Mauritius in the Indian Ocean

Monday, 30 December 2013 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Trou-aux-Biches beach © flickr.com - Romeodesign/cc-by-3.0

Trou-aux-Biches beach © flickr.com – Romeodesign/cc-by-3.0

Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius (French: République de Maurice) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, 560 kilometres (350 mi) east of the principal island, the islands of Agalega and Saint Brandon. Mauritius claim sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago situated 1,287 kilometres (800 mi) to the north east, the United Kingdom excised the archipelago from it territory prior to Mauritius independence and gradually depopulate the island’s population. The islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues and Réunion 170 km (110 mi) form part of the Mascarene Islands. The area of the country is 2040 km2, its capital is Port Louis.

The first Portuguese explorers found no indigenous people living on the island in 1507. The Dutch settled on the island in 1598 and abandoned it in 1710. Five years later, the island became a French colony and was renamed Isle de France. The British took control of Mauritius in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars. The country remained under British rule until it became an independent Commonwealth realm on 12 March 1968 and a republic within the Commonwealth on 12 March 1992.

Sugarcane plantation © flickr.com - Asadbabil/cc-by-sa-3.0 Star Cinema © flickr.com - carrotmadman6/cc-by-2.0 Grand Port © flickr.com - carrotmadman6/cc-by-2.0 Port Louis © Peter Kuchar/cc-by-sa-3.0 Port Louis skyline © Thierry/cc-by-sa-3.0 Trou-aux-Biches beach © flickr.com - Romeodesign/cc-by-3.0
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Sugarcane plantation © flickr.com - Asadbabil/cc-by-sa-3.0
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculture-based economy to a middle-income diversified economy. The economy is based on tourism, textiles, sugar, and financial services. In recent years, information and communication technology, seafood, hospitality and property development, healthcare, renewable energy, and education and training have emerged as important sectors, attracting substantial investment from both local and foreign investors. Mauritius has no exploitable natural resources and therefore depends on imported petroleum products to meet most of its energy requirements. Local and renewable energy sources are biomass, hydro, solar and wind energy. Mauritius has one of the largest Exclusive Economic Zones in the world, in 2012 the government announced its intention to develop the Ocean Economy.

Mauritius is one of the world’s top luxury tourism destinations. It possesses a wide range of natural and man-made attractions, enjoys a tropical climate with clear warm sea waters, attractive beaches, tropical fauna and flora complemented by a multi-ethnic and cultural population that is friendly and welcoming. These tourism assets are its main strength, especially since they are backed up by well-designed and run hotels, and reliable and operational services and infrastructures. Mauritius received the World Leading island Destination award for the third time and World’s Best Beach at the World Travel Awards in January 2012.

Read more on Mauritius Tourismus, Wikitravel Mauritius and Wikimedia Mauritius. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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