Cîteaux Abbey in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux

Saturday, 27 May 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

© Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0

© Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0

Cîteaux Abbey (French: Abbaye de Cîteaux) is a Catholic abbey located in Saint-Nicolas-lès-Cîteaux, south of Dijon, France. It is notable for being the original house of the Cistercian order. Today, it belongs to the Trappists (also called the Cistercians of the Strict Observance). The abbey has about 35 members. The monks produce a cheese branded under the abbey’s name, as well as caramels and honey-based candies.

Cîteaux Abbey was founded on Saint Benedict’s Day, 21 March 1098, by a group of monks from Molesme Abbey seeking to follow more closely the Rule of St. Benedict. The Abbey was supported by Renaud, Vicomte de Beaune, and Odo I, Duke of Burgundy. They were led by Saint Robert of Molesme, who became the first abbot. The site was wooded and swampy, in a sparsely populated area. The toponym predates the abbey, but its origin is uncertain. Theories include a derivation from cis tertium [lapidem miliarium], “this side of the third [milestone]” of the Roman road connecting Langres and Chalons sur Saône, or alternatively from cisternae “cisterns”, which in Middle Latin could refer to stagnant pools of a swamp. The monastery produced the illuminated manuscript now known as the Cîteaux Moralia in Job in the year 1111.

© Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Christophe.Finot/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Christophe.Finot/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Christophe.Finot/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Christophe.Finot/cc-by-sa-3.0 Library © G CHP/cc-by-sa-2.5 © Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Christophe.Finot/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
© Christophe.Finot/cc-by-sa-3.0
The second abbot was Saint Alberic, and the third abbot Saint Stephen Harding, who wrote the Carta Caritatis that described the organisation of the order. Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, who would later be proclaimed Doctor of the Church, was a monk of Cîteaux Abbey and left it in 1115 to found Clairvaux Abbey, of which he was the first abbot. Saint Bernard would also be influential in the subsequent rapid growth of the Cistercian order. The great church of Cîteaux Abbey, begun in around 1140, was completed in 1193. The Dukes of Burgundy subsequently used it as their dynastic place of burial. By the beginning of the 13th century the order had more than 500 houses. Cîteaux was then an important center of Christianity. In 1244, King Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) and his mother Blanche of Castile visited the abbey. During the Hundred Years’ War, the monastery was pillaged in 1360 (when the monks sought refuge in Dijon), 1365, 1434 and 1438. In 1380, the Earl of Buckingham stayed at L’Aumône Abbey, a daughter house of Cîteaux located in the forest of Marchenoir whilst his army was quartered in the surrounding Forest.

In the beginning of the 16th century, the abbey was a strong community of about 200 members. The abbey was badly hit by the French Wars of Religion. The abbey then slowly declined for the next century. In 1698, the abbey only had 72 professed monks. In 1791, during the French Revolution, the abbey was seized and sold by the government. In 1898, the remains of the abbey were bought back and repopulated by Trappists.

Read more on DestinationDijon.com – Abbaye de Cîteaux, beaune-tourism.com – Cîteaux Abbey, burgundy-tourism.com – Abbaye de Cîteaux and Wikipedia Cîteaux Abbey (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The AIDAmar

The AIDAmar

[caption id="attachment_152551" align="aligncenter" width="590"] AIDAmar in Geirangerfjord, Norway © Drdoht/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]AIDAmar is a Sphinx class cruise ship, built at Meyer Werft in Papenburg for AIDA Cruises. She is the sixth Sphinx series ship, preceded by sisters AIDAdiva, AIDAbella, AIDAluna, AIDAblu and AIDAsol. AIDAmar was delivered on 12, May 2012 during the 823rd Harbour Birthday Hamburg. Her home port is Genova. The ship measuring 252 meters long and 32.2 meters wide. Displaying a ga...

[ read more ]

Mackinac Island in Michigan

Mackinac Island in Michigan

[caption id="attachment_231190" align="alignnone" width="590"] Main Street © n8huckins/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Mackinac Island is an island and resort area, covering 4.35 square miles (11.3 km²) in land area, in the U.S. state of Michigan. The name of the island in Odawa is Michilimackinac and "Mitchimakinak" in Ojibwemowin meaning "Big Turtle". It is located in Lake Huron, at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac, between the state's Upper and Lower Peninsulas. The island was long home to an Odawa settleme...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Veneto - San Donà di Piave

Theme Week Veneto - San Donà di Piave

[caption id="attachment_153593" align="aligncenter" width="525"] Corso Silvio Trentin - historic city center © Kafésd[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]San Donà di Piave is the largest city in Eastern Veneto and a comune of province of Venice, in the North East region of Italy. It bounds the communes of Noventa di Piave, Musile di Piave and Fossalta di Piave, that have become in practice a part of a single urban area, also known as Città del Piave. San Donà lies on the river Piave approximately 40 km north-east of Venice and 30 km ...

[ read more ]

United States Memorial Day

United States Memorial Day

[caption id="attachment_227268" align="aligncenter" width="590"] National Memorial Day Presidential Armed Forces Full Honor Wreath Ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery© flickr.com - U.S. Secretary of Defense/Marvin Lynchard/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Memorial Day (originally known as Decoration Day) is a federal holiday in the United States for mourning the U.S. military personnel who have died while serving in the United States armed forces. It is observed on the last Monday of May. It was formerly observed on May ...

[ read more ]

The Buena Vista Social Club

The Buena Vista Social Club

[caption id="attachment_193501" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club in Lorient/France © XIIIfromTOKYO/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Buena Vista Social Club is an ensemble of Cuban musicians established in 1996 to revive the music of pre-revolutionary Cuba. The project was organized by World Circuit executive Nick Gold, produced by American guitarist Ry Cooder and directed by Juan de Marcos González. They named the group after the homonymous members' club in the Buenavista quarter of Havan...

[ read more ]

Padua in the Veneto region

Padua in the Veneto region

[caption id="attachment_160663" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Prato della Valle, the famous square of Padua © Dan00nad[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Padua (Italian: Padova) is a city and comune in the Veneto, northern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Padua and the economic and communications hub of the area. Padua's population is 214,000. The city is sometimes included, with Venice (Italian: Venezia) and Treviso, in the Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area, having a population of c. 1,600,000. Padua stands on the Ba...

[ read more ]

Portrait: The economist and philosopher Friedrich August von Hayek

Portrait: The economist and philosopher Friedrich August von Hayek

[caption id="attachment_193014" align="aligncenter" width="449"] Friedrich August von Hayek, 1981 © flickr.com - LSE Library[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Friedrich August von Hayek (CH FBA), often referred to by his initials F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism. Hayek shared the 1974 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal for his "pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and ... penetrating analysis of the interdepend...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Scottish Borders - Peebles

Theme Week Scottish Borders - Peebles

[caption id="attachment_191823" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Tweed Bridge © Kjetil Bjørnsrud/cc-by-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Peebles is a royal burgh in Peeblesshire, of which it is the county town, within the Scottish Borders region with a population of 8,400. In 2014 Creative Scotland named Peebles the most creative place of its size in Scotland, presenting the town with a Creative Place Award and £100,000 to enhance arts events, festivals and arts commissions. Most arts performances take place in the Eastgate Theat...

[ read more ]

Portrait: August Macke, a German Expressionist painter

Portrait: August Macke, a German Expressionist painter

[caption id="attachment_221105" align="aligncenter" width="443"] Selbstporträt mit Hut (1909) by August Macke[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]August Robert Ludwig Macke was a German Expressionist painter. He was one of the leading members of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider). He lived during a particularly innovative time for German art: he saw the development of the main German Expressionist movements as well as the arrival of the successive avant-garde movements which were forming in the rest of Europ...

[ read more ]

2018 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics

2018 Winter Olympics and Winter Paralympics

[caption id="attachment_172056" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © pyeongchang2018.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Winter Olympics The 2018 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIII Olympic Winter Games, and commonly known as PyeongChang 2018, is a major international multi-sport event scheduled to take place from 9 to 25 February 2018 in Pyeongchang County, South Korea. These will be South Korea's second Olympic Games and its first Winter Games; Seoul hosted the Summer Games in 1988. Pyeongchang will be the third Asian cit...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Esplanade Hotel © Photogoddle/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Leinster – Bray

Bray (Irish: Bré) is a coastal town in north County Wicklow, Ireland. It is situated about twenty km (12 mi)...

Row houses of Cotswold stone © Peter K Burian/cc-by-4.0
Broadway, jewel of the Cotswolds

Broadway is a large village and civil parish in the Cotswolds, England, with a population of 2,540 at the 2011...

The Liberty Tree © NicolaODonoghue/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Leinster – Carlow

Carlow (Irish: Ceatharlach) is the county town of County Carlow, in the south-east of Ireland, 84 km (52 mi) from...

Close