Babi Yar

Saturday, 30 September 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Soviet POWs covering a mass grave after the Babi Yar massacre, October 1, 1941 © history.kby.kiev.ua - Johannes Hähle

Soviet POWs covering a mass grave after the Babi Yar massacre, October 1, 1941 © history.kby.kiev.ua – Johannes Hähle

Babi Yar or Babyn Yar is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kyiv and a site of massacres carried out by Nazi Germany‘s forces during its campaign against the Soviet Union in World War II. The first and best documented of the massacres took place on 29–30 September 1941, killing some 33,771 Jews. Other victims of massacres at the site included Soviet prisoners of war, communists and Romani people. It is estimated that a total of between 100,000 and 150,000 people were murdered at Babi Yar during the German occupation.

The decision to murder all the Jews in Kyiv was made by the military governor Generalmajor Kurt Eberhard, the Police Commander for Army Group South, SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln, and the Einsatzgruppe C Commander Otto Rasch. Sonderkommando 4a as the sub-unit of Einsatzgruppe C, along with the aid of the SD and Order Police battalions with the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police backed by the Wehrmacht, carried out the orders. Sonderkommando 4a and the 45th Battalion of the German Order Police conducted the shootings. Servicemen of the 303rd Battalion of the German Order Police at this time guarded the outer perimeter of the execution site.

Monument to children, who were shot in Babi Yar © Navigator334/cc-by-sa-4.0 Soviet POWs covering a mass grave after the Babi Yar massacre, October 1, 1941 © history.kby.kiev.ua - Johannes Hähle Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center, 2016 © flickr.com - TheLetterOneGroup/cc-by-sa-2.0 Babi Yar Memorial © Віктор Полянко/cc-by-sa-4.0 Babi Yar Memorial © Яна Курінна/cc-by-sa-4.0 Babi Yar Menorah © Olga Loboda 0806/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Soviet POWs covering a mass grave after the Babi Yar massacre, October 1, 1941 © history.kby.kiev.ua - Johannes Hähle
The massacre was the largest mass-murder by the Nazi regime during the campaign against the Soviet Union, and it has been called “the largest single massacre in the history of the Holocaust” to that particular date. It is only surpassed overall by the later October 1941 Odessa massacre of more than 50,000 Jews (committed by German and Romanian troops), and by Aktion Erntefest of November 1943 in occupied Poland with 42,000–43,000 victims.

The Babi Yar (Babyn Yar) ravine was first mentioned in historical accounts in 1401, in connection to the sale of it by “baba” (an old woman) who was also the cantiniere in the Dominican Monastery. The word “yar” is Turkic in origin and means “gully” or “ravine”. Over several centuries, the site was used for various purposes, including military camps and at least two cemeteries, including an Orthodox Christian cemetery and a Jewish cemetery. The latter was officially closed in 1937.

Read more on Wikipedia Babi Yar memorials, Wikipedia Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center, Wikipedia Battle of Kiev (1941) and Wikipedia Babi Yar (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Bahrain - Hawar Islands

Theme Week Bahrain - Hawar Islands

[caption id="attachment_164210" align="aligncenter" width="583"] Hawar Islands Resort © Rudolph Jouber/cc-by-sa-1.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Hawar Islands is an archipelago of desert islands owned by Bahrain, situated off the west coast of Qatar in the Gulf of Bahrain of the Persian Gulf. The islands used to be one of the settlements of the Bahraini branch of the Dawasir who settled there in the early 19th century. The islands were first surveyed in 1820, when they were called the Warden’s Islands, and two villages were ...

[ read more ]

Antilia, the world's priciest private residence

Antilia, the world's priciest private residence

[caption id="attachment_24510" align="aligncenter" width="447"] © bornrich.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Antilia is a 27-floor personal home in South Mumbai belonging to businessman Mukesh Ambani, chairman of Reliance Industries. A full-time staff of 600 maintains the residence, reportedly the most expensive home in the world. The building is named after the mythical Atlantic island of Antillia. Antillia, according to Aristotle, was a huge island in the Atlantic Ocean known to the Carthaginians.[gallery size="medium" gs...

[ read more ]

Sopron in Hungary

Sopron in Hungary

[caption id="attachment_151246" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Main square © Michael Kargl/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sopron is a city in Hungary on the Austrian border, near the Lake Neusiedl/Lake Fertő. Today, Sopron's economy immensely benefits from the European Union. Having been a city close to nowhere, that is, to the Iron Curtain, Sopron now has re-established full trade relations to nearby Austria. Furthermore, after being suppressed during the Cold War, Sopron's German-speaking culture and heritage are n...

[ read more ]

The island of Stromboli

The island of Stromboli

[caption id="attachment_151800" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Stromboli Island © Steven W. Dengler[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Stromboli is a small island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the north coast of Sicily, containing one of the three active volcanoes in Italy. It is one of the eight Aeolian Islands, a volcanic arc north of Sicily. This name is a corruption of the Ancient Greek name Strongulē which was given to it because of its round swelling form. The island's population is between 400 and 850. The volcano has erupted man...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Peru - Cajamarca, capital of Carneval

Theme Week Peru - Cajamarca, capital of Carneval

[caption id="attachment_219321" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Plaza de Armas © Catatine/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Cajamarca, also known by the Cajamarca Quechua name, Kashamarka, is the capital and largest city of the Cajamarca Region as well as an important cultural and commercial center in the northern Andes. It is located in the northern highlands of Peru at approximately 2,750 m (8,900 ft) above sea level in the valley of the Mashcon river. Cajamarca had an estimated population of about 226,031 inhabitants i...

[ read more ]

Carpet Museum of Iran in Tehran

Carpet Museum of Iran in Tehran

[caption id="attachment_231038" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Very interesting. While a Persian carpet with the motif of an orgy can be admired in the museum, thousands of women are currently being abused, raped and/or killed outside the museum because they no longer want to wear a headscarf and stand up for women's and universal human rights. It is not against Islam, but against the repressive mullah regime, a completely legitimate request that is supported by millions of activists (especially exiled Iranians) around the world.Picture © Wojciech Kocot/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoic...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Moscow - The Lubyanka Building

Theme Week Moscow - The Lubyanka Building

[caption id="attachment_5861" align="aligncenter" width="590" caption="Lubyanka Building © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/GFDL"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Lubyanka is the popular name for the headquarters of the KGB and affiliated prison on Lubyanka Square in Moscow. It is a large Neo-Baroque building with a facade of yellow brick designed by Alexander V. Ivanov in 1897 and augmented by Aleksey Shchusev from 1940 to 1947. The Lubyanka was originally built in 1898 as the headquarters of the All-Russia Insurance Company....

[ read more ]

The MSC Meraviglia

The MSC Meraviglia

[caption id="attachment_220121" align="aligncenter" width="590"] at Grand Harbour in Malta © Estormiz[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]MSC Meraviglia is a cruise ship owned and operated by MSC Cruises, built at the Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyard in St. Nazaire, France, by STX France. MSC Meraviglia is the lead ship of MSC's new "Vista Project" vessels, the Meraviglia class, with MSC Bellissima following in 2019. Each vessel has a passenger capacity of 4,500. When it entered service in June 2017, it was the sixth largest cruise shi...

[ read more ]

Designer Outlets in Europe

Designer Outlets in Europe

[caption id="attachment_152773" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © lavalleevillage.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]A factory outlet mall (or outlet center) is a type of shopping mall, in which manufacturers sell their products directly to the public through their own branded stores. Outlet malls first appeared in the United States as a development of the traditional factory outlet: a store attached to a factory or warehouse. An outlet mall places several such outlets under one roof in a convenient location, usually an "ou...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Vatican City - Vatican Gardens

Theme Week Vatican City - Vatican Gardens

[caption id="attachment_191868" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Marek.69/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Gardens of Vatican City (Latin: Horti Civitatis Vaticanae), also informally known as the Vatican Gardens (Italian: Giardini Vaticani) in Vatican City, are private urban gardens and parks which cover more than half of the country, located in the west of the territory and owned by the Pope. There are some buildings, such as Radio Vatican and the Governor's Palace, within the gardens. The gardens cover approximate...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Plaza de la Mujer © panoramio.com - martin moran/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Patagonia – Neuquén

Neuquén is the capital city of the Argentine province of Neuquén and of the Confluencia Department, located in the east...

Küsnacht on Lake Zürich © Roland zh/cc-by-sa-3.0
Küsnacht on Lake Zurich

Küsnacht is a municipality on the Goldcoast of Lake Zurich in the district of Meilen in the canton of Zürich,...

Viedma sign © David/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Patagonia – Viedma

Viedma is the capital and fourth largest city of the Río Negro Province, in northern Patagonia, Argentina. The city has...

Close