London Charterhouse

Monday, 6 May 2024 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, London
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© KJP1/cc-by-sa-4.0

© KJP1/cc-by-sa-4.0

The London Charterhouse is a historic complex of buildings in Farringdon, London, dating back to the 14th century. It occupies land to the north of Charterhouse Square, and lies within the London Borough of Islington. It was originally built (and takes its name from) a Carthusian priory, founded in 1371 on the site of a Black Death burial ground. Following the priory’s dissolution in 1537, it was rebuilt from 1545 onwards to become one of the great courtyard houses of Tudor London. In 1611, the property was bought by Thomas Sutton, a businessman and “the wealthiest commoner in England”, who established a school for the young and an almshouse for the old. The almshouse remains in occupation today, while the school was re-located in 1872 to Godalming, Surrey.

Although substantial fragments survive from the monastic period, most of the standing buildings date from the Tudor era. Thus, today the complex “conveys a vivid impression of the type of large rambling 16th-century mansion that once existed all round London”.

The Great Chamber © Will Pryce/cc-by-4.0 The Great Hall © KJP1/cc-by-sa-4.0 Tomb of Thomas Sutton © Nicholas Jackson/cc-by-sa-3.0 © flickr.com - Matt/cc-by-2.0 London Charterhouse Hospital engraved by William Henry Toms, c. 1770 © KJP1/cc-by-sa-4.0
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London Charterhouse Hospital engraved by William Henry Toms, c. 1770
Charterhouse continues to serve as an almshouse to over 40 older people, known as Brothers, who are in need of financial and companionship support. Since 2017 women have been accepted as Brothers, and the site has been open for pre-booked guided tours; and it is free to view the chapel and museum with chapel services open to the public.

In partnership with the Museum of London the Charterhouse has opened up the site to the public. There are three key elements to the project: a new museum, which tells the story of the Charterhouse from the Black Death to the present day; a Learning Room and Learning Programme so that school groups can discover how the Charterhouse has been home to everyone from monks and monarchs to schoolboys and Brothers; and a newly landscaped Charterhouse Square open to the public so that more people can enjoy the green surroundings. Works for this project were completed and opened to the public in January 2017.

Charterhouse was an extra-parochial area, an area lying outside any of the ancient parish units from which London’s modern administrative units evolved through a succession of mergers. It was not included in one of the districts – groupings of civil parishes, brought together for local government purposes – under the Metropolis Management Act 1855. In 1858, following the Extra-Parochial Places Act 1857, it effectively became a civil parish for all purposes, with the provision that it would not form part of any poor law union, but later became a component of the Holborn Poor Law Union from 1877 until 1900. In 1900 it became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury, and was abolished as a separate civil parish in 1915. Since 1965 it has been part of the London Borough of Islington in Greater London.

Read more on The Charterhouse and Wikipedia London Charterhouse (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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