Inner new town of Dresden

Sunday, 30 October 2022 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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Hauptstraße © VSchagow/cc-by-sa-4.0

Hauptstraße © VSchagow/cc-by-sa-4.0

The Innere Neustadt (Inner New City) is a neighborhood in Dresden within the administrative district of Neustadt. The name is derived from “Neue Königliche Stadt” (New Royal City), the name given to the former district of Altendresden when it was rebuilt after a fire before 1732. In contrast to the Äußere Neustadt (Outer New City), the Innere Neustadt was within the city fortifications and, for that reason, is also known as the historic Neustadt. Its population is 7,761 (2020). The Innere Neustadt is located in the administrative district of Neustadt, on the right bank across the Elbe and to the north of the Innere Altstadt (Inner Old City). The River Elbe forms an enclosing arc around the Innere Neustadt. Four bridges cross the Elbe, connecting the district with the southern bank of the Elbe. Of these, only Augustusbrucke is historic. The streets leading to these bridges cross the Innere Neustadt and join at Albertplatz (Albert Place), at the northern end of the district (originally called Bautzner Platz).

Culturally (since the reunification of 1989) Neustadt has been associated with counter-culture and anti-authoritarianism, typified by a very high level of street art and graffiti, which greatly characterises the typical local street scene. Several of Dresden’s cultural institutions and museums lie within the Innere Neustadt. To the north, at Albertplatz is the Erich Kästner Museum, and, to the south, housed in the Japanisches Palais (Japanese Palace), is the State Museum of Ethnology. On the Hauptstraße (High Street) are the Dresden Soccer Museum, the Kügelgenhaus, and the Museum of Dresden Romanticism. In Rähnitzgasse is the Kunsthaus Dresden (Dresden Art House) and close by the Societaetstheater (Society Theatre). The Jägerhof is the home of the Museum for Saxon Folk Art and the Puppet Theater Collection of the State Art Collections. Major cultural events include: the City Festival, held mainly on Hauptstraße; and the Filmnächte (Movie Nights), which take place on the flood plain of the Elbe (the “Elbe Meadows”) in the summer.

Japanisches Palais © Jörg Blobelt/cc-by-sa-4.0 Neustädter Markt with Goldener Reiter and Blockhaus © Jörg Blobelt/cc-by-sa-4.0 Street art © Stephencdickson/cc-by-sa-4.0 Dreikönigskirche am Palaisplatz © X-Weinzar/cc-by-sa-3.0 Augustusbrücke and Neustadt viewed from the south bank of the Elbe © Stephencdickson/cc-by-sa-4.0 Hauptstraße © VSchagow/cc-by-sa-4.0 Hotel Bayerischer Hof © Kolossos/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Augustusbrücke and Neustadt viewed from the south bank of the Elbe © Stephencdickson/cc-by-sa-4.0
Innere Neustadt also contains many important buildings, and has the most concentrated collection of baroque architecture in Dresden, with its winding alleys, passages, inner courtyards and wide boulevards lined by baroque facades. These are best preserved in the area around Königsstraße, Rähnitzgasse and Hauptstraße, sometimes referred to as the Barockviertel or Barockviertel Königstraße. The reconstruction of the neighborhood until 1732 was carried out in baroque style. Baroque town houses can still be found mainly on Königstraße (King Street). One of the buildings unchanged since 1733 is number 15 in Großen Meißner Straße (‘Large Meissen Road’). The historically important complex of buildings survived the wartime destruction of Dresden and now forms the central part of what is currently the Hotel Bellevue. The Dreikönigskirche, destroyed and rebuilt several times, was the seat of the Saxon parliament from 1990 to 1993. Along the banks of the river Elbe are the government buildings of the so-called ‘government quarter’ and the Japanisches Palais. The famous statue of August the Strong (known locally as the Golden Rider) stands at the south end of the Hauptstrasse. On Albertplatz is the artesian well. The largest fully automatic public parking garage is in the Innere Neustadt.

The destruction within Neustadt in February 1945 was extensive but not as comprehensive as within the Altstadt to the south. Rebuilding respected the original street pattern but, whilst respectful in terms of height, is architecturally typical of the 1960s and does not reflect Dresden’s original character. The Hauptstrasse in particular shows little evidence of its history. The western district around Königstrasse survived more successfully and retains the majority of its historic character. Until February 1945, the large Neustädter Rathaus (New City Town Hall) was on Neustädter Markt. After its destruction the Rathaus was not rebuilt, a Plattenbau complex taking its place instead. An initiative has been founded with the goal of reconstructing the Rathaus and restoring the Neustädter Markt.

Read more on Wikivoyage Dresden and Wikipedia Innere Neustadt (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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