The European Union: Climate Policy

Sunday, 2 February 2020 - 06:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Editorial, Environment, European Union, General
Reading Time:  93 minutes

Flag of Europe (Latest update: 25 July 2021) The European Union’s climate policy is a European policy area that aims to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to transform European economies into a low carbon economy. On the one hand, the EU’s climate policy aims to reduce its own emissions of greenhouse gases (mitigation), for example through the emissions trading system that has existed since 2005. However, since limiting anthropogenic climate change can ultimately only be achieved at the global level, the EU is also actively involved in the negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The EU’s climate policy also pursues the goal of limiting the effects of climate change (adaptation), for example through civil protection measures in Europe or through conflict prevention in developing countries.

Climate policy has become one of the most dynamic EU policies in recent years. Organizationally, climate policy has long been located in the Directorate-General for the Environment. The Barroso II Commission has for the first time created the post of Commissioner for Climate Action, which is now independent of the Environment Commissioner (Paris Agreement, United Nations Climate Change conference, European Commission – Climate Action, Fridays for Future, Flint water crisis, Boston Globe, 26 June 2018: Thirty years later, what needs to change in our approach to climate change, The New York Times Magazine, 1 August 2018: Losing Earth: The Decade We Almost Stopped Climate Change, The washington Post, 8 August 2018: Once prized and profitable, beachfront real estate can now be a losing proposition, CNN, 20 March 2019: Mexico’s ‘green gold’: The company powering cars with cactus juice, Forbes, 21 May 2019: Soil Erosion Washes Away $8 Billion Annually, France24, 17 June 2019: EU leaders to debate push for zero emissions by 2050, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: UK citizens’ assembly on climate emergency announced, DW, 20 June 2019: Belarus: E40 Waterway an eco-threat, The Guardian, 20 June 2019: Central European countries block EU moves towards 2050 zero carbon goal, The Guardian, 21 June 2019: Greenpeace activist: ‘Mark Field needs anger management’, BBC, 23 June 2019: Climate protesters storm Garzweiler coalmine in Germany, BBC, 24 June 2019: Wind power: £100m fund aims to boost UK companies, BBC, 24 June 2019: Climate change: Cashing in on CO2, France24, 26 June 2019: France falls short on emission targets, says climate council, The National 26 June 2019: UAE gears up for United Nations climate change summit in Abu Dhabi, CNN, 26 June 2019: Germany’s temperature record smashed as Europe’s heat wave intensifies, BBC, 27 June 2019: European heatwave sets new June temperature records, France24, 29 June 2019: US still outsider at G20 over fighting climate change, CNN, 29 June 2019: Russia plans to tow a nuclear power station to the Arctic. Critics dub it a ‘floating Chernobyl’, The National, 30 June 2019: Abu Dhabi Climate Meeting: ‘The situation is urgent’, France24, 2 July 2019: Last month ‘hottest June on record’ as heatwave swept Europe, The Guardian, 2 July 2019: Climate change made European heatwave at least five times likelier, The Guardian, 7 July 2019: One climate crisis disaster happening every week, UN warns, Al Jazeera, 8 July 2019: Israel’s ‘environmental crisis’ is of its own making, France24, 8 July 2019: French development agency chief on the issue of climate justice, France24, 9 July 2019: Paris follows London to declare ‘climate emergency’, The Washington Post, 9 July 2019: Trump’s ‘environmental leadership’ is sending us to a climate disaster, CNN, 13 July 2019: Tropical Storm Barry, USA Today, 13 July 2019. Now a hurricane, Barry nears Louisiana coast packing heavy rain, NOLA.com, 13 July 2019: Hurricane Barry heads for Louisiana: Live updates, photos, storm info (The Atlantic, 25 August 2015: New Orleans, 10 Years After Katrina), CNN, 15 July 2019: Staten Island seawall: Designing for climate change, CNN, 16 July 2019: Morocco in the fast lane with world’s largest concentrated solar farm, The National, 16 July 2019: Dubai community bans plastic bottles from restaurants and cafes, Reuters, 17 July 2019: Lionfish invasion in Cyprus? If you can’t beat ’em, eat ’em, France24, 23 July 2019: Young ecologist Greta Thunberg addresses French parliament, The Guardian, 26 July 2019: If you can’t stand the heat … stop being a climate emergency denier, Earth Overshoot Day, France24, 29 July 2019: Earth Overshoot Day: Planet’s 2019 resources ‘budget’ already spent, The Guardian, 31 July 2019: Our planet is in crisis. But until we call it a crisis, no one will listen, BBC, 6 August 2019: Russia arms dump fire: Huge blaze in Siberia extinguished, The Guardian, 7 August 2019: ‘Part of German soul’ under threat as forests die, The National, 8 August 2019: UN: ‘Closing window’ to stop climate change threatening world’s food supply, The New York Times, 8 August 2019: Climate Change Threatens World’s Food Supply, United Nations Warns, Bloomberg, 9 August 2019: The World’s Largest Forest Has Been on Fire for Months, The New York Times, 24 August 2019: Amazon Fires Prompt Action From Europe, and Silence From U.S., Saudi Gazette, 24 August 2019: As EU threatens trade retaliation, Brazil sends army to fight Amazon fires, France24, August 2019: Hunting tourists kill thousands of doves in Morocco, CNN, 26 August 2019: Brazil’s Bolsanaro says he ‘loves’ the Amazon. But his policies are designed to wreak havoc on it, The Guardian, 26 August 2019: Fires are devouring the Amazon. And Jair Bolsonaro is to blame, BBC, 26 August 2019: Amazon fires: G7 to release funds for fire-fighting planes, CNN, 26 August 2019: Trump skips G7 climate summit with aides claiming scheduling conflict, Politico.eu, 26 August 2019: UN chief urges G7 to do more on climate, BBC, 27 August 2019: Amazon fires: Brazil to reject G7 offer of $22m aid (no wonder. It is a declared goal by Bolsonaro to massively destroy further Amazon jungle in order to achieve short-sighted and short-term economic benefits. It can therefore evidently be assumed that Bolsonaro and his henchmen are behind the large-scale arson attacks on the Amazon region.), The Guardian, 27 August 2019: Amazon rainforest fires: Brazil to reject $20m pledged by G7 (Bolsonaro is just one more example for the fact that nationalists and racists worldwide can be principally characterized by their very limited intellectual capacities), CNN, 27 August 2019: Bolsonaro’s ego stands in the way of saving the Amazon, France24, 27 August 2019: Bolsonaro makes accepting millions in G7 aid for Amazon contingent on apology from Macron, The New York Times, 28 August 2019: The Amazon, Siberia, Indonesia: A World of Fire, The New York Times, 29 August 2019: The Trump administration is working to roll back these 84 environmental policies., France24, 1 September 2019: Hurricane Dorian slams into Bahamas as dangerous Category 5 storm, CNN, 2 September 2019: Hurricane Dorian slams into the Bahamas, Politico.eu, 2 September 2019: London mayor mocks Trump for dealing with hurricane ‘out on the golf course’, BBC, 3 September 2019: Hurricane Dorian: Pleas for help as storm stalls over Bahamas, The Guardian, 3 September 2019: How much destruction is needed for us to take climate change seriously?, The Guardian, 4 September 2019: Hurricane Dorian bears down on Georgia and Carolinas – live updates, The New York Times, 4 September 2019: Hurricane Dorian Could Swamp the Coast From Florida to Virginia, Politico.com, 4 September 2019: An Oval Office mystery: Who doctored the hurricane map?, The Guardian, 5 September 2019: Twenty dead in Bahamas after Dorian leaves ‘generational devastation’, CNN, 6 September 2019: Satellite images show the devastation Hurricane Dorian caused in the Bahamas, Gulf Times, 7 September 2019: Merkel, in China speech, calls climate protection a global problem, The Guardian, 7 September 2019: ‘It’s all gone’: shattered Bahamas counts cost of Hurricane Dorian’s destruction, Politico.eu, 7 September 2019: Von der Leyen’s climate promises run into Brussels reality, The Guardian, 9 September 2019: Climate crisis is greatest ever threat to human rights, UN warns, The Guardian, 11 September 2019: Adaptation isn’t enough. We’ve got to throw everything at the climate crisis, U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit, 13 September 2019: Coastal Erosion, The Guardian, 14 September 2019: Naomi Klein: ‘We are seeing the beginnings of the era of climate barbarism’, The Guardian, 17 September 2019: The silenced: meet the climate whistleblowers muzzled by Trump, France24, 18 September 2019: Trump revokes California’s authority to set auto emissions limits, NPR, 18 September 2019: Trump Says California’s Ability To Set Its Own Emissions Standards Will Be Revoked, The Guardian, 20 September 2019: Global climate strike: Greta Thunberg and school students lead climate crisis protest – live updates, France24, 20 September 2019: Students kick off global climate strike inspired by Greta Thunberg, CNN, 20 September 2019: Global climate strike, BBC, 20 September 2019: Huge crowds across Europe demand climate action, CNN, 20 September 2019: More than 100,000 gather in Melbourne as the world begins climate demonstrations, The New York Times, 20 September 2019: Young People Take to Streets in Global Climate Protest, France24, 20 September 2019: Merkel govt agrees on climate plan – but German green groups say it’s not enough, France24, 20 September 2019: ‘The earth is on fire’: Young people lead global climate change protests, France24, 20 September 2019: Amid increasing threat from climate change, New York prepares for rising waters, The Guardian, 21 September 2019: Across the globe, millions join biggest climate protest ever, Gulf Times, 21 September 2019: ‘Millions’ protest in youth-led global climate strike, Politico.eu, 21 September 2019: Angela Merkel’s inconvenient truth, The Guardian, 21 September 2019: ‘Save us, save the world’: Pacific climate warriors taking the fight to the UN, France24, 22 September 2019: Youth leaders at UN demand bold climate change action, France24, 23 September 2019: UN chief calls for ‘concrete plans’ as climate emergency summit convenes in New York, BBC, 23 September 2019: Climate change: UN summit opens without key leaders, The New York Times, 23 September 2019: Leaders Get a Chance to Answer Youth Protests at U.N. Climate Talks, The Guardian, 23 September 2019: Greta Thunberg condemns world leaders in emotional speech at UN, The Washington Post, 25 September 2019: New U.N. climate report: Monumental change already here for world’s oceans and frozen regions, CBS News, 25 September 2019: Erosion threatens scenery and real estate along iconic California coastline, The New York Times, 30 September 2019: What Kind of Problem Is Climate Change?, The Guardian, 3 October 2019: The movement to take climate action has begun – but we have a long way to go, BBC, 4 October 2019: The incinerator and the ski slope tackling waste, BBC, 8 October 2019: Extinction Rebellion: Protesters glue themselves to government building, The Guardian, 9 October 2019: Revealed: the 20 firms behind a third of all carbon emissions, The Guardian, 10 October 2019: Revealed: top UK thinktank spent decades undermining climate science, The Guardian, 11 October 2019: Tory MPs five times more likely to vote against climate action, The Guardian, 11 October 2019: Inside Copenhagen’s race to be the first carbon-neutral city, The Guardian, 13 October 2019: Top investment banks provide billions to expand fossil fuel industry, NPR, 30 October 2019: ‘Start Listening’: Greta Thunberg Rejects Major Environmental Award, The National, 31 October 2019: German government sued by farmers over climate targets in landmark case, CNN, 31 October 2019: First climate lawsuit brought against German government fails, The Guardian, 2 November 2019: Jeremy Corbyn decries fracking suspension as election stunt, Gulf Times, 2 November 2019: Asia must quit ‘coal addiction’: UN chief, France24, 3 November 2019: Actress and climate change dissident Jane Fonda gets arrested – every week, BBC, 4 November 2019: Paris climate accords: US notifies UN of intention to withdraw, Politico.com, 4 November 2019: U.S. starts climate pact exit — now what?, The Guardian, 4 November 2019: Trump begins year-long process to formally exit Paris climate agreement, Gulf Times, 4 November 2019: Merkel cheers VW’s electric push amid growing climate critique, France24, 5 November 2019: Macron says climate cooperation between Europe and China is ‘decisive’, The Guardian, 6 November 2019: Climate crisis: 11,000 scientists warn of ‘untold suffering’, The Guardian, 8 November 2019: My ‘OK boomer’ comment in parliament symbolised exhaustion of multiple generations, Politico.eu, 15 November 2019: Europe’s investment bank sets pace on fossil fuel lending, France24, 16 November 2019: Venice braces for more floods, strong winds, Irish Times, 16 November 2019: Seán Moncrieff: The planet is cooking for all of us, no matter our politics, CNN, 17 November 2019: The flat earth conspiracy is spreading around the globe. Does it hide a darker core?, CNN, 19 November 2019: California won’t buy cars from GM, Chrysler or Toyota because they sided with Trump over emissions, Politico.eu, 21 November 2019: Germany eats Poland’s green lunch, Politico.eu, 21 November 2019: Working together to face the energy challenge, CNN, 22 November 2019: China can go carbon neutral by 2050 while still growing its economy: report, The Guardian, 24 November 2019: Can we have net zero emissions and still fly?, BBC, 25 November 2019: Climate change: Greenhouse gas concentrations again break records, NPR, 26 November 2019: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Are Still Rising, U.N. Report Says, The Guardian, 26 November 2019: UN calls for push to cut greenhouse gas levels to avoid climate chaos, Politico.eu, 27 November 2019: Von der Leyen to kick off term with trip to UN climate conference, TopGear, 27 November 2019: And lo, the Pope did get-eth a new Dacia Duster Popemobile, Politico.eu, 28 November 2019: European Parliament declares global climate emergency, The Guardian, 28 November 2019: ‘Our house is on fire’: EU parliament declares climate emergency, The Guardian, 29 November 2019: Hundreds of thousands of students join global climate strikes, Al Jazeera, 29 November 2019: Thousands stage global climate protests before UN summit, CNN, 30 November 2019: Germany is closing all its nuclear power plants. Now it must find a place to bury the deadly waste for 1 million years, Gulf Times, 30 November 2019: Hundreds of activists break into coal mines in eastern Germany, Politico.eu, 1 December 2019: 6 things to know about the COP25 climate summit, Politico.eu, 2 December 2019: EU must make carbon pay, The Guardian, 2 December 2019: US Congress commits to act on climate crisis, despite Donald Trump, Jerusalem Post, 3 December 2019: New climate change report spells disaster for Israel (who would have thought that Israel would not be driven into the Mediterranean, but the Mediterranean into Israel?), The Guardian, 4 December 2019: Climate change to steer all New Zealand government decisions from now on, The Guardian, 4 December 2019: Climate models have accurately predicted global heating, study finds, France24, 11 December 2019: Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg is Time magazine’s 2019 Person of the Year, BBC, 11 December 2019: Greta Thunberg named Time Person of the Year for 2019, The Guardian, 11 December 2019: Europe must lead on the climate crisis. The European Green Deal shows how, Politico.eu, 11 December 2019: Europe’s Green Deal plan unveiled, Politico.com, 11 December 2019: How California and Quebec are trying to Trump-proof their climate effort, Al Jazeera, 11 December 2019: ‘A future we want’: Global mayors on frontlines of climate fight, DW, 11 December 2019: EU lauds new Green Deal as Europe’s ‘man on moon moment’, Politico.eu, 12 December 2019: The EU’s China moment, BBC, 13 December 2019: EU carbon neutrality: Leaders agree 2050 target without Poland, France24, 13 December 2019: EU agrees on carbon neutrality by 2050, Poland exempt, Politico.com, 13 December 2019: Europe threatens U.S. with carbon tariffs to combat climate change, France24, 13 December 2019: UN climate talks near end as countries divided on emissions, funding, Politico.eu, 13 December 2019: Charles Michel goes multi-speed to get Europe ahead on climate, BBC, 14 December 2019: UN climate talks hit rough waters, Al Jazeera, 13 December 2019: Will Europe’s Green Deal prove a giant leap for planet Earth?, Politico.eu, 15 December 2019: UN climate talks fall short thanks to US vacuum, The Washington Post, 15 December 2019: U.N. climate talks end with hard feelings, few results and new doubts about global unity, Politico.com, 15 December 2019: United Nations climate talks collapse after Trump shuns Paris pact, The New York Times, 15 December 2019: U.N. Climate Talks End With Big Polluters Blocking Stronger Action, The Guardian, 15 December 2019: UN climate talks end with limited progress on emissions targets, BBC, 15 December 2019: COP25: Longest climate talks end with compromise deal, France24, 15 December 2019: COP 25 climate talks end with no deal on carbon markets, Al Jazeera, 15 December 2019: Longest UN climate talks end with no deal on carbon markets, Arab News, 15 December 2019: Meltdown in Madrid, The National, 15 December 2019: Madrid climate talks ‘disappointing’ says UN chief Antonio Guterres, Gulf Times, 15 December 2019: UN climate talks a ‘lost opportunity’, says Guterres, Politico.eu, 15 December 2019: 6 takeaways from the COP25 climate talks, NPR, 15 December 2019: U.N. Climate Summit Goes To Extra Time, But Ends With Major Questions Unresolved, Al Jazeera, 16 December 2019: ‘Cleaner and cheaper’: Sunny Spain is banking on renewable energy, Politico.eu, 16 December 2019: When will the Netherlands disappear?, Arab News, 20 December 2019: It is time for a new approach to tackling climate change, France24, 25 December 2019: Britain’s Queen hails climate movement on Christmas Day, CNN, 26 December 2019: What’s behind Trump’s nonsense on windmills and light bulbs, BBC, 2 January 2020: Norway records warmest ever January day at 19C, BBC, 13 January 2020: Siemens resists climate protests over Australia coal project, Politico.eu, 13 January 2020: EU countries scrap for cash from new green scheme, Gulf Times, 14 January 2020: EU executive unveils plan for 1-trillion-euro climate investments, France24, 15 January 2020: Environmentalists file suit against Merkel’s ‘weak’ climate laws, The Guardian, 19 January 2020: Davos 2020 should be all about climate crisis but Trump won’t admit it, CNN, 19 January 2020: Trump vs. Thunberg: The climate crisis could dominate Davos, Arab News, 19 January 2020: Saudi Arabia joins club of Middle East’s ‘green energy’ leaders, The Guardian, 20 January 2020: Climate refugees can’t be returned home, says landmark UN human rights ruling, The National, 20 January 2020: To tackle climate change, developing countries have to get on board, The Guardian, 20 January 2020: The Guardian view on Davos: capitalists know they must do better, France24, 21 January 2020: Climate change to take centre stage at Davos, The Guardian, January 2020: Davos 2020, The Telegraph, 22 January 2020: Ursula von Der Leyen threatens a carbon border tax, opening new front in the trade wars, Politico.eu, 23 January 2020: Davos is woke (or so it thinks), BBC, 23 January 2020: What does Trump actually believe on climate change?, Gulf Times, 24 January 2020: US’s Mnuchin tells Thunberg to go ‘study economics’ in Davos spat (he better give this advice to himself and the rest of the Trump administration, as there is not one credible economist among them), The Guardian, 24 January 2020: ‘Blatant manipulation’: Trump administration exploited wildfire science to promote logging, Politico.com, 25 January 2020: ’I stand with Greta’: Mnuchin’s wife posts — then deletes — support for climate activist, Politico.eu, 27 January 2020: Time for a Christian conservative Green policy, The Guardian, 7 February 2020: The EU’s green deal is a colossal exercise in greenwashing, Politico.eu, 13 February 2020: ‘Epic battle’ over green farming divides EU departments, France24, 27 February 2020: German teen Naomi Seibt, the darling of climate change deniers, Gulf Times, 29 February 2020: Luxembourg becomes first country to make public transport free, BBC, 3 March 2020: Is it possible to build wildlife-friendly windfarms?, Politico.eu, 4 March 2020: Brussels launches legal effort to make EU climate neutral by 2050, Politico.eu, 4 March 2020: Brussels’ climate ambitions run into national resistance, BBC, 4 March 2020: Greta Thunberg brands EU’s new climate law ‘surrender’, Politico.eu, 4 March 2020: Greta Thunberg rains on EU climate law parade, The Guardian, 4 March 2020: Tropical forests losing their ability to absorb carbon, study finds, BBC, 5 March 2020: Europe experiences exceptionally warm winter, Gulf Times, 5 March 2020: EU unveils climate law, but eco-warrior Greta Thunberg remains unimpressed, The Guardian, 6 March 2020: The race to save Polesia, Europe’s secret Amazon (Polesia), The Guardian, 12 March 2020: Coronavirus poses threat to climate action, says watchdog, The Guardian, 18 March 2020: Germany has an unholy new alliance: climate denial and the far right, The Guardian, 18 March 2020: Irish planners reject Trump golf resort’s plan to build wall, Politico.eu, 19 March 2020: Fast forward to carbon-neutral cities, France24, 20 March 2020: Clearer water, cleaner air: The environmental effects of coronavirus, The New York Times, 27 March 2020: Trump’s Environmental Rollbacks Find Opposition Within: Staff Scientists, The Guardian, 6 April 2020: ‘Bad news’: radiation 16 times above normal after forest fire near Chernobyl, Politico.com, 13 April 2020: Coronavirus fuels calls to clamp down on EU wildlife trade, Politico.eu, 22 April 2020: Coronavirus throws global climate diplomacy into disarray, BBC, 22 April 2020: How the largest environmental movement in history was born, BBC, 23 April 2020: How has coronavirus helped the environment?, BBC, 25 April 2020: Coronavirus recovery plan ‘must tackle climate change’, The Guardian, 27 April 2020: Meteorologists say 2020 on course to be hottest year since records began, Politico.eu, 4 May 2020: Bailout Europe’s chance to go green is in danger, BBC, 6 May 2020: Coronavirus: UK warned to avoid climate change crisis, The Washington Post, 8 May 2020: One way the coronavirus could transform Europe’s cities: More space for bikes, France24, 9 May 2020: Exclusive: Investigating how North Korean fishermen plunder foreign waters, United Nations Climate Change conference, United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), The Guardian, 12 May 2020: Microplastics discovered blowing ashore in sea breezes, BBC, 23 May 2020: Miami’s fight against rising seas, The Guardian, 29 May 2020: Markets not paying attention to climate crisis, IMF says, Arab News, 29 May 2020: EU pledges to stay green in virus recovery, Gulf Times, 29 May 2020: Europe needs a solar boom now or regret missing out, The Guardian, 29 May 2020: EU’s greenhouse gas emissions continue to fall as coal ditched, NPR, 4 June 2020; Russian Power Plant Spills Thousands Of Tons Of Oil Into Arctic Region, The New York Times, 4 June 2020; Russia Declares Emergency After Arctic Oil Spill, BBC, 5 June 2020; Arctic Circle oil spill: Russian prosecutors order checks at permafrost sites (2020 Norilsk oil spill), DW, 6 June 2020; Russia races to clean up massive oil spill in Siberia, ABC News, 10 June 2020: German government agrees on national hydrogen strategy, Politico.eu, 20 June 2020: Coronavirus response offers lessons for climate fight, Thunberg says, France24, 22 June 2020: Farm on a Paris rooftop: Urban farm aims to be Europe’s largest, The New York Times, 24 June 2020: Roundup Maker to Pay $10 Billion to Settle Cancer Suits (an actually considerable amount of tuition money, which the group is allowed pay), Arab News, 25 June 2020: Saudi Arabia will meet the environmental challenge — energy minister, The Guardian, 28 June 2020: German far right infiltrates green groups with call to protect the land, Arab News, 28 June 2020: Why thirsty Arab region needs sustainable desalination tech, France24, 29 June 2020: Macron pledges €15 billion to make France’s economy greener, The National, 29 June 2020: Three-kilometre oil spill reported on Sharjah beach, Politico.eu, 30 June 2020: Berlin takes charge of Brussels’ green agenda, The Guardian, 1 July 2020: Europe losing forest to harvesting at alarming rate, data suggests, France24, 2 July 2020: Fires rage across Amazon rainforest, sparking fears of another disastrous summer season, BBC, 2 July 2020: The young people fighting the worst smog in Europe, The Guardian, 13 July 2020: Mont Blanc’s melting glacier yields time capsule of Indian history, The Hill, 18 July 2020: The Trump administration hates the National Environmental Protection Act, The Guardian, 21 July 2020: ‘More money than I can imagine’ Great Thunberg gives €1m prize to climate groups, France24, 21 July 2020: ‘We want to breathe’: Campaigns for racial, climate justice find common ground in Paris suburbs, BBC, 21 July 2020: Greta Thunberg to donate one-million-euro humanitarian prize, The Guardian, 21 July 2020: Greta Thunberg: EU recovery plan’s climate provisions are inadequate, Politico.eu, 22 July 2020: French citizens bring their climate case to Brussels, The Guardian, 25 July 2020: Biden plots $2tn green revolution but faces wind and solar backlash, The National, 26 July 2020: Oil spill on UAE coast forces closure of beach, NPR, 26 July 2020: As Texas Reels From Hurricane Damage, Hawaii Braces For Impact, The Guardian, 28 July 2020: World’s largest nuclear fusion project begins assembly in France, France24, 30 July 2020: Murders of environmental activists at record high in 2019, France24, 31 July 2020: Power from an artificial sun: Fusion reactor project aims to provide clean energy, DW, 1 August 2020: UAE launches Arab world’s first nuclear power plant, CNN, 3 August 2020: The Arab world’s first nuclear plant splits the atom, The Guardian, 6 August 2020: In tackling the global climate crisis, doom and optimism are both dangerous traps, France24, 8 August 2020: France offers aid as Mauritius declares emergency over oil leak from grounded ship, CNN, 8 August 2020: A stricken ship is leaking tonnes of fuel into the ‘pristine lagoons’ of the Indian Ocean, Politico.eu, 31 July 2020: Germany’s ‘very, very tough’ climate battle, The Guardian, 12 August 2020: Last decade was Earth’s hottest on record, DW, 12 August 2020: Oil spill disasters: Ways to limit environmental damage, The Guardian, 13 August 2020: Climate crisis: Trump exiting Paris accord will harm US economy, research shows, Der Spiegel, 13 August 2020: Bolsonaro’s Vendetta: Assault on the Rainforest Continues in the Shadow of the Pandemic, DW, 15 August 2020: Ship leaking tons of oil off Mauritius splits in two, France24, 15 August 2020: Japanese ship leaking tons of oil off Mauritius breaks in two, The Guardian, 15 August 2020: Mauritius: Grounded carrier off coast breaks apart risking ecological disaster, CNN, 16 August 2020: A rare fire tornado is spotted near a blaze in California, Los Angeles Times, 16 August 2020: Massive wildfire spawns fire tornadoes in Northern California, DW, 18 August 2020: Mauritius arrests captain of Japanese ship over oil spill, France24, 18 August 2020: Mauritius arrests captain of ship that caused major oil spill after running aground, The Guardian, 18 August 2020: Atlantic ocean plastic more than 10 times previous estimates, Politico.eu, 18 August 2020: How France’s youngest green mayor wants to transform her city, NPR, 18 August 2020: Extreme Heat And Fire Tornadoes Slow Firefighting Efforts In California, DW, 19 August 2020: Fridays for Future: Can they keep the pressure up?, CNN, 19 August 2020: Bolsonaro says reports of Amazon fires are a ‘lie.’ Evidence says otherwise, BBC, 19 August 2020: California fires: Bay Area hit by blazes forcing thousands to evacuate, CNN, 19 August 2020: Wildfires rage in Northern California, The Guardian, 19 August 2020: California wildfires Thousands evacuate as ‘siege’ of flames overwhelms state, NPR, 19 August 2020: Climate Change Lesson From California’s Blackouts: Prepare For Extremes, Politico.eu, 19 August 2020: Coronavirus could help Germany hit its emissions goals, The Washington Post, 19 August 2020: Lightning-induced wildfires rage across California amid extreme heat, dryness, The National, 19 August 2020: Green economy can drive global recovery from Covid-19, says UAE’s environment minister, DW, 21 August 2020: Merkel: Amazon deforestation threatens EU-Mercosur deal, Politico.eu, 21 August 2020: Romanian politics clash with forest protectio, NPR, 21 August 2020: 2 Hurricanes Could Form In Gulf Of Mexico Next Week — An Apparent First, The Guardian, 21 August 2020: Live: ‘We are struggling’: California under strain as fires burn area the size of Rhode Island – live, France24, 21 August 2020: Tens of thousands flee homes as deadly California wildfires rage amid heat wave, NPR, 21 August 2020: As Wildfires Continue To Spread In California, Its Governor Seeks Outside Help, The New York Times, 21 August 2020: California Seeks Help as 560 Wildfires Burn, The Washington Post, 21 August 2020: California wildfires send evacuees scrambling toward another threat: Covid-19, BBC, 22 August 2020: California fires: Governor asks Australia for help, France24, 22 August 2020: Earth Overshoot Day slightly later this year due to Covid-19 pandemic, The New York Times, 22 August 2020: How to Reverse Course on Trump’s Environmental Damage, BBC, 23 August 2020: California wildfires seen from a plane as Trump declares major disaster, NPR, 23 August 2020: Louisiana Braces For ‘One-Two Punch’ Of Storms As Marco And Laura Approach Shore, France24, 23 August 2020: Fire authorities in California ‘scrambling’ for help amid deadly blazes, The Washington Post, 23 August 2020: Hurricane warnings issued as Gulf Coast prepares for Marco and Laura, The New York Times, 24 August 2020: 4 Years of Catastrophic Fires in California: ‘I’m Numb’, France, 27 August 2020: Officials warn of ‘unsurvivable’ flooding as Hurricane Laura nears Gulf Coast, CNN, 27 August 2020: Hurricane Laura makes landfall in the US, BBC, 27 August 2020: Hurricane Laura causes severe damage and floods as it batters Louisiana, CNN, 27 August 2020: Hurricane Laura batters Louisiana, The Guardian, 27 August 2020: Hurricane Laura: Louisiana faces 110mph winds as storm moves deeper inland, The New York Times, 27 August 2020: Hurricane Laura Pounds Louisiana as One of the Most Powerful Storms to Hit U.S., The Washington Post, 27 August 2020: Laura strikes Louisiana as Category 4 storm, CNN, 27 August 2020: Hurricane Laura smashes parts of Louisiana and Texas, killing 4 and leaving widespread wind damage, France24, 28 August 2020: Hurricane Laura pummels Louisiana, killing four but sparing region the worst, Irish Times, 30 August 2020: Greta Thunberg is going back to school. What has she achieved in two years?, DW, 30 August 2020: Koblenz: civil society groups demand ‘radical’ EU farm policy reform, Irish Times, 31 August 2020: Thirty years on, Ireland’s smoky coal ban remains an urgent issue, The National, 31 August 2020: Why climate change and hurricanes are energy security concerns, The Guardian, 2 September 2020: Amazon tragedy repeats itself as Brazil rainforest goes up in smoke, CNN, 4 September 2020: One dead as firefighters battle blaze aboard oil tanker off Sri Lanka, BBC, 4 September 2020: The wind turbines standing up to the world’s worst storms, Al Arabiya, 5 September 2020: New Diamond oil tanker fire under control near Sri Lanka, ship towed away, BBC, 10 September 2020: A new island of hope rising from the Indian Ocean, DW, 11 September 2020: Germany proposes major cross-party ‘climate charter’, The New York Times, 11 September 2020: West Coast Wildfire Crisis Grows to a Staggering Scale, France24, 11 September 2020: Hundreds of thousands flee as deadly wildfires continue to ravage US West Coast, DW, 11 September 2020: Oregon wildfires: Half a million people forced to leave home, France24, 11 September 2020: Hundreds of thousands flee as deadly wildfires continue to ravage US West Coast, France24, 11 September 2020: ‘Humanity is bullying nature – and we will pay the price,’ WWF chief tells FRANCE 24, The Guardian, 12 September 2020: Wildfires are striking closer and closer to cities. We know how this will end, France24, 12 September 2020: Officials warn of ‘mass fatalities’ in sprawling US wildfires, The Guardian, 12 September 2020: US: More than 20 believed to have died as fires rage on west coast, Politico.eu, 12 September 2020: China isn’t Europe’s ‘partner’ on climate, NPR, 12 September 2020: Wildfires Latest: Helpful Weather; Oregon Official Warns Of ‘Mass Fatality Incident’, The Washington Post, 12 September 2020: Deadly wildfires leave behind devastation, agonizing uncertainty, The New York Times, 12 September 2020: A Wildfire Season of Historic Proportions, The Guardian, 13 September 2020: Trump doesn’t care if wildfires destroy the west – it didn’t vote for him, BBC, 15 September 2020: US West Coast fires: Trump fans flames of climate row in California, CNN, 15 September 2020: Another presidential assault on science as fires and pandemic rage, The Guardian, 15 September 2020: ‘Climate arsonist’: Biden hits out at Trump as president denies science on wildfire tour, BBC, 15 September 2020: Hurricane Sally intensifies as southern US states alert residents, The Guardian, 15 September 2020: ‘Humanity at a crossroads’: World fails to meet a single target to stop destruction of nature – UN report, The Guardian, 15 September 2020: Drought, plague, fire: the apocalypse feels nigh. Yet we have tools to stop it, Politico.com, 15 September 2020: More green deals, more global warming, NPR, 15 September 2020: Hurricane Sally Is Bringing ‘History-Making’ Rains To Gulf Coast, Forecasters Say, The New York Times, 15 September 2020: Smoke Crosses U.S. as Blazes Rage in the West, The Guardian, 16 September 2020: The climate crisis is a national security threat to the US. We already see the effects, The New York Times, 16 September 2020: Hundreds Rescued as Flooding From Sally Hits Florida and Alabama, NPR, 16 September 2020: Sally Drops ‘Incredible Rainfall Totals’ On Alabama And Florida, The Guardian, 16 September 2020: Hurricane Sally: Slow-moving storm kills one and leaves ‘historic’ flooding across US Gulf coast, France24, 17 September 2020: Hurricane Sally brings ‘historic and catastrophic’ flooding to southeastern US, BBC, 17 September 2020: Hurricane Sally: Half a million left without power amid storm, DW, 17 September 2020: Hurricane Sally swamps US Gulf Coast with flooding and torrential rain, France24, 17 September 2020: Smoke from wildfires in western US tracked as far as Europe, The Atlantic, 18 September 2020: The U.S. Is on the Path to Destruction, The Guardian, 23 September 2020: ‘They’re suffering now’: Californians scramble to adapt to daily reality of climate crisis, The Guardian, 23 September 2020: Bobcat fire Firefighters start to tame enormous blaze amid calmer weather, France24, 24 September 2020: United Nations, Britain to co-host climate summit in December, The Guardian, 24 September 2020: Carbon storage technologies critical for meeting targets, says IEA, Al Arabiya, 24 September 2020: Saudi Arabia warns UN of oil spot near decaying Safer tanker off Yemen’s coast, Politico.eu, 24 September 2020: UN chief’s climate gamble pays off and leaves Trump isolated, DW, 25 September 2020: Fridays for Future: Climate strikers are back on the streets, France24, 25 September 2020: France’s ‘climate changers’: Meet the budding activists fighting for a better world, The Guardian, 25 September 2020: Young people resume global climate strikes calling for urgent action, The National, 25 September 2020: Greta Thunberg kicks off renewed youth climate protests, The New York Times, 25 September 2020: At Climate Week, America’s Cascading Disasters Dominate, The Guardian, 28 September 2020: California fires Three killed as new blazes force widespread evacuation orders, France24, 29 September 2020: Wildfires scorch California wine country, forcing thousands to evacuate, Bloomberg, 2 October 2020: What a Second Bauhaus Movement Means for Europe, The Guardian, 2 October 2020: Americans are becoming climate migrants before our eyes, The New York Times, 2 October 2020: What Made This a Record Fire Season? It Started With Lightning., Politico.eu, 7 October 2020: EU climate clash looms as Parliament backs ‘bloody hard’ emissions cuts, The Guardian, 8 October 2020: How will the pandemic affect the sprint away from fossil fuels?, Al Arabiya, 10 October 2020: Saudi Arabia launches green campaign to plant 10 mln trees in seven months, The Guardian, 10 October 2020: People, not carbon emissions, should be at the heart of the west’s climate action, Politico.eu, 11 October 2020: Lisbon city hall shows the perils and payoffs of energy upgrades, DW, 12 October 2020: Climate change triggers disasters, threatens millions – UN, France24, 13 October 2020: In Pennsylvania, fracking might not be the winning issue US presidential candidates think it is, The Washington Post, 13 October 2020: California faces stretch of ‘critical’ fire risk as heat dome builds this week, European Commission, 14 October 2020: Press statement by President von der Leyen on the New European Bauhaus, DW, 15 October 2020: EU leaders meet for tough talks on Brexit, climate, Politico.eu, 15 October 2020: EU leaders to chew over climate conflicts at summit dinner, Politico.eu, 19 October 2020: EU Green Week: Bio-based industries and the green recovery, DW, 21 October 2020: EU agriculture policy: What are the bones of contention?, Politico.eu, 21 October 2020: Europe’s green ambitions run into an old foe: Farmers, DW, 21 October 2020: Opinion: EU fails to introduce real agricultural reform, NPR, 21 October 2020: GM Reintroduces Hummer As Fully Electric Truck, First Model Will Sell For $112,595, Politico.com, 21 October 2020: French government blocks U.S. LNG deal as too dirty, Politico.eu, 22 October 2020: Von der Leyen faces unrest in own party ranks, CNN, 23 October 2020: How the debate on the climate crisis ricocheted from Planet Earth to Planet Trump, Politico.eu, 20 October 2020: What is the Green Deal?, DW, 25 October 2020: Thousands of climate activists appeal to Brussels to withdraw farm policy, France24, 26 October 2020: Growing wildfire forces evacuation of 60,000 people in Southern California, DW, 30 October 2020: US election: Climate crisis struggles to influence voters, Politico.eu, 30 October 2020: European Commission takes France to court over air pollution, Arab News, 1 November 2020: Sudan, UAE sign MoU to construct solar energy plants with a capacity of 500 mw, Politico.eu, 3 November 2020: It doesn’t matter who wins the election. The US leaves the Paris climate deal at midnight., BBC, 4 November 2020: Climate change: US formally withdraws from Paris agreement, The Guardian, 4 November 2020: Fate of climate crisis hangs on election as nation exits Paris agreement, Arab News, 5 November 2020: Saudi Arabia sets up center for underwater cultural heritage in Red Sea, Arabian Gulf, The Guardian, 6 November 2020: Deluged by floods, America’s ‘oldest city’ struggles to save landmarks from climate crisis, The Guardian, 16 November 2020: A youth group helped Biden win. Now they want him to fix climate crisis, NPR, 16 November 2020: Trump Administration Rushes To Sell Oil Rights In Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, The Guardian, 16 November 2020: EU plans to increase offshore windfarm capacity by 250%, France24, 19 November 2020: Top court gives France 3 months to fulfil climate change commitments, The Washington Post, 19 November 2020: U.S. greenhouse gas emissions set to drop to lowest level in three decades, study finds, DW, 20 November 2020: Green Flamingo: Portugal hopes to export green hydrogen to EU, The Guardian, 20 November 2020: Carbon emissions: Pressure grows on Boris Johnson over UK plan, France24, 25 November 2020: In appointing John Kerry to top role, Biden shows he’s serious about climate, Politico.eu, 27 November 2020: ECB plans climate stress test for banks in 2022, Politico.com, 27 November 2020: How Biden may save U.S. gas exports to Europe, BBC, 30 November 2020: Brazil’s Amazon: Deforestation ‘surges to 12-year high’, The Guardian, 30 November 2020: ‘Ecocide’ International lawyers draft plan to criminalise ecosystem destruction, Arab News, 1 December 2020: Europe’s green opportunity must not go to waste, DW, 2 December 2020: 2020 on course to be among three warmest on record, CNN, 2 December 2020: 2020 set to be one of three hottest years on record despite La Niña’s cooling effect, report says, The Guardian, 2 December 2020: Climate crisis: Humanity is waging war on nature, says UN secretary general, Politico Magazine, 2 December 2020: The California Air Quality Guru Who Taught Business to Love the Environment, The Washington Post, 2 December 2020: Pace of climate change shown in new report has humanity on ‘suicidal’ path, U.N. leader warns, Al Jazeera, 2 December 2020: UN chief denounces ‘suicidal’ failure to tackle climate change, The Guardian, 3 December 2020: Electric cars More than 500,000 full electric cars sold in Europe in 10 months, NPR, 3 December 2020: Trump Rushes To Lock In Oil Drilling In Arctic Wildlife Refuge Before Biden’s Term, The Guardian, 3 December 2020: Greenhouse gases UK’s 2030 carbon target set to disappoint green campaigners, Arab News, 3 December 2020: Australia’s Great Barrier Reef status lowered to critical and deteriorating, BBC, 4 December 2020: Denmark set to end all new oil and gas exploration, DW, 7 December 2020: Climate Change: November was hottest on record, says EU’s Copernicus, Politico.eu, 7 December 2020: Climate deal ‘difficult’ unless EU budget stalemate broken, France24, 8 December 2020: Macron says nuclear will remain key energy source for France, Politico.eu, 8 December 2020: Night trains get a green connection, DW, 9 December 2020: UN report: ‘Woefully inadequate’ climate pledges spell 3.2C temperature rise, The Hill, 9 December 2020: New York announces it will divest from fossil fuels a decade before Paris Accords target, The New York Times, 9 December 2020: New York State Sends a Blunt Message to Big Oil, DW, 11 December 2020: EU agrees on tougher climate goals for 2030, The Guardian, 11 December 2020: EU member states agree 55% cut in carbon emissions by 2030, Politico.eu, 11 December 2020: 8 things to know about Saturday’s UN climate summit, DW, 11 December 2020: Global carbon emissions down by record 7% in 2020, Politico.eu, 11 December 2020: ‘Rather exhausted’ EU leaders sign off on higher 2030 climate goals, The New York Times, 11 December 2020: E.U. Agrees to Slash Carbon Emissions by 2030, BBC, 12 December 2020: World needs to declare ‘climate emergency’ – UN, The Guardian, 12 December 2020: UN Secretary general urges all countries to declare climate emergencies, DW, 12 December 2020: UN urges world leaders to declare ‘climate emergency’, France24, 13 December 2020: 2015 Paris climate agreement: Is the world on track to reach the goals?, France24, 13 December 2020: Paris agreement 5th anniversary: Has enough been done ?, The New York Times, 17 December 2020: Powerful Nor’easter Leaves New York City With Its Biggest Snowfall in Years, Politico.eu, 17 December 2020: How the EU’s Green Deal survived the coronavirus pandemic, NPR, 18 December 2020: 2020 May Be The Hottest Year On Record. Here’s The Damage It Did, Al Jazeera, 19 December 2020: Biden introduces team to tackle ‘existential’ climate crisis, NPR, 19 December 2020: Biden Unveils His Climate Team, Promising To Fight ‘With The Urgency It Demands’, The New York Times, 19 December 2020: Biden Introduces His Climate Team, The Washington Post, 19 December 2020: ‘We’re in a crisis’: Biden says U.S. needs to defeat climate change as he introduces team, priorities, The Guardian, 28 December 2020: Weather disasters cost $150bn in 2020, revealing impact of climate change – report, CNN, 28 December 2020: Australia is the last Western holdout on the climate crisis. But some states and businesses are calling for change, The Hill, 29 December 2020: 2020 was a year of climate disasters — and a warning of more to come, Der Spiegel, 30 December 2020: The World’s Oceans in Distress, Der Spiegel, 30 December 2020: Heat Stroke, DW, 4 January 2021: The coronavirus effect: Germany achieves its 2020 climate targets, Politico.eu, 7 January 2021: ‘Game on’ for transatlantic climate efforts after Democrats gain US Senate control, Arab News, 10 January 2021: Saudi Arabia making headway with Vision 2030’s clean energy plans, Saudi Gazette, 12 January 2021: UN chief calls for ‘urgent transition’ from fossil fuels to renewable energy, The Guardian, 14 January 2021: 2020 was hottest year on record by narrow margin, Nasa says, The Hill, 18 January 2021: Democrats eye action on range of climate bills, The Times, 22 January 2021: Joe Biden’s return to Paris climate agreement is just start of green shift, Arab News, 23 January 2021: We’ll always have Paris …, Saudi Gazette, 23 January 2021: IRENA members endorse launch of Global High-Level Forum on Energy Transition, Arab News, 23 January 2021: How the US could lead a carbon revolution, CNN, 24 January 2021: History made: Renewable energy surpassed fossil fuels for European electricity in 2020, The Guardian, 25 January 2021: Environment US returns to global climate arena with call to act on ’emergency’, The New York Times, 25 January 2021: New U.S. Strategy Would Quickly Free Billions in Climate Funds, The New York Times, 26 January 2021: BlackRock Chief Pushes a Bold New Climate Goal for the Corporate World, Politico.eu, 26 January 2021: Coronavirus debt crisis undermines climate change finance, DW, 27 January 2021: US: Joe Biden signs climate directives, announces April summit, BBC, 27 January 2021: Biden signs ‘existential’ executive orders on climate and environment, The Guardian, 27 January 2021: Biden says ‘we’ve waited too long to deal with climate crisis’ in sharp turn from Trump, Al Arabiya, 27 January 2021: Saudi Arabia will be ‘another Germany’ in renewable energy sector: Prince Abdulaziz, DW, 28 January 2021: Davos: Green transition is ‘$50-trillion investment opportunity’, The Guardian, 3 February 2021: Paris: Court convicts French state for failure to address climate crisis, DW, 3 February 2021: Global climate policy: Why 2021 is the ‘biggest year ever’, France24, 3 February 2021: Paris court finds French state guilty in landmark lawsuit over climate inaction, Israel Hayom, 5 February 2021: Israel’s Eco Wave Power wins European Commission award, Politico.eu, 8 February 2021: Dutch farmers flee environmental rules at home to settle in other EU countries, Politico.eu, 10 February 2021: Central Europe becomes the EU’s e-car battery supplier, DW, 12 February 2021: UK court: Nigerian farmers can sue Shell over pollution, Al Jazeera, 12 February 2021: UK top court allows Nigerian farmers to sue Shell over oil spills, The Guardian, 17 February 2021: ‘Put a big fat price on carbon’: OECD chief bows out with climate rally cry, DW, 18 February 2021: EU takes Germany to court for breaching environment laws, France24, 19 February 2021: US officially back in Paris accord, vows climate action, The Guardian, 19 February 2021: US makes official return to Paris climate pact, The Hill, 19 February 2021: US officially rejoins Paris climate agreement, The National, 19 February 2021: US re-enters Paris Agreement and pledges to ‘do more’, CNN, 22 February 2021: Oil spill leads Israel to close beaches as it faces one of its ‘most severe ecological disasters’, Haaretz, 22 February 2021: In Unusual Move, Israel Slaps Gag Order on Probe Into Massive Oil Leak That Decimated Shoreline, Times of Israel, 24 February 2021: Israel bans sale of all seafood from Mediterranean after massive oil spill, The Guardian, 25 February 2021: Climate change: Atlantic Ocean circulation underpinning Gulf Stream at weakest in a millennium, say scientists, DW, 26 February 2021: UN: ‘Red Alert’ for National Climate Goals?, The National, 26 February 2021: Oil spill threatens to be ecological disaster for Lebanon coast, Al Jazeera, 27 February 2021: Lebanon begins cleaning beaches after oil spill, Jerusalem Post, 27 February 2021: Satellite footage points to another oil slick making its way to Israel, The Washington Post, 28 February 2021: Israel expands probe into the oil spill endangering its shoreline, The National, 28 February 2021: Volunteers clean Lebanon beach as oil spill threatens nature – in pictures, Times of Israel, 28 February 2021: Satellite images of oil slicks off coast show recent spill far from a one-off, Al Arabiya, 3 March 2021: US House Democratic lawmakers introduce wide-ranging climate bill, DW, 4 March 2021: New Zealand: New tsunami warning after third earthquake hits, The Hill, 4 March 2021: Iceland has been hit by 18,000 earthquakes in just over a week, and a major eruption is predicted, DW, 5 March 2021: Germany agrees on energy company payout over nuclear shutdown, France24, 5 March 2021: Germany to compensate energy firms 2.4 bn euros for nuclear exit, BBC, 5 March 2021: How Kenya is harnessing the immense heat from the Earth, The Times, 5 March 2021: Backlash over lack of green measures in budget, Jerusalem Post, 8 March 2021: Israel, Cyprus and Greece agree to link power grids via subsea cable, DW, 9 March 2021: Coronavirus: How can travel be more sustainable post-pandemic?, DW, 10 March 2021: How Fukushima triggered Germany’s nuclear phaseout, France24, 10 March 2021: France pushes ‘green finance’ rules in talks with Biden’s climate envoy Kerry, DW, 10 March 2021: NATO must reduce military emissions — Jens Stoltenberg, The National, 10 March 2021: John Kerry: Glasgow green summit is best chance to tackle climate change before it’s too late, The Guardian, 11 March 2021: If Johnson thinks he can charm his way to success at Cop26, he’s sorely mistaken, DW, 11 March 2021: Fukushima anniversary: Loss of life is still ‘unbearable’, The Guardian, 11 March 2021: ‘Unforgettable memory of tragedy’: Japan marks 10 years since triple disaster killed 18,500 people, France24, 11 March 2021: Japan mourns Fukushima victims on 10th anniversary of earthquake and nuclear disaster, The New York Times, 11 March 2021: ‘There’s No Town Left’: Fukushima’s Eerie Landscapes, Al Arabiya, 11 March 2021: Saudi Arabia, Germany sign MoU to produce hydrogen, France24, 11 March 2021: Exclusive: ‘All countries need to do better,’ US climate envoy John Kerry tells FRANCE 24, The Wall Street Journal, 12 March 2021: Israeli Strikes Target Iranian Oil Bound for Syria (Israel is bombing Iranian tankers and as a result has now oil on its beaches. Thank you for nothing, incompetent Crime Minister Netanyahu), Times of Israel, 12 March 2021: US officials say Israel has hit many ships taking Iran oil, arms to Syria: WSJ, Jewish News Syndicate, 12 March 2021: Report: Israel has carried out multiple attacks on Syrian-bound Iranian ships, The Guardian, 12 March 2021: Israel Country ‘bombed a dozen ships carrying Iranian oil or weapons in past two years’, Times of Israel, 12 March 2021: Storm brings more tar to Israel’s Mediterranean coast following major oil spill, The National, 12 March 2021: Four million girls to miss out on education due to climate change, Malala says, The Times, 13 March 2021: Israel ‘secretly attacked Iranian oil tankers and weapons carriers’, Haartz, 13 March 2021: Israel’s Reported Attacks on Iranian Tankers Expose It to Greater Risks, Politico.eu, 16 March 2021: France moves ahead with bid to add climate protection to constitution, Arab News, 16 March 2021: $131 trillion needed by 2050 to finance renewables, says IRENA, The Guardian, 21 March 2021: Australia Stunned locals watch as waters rise in NSW, DW, 21 March 2021: Australia orders flood evacuations after record rainfall in Sydney, Times of Israel, 21 March 2021: Green organizations call on John Kerry to stop trans-Israel Gulf oil deal, The Guardian, 21 March 2021: Climate crisis: Climate fight ‘is undermined by social media’s toxic reports’, The Guardian, 23 March 2021: A successful Cop26 is essential for Britain and the world. Here’s how it can happen, The Hill, 26 March 2021: Kerry: ‘No government is going to solve’ climate change, Al Arabiya, 27 March 2021: Saudi Crown Prince announces Saudi Green Initiative, Middle East Green Initiative, Arab News, 27 March 2021: Saudi crown prince announces Green Saudi Initiative, Green Middle East Initiative, The Guardian, 27 March 2021: Earth Hour: Global landmarks turn off the lights to mark annual event, The Guardian, 27 March 2021: Earth Hour: Global landmarks turn off the lights to mark annual event, NPR, 29 March 2021: Biden Administration Pushes Major Expansion For Offshore Wind Energy, CNN, 1 April 2021: Venice finally bans cruise ships from its lagoon, Al Arabiya, 3 April 2021: Kerry says US ‘hopeful’ it can work with China to tackle climate change, Miami Herald, 3 April 2021: How did this crisis happen? A breach at Piney Point puts area in environmental peril, The National, 4 April 2021: Abu Dhabi climate talks: No ‘vaccine’ for climate change if we don’t act now, says Irena chief, The New Yorker, 4 April 2021: Biden’s Jobs Plan Is Also a Climate Plan. Will It Make a Difference?), Tampa Bay Times, 4 April 2021: Manatee sheriff evacuates 345 jail inmates amid potential plant collapse, CNN, 5 April 2021: Engineers find no evidence of second breach in Florida wastewater pond that threatens to break, The Hill, 6 April 2021: Yellen: ‘We lost four important years’ in fight against climate change, The Hill, 6 April 2021: Progressives fear infrastructure’s climate plans won’t survive Senate, The Hill, 6 April 2021: Florida reservoir collapse reveals cracks in environmental protections, Arab News, 8 April 2021: Saudi Arabia’s crown prince announces 7 solar projects as Sakaka plant opens, BBC, 12 April 2021: France moves to ban short-haul domestic flights, DW, 15 April 2021: US envoy John Kerry starts climate talks in China, Politico.eu, 16 April 2021: China’s Xi slams EU carbon border levy plans, DW, 18 April 2021: US and China commit to working together on climate change, The National, 18 April 2021: US and China agree to work together and do more to fight climate change, NPR, 18 April 2021: U.S., China Agree To Cooperate On Climate Crisis With Urgency, France24, 21 April 2021: EU agrees to be carbon neutral by 2050 on eve of US-led climate summit, DW, 22 April 2021: EU Climate Commissioner Timmermans: ‘We are trailblazers here as Europeans’, The Guardian, 22 April 2021: Climate crisis: Biden vows to slash US emissions by half to meet ‘existential crisis of our time’, The New Yorker, 22 April 2021: Biden’s Climate Pledge Will Define His Presidency, The National, 22 April 2021: Joe Biden announces plan to slash US emissions by 50%, DW, 23 April 2021: Biden climate summit: New pledges to cut emissions still fall short, Politico.eu, 23 April 2021: Poland and Spain show two faces of the energy transition at Biden’s climate summit, Irish Times, 25 April 2021: Irish Times view on climate change: Joe Biden gives reason for hope, Al Arabiya, 27 April 2021: Saudi Red Sea project secures $3.8 billion ‘green’ loan for 16 new hotels, DW, 29 April 2021: German climate law is partly unconstitutional, top court rules, France24, 29 April 2021: Legal blow for Merkel’s climate plan as German Greens surge, Politico.eu, 29 April 2021: Top German court rules the country’s climate law is partly ‘unconstitutional’, France24, 4 May 2021: France to vote through new law aimed at tackling climate change, Los Angeles Times, 4 May 2021: Drones show California’s great white sharks are closer — and more common — than you think, CNN, 7 May 2021: China’s annual emissions surpass those of all developed nations combined, report finds, Miami Herald, 8 May 2021: PortMiami wins $2M EPA grant, one step closer to reducing air pollution from cruise ships, The New York Times, 11 May 2021: Biden Administration Approves Nation’s First Major Offshore Wind Farm, The Washington Post, 13 May 2021: Ignoring climate change hasn’t made it go away, New York Magazine, 17 May 2021: What If New York Stopped Knocking Down Buildings?, Los Angeles Times, 18 May 2021: California’s next climate challenge: Replacing its last nuclear power plant, The Guardian, 24 May 2021: The climate crisis requires a new culture and politics, not just new tech, NPR, 25 May 2021: Biden Administration Strikes Deal To Bring Offshore Wind To California, Los Angeles Times, 25 May 2021: Biden administration unveils an offshore wind plan for California, Politico.eu, 25 May 2021: Poland’s resistance leads to EU leaders’ climate battle retreat, The New York Times, 28 May 2021: Where Wind and Solar Power Need to Grow for America to Meet Its Goals, DW, 29 May 2021: Russia’s environmental issues, BBC, 29 May 2021: Sri Lanka’s beaches swamped with burning ship debris, DW, 29 May 2021: Opinion: I’m afraid of being outspoken about Russia’s oil industry, Times of Israel, 1 June 2021: State allows Dead Sea Works to pump more water, even as iconic lake recedes, Alaska Public, 1 June 2021: Biden administration puts Arctic refuge leases on ice as it asks for new environmental reviews, The New York Times, 1 June 2021: Biden Suspends Drilling Leases in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, The Washington Post, 1 June 2021: A burning ship covered beautiful beaches in plastic ‘snow.’ Now Sri Lanka faces an environmental disaster., France24, 2 June 2021: Biden halts Trump oil drilling leases in Alaska wildlife refuge, BBC, 2 June 2021: Fears of environmental disaster as oil-laden ship sinks off Sri Lanka, France24, 2 June 2021: Chemical cargo ship sinks in one of Sri Lanka’s worst-ever marine disasters, CNN, 2 June 2021: Fears of oil spill emergency as cargo ship that burnt for 13 days off coast of Sri Lanka is now sinking, DW, 2 June 2021: Burnt-out container ship sinking off Sri Lanka, The Times, 2 June 2021: Cargo ship sinks off Sri Lanka dumping chemicals in fishing waters, NPR, 2 June 2021: Sri Lanka Faces An Environmental Disaster As A Ship Full Of Chemicals Starts Sinking, The New York Times, 2 June 2021: A 20-Foot Sea Wall? Miami Faces Hard Choices on Climate Change., The Guardian, 3 June 2021: Climate crisis Tipping points could topple like dominoes, warn scientists, The Guardian, 4 June 2021: Sri Lankans face up to ‘unmeasurable cost’ of cargo ship disaster, DW, 5 June 2021: Merkel urges ‘ambitious’ Glasgow climate summit, The Guardian, 5 June 2021: If we can vaccinate the world, we can beat the climate crisis, The Guardian, 5 June 2021: Italian climate activists sue government over inaction, France24, 5 June 2021: Cruise ships’ return to Venice reignites tensions, The Guardian, 5 June 2021: Venice: Angry protests at shock return of cruise ships, NPR, 5 June 2021: The Ship Sinking Off Sri Lanka Looks Like A Lasting Environmental Disaster, Arab News, 6 June 2021: Saudi Arabia making giant strides toward sustainable solutions, DW, 6 June 2021: Sri Lanka: Data recorder recovered from sinking ship, BBC, 6 June 2021: Venice residents in environmental protest against first post-Covid cruise ship, Al Jazeera, 6 June 2021: ‘Sea snot’ on Turkey’s shores alarms residents, France24, 7 June 2021: ‘Hit-and-run tourism’: Anger as large cruise ships return to Venice, The National, 7 June 2021: Inaction on climate could cost G7 nations trillions, NPR, 9 June 2021: The Drought In The Western U.S. Is Getting Bad. Climate Change Is Making It Worse, Al Jazeera, 11 June 2021: Will G7 green initiative have more climate cred than China’s BRI?, PBS, 11 June 2021: Bold single-use plastic ban kicks Europe’s plastic purge into high gear, The Hill, 11 June 2021: In Europe, Biden seeks to reassert U.S. climate leadership, Politico.eu, 12 June 2021: The EU’s carbon club of one, CNN, 14 June 2021: Exclusive: US assessing reported leak at Chinese nuclear power facility, The Guardian, 14 June 2021: Nuclear power: French firm trying to fix ‘performance issue’ at China plant, Arab News, 16 June 2021: Saudi Arabia, US committed to addressing climate challenge with urgency: Joint statement, The National, 17 June 2021: John Kerry pledges US funding to help Egypt switch to renewable energy, Europa.eu, 17 June 2021: European city air quality viewer (European Air Quality Index), The Guardian, 17 June 2021: Environment: More than half of Europe’s cities still plagued by dirty air, report finds, DW, 17 June 2021: Germany’s Merkel: Biodiversity loss has ‘catastrophic consequences’, The Algemeiner, 17 June 2021: Israel Headed for Severe Garbage-Disposal Crisis, Environment Ministry Warns, BBC, 18 June 2021: California declares state of emergency amid heatwave, Gulf News, 19 June 2021: Video: Jumeirah Beach in Dubai to get 16km cycling track, The Guardian, 20 June 2021: Environment: Bee-friendly urban wildflower meadows prove a hit with German city dwellers, The Guardian, 21 June 2021: If we want to fight the climate crisis, we must embrace nuclear power, The National, 22 June 2021: Unesco changes Great Barrier Reef status, sparking row with Australian government, France24, 23 June 2021: Russia: Residents sound the alarm on repeated oil leaks in Komi Republic, France24, 26 June 2021: Turkey’s Erdogan launches work on controversial Black Sea canal, The National, 27 June 2021: Turkey’s Erdogan starts construction of ‘crazy’ Istanbul canal project, France24, 29 June 2021: Turkey’s ‘crazy’ and controversial Istanbul Canal project, Politico.eu, 2 July 2021: Droughts, fires and floods: How climate change will impact Europe, DW, 3 July 2021: 5 things to know about the EU single-use plastics ban, CNN, 3 July 2021: Gas leak responsible for ‘eye of fire’ in Mexican waters, says oil company, The National, 3 July 2021: ‘Ocean on fire’: Mexico gas pipeline explosion creates surreal imagery, CNN, 4 July 2021: Unprecedented heat, hundreds dead and a town destroyed. Climate change is frying the Northern Hemisphere, DW, 6 July 2021: EU reveals new green plan to achieve carbon neutrality, Arab News, 8 July 2021: PIF-backed ACWA Power plans to invest $16bn in new projects in 2021, BBC, 8 July 2021: Climate change: US-Canada heatwave ‘virtually impossible’ without warming (2021 Western North America heat wave), France24, 9 July 2021: Planting forests can increase rainfall and help fight drought in Europe, study shows, The Washington Post, 9 July 2021: Severe heat wave builds across Western U.S. after nation’s hottest June on record, CNN, 9 July 2021: How marginalized communities in the South are paying the price for ‘green energy’ in Europe, The Times, 10 July 2021: Green is good: we need to ask how, not why, The ATlantic, 10 July 2021: Cape Cod’s Waters Are Getting Very, Very Sharky, BBC, 11 July 2021: US heatwave: Wildfires rage in western states as temperatures soar, The National, 11 July 2021: Finance officials urge greater ambition to tackle climate change, NPR, 12 July 2021: California And Other Parts Of The West Broil And Burn Under Triple-Digit Temperatures, Los Angeles Times, 12 July 2021: How an Oregon wildfire almost derailed California’s power grid, The New York Times, 12 July 2021: Wildfires Explode as Heat Wave Scorches the West for Another Day, Los Angeles Times, 12 July 2021: Dramatic photos capture California hit by record-breaking fires, DW, 13 July 2021: Italy bans large cruise ships from Venice, France24, 13 July 2021: Italy to ban large cruise ships in centre of Venice to protect lagoon, The Guardian, 13 July 2021: US: Sixty wildfires rage across 10 states – including blaze bigger than Portland, The New York Times, 13 July 2021: Europe Plans Aggressive New Laws to Phase Out Fossil Fuels, DW, 14 July 2021: EU proposes sweeping ‘Fit for 55’ emissions reduction plan, BBC, 14 July 2021: EU unveils sweeping climate change plan, CNN, 14 July 2021: EU unveils ambitious climate package as it cools on fossil fuels, Politico.eu, 14 July 2021: Brussels takes the lead in global battle to end greenhouse emissions, The New York Times, 14 July 2021: Europe Lays Out Vision for a Carbonless Future, an Effort That Could Affect Trade, The Guardian, 15 July 2021: Climate crisis US west and Canada brace for another heatwave amid more than 70 wildfires, NPR, 15 July 2021: There’s Not A Cloud In The Sky, But Your House Could Still Be Underwater, DW, 15 July 2021: Fatal flooding in western Germany and neighboring countries — live updates, France24, 15 July 2021: ‘It’s crazy’: Germany’s Mayen town hit by flash floods, Reuters, 15 July 2021: Thousands of Dutch urged to leave their homes as rivers flood, Dutch Review, 15 July 2021: Code yellow rainfall in the Netherlands today — with flooding in Limburg (again!), DW, 15 July 2021: Belgium, Netherlands and France also hit by deadly flooding, France24, 15 July 2021: Dozens dead, scores missing after torrential rainfall in Germany, The Guardian, 15 July 2021: Germany: At least 58 dead as heavy rains bring catastrophic flooding, The New York Times, 15 July 2021: Hundreds Missing and Scores Dead as Raging Floods Strike Western Europe, The Washington Post, 15 July 2021: At least 95 dead and some 1,300 missing as flooding rages across Europe, Luxembourg Times, 15 July 2021: Floods to last as thousands forced out of homes, BBC, 15 July 2021: Germany floods: Dozens killed after record rain in Germany and Belgium, Politico.eu, 15 July 2021: Over 100 die in Germany, Belgium floods despite early warnings, The National, 15 July 2021: Flash floods and thunderstorms in Oman dampen Eid Al Adha spirit, The New York Times, 15 July 2021: Hundreds Missing and Scores Dead as Raging Floods Strike Western Europe, Irish Times, 15 July 2021: Heavy rains flood Belgium, The National, 15 July 2021: At least 120 killed and hundreds more missing in European flood disaster, France24, 16 July 2021: Hundreds missing in Germany after massive floods leave scores dead, Reuters, 16 July 2021: Thousands flee as flood waters breach Dutch defences, CNN, 16 July 2021: Germany mounts huge rescue effort after floods leave dozens dead and many more missing, France24, 16 July 2021: Europe floods: Officials warn such disasters to become more common, The Guardian, 16 July 2021: Climate scientists shocked by scale of floods in Germany, Reuters, 16 July 2021: At least 44 dead, dozens missing as floods sweep through western Europe, France24, 16 July 2021: Scores dead, hundreds missing after massive floods in Germany, Belgium, The Guardian, 16 July 2021: Explained: What is causing the floods in Europe?, CNN, 16 July 2021: Deadly flooding in Europe, Haaretz, 16 July 2021: Over 110 Dead, Dozens Missing as Severe Floods Strike Europe, Times of Israel, 16 July 2021: Death toll climbs to 118 in Germany, Belgium as devastating storms ravage Europe, Jerusalem Post, 16 July 2021: Floods in Germany claim 103 victims, more than 1,000 missing – watch, Der Spiegel, 16 July 2021: Did Climate Change Cause This? Flood Disaster Could Become a Major Issue in German Election, The Guardian, 16 July 2021: Europe floods: More than 100 dead as ‘catastrophe’ hits Germany and Belgium, DW, 16 July 2021: European floods: Belgium warns against travel as death toll climbs, BBC, 16 July 2021: Europe floods: At least 120 dead and hundreds unaccounted for, NBC News, 16 July 2021: More than 100 dead, as many as 1,500 missing after floods hit Europe, Irish Times, 16 July 2021: Germany triggers military disaster alert after catastrophic flood kills at least 100 (2021 European floods and St. Mary Magdalene’s flood), The Guardian, 16 July 2021: Death toll exceeds 120 as Germany and Belgium hit by devastating floods, BBC, 16 July 2021: In pictures: Floods kill dozens in Germany and Belgium, CNN, 16 July 2021: Record rainfall leaves over 120 dead in western Europe, devastating parts of Germany, Irish Times, 16 July 2021: Five potential flashpoints in EU’s ambitious climate change plan, Arab News, 16 July 2021: Why the latest EU push to achieve net zero matters to GCC oil producers, CNN, 16 July 2021: Deadly flooding in Europe, DW, 16 July 2021: The climate crisis can’t be stopped, we must adapt, The Guardian, 16 July 2021: ‘Enough with the burning’: EU executive accused of sacrificing forests, DW, 16 July 2021: Fossil fuel electricity peaks as emerging markets leapfrog to renewable energy: report, The Washington Post, 17 July 2021: Death toll from European floods climbs to more than 150, The Telegraph India, 17 July 2021: 1,000 missing in western Germany and Belgium floods, NPR, 17 July 2021: The Death Toll From The Floods In Europe Has Topped 150 As Water Recedes, The Guardian, 17 July 2021: Death toll exceeds 150 as Germany and Belgium hit by devastating floods, Reuters, 17 July 2021: Belgium sets day of mourning as flood deaths hit 20, Politico.eu, 17 July 2021: ‘How many dead will we accept?’ European floods expose failure to heed climate warnings, DW, 17 July 2021: German president to flood victims: ‘Your fate has broken our hearts’ — live updates, The New York Times, 17 July 2021: The Extent of Flooding in the Hardest-Hit Areas of Europe, ABC News Australia, 17 July 2021: Flooding in Germany and Belgium leaves more than 100 dead, hundreds missing in one district alone, DW, 17 July 2021: Belgians pick up the pieces after deadly floods, France24, 17 July 2021: At least 160 dead, hundreds missing in devastating European floods, The Washington Post, 17 July 2021: As the Bootleg Fire burns, locals are faced with the realities of climate change — and remain skeptical, DW, 17 July 2021: After western Germany’s catastrophic floods, cleanup begins, Miami Herald, 17 July 2021: The Latest: Belgium govt raises flood death toll to 20 (2021 European floods), Gulf News, 17 July 2021: UAE weather: Cloudy skies, rain in Dubai’s Hatta, Al Ain, Sharjah, Ajman, dusty conditions in some areas due to strong winds, The Guardian, 17 July 2021: Europe floods Death toll exceeds 170 as Germany and Belgium hit by devastating floods, BBC, 17 July 2021: Europe floods: Rescuers race to find survivors as hundreds remain missing, The Washington Post, 17 July 2021: Canada’s farmers brace for new heat wave as scorching summer leaves cherries roasting on trees, Times of Israel, 17 July 2021: Experts warn Europe floods show need to curb emissions, adapt urban planning, CNN, 17 July 2021: Desperate search for survivors as western Europe reels from a ‘catastrophe of historic proportion’, Politico.eu, 17 July 2021: Von der Leyen pledges EU support on visit to flood-hit region, The National, 17 July 2021: Floods in parts of the UAE after heavy rain, Gulf News, 17 July 2021: Horrifying flood fury: Extreme weather in the age of climate change, NPR, 17 July 2021: As Extreme Heat Kills Hundreds, Oregon Steps Up Push To Protect People, New York Magazine, 17 July 2021: Scenes of Devastation After Deadly Floods in Germany and Belgium, The New York Times, 17 July 2021: ‘No One Is Safe’: Extreme Weather Batters the Wealthy World, Los Angeles Times, 18 July 2021: Europe flood death toll tops 180 as rescuers dig deeper, France24, 18 July 2021: Merkel visits areas devastated by ‘terrifying’ floods as death toll tops 180 in Europe, Al Arabiya, 18 July 2021: China says UNESCO move on Great Barrier Reef not politically motivated, The National, 18 July 2021: Opec+ ends deadlock and will boost supply in August, The Hill, 18 July 2021: Democrats seek to tackle climate change with import-tax, The New York Times, 18 July 2021: Scorched, Parched and Uninsurable: Climate Change Hits Wine Country, Politico.eu, 18 July 2021: Merkel pledges stronger post-flood focus on ‘climate protection’, DW, 19 July 2021: Germany’s know-it-all attitude after the floods helps no one (of course, it is initially a tightrope act or as it is called: “keep measure and balance”. From a distance, the topic can be divided into four phases: First of all, it is about giving consolation and support to those affected (some communities will only be able to be supplied temporarily for months, have mobile toilet and washing facilities and fresh water tanks in the village squares, until the infrastructure (water, sewage, electricity, telephone, internet, television, etc.) is restored and something like normal returns). As was to be expected during election campaign times, this is currently mixed, unfortunately, with blame that has been shot from the hip and just as unsustainable. Here, too, it is urgent and prompt to find “measure and balance” in order not to escalate the situation any further. Then it is about raising tax money in unbelievable amounts for the renewal and repair of the public infrastructure (traffic and transport infrastructure, supply and discharge of drinking and service water, electricity, telephone, etc.). The previously announced 300 million euros can only be a start. Phases 3 and 4 are much more positive because they are about reconstruction. For city planners, architects, project developers and construction companies this is “a dream”, because in many cases they now have white sheets in front of them and can thus avoid the bad planning of the past and at the same time implement sustainable, future-oriented new building measures that take climate change into account. The only downer is the partial loss of old and historical buildings, with the majority of the loss being attributable to post-war buildings, which are not significant in terms of architecture and building history. So it is a mixed balance, the successful implementation of which will take 10 to 15 years and depends to a large extent on the timely provision of public funds/subsidies and permits), CNN, 19 July 2021: Deadly floods inundated parts of Europe, but the Netherlands avoided fatalities. Here’s why, DW, 19 July 2021: How can we prepare for extreme flooding?, The New York Times, 19 July 2021: A Wildfire So Big and Hot, It’s Affecting the Weather, BBC, 20 July 2021: Oregon Bootleg Fire: Evacuations as largest US fire burns 300,000 acres, CNN, 21 July 2021: Heavy rainfall floods streets and subway stations in China, BBC, 21 July 2021: Henan floods: 12 dead in Zhengzhou train and thousands evacuated in China, The Guardian, 21 July 2021: Death toll rises and thousands flee homes as floods hit China, CNN, 21 July 2021: Passengers trapped inside submerged subway as deadly floods sweep central China, France24, 21 July 2021: Several killed in China as heavy rainfall floods city and subway, BBC, 21 July 2021: Henan floods: Woman swept down street by extreme flood waters, Reuters, 21 July 2021: At least 25 dead in Chinese province’s heaviest rains in 1,000 years, The Times, 21 July 2021: China floods leave 25 dead after record-breaking rainfall, The Guardian, 21 July 2021: Britain’s rivers are suffocating to death, DW, 21 July 2021: Wildfires in western US impact air quality in East Coast cities, The Guardian, 21 July 2021: Climate crisis: Catastrophic floods could hit Europe far more often, study finds, The New York Times, 21 July 2021: America in 2090: The Impact of Extreme Heat, in Maps, France24, 21 July 2021: US firefighters struggle to contain Oregon wildfire, power firm under scrutiny, The Guardian, 21 July 2021: Air pollution: New York has worst air quality in world as wildfire smoke travels east, BBC, 21 July 2021: Gender reveal party couple face jail over deadly California wildfire, The Guardian, 21 July 2021: Sicily: Towns face bankruptcy over Etna clean-up costs, Irish Times, 21 July 2021: We need to move from knowing about climate change to believing in it, Los Angeles Times, 21 July 2021: Drone photos reveal the shocking truth of California’s parched landscape, The Guardian, 22 July 2021: California: Utility prepares to bury 10,000 miles of power lines as wildfires force new evacuations, France24, 22 July 2021: Central China braces for more bad weather as death toll from flooding mounts, The New York Times, 22 July 2021: How an Oregon Blaze Became the Nation’s Largest, Los Angeles Times, 22 July 2021: Democrats in California and D.C. clash over how state’s high-speed rail should be powered, The Guardian, 22 July 2021: China floods: Death toll climbs as questions raised over preparedness, CNN, 22 July 2021: Death toll rises as passengers recount horror of China subway floods, The Guardian, 22 July 2021: Climate crisis: Merkel: Germany has not done enough to hit Paris climate targets, DW, 22 July 2021: How do you insure yourself against climate change?, The New York Times, 22 July 2021: Where Is Biden’s Climate Change ‘Revolution’?, The Washington Post, 22 July 2021: Hey, world, are you noticing? Floods! Fires! Could it be time to do something about climate change?, The Hill, 22 July 2021: Montana governor mobilizes National Guard to assist with wildfires, San Francisco Chronicle, 22 July 2021: Next 3 days are critical in battle against 113,000-acre Dixie Fire, firefighters say, Los Angeles Times, 22 July 2021: Dixie fire burns more than 100,000 acres while Tamarack fire crosses state lines, The Washington Post, 22 July 2021: Summer of floods: The climate connection behind deadly downpours around the world, The New York Times, 23 July 2021: Germany Is in Shock. Its Politicians Are on Autopilot, Der Spiegel, 23 July 2021: The End of Safety: Germany Must Learn To Live with Uncertainty, NPR, 23 July 2021: Without Enough Water To Go Around, Farmers In California Are Exhausting Aquifers, The National, 23 July 2021: China flooding crisis: typhoon warning as over one million relocated, BBC, 23 July 2021: US fires: Inside a US fire truck driving through a wildfire, CNN, 23 July 2021: ‘Once in a thousand years’ rains devastated central China, but there is little talk of climate change, Politico.com, 23 July 2021: Californians tired of doing their part during triple-digit heat, The Washington Post, 23 July 2021: Power outages cripple parts of the Middle East amid record heat waves and rising unrest, The National, 24 July 2021: Over 100 feared dead in India after torrential rain and landslides, BBC, 24 July 2021: India monsoon: Rescuers search for survivors after heavy rains, Arab News, 24 July 2021: G20 split on climate goals as China, India push back on coal phaseout, The Washington Post, 24 July 2021: Amid fire and floods, a moment of truth for climate action, DW, 25 July 2021: Belgium hit with renewed flooding amid heavy rain, BBC, 25 July 2021: Wildfires spread from California to Nevada, CNN, 25 July 2021: Typhoon In-fa makes landfall in China after record flooding, The National, 25 July 2021: London hit by floods after thunderstorms, NPR, 25 July 2021: Record-Breaking Flooding In China Has Left Over One Million People Displaced, The Washington Post, 25 July 2021: Officials urge residents to flee as Dixie Fire, California’s biggest blaze this year, continues to grow.

In view of the heated climate debate from all directions and currents, it is especially noticeable that fundamental and mutual understanding is getting more and more lost. On the one hand everyone wants to be greener than the other, on the other hand there are people who doesn’t see a no need for action at all. Ultimately, it will have to be searched for intersections to make sure to find solutions within a reasonable time frame. Of course, it is clear that neither the chemical, pharmaceutical, automotive, heavy construction or construction industries are turning “green” overnight. But we can’t get rid of them anyway. It requires numerous and sometimes very expensive individual steps, until we get closer to the goals. On the other hand, looking back on just 100 years, it is worthwhile to see how far human innovation has already brought us, from the horse-drawn vehicle to semi-autonomous vehicles, from huts to automated and air-conditioned home, from numerous individual abdominal landings to self-evident flying around the globe, from the open fire in the space shared by all (including livestock) with little to no individual space to households with the maximum comfort of a digitized, automated, globalized, inclusive world. Of course, there were also mistakes. This included, among other things, the contamination of lakes and rivers with chemicals and wastes, so that they were regarded as dead, into which life is now returning and where bathing is possible (Rhine, Elbe, Danube, etc.). Everything and every development has and needs its time. Just because something is desirable from an individual point of view does not make it a mass phenomenon. From our own point of view, the example of “automation of home and building technology” can be cited, at that time operated for comfort and economic reasons, but ultimately, of course, to use resources meaningfully and only when they are actually needed. At the end of the 1990s, together with others, we intensively thought about it and tried out first practical implementations. The resulting consumer products are only beginning to gain wider market acceptance today, also because they are more affordable. So everybody can imagine how much longer it will take to take significant steps on the way to create a “green world”. Not a single product developer wakes up in the morning and thinks about how to best harm the environment today. In fact, they are often idealists who want to make the world a better place bit by bit. Sometimes the medium and long-term effects take a back seat in this process. For the most part, there are actually improvements that must be made in large numbers so that the climate goals can be achieved at all.

That is one part of the story, the other part is the social and societal component. Not everyone can afford to follow any “trend” because of the individual income situation. This applies to both private households and companies. In addition, of course, there are tangible economic interests behind the commitments on all sides. Not all who recognize the scientifically proven man-made climate change as the greatest threat to humanity does this out of conviction, but rather because their revenues and jobs depend on it. The same is true in the opposite direction. Not all those who consider scientifically proven man-made climate change to be irrelevant do so out of conviction, but rather because their revenues and jobs depend on it. Only if people understand both sides they will one end up with a solution acceptable to the majority and supported by the majority (environmental, economic and social compatibility). At first this will only be a solution for the saturated west. The countries of the west can’t deny development, comfort or prosperity to the countries of South America, Africa or Asia. The colonial times are finally largely over. The west can only help these countries to skip several stages and arrive directly in modern times. However, this requires multi-digit trillions of investments. For Germany alone, government investment of more than 50 billion is expected over the next few years. But the UN has 193 member states of different sizes, so that the trillion range is relatively quickly reached. And there are numerous questions, for example: Where should the investments come from? Who manages them? What are the rules for this? Which standards should apply? Who can receive them for what? Etc.

That may not sound very enthusiastic and perhaps does not correspond to the current zeitgeist, but tries to bring some realism into the debate. As much as the engagement of Fridays for Future and Greta Thunberg is welcomed, we should, of course, also take into account the thirst for action and the actual chances of success of the youth. From own experiences one likes to believe in this age that one can change the world for the better within three days, not least because one identifies the own bubble as “the world”. In the meantime, however, around 7.7 billion people inhabit the earth and all have to be taken along on the journey so that the project can be successful. That’s the real challenge.

This contribution is sporadically supplemented and extended. The linked articles and contributions reflect the views, opinions and analyzes of the respective editorial offices, authors and journalists that we do not adopt.

Read more on European Green Capital Award, VOLT Europa, United Europe, Pulse of Europe.


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