Gendarmenmarkt in Berlin

Saturday, 23 August 2014 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Berlin
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Konzerthaus, flanked by the German Cathedral (left) and French Cathedral (right) © Thomas Huntke - www.huntke.de/cc-by-sa-3.0

Konzerthaus, flanked by the German Cathedral (left) and French Cathedral (right)
© Thomas Huntke – www.huntke.de/cc-by-sa-3.0

The Gendarmenmarkt is a square in Berlin, and the site of the Konzerthaus and the French and German Cathedrals. In the centre of the square stands a monumental statue of Germany’s renowned poet Friedrich Schiller. The square was created by Johann Arnold Nering at the end of the seventeenth century as the Linden-Markt and reconstructed by Georg Christian Unger in 1773. The Gendarmenmarkt is named after the cuirassier regiment Gens d’Armes, which had their stables at the square until 1773. During World War II, most of the buildings were badly damaged or destroyed. Today all the buildings have been restored to their former state.

The French Cathedral (in German: Französischer Dom) the older of the two cathedrals, was built by the Huguenot community between 1701 and 1705. The cathedral was modelled after the destroyed Huguenot church in Charenton-Saint-Maurice in France. The tower and porticoes, designed by Carl von Gontard, were added to the building in 1785. The French cathedral has a viewing platform, a restaurant and a Huguenot museum.

Gendarmenmarkt 2009 © De-okin German Cathedral and Concert Hall © AndreHuppertz/cc-by-sa-3.0 Konzerthaus, flanked by the German Cathedral (left) and French Cathedral (right) © Jhintzbe/cc-by-sa-3.0 Konzerthaus, flanked by the German Cathedral (left) and French Cathedral (right) © Thomas Huntke - www.huntke.de/cc-by-sa-3.0 French Cathedral and Concert Hall © Jorge Lascar/cc-by-sa-3.0 Gendarmenmarkt © phsan
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Konzerthaus, flanked by the German Cathedral (left) and French Cathedral (right) © Thomas Huntke - www.huntke.de/cc-by-sa-3.0
The German Cathedral (in German: Deutscher Dom) is located in the south of the Gendarmenmarkt. It has a pentagonal structure and was designed by Martin Grünberg and built in 1708 by Giovanni Simonetti. It too was modified in 1785 by Carl von Gontard, who built the domed tower. The German Cathedral was completely destroyed by fire in 1945, during World War II. After German reunification it was rebuilt, finished in 1993 and re-opened in 1996 as a museum of German history.

The Konzerthaus Berlin is the most recent building on the Gendarmenmarkt. It was built by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1821 as the Schauspielhaus. It was based on the ruins of the National Theatre, which was destroyed by fire in 1817. Parts of the building contain columns and some outside walls from the destroyed building. Like the other buildings on the square, it was also badly damaged during World War II. The reconstruction, finished in 1984, turned the theatre into a concert hall. Today, it is the home of the Konzerthausorchester Berlin. The Gendarmenmarkt hosts one of Berlin’s most popular Christmas markets.

Read more on berlin.de – Gendarmenmarkt, Konzerthaus, berlin.de – German Church, berlin.de – French Cathedral and Wikipedia Gendarmenmarkt (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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