Medieval city of Orléans on the Loire

Monday, 29 August 2011 - 03:01 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Architecture, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Jeanne d'Arc monument © Pc fish

Jeanne d’Arc monument © Pc fish

Orléans is a city in north-central France, about 130 kilometres (81 mi) southwest of Paris. It is the capital of the Loiret department and of the Centre region. Orléans is located on the Loire River where the river curves south towards the Massif Central. The city of New Orleans (still called in French La Nouvelle-Orléans), in the United States is named after the commune of Orléans.

Orléans is located in the northern bend of the Loire, which crosses from east to west. Orléans belongs to the vallée de la Loire sector between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes-sur-Loire, which was in 2000 inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The capital of Orléanais, 120 kilomètres south-south-west of Paris, it is bordered to the north by the Beauce region and the forêt d’Orléans, and the Orléans-la-Source neighbourhood and the Sologne region to the south.

The city was always a strategic point on the Loire, for it was sited at the river’s most northerly point, and thus its closest point to Paris. There were few bridges over the dangerous river Loire, and Orléans had one of them, and so became – with Rouen and Paris – one of medieval France’s three richest cities. On the south bank the “châtelet des Tourelles” protected access to the bridge. This was the site of the battle on 8 May 1429 which allowed Joan of Arc to enter and liberate the city from the Plantagenets during the Hundred Years’ War, with the help of the royal generals Dunois and Florent d’Amiot – lliers. The city’s inhabitants have continued to remain faithful and grateful to her to this day, calling her “la pucelle d’Orléans” (the maid of Orléans), offering her a middle-class house in the city, and contributing to her ransom when she was taken prisoner (though this ransom was sequestred by Charles VII and Joan was only 19 when she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431 in the city of Rouen).

Saint-Paterne church © Croquant Rue Royale © Croquant Rue de la Cholerie © Croquant Rue de la Cholerie © Croquant Pont de l'Europe © Nitot Place du Martroi © Croquant Place du Châtelet © Croquant Place du Châtelet © Croquant Place de la République © Croquant Place de la Loire © Croquant Mediatheque © Nicolas Guilmain Jeanne d'Arc House © Vermessen Hotel Groslot - Town Hall © Cancre Fountain on Place Sainte-Croix © Croquant Orléans Panorama © GIRAUD Patrick Orléans on the Loire river © Marc Liger Orléans Cathedral © Honge Jeanne d'Arc monument © Pc fish
<
>
Fountain on Place Sainte-Croix © Croquant
Once the Hundred Years’ War was over, the city recovered its former prosperity. The bridge brought in tolls and taxes, as did the merchants passing through the city. King Louis XI also greatly contributed to its prosperity, revitalising agriculture in the surrounding area (particularly the exceptionally fertile land around Beauce) and relaunching saffron farming at Pithiviers. Later, during the Renaissance, the city benefited from it becoming fashionable for rich châtelains to travel along the val-de-Loire (a fashion begun by the king himself, whose royal domains included the nearby Chambord, Amboise, Blois, and Chenonceau).

When France colonised America, the territory it conquered was immense, including the whole Mississippi River (whose first European name was the River Colbert), from its mouth to its source at the borders of Canada. Its capital was named “la Nouvelle-Orléans” in honour of Louis XV’s regent, the duke of Orléans, and was settled with 8000 French and Cajun inhabitants against the threat from British troops to the north-east. The Dukes of Orléans hardly ever visited their city since, as brothers or cousins of the king, they took such a major role in court life that they could hardly ever leave. Officially their castle was that at Blois. The duchy of Orléans was the largest of the French duchies, starting at Arpajon, continuing to Chartres, Vendôme, Blois, Vierzon, and Montargis. The duke’s son bore the title duke of Chartres. Inheritances from great families and marriage alliances allowed them to accumulate huge wealth, and one of them – Philippe Égalité is sometimes said to have been the richest man in the world at the time. His son, Louis-Philippe I, inherited the Penthièvre and Condé family fortunes.

Read more on City of Orléans, Orléans Tourism, Orléans University, Wikitravel Orléans and Wikipedia Orléans. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Portage la Prairie in Manitoba

Portage la Prairie in Manitoba

[caption id="attachment_229912" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Municipal Building National Historic Site © Amqui/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Portage la Prairie is a small city in the Central Plains Region of Manitoba, Canada. As of 2016, the population was 13,304 and the land area of the city was 24.68 square kilometres (9.53 sq mi). Portage la Prairie is approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) west of Winnipeg, along the Trans-Canada Highway (exactly halfway between the provincial boundaries of Saskatchewan and Ontari...

[ read more ]

The sail training ship Sagres III

The sail training ship Sagres III

[caption id="attachment_150648" align="aligncenter" width="408"] N.R.P. Sagres on Tejo© Lopo Pizarro - www.lopo.pt/cc-by-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The NRP Sagres is a tall ship and sail training ship of the Portuguese Navy since 1961. As the third ship with this name of the historical important city of ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Venice - Bridge of Sighs

Theme Week Venice - Bridge of Sighs

[caption id="attachment_206303" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Didier Descouens/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Bridge of Sighs is a bridge in Venice, Italy. The enclosed bridge is made of white limestone, has windows with stone bars, passes over the Rio di Palazzo, and connects the New Prison (Prigioni Nuove) to the interrogation rooms in the Doge's Palace. It was designed by Antonio Contino, whose uncle Antonio da Ponte designed the Rialto Bridge, and it was built in 1600. The view from the Bridge of Si...

[ read more ]

Theater des Westens in Berlin

Theater des Westens in Berlin

[caption id="attachment_240457" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Sergey Galyonkin/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Theater des Westens (Theatre of the West) is one of the most famous theatres for musicals and operettas in Berlin, Germany, located at Kantstraße 10–12 in Charlottenburg. It was founded in 1895 for plays. The present house was opened in 1896 and dedicated to opera and operetta. Enrico Caruso made his debut in Berlin here, and the Ballets Russes appeared with Anna Pavlova. In the 1930s it...

[ read more ]

50th anniversary of the Élysée Treaty

50th anniversary of the Élysée Treaty

[caption id="attachment_7054" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sculpture of Konrad Adenauer and Charles de Gaulle by Chantal de la Chauvinière-Riant outside the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, Berlin © Adam Carr[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Élysée Treaty also known as the Treaty of Friendship, was concluded by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer in the Élysée Palace on January 22 1963. It set the seal on reconciliation between the two countries. With it, Germany and France established a new foundation for relations that ended cen...

[ read more ]

Jumeirah in Dubai

Jumeirah in Dubai

[caption id="attachment_238466" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Jumeirah Archaeological Site © Sahil.latheef/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jumeirah is a coastal residential area of Dubai, United Arab Emirates mainly comprising low rise private dwellings and hotel developments. It has both expensive and large detached properties as well as more modest town houses built in a variety of architectural styles. The area is popular with expatriates working in the emirate and is familiar to many tourists visiting Dubai. ...

[ read more ]

The AMG Black Series 50 Marauder runs over 190 km/h

The AMG Black Series 50 Marauder runs over 190 km/h

[caption id="attachment_153827" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © auto-news.de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Mercedes-AMG and Cigarette Racing took their alliance to a new level with the debut of the “Black Series” 50′ Marauder Cigarette boat, inspired by the C63 AMG Black Series. While each brand’s products always exemplify the ultimate in performance and luxury, the Mercedes-Benz C63 AMG Black Series and Marauder represent the next level in excellence. Arriving in U.S. dealerships this April, the C63 AMG Black...

[ read more ]

The North Sea city of Wilhelmshaven

The North Sea city of Wilhelmshaven

[caption id="attachment_160627" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Welcome to Wilhelmshaven © Uwe Karwath[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Wilhelmshaven is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the western side of the Jade Bight, a bay of the North Sea. The Siebethsburg castle, built before 1383, was occupied by pirates and destroyed in 1433 by the Hanseatic League. Four centuries later, the Kingdom of Prussia planned a fleet and a harbour on the North Sea. In 1853, Prince Adalbert of Prussia arranged the Ja...

[ read more ]

Spa in the Ardennes

Spa in the Ardennes

[caption id="attachment_160781" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Jean-Pol GRANDMONT/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Spa is a municipality of Belgium. It lies in the country's Walloon Region and Province of Liège. It is situated in a valley in the Ardennes mountain chain, some 35 km (22 mi) southeast of Liège, and 45 km (28 mi) southwest of Aachen. Spa has a total population of 10,600. As the famed site of healing cold springs, Spa has been frequented as a watering-place since as early as the 14th century. Though...

[ read more ]

Gay & Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands

Gay & Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands

[caption id="attachment_151634" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands stamps © John[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands is a micronation established as a symbolic political protest by a group of gay rights activists based in Australia. Declared in 2004 in response to the Australian government's refusal to recognise same-sex marriages, it was founded on Australia's external overseas Territory of the Coral Sea Islands, a group of uninhabited is...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© arkvannoach.com
Noah’s Ark with plastic animals

In 2008 Johan Huibers decided to realize his dream, which he had in 1992, and built Noah's Ark real size....

Pillnitz Castle - Hillside Palais (Bergpalais) © Martin Röll
Pillnitz Palace and Park on the Elbe

Pillnitz is a city quarter in the east of Dresden, Germany. The best known sight of this quarter is the...

Bering Strait map © worldarchitecturenews.com
The Bering Strait tunnel linking Asia and North America

London to New York rail journey on horizon It was first mooted as long ago 1905 by Tsar Nicholas 11,...

Close