Fort Sumter in South Carolina

Wednesday, 20 January 2021 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  6 minutes

© Bubba73/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Bubba73/cc-by-sa-3.0

Fort Sumter is a sea fort built on an artificial island protecting Charleston, South Carolina, from naval invasion. Its origin dates to the War of 1812 when the British invaded Washington by sea. It was still uncompleted in 1861 when the Battle of Fort Sumter began the American Civil War. It was severely damaged during the war, left in ruins, and although there was some rebuilding, the Fort as conceived was never completed. Since the 20th century, Fort Sumter has been open to the public as part of the Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park, operated by the National Park Service.

Named after General Thomas Sumter, a Revolutionary War hero, Fort Sumter was built after the War of 1812 as one of a series of fortifications on the southern U.S. coast, to protect American harbors from foreign invaders such as England (Burning of Washington). Built on an artificial island in the middle of the channel that provides Charleston with natural shelter, Fort Sumter would dominate the harbor, reinforcing the protection provided by the shore batteries at Fort Moultrie, Fort Wagner, and Fort Gregg. The island was originally a sand bar. In 1827, engineers performed measurements of the depths (depth sounding) and concluded that it was a suitable location for a fort. Construction began in 1829. Seventy thousand tons of granite were transported from New England to build up the artificial island. By 1834, a timber foundation that was several feet beneath the water had been laid. However, the decision was made to build a (stronger) brick fort. If completed, it would have been one of the strongest forts in the world. The brick fort is five-sided, 170 to 190 feet (52 to 58 m) long, with walls five feet (1.5 m) thick, standing 50 feet (15.2 m) over the low tide mark. Although never completed, it was designed to house 650 men and 135 guns in three tiers of gun emplacements. Construction dragged out because of title problems, then problems with funding such a large and technically challenging project. Unpleasant weather and disease made it worse. The exterior was finished but the interior and armaments were never completed.

Bombardment of Fort Sumter by Currier & Ives © United States Library of Congress Print and Photographs Division © Bubba73/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Methaz/cc-by-sa-3.0 Fort Sumter National Monument sign © Staib/cc-by-sa-3.0 Cannon © panoramio.com - David Dugan/cc-by-sa-3.0 Cannons © panoramio.com - David Dugan/cc-by-sa-3.0 © panoramio.com - David Dugan/cc-by-sa-3.0 © XeresNelro/cc-by-sa-4.0
<
>
Bombardment of Fort Sumter by Currier & Ives © United States Library of Congress Print and Photographs Division
Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie National Historical Park encompasses three sites in Charleston: the original Fort Sumter, the Fort Sumter Visitor Education Center, and Fort Moultrie on Sullivan’s Island. Access to Fort Sumter itself is by private boat or a 30-minute ferry ride from the Fort Sumter Visitor Education Center or Patriots Point. The Visitor Education Center’s museum features exhibits about the disagreements between the North and South that led to the incidents at Fort Sumter. The museum at Fort Sumter focuses on the activities at the fort, including its construction and role during the Civil War. April 12, 2011, marked the 150th Anniversary of the start of the Civil War. There was a commemoration of the events by thousands of Civil War reenactors with encampments in the area. A United States stamp of Fort Sumter and a first-day cover were issued that day.

On June 28, 2015, in the aftermath of the events of June 17, 2015, when a mass shooting took place at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Charleston, South Carolina, the five small flags that were arranged in a semi-circle around the large flagpole flying the 50-star United States flag at Fort Sumter were lowered so that the South Carolina flag could be flown at half staff. Those flown include a 33-star United States flag, a Confederate First National Flag (Stars and Bars), a South Carolina State Flag, a Confederate Second National Flag (Stainless Banner), and a 35-star United States flag. This display was added to Fort Sumter National Monument in the 1970s. In August 2015, the flagpoles were removed to create a new exhibit. The four historic national flags now fly on the lower parade ground. By December 2019, sea level rise led to a Park Service decision to move some of the large rocks “originally installed to protect the fort from the sea,” farther from the fort’s walls, in order to create a protective breakwater and wetland.

Read more on NPS.gov – Fort Sumter and Fort Moultrie, Battle of Fort Sumter and Wikipedia Fort Sumter (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Country overview

Country overview

[responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]In addition to the regular search function, a country overview is available here. Click on the country name to see all currently available blog entries. | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil ...

[ read more ]

German Unity Day

German Unity Day

[caption id="attachment_2486" align="aligncenter" width="500" caption="Tag der Deutschen Einheit 2011 © bonn.de"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]For 28 years, the Berlin Wall cemented the political division of Germany and Europe. It became a symbol of the Cold War, which split the world politically into an eastern and a western hemisphere. Over one hundred people died attempting to get past the heavily guarded Wall. In the end, the internal and external pressure on the GDR leadership increased so much that a chain of events was trig...

[ read more ]

The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge

The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge

[caption id="attachment_25504" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Pechristener/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is a 26.7 km (16.6 mi) long roadway bridge in eastern China's Shandong province, which is part of the 41.58 km (25.84 mi) Jiaozhou Bay Connection Project. As of December 2012, Guinness World Records lists the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge as the world's "longest bridge over water (aggregate length)" at 41.58 km (25.84 mi). The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge transects Jiaozhou Bay reducing the road distanc...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Netherlands - Nijmegen, the oldest city in the Netherlands

Theme Week Netherlands - Nijmegen, the oldest city in the Netherlands

[caption id="attachment_159819" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Market Square © Andreas Schmidt[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nijmegen is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, near the German border. It is considered to be the oldest city in the Netherlands and celebrated its 2000th year of existence in 2005. The municipality is part of the "Stadsregio Arnhem-Nijmegen", a metropolitan area with 736,107 inhabitants. The first mention of Nijmegen in history is in the 1st century BC, when the Romans built ...

[ read more ]

Jebel Ali, a hub of world trade, which link India with Africa and East Asia with Europe

Jebel Ali, a hub of world trade, which link India with Africa and East Asia with Europe

[caption id="attachment_25348" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Dubai World Central International Airport © Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jebel Ali is a port town, located 35 kilometers (22 mi) southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The Port of Jebel Ali is situated in Jebel Ali. In 1985, the Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) was established. JAFZ, an industrial area surrounding the port, allows the international companies who relocate ther...

[ read more ]

Bydgoszcz in the northern Central Poland

Bydgoszcz in the northern Central Poland

[caption id="attachment_160981" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Former headquarters of Prussian Eastern Railway © Pit1233[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bydgoszcz is a city located in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers. With a city population of 360,000, and an urban agglomeration with more than 470,000 inhabitants, Bydgoszcz is the 8th-largest city in Poland. It has been the seat of Bydgoszcz County and the co-capital, with Toruń, of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999. Bydgoszcz is part of the Byd...

[ read more ]

The Rickmer Rickmers

The Rickmer Rickmers

[caption id="attachment_152992" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Figurehead of Rickmer Rickmers © Tvabutzku1234[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rickmer Rickmers is a sailing ship (three masted bark) permanently moored as a museum ship in Hamburg, near the Cap San Diego. Rickmer Clasen Rickmers, (1807–1886) was a Bremerhaven shipbuilder and Willi Rickmer Rickmers, (1873–1965) led a Soviet-German expedition to the Pamirs in 1928. The Rickmer Rickmers was built in 1896 by the Rickmers shipyard in Bremerhaven, and was first u...

[ read more ]

Portrait: John Locke, the father of Classical Liberalism

Portrait: John Locke, the father of Classical Liberalism

[caption id="attachment_24835" align="aligncenter" width="590"] John Locke signature[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]John Locke (1632 – 1704), widely known as the Father of Classical Liberalism, was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy. Hi...

[ read more ]

Palm Islands in Dubai

Palm Islands in Dubai

[caption id="attachment_164801" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palm Jumeirah, The Universe, The World and Palm Deira © Tobias Karlhuber[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Palm Islands are three artificial islands, Palm Jumeirah, Deira Island and Palm Jebel Ali, on the coast of Dubai. As of November 2014, only Palm Jumeirah has been completed. This island takes the form of a palm tree, topped by a crescent. After completion, Palm Jebel Ali will take a similar shape; each island will be host to a large number of residential, leisure and...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Vatican City

Theme Week Vatican City

[caption id="attachment_191860" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palace of the Governorate of the Vatican City State © Staselnik/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Vatican City is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes). With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000, it is the smallest state in ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Entrance © Tdorante10/cc-by-sa-4.0
Cunard Building in New York City

The Cunard Building, also known as the Standard & Poors Building, is a 22-story office building located at 25 Broadway,...

© Fulviusbsas
Leiria in Portugal

Leiria is a city and a municipality in the Centro Region of Portugal and in the historical province of Beira...

© GJU - GJU
German Jordanian University in Madaba

German-Jordanian University (GJU) is a public university located near Madaba, Jordan. It offers more than 28 programs to over 6,000...

Schließen