The port city of Ancona

Tuesday, 29 May 2012 - 01:58 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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The Vanvitelli's Lazzaretto, project of the architect Luigi Vanvitelli © Mungany

The Vanvitelli’s Lazzaretto, project of the architect Luigi Vanvitelli © Mungany

Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche region, in central Italy, with a population of 102,997. Ancona is the capital of the province of Ancona and of the region. The city is located 280 km (170 mi) northeast of Rome, on the Adriatic Sea, between the slopes of the two extremities of the promontory of Monte Conero, Monte Astagno and Monte Guasco. Ancona is one of the main ports on the Adriatic Sea, especially for passenger traffic, and is the main economic and demographic center of the region. Ancona is located in the mid Adriatic coast, 285 km. north-east of Rome and 424 km. south-east of Milan. Just south of the city, the Conero Mount (572 mt.) rises from the sea, with its picturesque regional park and its famous Riviera. The climate of Ancona is both mediterranean and continental.

The Cathedral of Ancona, dedicated to Judas Cyriacus, was consecrated at the beginning of the 11th century and completed in 1189. Some writers suppose that the original church was in the form of a basilica and belonged to the 7th century. An early restoration was completed in 1234. It is a fine Romanesque building in grey stone, built in the form of a Greek cross, and other elements of Byzantine art. It has a dodecagonal dome over the center slightly altered by Margaritone d’Arezzo in 1270. The façade has a Gothic portal, ascribed to Giorgio da Como (1228), which was intended to have a lateral arch on each side. The interior, which has a crypt under each transept, in the main preserves its original character. It has ten columns which are attributed to the temple of Venus. The church was restored in the 1980s.

Port of Ancona © Giacomus The Vanvitellis Lazzaretto, project of the architect Luigi Vanvitelli © Beta16 Piazza de Plebiscito © MarkusMark © flickr.com - Brian Pennington Church of St. Domenico © MarkusMark A cannon, situated near the Arch of Trajan, with the Cattedrale San Ciriaco visible in the background © Eebyrne Ancona Panorama © Greg O'Beirne Aerial view of Ancona © Awd The Vanvitelli's Lazzaretto, project of the architect Luigi Vanvitelli © Mungany
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A cannon, situated near the Arch of Trajan, with the Cattedrale San Ciriaco visible in the background © Eebyrne
Main sights are:

  • The marble Arch of Trajan, 18 m high, erected in 114/115 as an entrance to the causeway atop the harbor wall in honor of the emperor who had made the harbor, is one of the finest Roman monuments in the Marche. Most of its original bronze enrichments have disappeared. It stands on a high podium approached by a wide flight of steps. The archway, only 3 m wide, is flanked by pairs of fluted Corinthian columns on pedestals. An attic bears inscriptions. The format is that of the Arch of Titus in Rome, but made taller, so that the bronze figures surmounting it, of Trajan, his wife Plotina and sister Marciana, would figure as a landmark for ships approaching Rome’s greatest Adriatic port.
  • The Lazzaretto (Laemocomium or “Mole Vanvitelliana”), planned by architect Luigi Vanvitelli in 1732 is a pentagonal building covering more than 20,000 m², built to protect the military defensive authorities from the risk of contagious diseases eventually reaching the town with the ships. Later it was used also as a military hospital or as barracks; it is currently used for cultural exhibits.
  • The Episcopal Palace was the place where Pope Pius II died in 1464.
  • The church of Santa Maria della Piazza, with an elaborate arcaded façade (1210).
  • The Palazzo del Comune (or Palazzo degli Anziani – Elders palace -), built in 1250, with lofty arched substructures at the back, was the work of Margaritone d’Arezzo, and has been restored twice.
  • Church of San Francesco alle Scale
  • Church of Sant’Agostino, built by the Augustinians in 1341 as Santa Maria del Popolo, and enlarged by Luigi Vanvitelli in the 18th century and turned into a palace after 1860. It has maintained the Gothic portal by Giorgio da Sebenico, with statues portraying St. Monica, St. Nicola da Tolentino, St. Simplicianus and Blessed Agostino Trionfi.
  • Church of the Santi Pellegrino e Teresa (18th century)
  • Church of the Santissimo Sacramento (16th and 18th century)
  • There are also several fine late Gothic buildings, including the Palazzo Benincasa, the Palazzo del Senato and the Loggia dei Mercanti, all by Giorgio da Sebenico, and the prefecture, which has Renaissance additions.
  • The National Archaeological Museum (Museo Archeologico Nazionale) is housed in the Palazzo Ferretti, built in the late Renaissance by Pellegrino Tibaldi; it preserves frescoes by Federico Zuccari. The Museum is divided into several sections
  • The Municipal Art Gallery (Pinacoteca Civica) “Francesco Podesti” is housed in the Palazzo Bosdari, reconstructed in 1558 – 1561 by Pellegrino Tibaldi.

Read more on City of Ancona, Marche Region Tourism, Province of Ancona, Ancona Airport, Port of Ancona and Wikipedia Ancona. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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