Great Synagogue in Plzeň

Friday, 10 June 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  3 minutes

© Otto Domes/cc-by-sa-4.0

© Otto Domes/cc-by-sa-4.0

The Great Synagogue (Czech: Velká Synagoga) in Plzeň (Pilsen), Czech Republic is the second largest synagogue in Europe. A Viennese architect Max Fleischer drew up the original plans for the synagogue in Gothic style with granite buttresses and twin 65-meter towers. The cornerstone was laid on 2 December 1888 and that was about as far as it got. City councillors rejected the plan in a clear case of tower envy as they felt that the grand erection would compete with the nearby Cathedral of St. Bartholomew.

Emmanuel Klotz put forward a new design in 1890 retaining the original ground plan and hence the cornerstone, but lowering the towers by 20m and creating the distinctive look combining Romantic and neo-Renaissance styles covered with Oriental decorations and a giant Star of David. The design was quickly approved and master builder Rudolf Štech completed work in 1893 for the bargain price of 162,138 guilders. At the time the Jewish community in Plzeň numbered some 2,000.

© Miaow Miaow/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Palickap/cc-by-sa-4.0 © panoramio.com - Mister No/cc-by-3.0 © Norbert Aepli/cc-by-2.5 © Norbert Aepli/cc-by-2.5 © Otto Domes/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
© panoramio.com - Mister No/cc-by-3.0
The mixture of styles is truly bewildering; from the onion domes of a Russian Orthodox church, to the Arabic style ceiling, to the distinctly Indian looking Torah ark. The synagogue was used without interruption until the Nazi occupation of World War II. The synagogue was used as a storage facility during the war and was thereby spared from destruction. The Jewish community that retook possession of the synagogue at the end of hostilities had been decimated by the Holocaust. The last regular service was held in 1973, when the synagogue was closed down and fell into disrepair under communist rule.

Restoration was undertaken from 1995–98, and the synagogue was reopened on 11 February 1998 at a cost of 63 million . The central hall is now often used for concerts from such legends as Joseph Malowany, Peter Dvorský, or Karel Gott, while the walls host temporary photographic exhibitions of various causes. The synagogue is still used for worship, but only in what was formerly the winter prayer room. The present number of Pilsner Jews is a little over 70.

Read more on VisitPilsen.eu – Great Synagogue and Wikiepdia Great Synagogue (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The Uffizi in Florence

The Uffizi in Florence

[caption id="attachment_23403" align="alignleft" width="590"] Uffizi © Riccardo Speziari/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Uffizi Gallery is a museum in Florence, Italy. It is one of the oldest and most famous art museums of the Western world. Building of the palace was begun by Giorgio Vasari in 1560 for Cosimo I de' Medici as the offices for the Florentine magistrates - hence the name "uffizi" ("offices"). The Palazzo degli Uffizi brought together under one roof the administrative offices, the Tribunal and th...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Asturias - Pola de Siero

Theme Week Asturias - Pola de Siero

[caption id="attachment_217314" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Anual/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Pola de Siero (in Asturian and as official name La Pola Siero, and also known as La Pola colloquially) is a town in the autonomous community of Asturias on the north coast of the Kingdom of Spain. It is the administrative capital of the municipality (concejo) of Siero. Pola de Siero is located in the centre of Asturias, approximately 16 km east of the regional Capital Oviedo and 16 km south of Gijón. Siero borde...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Vienna - Historic Centre

Theme Week Vienna - Historic Centre

[caption id="attachment_165336" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Neue Hofburg © Bwag/cc-by-sa-3.0-at[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]In 2001, Vienna's city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Vienna developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements into a Medieval and Baroque city, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic centre of Vienna is rich in arch...

[ read more ]

The Lake Garda

The Lake Garda

[caption id="attachment_154227" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Old town of Malcesine with the Scaliger Castle and the northern part of Lake Garda © Ezeew[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lake Garda is the largest lake in Italy. It is located in Northern Italy, about half-way between Brescia and Verona, and between Venice and Milan. Glaciers formed this alpine region at the end of the last ice age. The lake and its shoreline are divided between the provinces of Verona (to the southeast), Brescia (southwest), and Trentino (north). Bei...

[ read more ]

Gotthard Base Tunnel, Europe's biggest construction site

Gotthard Base Tunnel, Europe's biggest construction site

[caption id="attachment_1177" align="alignleft" width="179" caption="© Cooper.ch"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) is a railway tunnel beneath the Alps in Switzerland. With a route length of 57 km (35.4 mi) and a total of 151.84 km (94.3 mi) of tunnels, shafts and passages, it is the world's longest rail tunnel, surpassing the undersea Seikan Tunnel in Japan. The project consists of two single track tunnels. It is part of the AlpTransit project, also known as the New Railway Link through the Alp...

[ read more ]

Bergen auf Rügen

Bergen auf Rügen

[caption id="attachment_231450" align="alignnone" width="590"] © THFR/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the former district of Rügen in the middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. Since 1 January 2005, Bergen has moreover been the administrative seat of the Amt of Bergen auf Rügen, which with a population of over 23,000 is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's most populous Amt. Bergen is in the middle of Germany's biggest island, Rügen, on the Baltic Sea ...

[ read more ]

Parks and Gardens

Parks and Gardens

[caption id="attachment_6165" align="aligncenter" width="590"]Hannover - Great Garden in Herrenhausen Gardens © Arabsalam[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The garden can incorporate both natural and man-made materials. The most common form today is known as a residential garden, but the term garden has traditionally been a more general one. Zoos, which display wild animals in simulated natural habit...

[ read more ]

Murano in the Venetian Lagoon

Murano in the Venetian Lagoon

[caption id="attachment_234572" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Canal Grande di Murano © Rettetast/cc-by-sa-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Murano is a series of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian Lagoon, northern Italy. It lies about 1.5 km (1 mi) north of Venice and measures about 1.5 km (1 mi) across with a population of just over 5,000 (2004 figures). It is famous for its glass making. It was once an independent comune, but is now a frazione of the comune of Venice. Murano was initially settled by the Romans a...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Andalusia - Jaén

Theme Week Andalusia - Jaén

[caption id="attachment_153235" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Jaén Cathedral © Cle 80/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jaén is a city in south-central Spain. The name is derived from the Arabic word khayyān ('crossroads of caravans'). It is the capital of the province of Jaén. The inhabitants of the city are known as Jiennenses. Its population is 117,000, about one-sixth of the population of the province. Recently Jaén has had a great increase in cultural tourism. The city is also known as the World Capital of Oli...

[ read more ]

The National Gallery in London

The National Gallery in London

[caption id="attachment_23499" align="alignleft" width="590"] © geograph.org.uk - Robert MacPherson/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square, London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. The Gallery is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection is free of c...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
St. Anne Catherdal - flickr.com - Stuart/cc-by-sa-2.0
Cathedral Quarter in Belfast

The Cathedral Quarter (Irish: Ceathrú na hArdeaglaise) in Belfast, Northern Ireland, is a developing area of the city, roughly situated...

Clock outside the Bevis Marks Synagogue © Ethan Doyle White/cc-by-sa-4.0
Bevis Marks Synagogue in London

Bevis Marks Synagogue, officially Qahal Kadosh Sha'ar ha-Shamayim ("Holy Congregation Gate of Heaven"), is the oldest synagogue in the United...

Main Street © Ellin Beltz/cc-by-sa-3.0
Ferndale in California

Ferndale is a city in Humboldt County, California, United States. Its population was 1,371 at the 2010 census, down from...

Close