Eichstätt in Upper Bavaria

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Market Square -wuppertaler/cc-© by-sa-4.0

Market Square -wuppertaler/cc-© by-sa-4.0

Eichstätt is a town in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany, and capital of the district of Eichstätt. It is located on the Altmühl river and has a population of around 13,000. Eichstätt is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Eichstätt. Eichstätt lies on both sides of the river Altmühl in the district of Eichstätt of the Upper Bavaria region of Bavaria, in the heart of Altmühl Valley Nature Park.

St. Willibald founded the Diocese of Eichstätt on the site of an old Roman station (Aureatum or Rubilocus) in 741. The city was given walls and chartered in 908. It was ruled by a prince-bishop, and in the Holy Roman Empire was the seat of the Bishopric of Eichstätt until secularization in 1802. In 1806, it became a part of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Eichstätt was included as part of the Principality of Eichstätt, which King Maximilian I granted to his son-in-law Eugène de Beauharnais in 1817 and an episcopal see was reestablished in 1821. It reverted to the Bavarian crown in 1855.

Eichstätt Cathedral © Kabaeh49/cc-by-sa-3.0 Eichstätt Cathedral © Pedelecs/cc-by-sa-3.0 Cloister Rebdorf © DALIBRI/cc-by-sa-2.0-de Former Women Cloister Notre Dame © KBWEi Market Square © -wuppertaler/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Martin Geisler/cc-by-sa-3.0 Residenzplatz © BKLuis Collegium Willibaldinum seminary © KBWEi Willibaldsburg above Eichstätt © Joe MiGo © H.Helmlechner/cc-by-sa-4.0
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Eichstätt Cathedral © Kabaeh49/cc-by-sa-3.0
In 870, the remains of St. Walpurga were transferred from their original Heidenheim interment to Eichstätt, where in 1035 the newer burial site was enshrined as the Benedictine Abbey of St. Walburga, which continues to this day. In 1943, the painter Karl Friedrich Lippmann moved to Eichstätt and stayed until 1955. Hortus Eystettensis (“Garden at Eichstätt”) is the name of an important botanical book first published in 1613 and written by Basilius Besler.

The town is dominated by the Willibaldsburg. Besides the cathedral, In addition to 12 churches, there are 10 existing monasteries or monastic communities and eight former monasteries, which has given the toen the nickname “Catholic Miniature World”. Eichstätt is home to the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt (KU), the lone Catholic university in Germany. The KU was founded in 1980, and was granted full rights of a university, including Ph.D. and Habilitation degrees by the State of Bavaria.

Read more on Eichstätt, Wikivoyage Eichstätt and Wikipedia Eichstätt (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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