The United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.

Monday, 25 March 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Museums, Exhibitions, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks

Barack Obama's 2009 Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol © flickr.com - Steve Jurvetson/cc-by-2.0

Barack Obama’s 2009 Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol © flickr.com – Steve Jurvetson/cc-by-2.0

The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress, and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. It is located on Capitol Hill at the eastern end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Though no longer at the geographic center of the Federal District, the Capitol forms the origin point for the District’s street-numbering system and the District’s four quadrants. The United States Capitol Complex is a group of about a dozen buildings and facilities. The United States Capitol Visitor Center (CVC), located below the East Front of the Capitol and its plaza, between the Capitol building and 1st Street East, opened on December 2, 2008.

The original building was completed in 1800 and was subsequently expanded, particularly with the addition of the massive dome, and expanded chambers for the bicameral legislature, the House of Representatives in the south wing and the Senate in the north wing. Like the principal buildings of the executive and judicial branches, the Capitol is built in a distinctive neoclassical style and has a white exterior. Both its east and west elevations are formally referred to as fronts, though only the east front was intended for the reception of visitors and dignitaries.

The Plaza of the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center © Architect of the Capitol - www.visitthecapitol.gov U.S. Capitol © Martin Falbisoner/cc-by-sa-3.0 United States Capitol Christmass Tree © Humanoid one/cc-by-sa-3.0 Obama's Health Care Speech to Joint Session of Congress, 2009 © whitehouse.gov - Lawrence Jackson National Statuary Hall © flickr.com - Architect of the Capitol 111th US Senate class photo, 2010 © Senate Photo Studio U.S. Capitol rotunda © Diliff/cc-by-2.5 U.S. Capitol crypt © Ingfbruno/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Diliff/cc-by-2.5 © Martin Falbisoner/cc-by-sa-3.0 Capital Reflecting Pool © Wcwoolf/cc-by-sa-4.0 Barack Obama's 2009 Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol © flickr.com - Steve Jurvetson/cc-by-2.0
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The Plaza of the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center © Architect of the Capitol - www.visitthecapitol.gov
The Capitol building is marked by its central dome above a rotunda in the central section of the structure (which also includes, the older original smaller center flanked by the two original (designed 1793, occupied 1800) smaller two wings (inner north) and inner south) containing the two original smaller meeting chambers for the Senate and the House of Representatives (between 1800 and late 1850s) and then flanked by two further extended (newer) wings, one also for each chamber of the larger, more populous Congress: the new north wing is the Senate chamber and the new south wing is the House of Representatives chamber. Above these newer chambers are galleries where visitors can watch the Senate and House of Representatives. It is an example of the neoclassical architecture style. Underground tunnels and internal subways connect the Capitol building with the Congressional office buildings in the Capitol Complex. All rooms in the Capitol are designated as either S (for Senate) or H (for House), depending on whether they are in the Senate or House wing of the Capitol.

The Capitol has a long history in art of the United States, beginning in 1856 with Italian/Greek American artist Constantino Brumidi and his murals in the hallways of the first floor of the Senate side of the Capitol. The murals, known as the Brumidi Corridors, reflect great moments and people in United States history. Among the original works are those depicting Benjamin Franklin, John Fitch, Robert Fulton, and events such as the Cession of Louisiana. Also decorating the walls are animals, insects and natural flora indigenous to the United States. Brumidi’s design left many spaces open so that future events in United States history could be added. Among those added are the Spirit of St. Louis, the Moon landing, and the Space Shuttle Challenger shuttle crew.

Read more on Welcome to the U.S. Capitol, National Park Service – United States Capitol, United States Capitol Historical Society, Architect of the Capitol, Washington.org – How do I tour the U.S. Capitol and see Congress in session?, YouTube – Architect of the Capitol and Wikipedia United States Capitol (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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