Gaza City in Palestine

Saturday, 23 February 2013 - 01:05 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Gaza City © Mr.david.w/cc-by-sa-3.0

Gaza City © Mr.david.w/cc-by-sa-3.0

Gaza, also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of about 450,000, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories. Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC, Gaza has been dominated by several different peoples and empires throughout its history. The Philistines made it a part of their pentapolis after the Ancient Egyptians had ruled it for nearly 350 years. Under the Romans and later the Byzantines, Gaza experienced relative peace and its port flourished. In 635 AD, it became the first city in Palestine to be conquered by the Rashidun army and quickly developed into a centre of Islamic law. However, by the time the Crusaders invaded the city in the late 11th century, it was in ruins. In later centuries, Gaza experienced several hardships—from Mongol raids to floods and locusts, reducing it to a village by the 16th century, when it was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire. During the first half of Ottoman rule, the Ridwan dynasty controlled Gaza and under them the city went through an age of great commerce and peace.

Gaza’s history of habitation dates back 5,000 years, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. Located on the Mediterranean coastal route between North Africa and the Levant, for most of its history it served as a key entrepôt of the southern Levant and an important stopover on the spice trade route traversing the Red Sea.

Gaza City © OneArmedMan Gaza City © Mr.david.w/cc-by-sa-3.0 Gaza Park © Manar al Zraiy/cc-by-sa-3.0 Gaza Strip map © Gringer/cc-by-sa-3.0 War in Gaza 2009 - Overview over Gaza City © flickr.com - Al Jazeera English/cc-by-sa-2.0
<
>
War in Gaza 2009 - Overview over Gaza City © flickr.com - Al Jazeera English/cc-by-sa-2.0
Gaza fell to British forces during World War I, becoming a part of the British Mandate of Palestine. As a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Egypt administered the newly formed Gaza Strip territory and several improvements were undertaken in the city. Gaza was captured by Israel in the Six-Day War in 1967, but in 1993, the city was transferred to the Palestinian National Authority.

The primary economic activities of Gaza are small-scale industries, agriculture and labor. However, the economy has been devastated by the blockade and recurring conflicts. Most of Gaza’s inhabitants are Muslim, although there is a Christian minority. Gaza has a very young population with roughly 75% under the age of 25. The major agricultural products are strawberries, citrus, dates, olives, flowers, and various vegetables. Pollution and high demand for water have reduced the productive capacity of farms in the Gaza Strip. Small-scale industries include the production of plastics, construction materials, textiles, furniture, pottery, tiles, copperware, and carpets. Since the Oslo Accords, thousands of residents have been employed in government ministries and security services, UNRWA and international organizations. Minor industries include textiles and food processing. A variety of wares are sold in Gaza’s street bazaars, including carpets, pottery, wicker furniture, and cotton clothing. The upscale Gaza Mall opened in July 2010. Gaza has some universities. The four main universities in the city are al-Azhar University – Gaza, al-Quds Open University, al-Aqsa University and the Islamic University of Gaza. The Islamic University, consisting of ten facilities, was founded by a group of businessmen in 1978, making it the first University in Gaza. It had an enrollment of 20,639 students.

Read more on Israel Hayom, 19 March 2020: Gaza, like you never knew it, Wikivoyage Gaza Strip and Wikipedia Gaza City. Photos by Wikipedia Commons.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Egypt

Theme Week Egypt

[caption id="attachment_166053" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Luxor - Winter Palace Hotel © Rowan[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by Palestine and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of A...

[ read more ]

The Palace of Nations in Geneva

The Palace of Nations in Geneva

[caption id="attachment_168235" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palace of Nations © flickr.com - Ville Oksanen/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Palace of Nations is the home of the United Nations Office at Geneva, located in Geneva, Switzerland. It was built between 1929 and 1938 to serve as the headquarters of the League of Nations. It has served as the home of the United Nations Office at Geneva since 1946 when the Secretary-General of the United Nations signed a Headquarters Agreement with the Swiss authorities, a...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Tokyo - Sensō-ji temple

Theme Week Tokyo - Sensō-ji temple

[caption id="attachment_225147" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © jreysp/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sensō-ji (Kinryū-zan Sensō-ji) is an ancient Buddhist temple located in Asakusa, Tokyo, Japan. It is Tokyo's oldest temple, and one of its most significant. Formerly associated with the Tendai sect of Buddhism, it became independent after World War II. Adjacent to the temple is a five-story pagoda, the Asakusa Shinto shrine, as well as many shops with traditional goods in the Nakamise-dōri. The Sensoji Kannon tem...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Vienna - The Hotel Imperial

Theme Week Vienna - The Hotel Imperial

[caption id="attachment_152894" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Hotel Imperial 1880 - Zeffiro Ciuffoletti: Das Reich der Habsburger 1848-1918 - Photographien aus der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Hotel Imperial, also known as Imperial, Wien or simply The Imperial, is a five-star luxury hotel in Vienna, Austria. It is located at Kärntner Ring on the Ringstraße. The building was designed by architect Arnold Zenetti and built under the direction of Heinrich Adam in 1863. Initially, i...

[ read more ]

Xanten on the Lower Rhine

Xanten on the Lower Rhine

[caption id="attachment_161066" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Mitteltor (Middle Gate) © Frank Vincentz[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Xanten is a historic town in North Rhine-Westphalia, located in the district of Wesel. Xanten is the only German town whose name begins with X. Xanten is known for the Archaeological Park or archaeological open air museum (one of the largest in the world), its medieval picturesque city centre with Xanten Cathedral and many museums, its large man-made lake for various watersport activities a...

[ read more ]

Belcastel in Occitania

Belcastel in Occitania

[caption id="attachment_234273" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Pierre Bona/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Belcastel is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitania region in Southern France. In 2019, it had a population of 195. The village is medieval in character, with cobbled streets and lauze-roofed (stone tiled) houses. The bulk of the village and the castle (Château de Belcastel) are situated on the steep north bank of the river Aveyron. Several buildings including the 15th-century church are o...

[ read more ]

Colchester in Essex is UK's oldest city

Colchester in Essex is UK's oldest city

[caption id="attachment_153932" align="aligncenter" width="590"] High Street © colchesterguide.co.uk[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Colchester is an historic town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in Essex, England. At the time of the census in 2001, it had a population of 104,390. However, the population is rapidly increasing, and has been named as one of Britain's fastest growing towns. As the oldest recorded Roman town in Britain, Colchester claims to be the oldest town in Britain. It was for a time the ...

[ read more ]

Museum of the Ancient Near East in Berlin

Museum of the Ancient Near East in Berlin

[caption id="attachment_186017" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ishtar Gate © Hnapel/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Vorderasiatisches Museum (Near East Museum) is an archaeological museum in Berlin. It is in the basement of the south wing of the Pergamon Museum and has one of the world's largest collections of Southwest Asian art. 14 halls distributed across 2,000 square meters of exhibition surface display southwest Asian culture spanning six millennia. The exhibits cover a period from the 6th millennium BCE into ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Istria - Mošćenička Draga

Theme Week Istria - Mošćenička Draga

[caption id="attachment_153460" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Roberta F./cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Mošćenička Draga is municipality in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. It has 1,600 inhabitants. It is situated southwest of Opatija under Mt. Učka. The centre of the municipality is the former fishing village of Mošćenička Draga which is today a tourist resort with seven beaches, small marina and walking paths. Above Mošćenička Draga there is the hilltop town of Mošćenice. Long time ago Mošćeni...

[ read more ]

Seven Stars in Kyushu

Seven Stars in Kyushu

[caption id="attachment_208194" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Sanjo/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Seven Stars in Kyushu is a deluxe sleeping car excursion train operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) in Japan since October 2013. The overall design concept of the train was overseen by industrial designer Eiji Mitooka. The name of the train is derived from the seven prefectures of Kyushu and the fact that the train is made up of seven cars. The dedicated diesel locomotive, DF200-7000, for the tra...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© kosice2013.sk
Košice in Slovakia

Košice is a city in eastern Slovakia. It is situated on the river Hornád at the eastern reaches of the...

AIDAmar in Geirangerfjord, Norway © Drdoht/cc-by-sa-3.0
The AIDAmar

AIDAmar is a Sphinx class cruise ship, built at Meyer Werft in Papenburg for AIDA Cruises. She is the sixth...

Westport House from the boating lake © Laurel Lodged
Westport on the west coast of Ireland

Westport is a town in County Mayo in Ireland. It is at the south-east corner of Clew Bay, an inlet...

Close