Lübeck, the Queen of the Hanseatic League

Thursday, 2 June 2011 - 04:16 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Architecture, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Town Hall on Market Square © Mylius

Town Hall on Market Square © Mylius

The Hanseatic City of Lübeck is the second-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. It was for several centuries the “capital” of the Hanseatic League (“Queen of the Hanse”) and, because of its Brick Gothic architectural heritage, is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. In 2005 it had a population of 214,000.

Situated at the Trave River, Lübeck is the largest German port on the Baltic Sea. The old part of the town is an island enclosed by the Trave. The Elbe–Lübeck Canal connects the Trave with the Elbe River. Another important river near the town centre is the Wakenitz. Autobahn 1 connects Lübeck with Hamburg and Denmark (Vogelfluglinie). The borough Travemünde is a sea resort and ferry port at the coast of the Baltic Sea. Its central station links Lübeck with a number of lines, notably the line to Hamburg.

Much of the old town has kept a medieval look with old buildings and narrow streets. The town once could only be entered by passing one of four town gates, of which two remain today, the well-known Holstentor (1478) and the Burgtor (1444).

Rantzau Castle © Tic-hl St Aegidien Church tower © Arnold Paul Museum and gallery for German Nobel prize winner Günter Grass © MrsMyerDE Hospital of the Holy Spirit © Mylius Haus Niederegger -Marzipan © Metzner © Arnold Paul Lübeck Theatre © Arnold Paul Lübeck Panorama © ChristianBier Holsten Gate © Jorges Street view © Torstein Frogner Holsten Gate at night © Pudding4brains Buddenbrook House © Andreas Geick Breite Strasse between Fischergrube and Pfaffenstrasse © Andreas Geick St. Mary's Cathedral © Ahodges7 Town Hall on Market Square © Mylius
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Museum and gallery for German Nobel prize winner Günter Grass © MrsMyerDE
The old town centre is dominated by seven church steeples. The oldest ones are the Lübecker Dom (the city’s cathedral) and the Marienkirche (Saint Mary’s), both from the 13th and 14th centuries.

Lübeck was the scene of a notable art scandal in the 1950s. Lothar Malskat was hired to restore the medieval frescoes of cathedral of Marienkirche in Lübeck which were discovered in-wall after the cathedral had been badly damaged during World War II. Instead he painted new works which were passed off as restorations fooling many experts. The West German government printed 2 million postage stamps depicting the frescoes. Among Malskat’s additions were also wild turkeys, which were unknown in Europe during the Middle Ages. Some experts considered this as evidence for the early discovery of America by the Vikings. Malskat later exposed the deception himself. The incident plays a prominent role in Günter Grass’s novel The Rat.

Read more on City of Lübeck, Lübeck Tourism and Wikipedia Lübeck. Learn more about the use of photos. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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