Dimona in the Negev

Wednesday, 10 March 2021 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  4 minutes

© מצילומי-יהודית-גרעין-כל/cc-by-2.5

© מצילומי-יהודית-גרעין-כל/cc-by-2.5

Dimona is an Israeli city in the Negev desert, 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the south-east of Beersheba and 35 kilometres (22 mi) west of the Dead Sea above the Arava valley in the Southern District of Israel. In 2019 its population was 34,500. The Shimon Peres Negev Nuclear Research Center, colloquially known as the Dimona Reactor, is located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) southeast of the city.

The Negev Naming Committee chose the name based upon that of a biblical town, mentioned in Joshua 15:21-22, on the basis that “the sound of this name had been preserved in the Arabic name Harabat Umm Dumna.”

Entrance to Dimona © Dr. Avishai Teicher/cc-by-2.5 © אולג-זליזניאק/cc-by-sa-2.5 © דור1845 © מצילומי-יהודית-גרעין-כל/cc-by-sa-2.5 © Amos Meron/cc-by-sa-3.0 Dimona-1-מצילומי יהודית גרעין-כל-cc-by-2.5 © מצילומי-יהודית-גרעין-כל/cc-by-2.5
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© מצילומי-יהודית-גרעין-כל/cc-by-sa-2.5
Dimona is described as “mini-India” by many for its 7,500-strong Indian Jewish community. It is also home to Israel’s Black Hebrew community, formerly governed by its founder and spiritual leader, Ben Ammi Ben-Israel, now deceased. The Black Hebrews number about 3,000 in Dimona, with additional families in Arad, Mitzpe Ramon and the Tiberias area. Their official status in Israel was an ongoing issue for many years, but in May 1990, the issue was resolved with the issuing of first B/1 visas, and a year later, issuing of temporary residency. Status was extended to August 2003, when the Israeli Ministry of Interior granted permanent residency.

In the early 1980s, textile plants, such as Dimona Textiles Ltd., dominated the industrial landscape. Many plants have since closed. Dimona Silica Industries Ltd. manufactures precipitated silica and calcium carbonate fillers. About a third of the city’s population works in industrial workplaces (chemical plants near the Dead Sea like the Dead Sea Works, high-tech companies and textile shops), and another third in the area of services. Due to the introduction of new technologies, many workers have been made redundant in the recent years, creating a total unemployment rate of about 10%. Dimona has taken part of Israel’s solar transformation. The Rotem Industrial Complex outside of the city has dozens of solar mirrors that focus the sun’s rays on a tower that in turn heats a water boiler to create steam, turning a turbine to create electricity. Luz II, Ltd. plans to use the solar array to test new technology for the three new solar plants to be built in California for Pacific Gas and Electric Company.

Israel’s_Nuclear_Weapons

Read more on Times of Israel, 25 February 2021: A soccer field-sized dig, stories deep: Israel expands Dimona nuclear facility, Haaretz, 26 February 2021: Trump Administration Order Allowed Release of High-resolution Satellite Imagery of Israeli Nuclear Facility, Sunday Times, 21 September 2008: From the archive: The secrets of Israel’s nuclear arsenal revealed (Mordechai Vanunu, Nuclear weapons and Israel, Israel and weapons of mass destruction), Dimona, Wikipedia Shimon Peres Negev Nuclear Research Center and Wikipedia Dimona (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.








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