Hispaniola in the Caribbean

Wednesday, 10 July 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Haiti - Jacmel Seaside © Port-au-princien/cc-by-sa-3.0

Haiti – Jacmel Seaside © Port-au-princien/cc-by-sa-3.0

Hispaniola is an island in the Caribbean island group known as the Greater Antilles. It is the second largest island in the Caribbean after Cuba, and the most populous island in the Caribbean; it is also the eleventh most populous island in the world.

The 76,192-square-kilometre (29,418 sq mi) island is divided between two separate, sovereign nations: the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic (48,445 km², 18,705 sq mi) to the east, and French / French Creole-speaking Haiti (27,750 km², 10,710 sq mi) to the west. The only other shared island in the Caribbean is Saint Martin, which is shared between France (Saint-Martin) and the Netherlands (Sint Maarten). Hispaniola is the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, founded by Christopher Columbus on his voyages in 1492 and 1493.

DR - Casa de Campo Marina in La Romana © panoramio.com - Максим Улитин/cc-by-3.0 DR - Constanza Valley © flickr.com - Angel Ramos G/cc-by-2.0 DR - Mangroves in Los Haitises National Park © Anton Bielousov/cc-by-sa-3.0 DR - National Palace in Santo Domingo © flickr.com - Jean-Marc Astesana/cc-by-sa-2.0 DR - Punta Cana © flickr.com - Allen McGregor/cc-by-2.0 DR - Punta Cana © Ila Mae Thie/cc-by-sa-4.0 Haiti - Cathedral of Cap-Haitien © Rémi Kaupp/cc-by-sa-3.0 Haiti - Citadelle Laferrière in Milot © SPC Gibran Torres - United States Army Haiti - Jacmel Seaside © Port-au-princien/cc-by-sa-3.0 Haiti - Labadee, seen from 'Freedom of the Seas' © flickr.com - Brian Holland/cc-by-2.0 Haiti - Market in Cap-Haitien © Doron/cc-by-sa-3.0 Haiti - Sans-Souci Palace in Milot © Rémi Kaupp/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
DR - Casa de Campo Marina in La Romana © panoramio.com - Максим Улитин/cc-by-3.0
There are many bird species in Hispaniola (The Birds of Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and the island’s amphibian species are also diverse. Numerous land species on the island are endangered and could become extinct. There are many species endemic to the island including insects and other invertebrates, reptiles, and mammals. The most famous endemic mammal on the island is the Hispaniola Hutia (Plagiodontia aedium). There are also many avian species on the island. The six endemic genera are Calyptophilus, Dulus, Nesoctites, Phaenicophilus, Xenoligea and Microligea. More than half of the original ecoregion has been lost to habitat destruction impacting the local fauna.

The island has four distinct ecoregions (Environment of Haiti). The Hispaniolan moist forests ecoregion covers approximately 50% of the island, especially the northern and eastern portions, predominantly in the lowlands but extending up to 2,100 meters (6,900 ft) elevation. The Hispaniolan dry forests ecoregion occupies approximately 20% of the island, lying in the rain shadow of the mountains in the southern and western portion of the island and in the Cibao valley in the center-north of the island. The Hispaniolan pine forests occupy the mountainous 15% of the island, above 850 metres (2,790 ft) elevation. The flooded grasslands and savannas ecoregion in the south central region of the island surrounds a chain of lakes and lagoons in which the most notable include that of Lake Azuei and Trou Caïman in Haiti and the nearby Lake Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic. In Haiti, deforestation has long been cited by scientists as a source of ecological crisis; the timber industry dates back to French colonial rule. Haiti has seen a dramatic reduction of forests due to the excessive and increasing use of charcoal as fuel for cooking. Various media outlets have suggested that the country has just 2% forest cover, but this has not been substantiated by research. Recent in-depth studies of satellite imagery and environmental analysis regarding forest classification conclude that Haiti actually has approximately 30% tree cover; this is, nevertheless, a stark decrease from the country’s 60% forest cover in 1925. The country has been significantly deforested over the last 50 years, resulting in the desertification of portions of the Haitian territory. In the Dominican Republic, the forest cover has increased. In 2003, the Dominican forest cover had been reduced to 32% of the territory, but by 2011, forest cover had increased to nearly 40%. The success of the Dominican forest growth is due to several Dominican government policies and private organizations for the purpose, and a strong educational campaign that has resulted in increased awareness on the Dominican people of the importance of forests for their welfare and in other forms of life on the island.

Read more on Wikivoyage Hispaniola, Wikipedia Hispaniola, Go Dominican Republic, LonelyPlanet.com – Dominican Republic, Wikivoyage Dominican Republic, Wikipedia Dominican Republic, Experience Haiti, LonelyPlanet.com – Haiti, Wikivoyage Haiti and Wikipedia Haiti (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The sail training ship Unión

The sail training ship Unión

[caption id="attachment_165220" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © flickr.com - Galeria del Ministerio de Defensa del Perú/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The BAP Unión is a training ship of the Peruvian Navy. It is a four-masted steel hulled full rigged barque built in 2014 by Shipyard Marine Industrial Services of Peru, known as SIMA. In June 2015, the ship received its masts and propeller; and the interior fitout began in charge of contractors Acopafi and MO Contract. Also, according to an agreement between SIMA and Na...

[ read more ]

Marne-la-Vallée and Disneyland Resort Paris

Marne-la-Vallée and Disneyland Resort Paris

[caption id="attachment_159774" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Lagny-sur-Marne - Town Hall © Benjism89[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Marne-la-Vallée is a new town located near Paris, France. Marne-la-Vallée has been gradually built up since the first plans in 1965 and now covers an area of over 15,000 hectares and includes 26 communes, in the départements of Seine-et-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne. Total population (2007) is 282,150. For administrative purposes, the area has been divided into four sectors: N...

[ read more ]

Al-Karak in Jordan

Al-Karak in Jordan

[caption id="attachment_206504" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Al-Karak and Kerak Castle © Berthold Werner/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Al-Karak, known in the Kingdom of Jerusalem as Kerak, is a city in Jordan known for its Crusader castle, the Kerak Castle. The castle is one of the three largest castles in the region, the other two being in Syria. Al-Karak is the capital city of the Karak Governorate. Al-Karak lies 140 kilometres (87 mi) to the south of Amman on the ancient King's Highway. It is situated on a hilltop ...

[ read more ]

Essen, European Cultural Capital 2010

Essen, European Cultural Capital 2010

[caption id="attachment_151128" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ronald McDonald House by Friedensreich Hundertwasser © Thomas Schoch[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Essen is a city in the central part of the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Located on the River Ruhr, its population of approximately 579,000 makes it the 9th-largest city in Germany. For the year 2010, Essen was the European Capital of Culture on behalf of the whole Ruhr area. Formerly one of Germany's most important coal and steel centres and hist...

[ read more ]

The city of Lugano

The city of Lugano

[caption id="attachment_160608" align="aligncenter" width="590"] View on Lake Lugano and Monte San Salvatore © Valser[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lugano is a city of 54,667 inhabitants in the city proper and a total of over 145,000 people in the agglomeration/city region, in the south of Switzerland, in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino, which borders Italy. The city lies on Lake Lugano, and its warm summers and the fact that in recent years it has attracted an ever growing number of celebrities, entertainers and successful a...

[ read more ]

Alanya on the Turkish Riviera

Alanya on the Turkish Riviera

[caption id="attachment_169456" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © kallerna/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Alanya, formerly Alaiye, is a beach resort city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, on the Turkish Riviera, 138 kilometres (86 mi) east of the city of Antalya. Because of its natural strategic position on a small peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea below the Taurus Mountains, Alanya has been a local stronghold for many Mediterranean-based empires, including the Ptolemaic, ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Tuscany - Carrara

Theme Week Tuscany - Carrara

[caption id="attachment_152575" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Piazza Alberica with Beatrice Maria d'Este monument © Davide Papalini[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Carrara is a city and comune in the province of Massa-Carrara, notable for the white or blue-grey marble quarried there. It is on the Carrione River, some 100 kilometres (62 mi) west-northwest of Florence. Its motto is Fortitudo mea in rota (Latin for "My force is in the wheel"). The quarry workers, including the stone carvers, had radical beliefs that set them ...

[ read more ]

Kiev on river Dnepr

Kiev on river Dnepr

[caption id="attachment_151301" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ministry of Foreign Affair of Ukraine © Dmytro Sergiyenko/cc-by-sa-1.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kiev is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of July 2013 was 2,847,200, making Kiev the 8th largest city in Europe. Kiev's most famous historical architecture complexes are the St. Sophia Cathedral and the Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves), which are recognized ...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
Mariel and Mariel Bay © Alabrada
Mariel in Cuba

Mariel is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province of Cuba. It is located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi)...

Main entrance © Baycrest/cc-by-sa-2.5
Shanghai Disney Resort

Shanghai Disneyland Park is a theme park located in Pudong, Shanghai, China, that is part of the Shanghai Disney Resort....

© Frank Vincentz/cc-by-sa-3.0
Popeye Village at Anchor Bay

Popeye Village, also known as Sweethaven Village, is a purpose-built film set village, now converted into a small attraction fun...

Schließen