection Due to Incitement, Jerusalem Post, 8 March 2020: More Israelis want Netanyahu out of office than in, Haaretz, 9 March 2020: More Elections or a never-Netanyahu Coalition? Seven Scenarios for the Next Israeli Government, Al Jazeera, 9 March 2020: Benjamin Netanyahu’s rivals eye new government, Haaretz, 9 March 2020: Gantz Speaks to Joint List, Says Will Form Gov’t to Serve Jews and Arabs, Haaretz, 10 March 2020: Shin Bet Security Service to Take Over Gantz Protection Amid Violent Threats, Al Jazeera, 10 March 2020: Ex-Shin Bet Chief Predicts Israel’s Future: Either Bad, or Very Bad, Haaretz, 11 March 2020: The Israeli Center Is Making Peace With the Country’s Arabs. But They Haven’t Made History Yet, Arab News, 11 March 2020: Arabs can dream of one day forming Israel’s government, Haaretz, 12 March 2020: Gantz’s Party Changes Course as Efforts to Form a Minority Government Face Hurdles, Jerusalem Post, 12 March 2020: In a first for Israel, a sitting prime minister goes on trial, Times of Israel, 13 March 2020: Gantz: Unity government needed now, I’m waiting for Netanyahu to okay talks, Haaretz, 13 March 2020: Netanyahu Says ‘No Terror Supporters’ in Gov’t After Gantz Calls for Unity With ‘All Parts of House’, Haaretz, 13 March 2020: Sowing Fear Amid the Coronavirus Outbreak, Netanyahu Is in His Element, Haaretz, 15 March 2020: Netanyahu Trial Postponed as Justice Minister Freezes Courts Over Coronavirus Emergency, Jerusalem Post, 15 March 2020: Joint List endorses Gantz to form government, Times of Israel, 15 March 2020: Netanyahu’s trial delayed by over 2 months as court activity limited over virus, France24, 15 March 2020: Israel postpones Netanyahu graft trial over virus, Haaretz, 15 March 2020: Arab Alliance Backs Gantz for PM as Netanyahu’s Unity Offer Rejected, Jerusalem Post, 15 March 2020: Blue and White: Netanyahu trying to trick us with call for unity government, France24, 15 March 2020: Netanyahu challenger Gantz chosen to form Israel’s new government, The Guardian, 15 March 2020: Israel’s opposition head Benny Gantz wins support to form government, Haaretz, 15 March 2020: Benny Gantz to Get First Chance at Forming Government After Receiving Thin Majority, Times of Israel, 15 March 2020: Rivlin to task Gantz with forming government after he receives 61 endorsements, NPR, 15 March 2020: Gantz Chosen To Form Government, Netanyahu Argues To Stay PM Over Coronavirus Effects, CNN, 16 March 2020: Amid coronavirus fears, Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu sees an opening, Times of Israel, 16 March 2020: Gantz calls Arab party leader, says he will form government ‘for all citizens’, Israel Hayom, 17 March 2020: A black swan event for the 21st century (just another try to white-wash authoritarianism), The National, 17 March 2020: Gantz has a historic opportunity, Haaretz, 17 March 2020: Netanyahu Exploits Coronavirus Fears to Consolidate Authoritarian Hold on Power, Times of Israel, 18 March 2020: Israeli president to speaker, a Likud MK: Reopen Knesset, don’t damage democracy, Haaretz, 18 March 2020: Speaker Adjourns Parliament, Israeli President Warns Him Against ‘Undermining Democracy’, Arab News, 18 March 2020: Netanyahu’s defeat a mortal blow for the Trump peace plan, Jerusalem Post, 18 March 2020: Likud politicians file Knesset bill to annex West Bank settlements now, Times of Israel, 18 March 2020: Blue and White’s Lapid: Virus response shows Israel ‘no longer a democracy’, Haaretz, 18 March 2020: Netanyahu’s Coronavirus Coup: Israelis’ Basic Rights Are Now on Life Support, France24, 18 March 2020: Ehud Olmert tells FRANCE 24: ‘Benjamin Netanyahu has to go home’, The Washington Post, 18 March 2020: Efforts to revive Israel’s parliament stumble amid virus outbreak, Haaretz, 19 March 2020: For the First Time Ever, Israeli Democracy Has Been Shut Down, Times of Israel, 19 March 2020: Why Israel’s politicians shuttered the Knesset just when Israelis needed it most, Haaretz, 19 March 2020: Coronavirus in the West Bank: We Palestinians Have Plenty of Experience Surviving Curfews and Lockdowns, Times of Israel, 19 March 2020: Blue and White petitions High Court against Edelstein’s closure of Knesset, Haaretz, 19 March 2020: Netanyahu tells Israelis: Now it’s an order — you must stay at home, Times of Israel, 19 March 2020: Demonstrators protest Knesset closure, fly black flags over threats to democracy, Haaretz, 19 March 2020: Gantz Eyes Unity With Netanyahu First as PM, Even at Price of Breaking Up Kahol Lavan, Times of Israel, 19 March 2020: High Court says virus mass surveillance can’t continue without Knesset oversight, Haaretz, 19 March 2020: Yuval Noah Harari Warns Against ‘Coronavirus Dictatorship’ in Israel – Netanyahu’s Son Calls Him ‘Stupid’, Times of Israel, 20 March 2020: Coronavirus or democracy? Which crisis should Israelis be more worried about?, Haaretz, 20 March 2020: How to Stop Netanyahu From Destroying What’s Left of Israel’s Democracy, Times of Israel, 20 March 2020: Expert decries Knesset lockout as troubling abuse of power, Haaretz, 20 March 2020: Israel’s Coronavirus Crisis Exposed a Starved Health System on the Verge of Collapse, Haaretz, 20 March 2020: Netanyahu, Likud Ministers Sought Israeli Parliament Closure Under New Coronavirus Regulations, Jerusalem Post, 21 March 2020: Former Shin-Bet chief: 4th election better than more Bibi, Times of Israel, 21 March 2020: Blue and White vows to push on with replacing Edelstein despite PM’s threat, Arab News, 21 March 2020: How Israel can fight both the virus and Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 21 March 2020: Former general to Likud: Is Netanyahu worth the end of democracy?, Haaretz, 22 March 2020: Netanyahu’s Extortion-by-coronavirus Is by Far His Most Shameful and Least Forgivable Offense, Haaretz, 23 March 2020: Israel’s Mass Coronavirus Layoffs Leaving Tens of Thousands Without Jobless Benefits, Times of Israel, 25 March 2020: Tel Aviv Stock Exchange jumps on hopes of aid; unemployment keeps skyrocketing, Haaretz, 24 March 2020: Gantz Backs Off of Unity With Netanyahu, Eyes Control of Parliament Instead (thanks to the weak, incompetent and corrupt Netanyahu government, the unemployment rate in Israel rose from 4.x% to just under 16% within a month. Anyone who has wrongly assumed that Netanyahu is in any way good for the country, which he is definitely not, is now faced with further, certainly painful truths. Instead of massively expanding illegal Israeli settlements in Palestine and Syria, the state should have better spent a lot of money in the economic, social and health systems and above all in the democratization of the country. That should now become clear even to the last), Times of Israel, 25 March 2020: Edelstein must heed court ruling. The alternative is the end of the rule of law, Haaretz, 24 March 2020: Top Likud Ministers Change Tune on High Court Ruling, Back Vote on Knesset Speaker, Jerusalem Post, 24 March 2020: A quarter of coronavirus infections from synagogues, Health Ministry says, Times of Israel, 24 March 2020: Synagogues top coronavirus hotspot list, epidemiological report finds, Jerusalem Post, 25 March 2020: ‘1 mil. Israelis with coronavirus is conservative,’ disease expert says, Haaretz, 24 March 2020: Forget Coronavirus. In Israel, the Democracy Virus Will Be Defeated, Times of Israel, 25 March 2020: Rapping Edelstein, Rivlin says ‘unthinkable’ for lawmaker to ignore court order, Jerusalem Post, 25 March 2020: Edelstein undermined Israel’s rule of law – comment, Haaretz, 25 March 2020: Knesset Mutiny, Produced and Directed by Netanyahu, Will Live in Infamy, Times of Israel, 25 March 2020: In bombshell, Yuli Edelstein resigns to avoid calling vote on new speaker, Jerusalem Post, 25 March 2020: Is Edelstein a freedom fighter on the wrong side of democracy?, Times of Israel, 25 March 2020: Defying judges, Knesset speaker has plunged Israel into constitutional anarchy, Haaretz, 26 March 2020: Opinion Does Netanyahu Really Believe in Democracy? Global Freedom Experts Aren’t Sure, France24, 26 March 2020: Netanyahu rival Gantz elected speaker of Israeli parliament in shock move (a ex-military leader, whose basic promise is to avert damage to the country, is now preventing exactly this. Not a good omen. Even five new elections would have been better), Haaretz, 26 March 2020: Gantz, Exhausted, Has Given in to Netanyahu’s Relentless Campaigning, CNN, 26 March 2020: In apparent victory for Netanyahu, rival Gantz drops allies, moves towards unity, The Guardian, 26 March 2020: Benny Gantz elected Israeli speaker, signalling deal with Netanyahu, Times of Israel, 26 March 2020: Lapid: I trusted Gantz, but he stole our votes and handed them to Netanyahu, Jerusalem Post, 26 March 2020: Gantz put Netanyahu’s career on a respirator because of coronavirus, Jerusalem Post, 28 March 2020: Joint List condemns Gantz’s actions, says he has no ‘political backbone’, Haaretz, 28 March 2020: Gantz-Netanyahu Gov’t May Be Stable, but Will Struggle to Keep Election Promises, Jerusalem Post, 28 March 2020: Blue and White civil war set for Knesset on Sunday, Haaretz, 28 March 2020: Gantz to Push Law Allowing Netanyahu to Serve in Government Despite Trial, Times of Israel, 29 March 2020: Abandoning core vow, doesn’t Gantz risk harming the democracy he said he’d save?.

Right of return
Among the parties particularly controversial is the right of return for the Palestinian refugees, who lost their homes and their property in the wake of the founding of Israel and were not allowed to return. The Palestinians demand the right of return (supported by UN General Assembly resolution 194) for all former refugees (about 800,000) and Palestinians today counted as refugees (about 6 million, Palestinian claims 8.5 million). Israel denies this, referring to the Israeli Law of Return for Jews from all over the world (the Likud coalition has recently passed legal restrictions on this), as well as the Jews expelled from the Arab lands during Israel’s founding: a right of return for both Jews and Palestinians would lead to the dissolution of the state of Israel in its current conception as a Jewish dominated state (which would also apply to the counter-concept of Eretz Israel by Israeli settlers’ and other right-wing extremist, radical and nationalist terrorist organizations), a right of return or compensation for the Arab Jews is unthinkable. The Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, despite their affiliation to the Palestinian Territories, are still mostly counted as refugees by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and are in most cases stateless. The same applies to the Palestinians, who still live in refugee camps in Lebanon and Syria. Despite the difficult living conditions in the refugee camps and the areas occupied by Israel, there is a sustained increase in population, especially in the latter. From 1967 to 2002, the number of Palestinians in the areas increased from 450,000 to 3.3 million. The birth rate in the Gaza Strip has been among the highest in the world for years. About half of all inhabitants of the occupied territories and refugee camps are under 15 years old (Foreign Policy, 25 June 2018: Shadow Government: Kushner’s Peace Plan Is a Disaster Waiting to Happen, Foreign Policy, 3 August 2018: Trump and Israel Seek End to Refugee Status for Millions of Palestinians, Haaretz, 23 October 2018: Israeli Foreign Ministry Official: If Trump Delays Peace Plan, France Will Offer Alternative, The Guardian, 1 January 2019: Why Trump’s Middle East peace plan is just a sideshow and Times of Israel, 7 January 2019: Justice ministry rejects Netanyahu’s criticism of corruption probes, Times of Israel, 7 January 2019: Justice ministry rejects Netanyahu’s criticism of corruption probes, Times of Israel, 28 February 2019: High Court rejects Likud petition to prevent AG announcing Netanyahu indictment, France24, 28 February 2019: Israeli Justice Ministry confirms intention to indict Netanyahu, The New York Times, 28 February 2019: Prosecutor Moves to Indict Netanyahu on Corruption Charges, Times of Israel: Netanyahu criminal investigations – full coverage (which is why he is no longer referred to as “Prime Minister” but as “Crime Minister” in Israel), The New York Times, 28 February 2019: Trump Ordered Officials to Give Jared Kushner a Security Clearance (The Washington Post, 1 April 2019: White House whistleblower says 25 security clearance denials were reversed during Trump administration), The Washington Post, 20 March 2019: Under investigation and up for reelection, Netanyahu’s kinship with Trump has never been clearer, Haaretz, 20 March 2019: Pocket Money, Loans and Millions for Legal Advice: Has Netanyahu’s Wallet Finally Been Found?, Times of Israel vom 20.03.2019: State prosecutors said mulling criminal probe of Netanyahu in submarine case and Jerusalem Post, 22 March 2019: Trumpet recruits Netanyoohoo as 2020 running mate in US elex).

Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories
The third issue is the persistence of Israeli settlements established by Israel since 1967 in the occupied territories, where over 600,000 Israeli Jews live today and have skyrocketed in recent years. These settlements are internationally regarded as contrary to international law, whereby the military occupation as such is legitimate, since there is no peace agreement between the parties to date. The colonization of foreign territory violates international law (Geneva Conventions). The West Bank was divided into three zones (A: 18%, B: 20% and C: 62% of the territory behind the Green Line) as a result of the 1995 Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, in which the Palestinian Authority and the Israeli military each have different powers. Jewish settlers established numerous Israeli settlements after the occupation especially in the C area, for which Palestinian land was partially confiscated. Thus, in the C area of today, there were about 1,200 Jewish-Israeli settlers in 1972, 110,000 in 1993 and 310,000 in 2010, which were settled in 124 settlements and about 100 outposts by the Israeli settlement policy. About 150,000 Palestinians live in the C areas. Israel controls the entire infrastructure and suppresses Palestinian development. This settlement policy is vehemently criticized by the Palestinians and the international community. The Israelis’ hope that the dissolution of various settlement areas, such as the complete eviction of Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip in 2005, would decisively advance the peace process (land for peace), was not fulfilled. The Gaza Strip became the center of power for Islamist Hamas, much as the Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon in the late 1980s did not bring peace, but the strengthening of the radical Islamic Hizbullah, which justified its fight against Israel with an internationally unacknowledged agreement between Syria and Lebanon over unsuccessful land transfer (Shebaa farms). At the end of January 2009, the Israeli daily Haaretz published a secret settlement database, which was held back by Defense Minister Ehud Barak because of its political explosiveness. The database shows that 75% of all settlements in the West Bank have been built to a significant extent without authorization or even against Israeli law. In more than 30 settlements, buildings and infrastructure (roads, schools, synagogues, yeshivas and police stations) were built on private property of Palestinians. Many different sources speak of “occupied Palestinian territories” when they refer to Palestine or parts of it. An interesting, ground-breaking and at the same time surprising turn experienced the problem on 23 December 2016 under the UN Resolution 2334, which declared all Israeli settlements (East Jerusalem, West Bank and Golan Heights – The Guardian, 23 December 2016: US abstention allows UN to demand end to Israeli settlements, The Guardian, 24 December 2016: Israel rejects ‘shameful’ UN resolution amid criticism of Netanyahu, The New York Times, 24 December 2016: Netanyahu Promises Retribution for ‘Biased’ U.N. Resolution, Foreign Policy Journal, 28 December 2016: The Significance of UN Resolution 2334 on Israeli Settlements, Times of Israel: UN Security Council Resolution 2334, Jerusalem Post: UN Security Council Resolution 2334, The Guardian, 16 November 2018: US to oppose UN motion condemning Israeli control of Golan Heights, The Washington Post, 16 November 2018: Syrian and Israeli diplomats clash at U.N. over Golan Heights, Reuters, 16 November 2018: U.S. opposes U.N. Golan resolution, wins Israeli praise and The Guardian, 30 December