Theme Week Marseille, France’s oldest and second largest city

Tuesday, 3 May 2011 - 04:13 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Architecture, French Riviera, European Union, General, European Capital of Culture, Theme Weeks
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Corniche - Petit Nice © Jddmano

Corniche – Petit Nice © Jddmano

Marseille, known in antiquity as Massalia, is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 852,395 within its administrative limits on a land area of 240.62 km2 (93 sq mi). The urban area of Marseille extends beyond the city limits with a population of over 1,420,000 on an area of 1,204 km2 (465 sq mi). 1,530,000 or 1,601,095 people live in the Marseille metropolitan area, ranking it third among French metro areas. Located on the southeast coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, Marseille is France’s largest commercial port and largest French city on the Mediterranean coast. Marseille is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region, as well as the capital of the Bouches-du-Rhône department. Its inhabitants are called Marseillais. Marseille enjoys a Mediterranean climate. The summer/holiday season lasts for six months, from May to October, although also in April sometimes there are temperatures above 20 °C (68.0 °F). Winters are mild, with average temperature 12 °C (54 °F) during the day and 4 °C (39 °F) at night in the period December–January–February.

Historically, the economy of Marseille was dominated by its role as a port of the French Empire, linking the North African colonies of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia with Metropolitan France. The Old Port was replaced as the main port for trade by the Port de la Joliette during the Second Empire and now contains restaurants, offices, bars and hotels and functions mostly as a private marina. The majority of the port and docks, which experienced decline in the 1970s after the oil crisis, have been recently redeveloped with funds from the European Union. Fishing, however, remains important in Marseille and the food economy of Marseille is still dominated by the local catch, and a daily fish market is still held on the Quai des Belges of the Old Port.

Opéra de Marseille © Philippe Alès/cc-by-sa-3.0 Notre Dame de la Garde © Benh LIEU SONG/cc-by-sa-3.0 Musée des Civilisations de l'Europe et de la Méditerranée (MuCEM) © flickr.com - Sébastien Bertrand/cc-by-2.0 Entrance to the Old Port, flanked by Fort Saint-Jean and Fort Saint-Nicolas © Chensiyuan/cc-by-sa-4.0 Château d'If © Philippe Alès/cc-by-sa-3.0 Chapel of la Vieille Charité © Vincent Abbey of St. Victor and the basilica of Notre Dame de la Garde © flickr.com - Maxim Massalitin/cc-by-sa-3.0 Marseille © Olivier Cleynen/cc-by-sa-4.0 Port of Marseille © Niels1974 Stade Vélodrome in Marseille © Hombrey/cc-by-sa-4.0 Corniche - Petit Nice © Jddmano Château d'If and Marseille waterfront © Wpopp/cc-by-sa-3.0 Château d'If © Philippe Alès/cc-by-sa-3.0 Château d'If and neighboring offshore islands, seen from Marseille © ChrisO/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Musée des Civilisations de l'Europe et de la Méditerranée (MuCEM) © flickr.com - Sébastien Bertrand/cc-by-2.0
Marseille is a major French centre for trade and industry, with excellent transportation infrastructure (roads, sea port and airport). Marseille Provence Airport, is the fourth largest in France. It is the main arrival base for millions of tourists each year and serves a growing business community. All three universities of Aix-Marseille—the University of Provence, the University of the Mediterranean and Paul Cézanne University—are represented to varying degrees in both Marseille and Aix-en-Provence, forming France’s second largest research centre with 3,000 research scientists. Marseille is listed as a major centre of art and history. The city has many museums and galleries and there are many ancient buildings and churches of historical interest. Most of the attractions of Marseille (including shopping areas) are located in the 1st, 2nd, 6th and 7th arrondissements.

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facepage pages/Twitter accounts. Read more on Stadt Marseille, Marseille Tourism, Wikivoyage Marseille, Wikitravel Marseille and Wikipedia Marseille. Learn more about the use of photos.




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