Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania

Monday, 27 March 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  2 minutes

Fortified church of Prejmer © Neighbor's goat/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro

Fortified church of Prejmer © Neighbor’s goat/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro

The south-eastern Transylvania region in Romania currently has one of the highest numbers of existing fortified churches from the 13th to 16th centuries. It has more than 150 well preserved fortified churches of a great variety of architectural styles (out of an original 300 fortified churches).

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania are seven villages (six Saxon and one Székely) founded by the Transylvanian Saxons. They are dominated by fortified churches and characterized by a specific settlement pattern that has been preserved since the Late Middle Ages.

Fortified church of Câlnic © Țetcu Mircea Rareș/cc-by-sa-3.0 Fortified church of Dârjiu © Andrei kokelburg/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro Fortified church of Prejmer © Neighbor's goat/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro Fortified church of Saschiz © Diana Popescu/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro Fortified church of Valea Viilor © Țetcu Mircea Rareș/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro Fortified church of Viscri © Bogdan Croitoru/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro Fortified_church_of_Biertan-Otto_Schemmel
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Fortified church of Valea Viilor © Țetcu Mircea Rareș/cc-by-sa-3.0-ro
The Saxon villages of Transylvania appeared in the twelfth century when the Kings of Hungary settled German colonists in the area. They had a special status among nations in the province and their civilisation managed to survive and thrive, forming a very strong community of farmers, artisans and merchants. Being situated in a region constantly under the threat of the Ottoman and Tatar invasions, they built fortifications of different sizes. The most important towns were fully fortified, and the smaller communities created fortifications centered on the church, where they added defensive towers and storehouses to keep their most valuable goods and to help them withstand long sieges.

The seven villages listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site are: Biertan, Câlnic, Dârjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor and Viscri.

Read more on UNESCO.org – Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania, List of fortified churches in Transylvania and Wikipedia Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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