Gallipoli in Apulia

Friday, 16 October 2020 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

© Colar/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Colar/cc-by-sa-3.0

Gallipoli (‘Beautiful City’) is a southern Italian town and comune in the province of Lecce, in Apulia. It has a population of 20,000 and it’s one of the towns that the Greek dialect Griko is spoken.

The town is located by the Ionian Sea, on the west coast of the Salento Peninsula. The town of Gallipoli is divided into two parts, the modern and the old city. The new town includes all the newest buildings including a skyscraper. The old town is located on a limestone island, linked to the mainland by a bridge built in the 16th century. The municipality borders with Alezio, Galatone, Matino, Sannicola and Taviano. It counts the hamlets (frazioni) of Baia Verde, Lido Conchiglie, Lido San Giovanni, Rivabella and Torre del Pizzo.

© MatthiasKabel/cc-by-2.5 Southern harbour © Tango7174/cc-by-sa-4.0 Cathedral © MatthiasKabel/cc-by-2.5 © Colar © Colar/cc-by-sa-3.0 Fortress and bridge © MatthiasKabel/cc-by-2.5
<
>
Fortress and bridge © MatthiasKabel/cc-by-2.5
According to a legend, the city was founded in ancient times by Idomeneus of Crete. Pliny the Elder attributes the foundation to the Senones Gauls, while more likely it was a Messapic settlement. Historically, what is known is that Gallipoli was a city of the Greater Greece, ruling over a large territory including today’s Porto Cesareo. In 265 BC it sided with Pyrrhus and Taranto against ancient Rome, suffering a defeat which relegated it to a Roman colony (later a municipium). In the early Middle Ages, it was most likely sacked by the Vandals and the Goths. Rebuilt by the Byzantines, Gallipoli lived an economically and socially flourishing period due to its geographical position. Later it was owned by the Roman Popes, and was a centre of fighting against the Greek monastic orders. In the 11th century Gallipoli was conquered by the Normans and, in 1268, it was besieged by Charles I of Anjou, causing numerous inhabitants to flee to the nearby Alezio. The city was repopulated around 1300, under the feudal rule of the principality of Taranto. In 1484 the Venetians tried to occupy it, but without results. King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies started the construction of the port, which in the 18th century became the largest olive oil market in the Mediterranean. After the unification of Italy (1861), Gallipoli was capital of a circondario, together with Lecce and Taranto.

In past times the economy of Gallipoli was based on the international wine and oil commerce. Nowadays its most important activities are based on fishing and tourism. Tourism is enjoyable throughout the year, due to the mild climate. Numerous are also the celebrations (civil and religious). These include the Carnival, Easter and all the parades, Sant’Agata, and the Santa Cristina celebrations in July. Often referred to as “Gay-lipoli” the city is particularly well known as a destination for the Italian gay population and has become “Italy’s gay summer paradise” drawing a sophisticated international crowd. Gallipoli also boasts a very recently built harbour for private boats, located just steps from the bottom of the main Corso Roma. The summer season starts in May and ends in October, when the weather is almost invariably hot and clear.

Read more on Gallipoli, Wikivoyage Gallipoli and Wikipedia Gallipoli (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Prague, the golden city

Prague, the golden city

[caption id="attachment_150181" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Prague Castle © Karelj[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Prague is situated on the Vltava River in central Bohemia. Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. The city proper is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 2.3 million. Prague has been a political, cultural and economic center of Europe and particularly central Europe for the over 1,100 years of its existence. For centuries, duri...

[ read more ]

Avranches in the Basse-Normandie

Avranches in the Basse-Normandie

[caption id="attachment_153748" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Man vyi[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Avranches is a commune in the Manche department in the Basse-Normandie region in north-western France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. The inhabitants are called Avranchinais. Avranches is situated at the southern end of the Cotentin Peninsula on the E40 road connecting Saint-Lô with Brittany and on the rail line between Lison (linking to Caen) and Dol (linking to Rennes). The town was founded on high groun...

[ read more ]

The Baltic island of Usedom

The Baltic island of Usedom

[caption id="attachment_153536" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Fisher boat © Mario Thiel[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Usedom (Polish: Uznam) is a Baltic Sea island on the border between Germany and Poland. It is situated north of the Szczecin Lagoon (German: Stettiner Haff) estuary of the River Oder in Pomerania. Most of the island belongs to the German district of Vorpommern-Greifswald in the Federal State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, with the exception of the eastern part and the city of Świnoujście (German: Swinemünde) which...

[ read more ]

The Marco Polo

The Marco Polo

[caption id="attachment_191710" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sailing yacht and Marco Polo in Tallinn Bay © Pjotr Mahhonin/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]MS Marco Polo is a cruise ship owned by the Global Maritime Group under charter to UK-based Cruise & Maritime Voyages, having been previously operated by Transocean Tours. She was built as an ocean liner in 1965 by Mathias-Thesen Werft as Aleksandr Pushkin for the Soviet Union's Baltic Shipping Company. After major alterations and additions, the ship sailed as Marco...

[ read more ]

Stockholm, the Venice of the North

Stockholm, the Venice of the North

[caption id="attachment_152580" align="aligncenter" width="590"] National Museum © Jonas Bergsten[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Stockholm is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 864,324 in the municipality, 1.4 million in the urban area, and around 2.1 million in the 6,519 km2 (2,517.00 sq mi) metropolitan area. As of 2010, the Stockholm metropolitan area is home to approximately 22% of Sweden's po...

[ read more ]

Oberpollinger in München

Oberpollinger in München

[caption id="attachment_150366" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © M(e)ister Eiskalt/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Oberpollinger is a known department store in Neuhauser Strasse in Munich. It is run by the The KaDeWe Group GmbH and is the largest by area department store in southern Germany. The building was built in 1905 by Max Littmann in the style of historicism, in the form of Neo-Renaissance and is a listed building. On the initiative of the city council advisory "Munich Artist Commission" architect Ma...

[ read more ]

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

[responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; French: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1960 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. It is a forum of countries describing themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy, providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seeking answers to common problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic an...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Algarve - Sagres

Theme Week Algarve - Sagres

[caption id="attachment_152694" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sagres Lighthouse at Fortress São Vicente © Joaomartinho63[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sagres is a town located in the municipality of Vila do Bispo and in the Southwest Alentejo and Vicentine Coast Natural Park. It has a surface of 34,28 km² and a population of 1 939 (in 2001). Sagres Point, the southwesternmost tip of Europe, historically connected to the Portuguese Age of Discovery, is located there. Prince Henry the Navigator (1394–1460) lived and di...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Sylt - Kampen

Theme Week Sylt - Kampen

[caption id="attachment_154318" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Rotes Kliff Beach © Bin im Garten/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kampen is located north of the island's main town, Westerland. The municipality is part of the Amt Landschaft Sylt. The local economy is dominated by tourism. The name Kaamp means "a marked out field". The first mention of Kampen occurs in a tax registry from 1543. The village is considered to have been founded quite late, possibly as a result of people moving there from an earlier se...

[ read more ]

Kensington in London

Kensington in London

[caption id="attachment_193140" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Serpentine Gallery © Mark Ahsmann/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kensington is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in West London. The district's commercial heart is Kensington High Street, running on an east-west axis. The north east is taken up by Kensington Gardens, containing the Albert Memorial, the Serpentine Gallery and Speke's monument. South Kensington is home to Imperial College London, the Royal College of Music and the Roy...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
© A.A.W.J. Rietman/cc-by-sa-4.0
Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam

The Portuguese Synagogue

Puente Nuevo bridge © TheBoxagon
Ronda in Andalusia

Ronda is a village in the Spanish province of Málaga. It is located about 105 km (65 mi) west of...

© Selbymay/cc-by-sa-3.0
La Cigale in Nantes

La Cigale is a brasserie located in Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, France, on the same city square as the Théâtre Graslin. The...

Schließen