The Preussen

Sunday, 1 September 2019 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Tall ships, Hamburg, Yacht of the Month
Reading Time:  6 minutes

Deutsches Museum in München - Fünfmast-Vollschiff Preußen Modell © Mattes

Deutsches Museum in München – Fünfmast-Vollschiff Preußen Modell © Mattes

Preußen (usually Preussen in English) was a German steel-hulled five-masted ship-rigged windjammer built in 1902 for the F. Laeisz shipping company and named after the German state and kingdom of Prussia. It was the world’s only ship of this class with five masts carrying six square sails on each mast. Until the 2000 launch of the Royal Clipper, a sail cruise liner, she was the only five-masted full-rigged ship ever built. Her homeport was Hamburg.

The Preußen was built as hull-number 179 at the Joh. C. Tecklenborg ship yard in Geestemünde according to the plans of chief designer Dr.-Ing. h. c. Georg Wilhelm Claussen, launched and christened on 7 May 1902. The ship was commissioned on 31 July 1902 and left the harbour of Bremerhaven the same day on her maiden voyage to Iquique under the command of Capt. Boye Richard Petersen who assisted naval architect Claussen in his plans. The basic idea of building such a ship is said to come from famous Laeisz captain Robert Hilgendorf, commander of the five-masted steel barque Potosi. Story has it that Kaiser Wilhelm II, while visiting the Potosi on 18 June 1899, asked Carl H. Laeisz when the five-masted full-rigged ship will finally “come”. This inspired Laeisz to build the ship. The initial construction plans were found among the effects of Carl Ferdinand Laeisz, grandson of founder Ferdinand Laeisz and son of C. H. Laeisz, who died early at an age of 48 in 1900, even before his father Carl Heinrich Laeisz who died in 1901. The ship was subsequently ordered in November 1900.

Preussen © Library of Congress Preussen © Allan C. Green - John Oxley Library - State Library of Queensland Preussen in Hamburg © sendker Preussen in Hamburg © Allan C. Green - John Oxley Library - State Library of Queensland Deutsches Museum in München - Fünfmast-Vollschiff Preußen Modell © Mattes
<
>
Preussen in Hamburg © Allan C. Green - John Oxley Library - State Library of Queensland
The sturdily built ship could weather every storm and even tack in force 9 winds. In such conditions eight men had to hold the 6 1/2-foot-tall (2.0 m) double steering wheel. She was successfully used in the saltpeter trade with Chile, setting speed records in the process. Due to her appearance, uniqueness, and excellent sailing characteristics seamen called her the “Queen of the Queens of the Seas”. In 1903 (2 February – 1 May) she sailed an unequalled record voyage from Lizard Point to Iquique in 57 days. She made twelve “round trips” (Hamburg-Chile and back home) and one journey round the world via New York and Yokohama, Japan in charter to the Standard Oil Co. When she entered New York harbour, almost all New Yorkers were “on their legs” to see and welcome that unique tall sailing ship. Capt. B. R. Petersen was accompanied by his wife and his little son; both left the ship and returned to Hamburg later by steamer. The mighty Preußen, as she was named by many seamen, had only two skippers in her career, Captain Boye Richard Petersen (11 voyages) and Captain Jochim Hans Hinrich Nissen (2 full voyages and the last). Both masters learned and developed their skills sailing such a huge sailing ship under Capt. Robert Hilgendorf, late master of the Potosí.

On 5 November 1910, on her 14th outbound voyage, carrying a mixed cargo including a number of pianos for Chile, the Preußen was at 23:35 rammed by the small British cross-channel steamer Brighton 8 nautical miles (15 km) south of Newhaven. Contrary to regulations, the Brighton had tried to cross her bows, underestimating her high speed of 16 knots (30 km/h). The Preußen was seriously damaged and lost much of her forward rigging (bowsprit, fore topgallant mast), making it impossible to steer the ship to safety. Brighton returned to Newhaven to summon aid and the tug Alert was sent to assist Preußen. A November gale thwarted attempts to sail or tug her to safety in Dover Harbour. It was intended to anchor her off Dover but both anchor chains broke and Preußen was driven onto rocks at Crab Bay where she sank as a result of the damage inflicted on her. While crew, cargo and some equipment could be saved from Preußen, with the keel broken she was rendered unsalvageable. She sits in 6 metres (3.3 fathoms) of water at 51°8.02′N 1°22.17′E. The Master of the Brighton was found to be responsible for the accident and lost his licence as a result. A few ribs of the Preußen can be seen off Crab Bay at low spring tides.

Read more on Wikipedia Preußen. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Bełżec in Poland

Bełżec in Poland

[caption id="attachment_151047" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Orthodox church of St. Vasily from 1756 © Yarek shalom/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Bełżec is a village in Tomaszów Lubelski County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland with 2,600 inhabitants. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Bełżec. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Tomaszów Lubelski and 114 km (71 mi) south-east of the regional capital Lublin. Already in 1887 Bełżec received rail conn...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Havana on Cuba

Theme Week Havana on Cuba

[caption id="attachment_6201" align="aligncenter" width="577"] Havana Collage © Vitalia[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Havana (La Habana, officially Villa San Cristóbal de La Habana) is the capital city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi) - making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region. The city extends mostly westward ...

[ read more ]

The Cook Islands in the South Pacific

The Cook Islands in the South Pacific

[caption id="attachment_151338" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Parliament of the Cook Islands © Mr Bullitt[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Cook Islands is a self-governing parliamentary democracy in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It is composed of 15 small islands whose total land area is 240 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi), divided into two distinct groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands of coral atolls.. The Cook Islands' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), however, covers 1,8...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Canary Islands - Fuerteventura

Theme Week Canary Islands - Fuerteventura

[caption id="attachment_153407" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Morro Jable © Yoshi[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]With 1,660 km² Fuerteventura is the second largest of the Canary Islands, after Tenerife. It was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. The first tourist hotel was built in 1965 followed by the construction of Fuerteventura Airport at El Mattoral, heralding the dawn of a new era for the island. Fuerteventura, with its 3,000 sunshine hours a year, was placed firmly on the world stage as a major European holida...

[ read more ]

Jumeirah Beach Residence in Dubai

Jumeirah Beach Residence in Dubai

[caption id="attachment_193062" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Imre Solt/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jumeirah Beach Residence (also known as JBR) is a 1.7 kilometres (1.1mi) long, 2 square kilometres (0.77 sq mi) gross floor area waterfront community located against the Arabian Gulf in Dubai Marina in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is a residential development and contains 40 towers (35 are residential and 5 are hotels). JBR can accommodate about 15,000 people, living in its apartments and hotel rooms. The Proje...

[ read more ]

The seaside resort Royan

The seaside resort Royan

[caption id="attachment_153835" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Royan Harbour © Cobber17/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Royan is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department, along the Atlantic Ocean, in southwestern France. As seaside resort, Royan is in the heart of an urban area estimated at 38,638 inhabitants, which makes it the fourth-largest conurbation in the department, after La Rochelle, Saintes and Rochefort. Capital of the Côte de beauté, the city is located at the mouth of the Gironde Estuary, th...

[ read more ]

The Conch Republic celebrates Independence Day on April 23

The Conch Republic celebrates Independence Day on April 23

[caption id="attachment_7014" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Flag of the Conch Republic © Jmckean/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Conch Republic is a micronation declared as a tongue-in-cheek secession of the city of Key West, Florida from the United States on April 23, 1982. It has been maintained as a tourism booster for the city since. Since then, the term "Conch Republic" has been expanded to refer to "all of the Florida Keys, or, that geographic apportionment of land that falls within the legally defined boundari...

[ read more ]

Portrait: James of Saint George, master of works and architect

Portrait: James of Saint George, master of works and architect

[caption id="attachment_233228" align="aligncenter" width="469"] Master James statue at Beaumaris Castle © AJ Marshall/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Master James of Saint George (French: Maître Jacques de Saint-Georges) was a master of works/architect from Savoy, described by historian Marc Morris as "one of the greatest architects of the European Middle Ages". He was largely responsible for designing King Edward I's castles in North Wales, including Conwy, Harlech and Caernarfon (all begun in 1283) and Beaumaris on A...

[ read more ]

The SeaDream I and II

The SeaDream I and II

[caption id="attachment_152949" align="aligncenter" width="590"] SeaDream II in Pula © Orlovic[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"] "It's yachting, not cruising!" SeaDream’s twin, luxury mega-yachts "SeaDream I" and "SeaDream II" were designed as prototypes for the ultra-luxury yachting experience. Teak decks, inviting seating and lounging areas with plenty of room to stroll or simply relax and watch the world go by with your favorite libation. With all the comforts of home and more, SeaDream yachts reflect a passion for style, quali...

[ read more ]

Philadelphia Main Line

Philadelphia Main Line

[caption id="attachment_240044" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Ashbridge House in Ashbridge Memorial Park in Bryn Mawr © MainlyTwelve/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Philadelphia Main Line, known simply as the Main Line, is an informally delineated historical and social region of suburban Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Lying along the former Pennsylvania Railroad's once prestigious Main Line, it runs northwest from Center City Philadelphia parallel to Lancaster Avenue, also known as U.S. Route 30. ...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Architect's rendering © Diller Scofidio + Renfro/cc-by-sa-3.0
The Shed in Manhattan

The Shed (formerly known as Culture Shed and Hudson Yards Cultural Shed) is a cultural center in Hudson Yards, Manhattan,...

EDJC 2019
European Day of Jewish Culture

The European Day of Jewish Culture is an event celebrated in several countries in Europe. The aim of this day...

Rose Garden Palace © Bazaan/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Bangladesh – Dhaka

Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the largest and most densely populated cities...

Close