Mardin in Turkey

Tuesday, 28 February 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  3 minutes

© panoramio.com - Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0

© panoramio.com – Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0

Mardin is a city and seat of the Artuklu District of Mardin Province in Turkey. It is known for the Artuqid architecture of its old city, and for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River. The old town of the city is under the protection of UNESCO, which forbids new constructions to preserve its façade. The city had a population of 129,864 in 2021.

The city is located near the Syrian border and is the center of Mardin province. The old city is built mostly on the southern slope of a long hill topped by a rocky ridge. The slope descends towards the Mesopotamian plain. The top of the ridge is occupied by the city’s historic citadel. The newer parts of the city are located on lower ground to the northwest and in the surrounding area and feature modern amenities and institutions. Mardin Airport is located to the southwest, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the old town.

Monastery of Saint Ananias © Izabela Miszczak/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Nevit Dilmen/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - Ben Bender/cc-by-sa-3.0 Sultan Isa or Zincirye Medrese © R Prazeres/cc-by-sa-4.0 Mardin Post Office © Nevit Dilmen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Ancient Syrian Orthodox Church © Nevit Dilmen/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Monastery of Saint Ananias © Izabela Miszczak/cc-by-sa-4.0
Historically, Mardin produced sesame. Mardin province continues to produce agricultural products including sesame, barley, wheat, corn, cotton, and others. Angora goats are raised in the area and there is small industry that weaves cotton and wool. Agricultural enterprises are often family-based, varying in size. The city was also historically an important regional trading center on the routes between Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and northern Syria. Nowadays, trade with Syria and Iraq depends on political circumstances.

Houses in Mardin tend to have multiple levels and terraces to accommodate their sloping site, giving the old city its “stepped” appearance from afar. They are typically centered around an internal courtyard, similar to other houses in the region. Larger houses, as well as other public buildings, tend to have stone-carved decoration around their windows. The courtyard of larger houses is often on the lower level, while the upper levels “step back” from this courtyard, giving the house an appearance similar to “grand staircase” when seen from the courtyard.

Read more on Wikivoyage Mardin and Wikipedia Mardin (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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