Theme Week Jerusalem, Al-Quds and The Holy, many names for one of the oldest cities in the world

Saturday, 19 October 2013 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Theme Weeks, UNESCO World Heritage, Union for the Mediterranean

The Western Wall, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque © Sheepdog85/cc-by-sa-3.0-de

The Western Wall, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque © Sheepdog85/cc-by-sa-3.0-de

Jerusalem/al-Quds, located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions — Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Israelis (Jerusalem Law) and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is recognized internationally (United Nations Security Council Resolution 478, International positions on Jerusalem and United States recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel). De jure, Tel Aviv (were all foreign embassies are located at) remain to be Israel’s capital, even though it is de facto West Jerusalem. The city has 800,000 inhabitants. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times. The oldest part of the city was settled in the 4th millennium BCE. In 1538, walls were built around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent. Today, those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. The Old City became a World Heritage site in 1981, and is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. What is particularly striking about the decades-long “capital dispute” is that Jerusalem before 1920 was a lot, but above all a small settlement without a capital function. In this respect, there can be no “justified claim” be given on the city. It was not until the British Mandate of Palestine that the mandate headquarters was moved to Jerusalem, so that Jerusalem became the capital of British Palestine. Scientifically proven is that the city has been one of several spiritual centers for several thousand years. However, at the beginning there was neither Christianity, Judaism nor Islam.

On May 14, 2018, the Provisional US Embassy was opened in the offices of the US Consulate General in Jerusalem. The building is located in the Arnona neighborhood, centered on the City Line, which has survived to this day due to the repeatedly annulled Jerusalem Law by the UN, running through Jerusalem as part of the Green Line, and thus partially in the part that was defined as a No man’s land in 1949. Even if it was pure symbolism, especially since the construction of the new embassy building will take years and until then the vast majority of embassy staff will continue to remain in Tel Aviv, while only the ambassador and some personal employees commute. The plain announcement of the embassy move caust massive Palestinian protests, which in turn leads to 58 killed Palestinians (including children) and another 2,500 wounded by the Israelis (New York Times, 14 May 2018: Israelis kill dozens of Palestinians in Gaza protesting U.S. Embassy move to Jerusalem).

Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, West Jerusalem was among the areas captured and later annexed by Israel while East Jerusalem, including the Old City, was captured and later annexed by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently annexed it. Currently, Israel’s Basic Law refers to Jerusalem as the country’s “undivided capital”. The international community has rejected the latter annexation as illegal and treats East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel. The international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, and the city hosts no foreign embassies. They are located in Tel Aviv. The City Line, part of the Green Line, runs directly between the western wall of the Old City in East Jerusalem and the Mamilla Mall in West Jerusalem.

Mount of Olives © flickr.com - David Lisbona/cc-by-2.0 Old City walls and Mamilla Avenue at night, with the "City Line"/"Green Line" inbetween © Navot Miller/cc-by-sa-3.0 Temple Mount with Dome of the Rock - Aerial view © Godot13/cc-by-sa-3.0 The Western Wall, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque © Sheepdog85/cc-by-sa-3.0-de Yad Vashem - Hall of Names © David Shankbone/cc-by-sa-3.0 Knesset Building © flickr.com - Joshua Paquin/cc-by-2.0
<
>
Old City walls and Mamilla Avenue at night, with the "City Line"/"Green Line" inbetween © Navot Miller/cc-by-sa-3.0
All branches of the Israeli government are located in West Jerusalem, including the Knesset (Israel’s parliament), the residences of the Prime Minister and President, and the Supreme Court. West Jerusalem is home to the Hebrew University, Yad Vashem and to the Israel Museum with its Shrine of the Book. The Jerusalem Biblical Zoo has ranked consistently as Israel’s top tourist attraction for Israelis. Historically, Jerusalem’s economy was supported almost exclusively by religious pilgrims (including their own religious mental phenomena), as it was located far from the major ports of Jaffa and Gaza. East Jerusalem’s religious landmarks today remain the top draw for foreign visitors, with the majority of tourists visiting the Western Wall and the Old Cityin East Jerusalem, but in the past half-century it has become increasingly clear that Jerusalem’s providence cannot solely be sustained by its religious significance. Although many statistics indicate economic growth in the city, since 1967 East Jerusalem has lagged behind the development of West Jerusalem. Nevertheless, the percentage of households with employed persons is higher for Arab households (76.1%) than for Jewish households (66.8%). The unemployment rate in Jerusalem (8.3%) is slightly better than the national average (9.0%). Poverty in the city has increased dramatically in recent years. According to a report by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), 78% of Palestinians in Jerusalem lived in poverty in 2012.

During the British Mandate, a law was passed requiring all buildings to be constructed of Jerusalem stone in order to preserve the unique historic and aesthetic character of the city. Complementing this building code, which is still in force, is the discouragement of heavy industry in Jerusalem; only about 2.2% of Jerusalem’s land is zoned for “industry and infrastructure.”

Here you can find the complete Overview of all Theme Weeks.

Read more on Jewish News, 12 March 2019: Jerusalem’s cable car: Moving in the wrong direction, Haaretz, 4 October 2019: Jerusalem Is Becoming a Jewish Disneyland, NYT’s Architecture Critic Warns, DW, 24 August 2020: Ancient Jerusalem was smaller than believed, Via Dolorosa, LonelyPlanet.com – Israel and the Palestinian Territories – Jerusalem, itraveljerusalem.com, TouristIsrael.com – Jerusalem, The German Colony in Palestine, LonelyPlanet.com – Jerusalem, Wikitravel Jerusalem, Wikivoyage Jerusalem and Wikipedia Jerusalem (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.

East-jerusalem-october-2015-access-restrictions





Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Westport on the west coast of Ireland

Westport on the west coast of Ireland

[caption id="attachment_161110" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Westport House from the boating lake © Laurel Lodged[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Westport is a town in County Mayo in Ireland. It is at the south-east corner of Clew Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean on the west coast of Ireland. The famous pilgrimage mountain of Croagh Patrick, known locally as "the Reek", lies some 10 km west of the town near the villages of Murrisk and Lecanvey. The mountain offers a striking backdrop to the town. The church on the summit can j...

[ read more ]

Waterton Lakes National Park

Waterton Lakes National Park

[caption id="attachment_25468" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Prince of Wales Hotel © Svrspr/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Waterton Lakes National Park is a national park located in the southwest corner of Alberta, Canada, and borders Glacier National Park in Montana, USA. Waterton was Canada's fourth national park, formed in 1895 and named after Waterton Lake, in turn after the Victorian naturalist and conservationist Charles Waterton. The park contains 505 km2 (195 sq mi) of rugged mountains and wilderness. ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Rome - Villa Borghese, Villa Massimo and Villa Medici

Theme Week Rome - Villa Borghese, Villa Massimo and Villa Medici

[caption id="attachment_150695" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Galleria Borghese © Alessio Damato[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]VILLA BORGHESEVilla Borghese is a large landscape garden in the naturalistic English manner in Rome, containing a number of buildings, museums (see Galleria Borghese) and attractions. It is the second largest public park in Rome (80 hectares or 148 acres) after that of the Villa Doria Pamphili. The gardens were developed for the Villa Borghese Pinciana ("Borghese villa on the Pincian Hill"), built by the...

[ read more ]

The European Union: Café Europe

The European Union: Café Europe

[responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Café Europe, Café d'Europe or also Café Europa was a cultural initiative of the Institute of the Regions of Europe (IRE) during the Austrian presidency of the European Union, held on Europe Day (9 May 2006) in 27 cafés of the capitals of the then 25 EU member states and the two countries which would join the Union in 2007. Vienna, the capital of Austria, is well known for its long and vibrant café culture, dating back from the first introduction of coffee to Europe as a result of the wars with the Ottoman E...

[ read more ]

The Insignia

The Insignia

[caption id="attachment_191717" align="aligncenter" width="590"] in Split © Ivan T./cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]MS Insignia is the lead ship of the R class of cruise ships built for Renaissance Cruises. She is now owned by Oceania Cruises as part of its Regatta Class of ships, but recently sailed for Hapag-Lloyd as the Columbus 2. She was built in 1998 by the Chantiers de l'Atlantique shipyard in St. Nazaire, France for Renaissance Cruises as MS R One. Renaissance Cruises had begun operations in 1989, with a series o...

[ read more ]

Rovinj on the west coast of Istria

Rovinj on the west coast of Istria

[caption id="attachment_160775" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Sunzi safari/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rovinj is a city in Croatia situated on the north Adriatic Sea with a population of 14,000. Located on the western coast of the Istrian peninsula, it is a popular tourist resort and an active fishing port. Istriot, a Romance language once widely spoken in this part of Istria, is still spoken by some of the residents. Originally the peninsula on which the city lies was an island, separated from the mainland by a...

[ read more ]

The river Tara in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina

The river Tara in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina

[caption id="attachment_154246" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Tara River - Durmitor National Park © Pear Blossom[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Tara is a river in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It emerges from the confluence of the Opasnica and Veruša Rivers in the Komovi mountain, part of Dinaric Alps of Montenegro. The total length is 144 km, of which 104 km are in Montenegro, while the final 40 km are in Bosnia and Herzegovina; it also forms the border between the two countries in several places. The Tara flows fr...

[ read more ]

Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin

Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin

[caption id="attachment_169094" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Thomas Wolf - www.foto-tw.de/cc-by-sa-3.0-de[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Charlottenburg Palace is the largest palace in Berlin. It is in the Charlottenburg district of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf borough. The palace was built at the end of the 17th century and was greatly expanded during the 18th century. It includes much lavish internal decoration in baroque and rococo styles. A large formal garden surrounded by woodland was added behind the palace, including ...

[ read more ]

Montreal in Quebec

Montreal in Quebec

[caption id="attachment_168765" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Old port of Montreal by night © flickr.com - Mickael Pollard/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Montreal is the most populous municipality in the province of Quebec and the second-most populous in Canada. Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is believed to be named after Mount Royal. The city has a distinct four-season continental climate, with warm-to-hot summers and cold, snowy winters. Montreal had a population of 1.7 million. Montreal's met...

[ read more ]

Tiberias in Israel

Tiberias in Israel

[caption id="attachment_214268" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Pacman[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Tiberias is an Israeli city on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. Established around 20 CE, it was named in honour of the second emperor of the Roman Empire, Tiberius. In 2019 it had a population of 45,000. The city of Tiberias has been almost entirely Jewish since 1948. Many Sephardic and Mizrahi Jews settled in the city, following the Jewish exodus from Arab countries in late 1940s and the early 1950s. Over time, ...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
© Tiia Monto/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Andalusia – Torremolinos

Torremolinos is a municipality on the Costa del Sol of the Mediterranean, immediately to the west of the city of...

Herrenchiemsee Palace © Zairon/cc-by-sa-3.0
Frauen- and Herrenchiemsee islands

HERRENCHIEMSEE The island Herreninsel, with an area of 238 hectares, is the biggest of the three main islands of the...

Plaza de las Monjas © Anónimo
Theme Week Andalusia – Huelva

Huelva is a city in southwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Huelva. It is located along the Gulf...

Schließen