Kitchener in Ontario

Tuesday, 13 September 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  5 minutes

Water Street © flickr.com - Allie_Caulfield/cc-by-2.0

Water Street © flickr.com – Allie_Caulfield/cc-by-2.0

Kitchener is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario, about 100 km (62 mi) west of Toronto. It is one of three cities that make up the Regional Municipality of Waterloo and is the regional seat. Kitchener was known as Berlin until a 1916 referendum changed its name. The city covers an area of 136.86 km², and had a population of 256,885 at the time of the 2021 Canadian census. The Regional Municipality of Waterloo has 575,847 people, making it the 10th-largest census metropolitan area (CMA) in Canada and the fourth-largest CMA in Ontario. Kitchener and Waterloo are considered “twin cities”, which are often referred to jointly as “Kitchener–Waterloo” (K–W), although they have separate municipal governments.

Kitchener is located in Southwestern Ontario, in the Saint Lawrence Lowlands. This geological and climatic region has wet-climate soils and deciduous forests. Situated in the Grand River Valley, the area is generally above 300 m (1,000 ft) in elevation. Kitchener is the largest city in the Grand River watershed and the Haldimand Tract. Just to the west of the city is Baden Hill, in Wilmot Township. This glacial kame remnant formation is the highest elevation for many miles. The other dominant glacial feature is the Waterloo Moraine, which snakes its way through the region, and holds a significant quantity of artesian wells, from which the city derives most of its drinking water. The settlement’s first name, Sandhills, is an accurate description of the higher points of the moraine.

Downtown Kitchener © Tomasz Adamski/cc-by-sa-3.0 Former Lang Tannery building, now a hub for digital media companies © JustSomePics/cc-by-sa-3.0 Queen Street South, looking north to King Street © Permute/cc-by-sa-3.0 Schneider Haus, built in 1816, is now a museum and National Historic Site © Peter K Burian/cc-by-sa-4.0 The old City Hall Clock Tower in Victoria Park © JustSomePics/cc-by-sa-4.0 Water Street © flickr.com - Allie_Caulfield/cc-by-2.0
<
>
Schneider Haus, built in 1816, is now a museum and National Historic Site © Peter K Burian/cc-by-sa-4.0
The interwar and postwar periods saw a wave of suburban development around the city. One prominent example of this was the Westmount neighbourhood. Modelled after the affluent Montreal suburb of the same name, it was developed on the forested hills to the north of the Schneider farmstead on lands that were subdivided from it. Kitchener’s Westmount took a number of its street names from the model subdivision in Montreal, such as Belmont Avenue. It was the brainchild of a local rubber magnate, Talmon Henry Rieder, who was heavily connected to Montreal business interests and who oversaw the 1912 construction of the Dominion Tire Plant on nearby Strange Street. Rieder was inspired by the turn-of-the-century City Beautiful movement, which was focused in large part on construction of monumental civic architecture and urban beautification; it is often associated with Beaux-Arts architecture in North America.

Rieder’s own interpretation of the movement’s philosophy followed a variation of the influential landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted‘s “Suburb Beautiful”, with Rieder proclaiming Westmount the “Development Beautiful”. It reflected an alienation from industrial cities and dense urban centres, driven by a variety of factors. These included concerns around the health impact of air pollution and desire for “country air”; the ability for people to commute longer distances being enabled by motor vehicles; the availability of large, cheap plots of development land; an increasing emphasis on the “restricted residential subdivision” and restrictive covenants barring industrial and commercial development in exclusive residential neighbourhoods (an antecedent to modern zoning); and a desire by Berlin-turned-Kitchener’s ethnically German business class, in the wake of the city’s turmoil over its German identity during the First World War, to distance themselves from its 19th century past and the downtown area associated with it in favour of a built environment similar to wealthy Anglo-Canadians in other Canadian cities, such as Montreal and Winnipeg. The fortunes of Rieder and other rubber industrialists were linked to the rise of the automobile industry in Canada, and indirectly to the growth of automobile-linked suburbs. Lands formerly in the rural Waterloo Township were annexed to the city, ensuring suburban access to municipal services. Westmount’s planners distinguished the suburb from Kitchener’s urban core in fundamental ways, such as the adoption of wandering, curvilinear roads combined with a more traditionally urban grid pattern. Many streets were originally intended to be wide boulevards, with some, such as Union Boulevard, planned to be as wide as 80 feet (24 m). Winding streets and picturesque vistas were a significant part of advertising for the subdivision.

Read more on Kitchener, Berlin to Kitchener name change, Kitchener–Waterloo Oktoberfest, Wikivoyage Kitchener and Wikipedia Kitchener (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Monaco - Larvotto

Theme Week Monaco - Larvotto

[caption id="attachment_164141" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Larvotto Beach © V&A Dudush/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Larvotto is the easternmost Ward in the Principality of Monaco. Larvotto is southeast of Monte Carlo and La Rousse. It borders Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France, to the northeast. Larvotto was part of the former municipality of Monte-Carlo. The district is famous for its sand beach (the only one in the state).[gallery size="medium" gss="1" ids="164138,164139,164140,164...

[ read more ]

Okehampton in Devon

Okehampton in Devon

[caption id="attachment_218331" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Kicior99/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Okehampton is a town and civil parish in West Devon in the English county of Devon. It is situated at the northern edge of Dartmoor, and had a population of 5,922 at the 2011 census. Okehampton is 21 miles (33 km) west of Exeter, 26 miles (42 km) north of Plymouth and 24 miles (38 km) south of Barnstaple. Okehampton was founded by the Saxons. The earliest written record of the settlement is from 980 AD as O...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Estonia - Kuressaare

Theme Week Estonia - Kuressaare

[caption id="attachment_227200" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Kuressaare Castle © Stefan Hiienurm/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kuressaare is a town on Saaremaa island in Estonia. It is the administrative centre of Saaremaa Parish and the capital of Saare County. Kuressaare is the westernmost town in Estonia. The recorded population on 1 January 2018 was 13,276. The town is situated on the southern coast of Saaremaa island, facing the Gulf of Riga of the Baltic Sea, and is served by the Kuressaare Airport, Roomassaa...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Hungary - Miskolc

Theme Week Hungary - Miskolc

[caption id="attachment_222845" align="aligncenter" width="590"] City Centre © Rodrigo/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Miskol is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry. With a population of 161,265 (1 Jan 2014) Miskolc is the fourth largest city in Hungary (behind Budapest, Debrecen, and Szeged). It is also the county capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and the regional centre of Northern Hungary. Early in World War II Hungary became an ally of Nazi Germany. Unhappy with the Hungarian governme...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Madrid - Plaza Mayor

Theme Week Madrid - Plaza Mayor

[caption id="attachment_216485" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Veronika Bashak/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Plaza Mayor is a major public space in the heart of Madrid, the capital of Spain. It was once the centre of Old Madrid,. It was first built (1580–1619) during the reign of Philip III. Only a few blocks away is another famous plaza, the Puerta del Sol. The Plaza Mayor is for the people of Madrid and tourists to shop, walk around, eat, and enjoy the outdoors. There is a bronze statue of King Philip III a...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Italian Riviera - Ventimiglia

Theme Week Italian Riviera - Ventimiglia

[caption id="attachment_196673" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Tangopaso[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ventimiglia is a city, comune (municipality) and bishopric in Liguria, northern Italy, in the province of Imperia. It is located 130 km (81 mi) southwest of Genoa, and 7 km (4 mi) from the French-Italian border, on the Gulf of Genoa, having a small harbour at the mouth of the Roia River, which divides the town into two parts. Ventimiglia has a population of 24,000. Ventimiglia is a popular summer destination for tourists on th...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Peru - Iquitos, capital of the Peruvian Amazon

Theme Week Peru - Iquitos, capital of the Peruvian Amazon

[caption id="attachment_219301" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Floating houses on the Amazon © flickr.com - Bruno Girin/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Iquitos, also known as City of Iquitos, is the capital city of Peru's Maynas Province and Loreto Region. The largest metropolis in the Peruvian Amazon, east of the Andes, it is the ninth-most populous city of Peru. It is known as the "capital of the Peruvian Amazon". The city is located in the Great Plains of the Amazon Basin, fed by the Amazon, Nanay, and Itaya rivers....

[ read more ]

The European Union: Eastern Partnership

The European Union: Eastern Partnership

[responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Eastern Partnership (EaP) is a joint initiative of the European External Action Service of the European Union (EU) together with the EU, its Member States, and six Eastern European partners governing the EU's relationship with the post-Soviet states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine. The EaP is intended to provide a forum for discussions regarding trade, economic strategy, travel agreements, and other issues between the EU and its Eastern European neighbours. It also aims at buil...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Algeria - Ghardaïa

Theme Week Algeria - Ghardaïa

[caption id="attachment_168326" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Taguelmoust/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ghardaïa is the capital city of Ghardaïa Province. The commune of Ghardaïa has a population of 93,000, with an annual growth rate of 0.7%. It is located in northern-central Algeria in the Sahara Desert and lies along the left bank of the Wadi Mzab. The M'zab valley in the Ghardaïa Province (Wilaya) was inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982. The unique layout of the Ghardaïa village is dicta...

[ read more ]

Gaza Envelope in Israel

Gaza Envelope in Israel

[caption id="attachment_240879" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Mefalsim © Rikmal/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Gaza Envelope encompasses the populated areas in the Southern District of Israel that are within 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) of the Gaza Strip border and are therefore within range of mortar shells and Qassam rockets launched from the Gaza Strip. The border between Israel and the Gaza Strip was established in the 1949 Armistice Agreement between Israel and Egypt, signed at the end of the 1948 Arab–Is...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Rehoboth, one of the very first concrete homes ever built in the US © Nat Postrigan/cc-by-sa-3.0
Chappaqua in Westchester County

Chappaqua is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of New Castle, in northern Westchester County, New York, United...

Jaisalmer Fort © Gérard Janot/cc-by-sa-3.0
Hill Forts of Rajasthan

The North Western Indian State of Rajasthan has over one hundred fortifications on hills and mountainous terrain. Six Hill Forts...

Luxembourg City Hall © Cayambe/cc-by-sa-3.0
70 years Luxembourg Agreement

The Reparations Agreement between Israel and the Federal Republic of Germany ("Luxembourg Agreement", "Wiedergutmachungsabkommen" or "Reparations Agreement") was signed on...

Schließen