Klaipėda in Lithuania

Saturday, 22 January 2011 - 03:10 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Architecture, General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Klaipeda Harbour © Artrix

Klaipeda Harbour © Artrix

Klaipėda (German: Memel) is a city in Lithuania situated at the mouth of the Curonian Lagoon where it flows into the Baltic Sea with a population of 186,000. It is the third largest city in Lithuania and the capital of Klaipėda County. The city has a complex recorded history, partially due to the strategic regional importance of the Port of Klaipėda, a usually ice-free port on the Baltic Sea. It has been controlled by the Teutonic Knights, the Duchy of Prussia, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, the Entente States immediately after World War I, Lithuania as a result of the 1923 Klaipėda Revolt, and the Third Reich following the 1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania. The city was incorporated into Lithuania during its tenure as a Soviet Socialist Republic and has remained within Lithuania following its re-establishment as a independent state. Popular seaside resorts found close to Klaipėda are Nida to the south on the Curonian Spit, and Palanga to the north.

Klaipeda © Nikater

Klaipeda © Nikater

The Port of Klaipėda is the principal ice-free port on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. It is the most important Lithuanian transportation hub, connecting sea, land and railway routes from East to West. Klaipėda is a multipurpose, universal, deep-water port. 19 big stevedoring companies, ship-repair and shipbuilding yards operate within the port and all marine business and cargo handling services are being rendered. The annual port cargo handling capacity is up to 40 Mt. The port operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, all-year round.

Theatre Square with sculpture Ännchen von Tharau © Thomas Pusch

Theatre Square with sculpture Ännchen von Tharau © Thomas Pusch

Klaipėda’s main attractions are the historic buildings in the city’s centre, dating from the 13th to 18th centuries. Some of its older buildings have picturesque half-timbered construction, similar to that found in Germany, France, England, Denmark and southern Sweden. Other places of interest are the remnants of the Klaipeda Castle, built in the 13th century by the Teutonic Order, the Žardė ancient settlement, situated on the right bank of the Smiltelė River, the remnants of the so-called “Dutch” defence system around the entire town from the 17th-18th centuries and the maritime museum in Fort Wilhelm, built at the end of the 19th century at the spike of the Curonian Spit.

To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facepage pages/Twitter accounts. Read more on City of Kleipeda, Kleipeda Tourism, Wiktravel Klaipėda and Wikipedia Klaipėda. Learn more about the use of photos.




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