The World Heritage Site of Durham

Saturday, 14 April 2012 - 01:23 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks, UNESCO World Heritage
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Durham Market Place © Bladeofgrass

Durham Market Place © Bladeofgrass

Durham is a city in north east England. It is within the County Durham local government district, and is the county town of the larger ceremonial county. It lies to the south of Newcastle upon Tyne, Chester-le-Street and Sunderland and to the north of Darlington.

Durham is well known for its Norman cathedral and 11th-century castle, both designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. The castle has been the home of Durham University since 1832.

The Industrial Revolution also placed the city at the heart of the coal fields, the county’s main industry until the 1970s. Practically every village around the city boasted a coal mine and, although these have since disappeared as part of the regional decline in heavy industry, the proud traditions, heritage and community spirit are still evident. The city also saw the creation of the world’s first passenger railway in 1825. The nineteenth century also saw the founding of Durham University thanks to the benevolence of Bishop William Van Mildert and the Chapter in 1832. Durham Castle became the first college (University College) and the Bishop moved to Auckland Castle as his only residence in the county.

Penshaw Monument near Durham © The JPS Framwellgate Bridge, Durham Cathedral, and Durham Castle on River Wear © Jungpionier Durham University - Palace Green Library © flickr.com - Gaspa Durham Heritage Centre © Jungpionier Durham Cathedral and Castle © flickr.com - Vik Walker Durham Castle. View from the courtyard © Robin Widdison Durham Castle courtyard © Jungpionier Chapel at Durham School © Teach46 Durham Market Place © Bladeofgrass
<
>
Framwellgate Bridge, Durham Cathedral, and Durham Castle on River Wear © Jungpionier
The first Durham Miners’ Gala was held in 1871 and remains the largest socialist trade union event in the world.

Durham is situated 13 miles (21 km) to the south west of Sunderland, England. The River Wear flows north through the city, making an incised meander which encloses the centre on three sides to form Durham’s peninsula. At the base of the peninsula is the Market Place, which still hosts regular markets;] a permanent indoor market, Durham Indoor Market, is also situated just off the Market Place. The Market Place and surrounding streets are one of the main commercial and shopping areas of the city. From the Market Place, The Bailey leads south past Palace Green; The Bailey is almost entirely owned and occupied by the university and the cathedral.

There are three old roads out of the Market Place: Saddler Street heads south-east, towards Elvet Bridge, The Bailey and Prebends Bridge. Elvet Bridge leads to the Elvet area of the city, Durham Prison and the South; Prebends Bridge is smaller and provides access from The Bailey to South Durham. Heading west, Silver Street leads out of the Market Place towards Framwellgate Bridge and North Road, the other main shopping area of the city. From here, the city spreads out into the Framwelgate, Crossgate, Neville’s Cross and viaduct districts, the other main shopping area of the city. Beyond the viaduct lie the outlying districts of Framwellgate Moor and Neville’s Cross. Heading north from the Market Place leads to Claypath. The road curves back round to the east and beyond it lie Gilesgate, Gilesgate Moor and Dragonville. Many of the inner city areas are now inhabited by students living in shared houses.

Read more on Durham World Heritage Site, Durham County Council, ThisIsDurham.com – Tourism website, Durham University and Wikipedia Durham. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Besançon in France

Besançon in France

[caption id="attachment_232455" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Arnaud 25/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Besançon is the prefecture of the department of Doubs in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. The city is located in Eastern France, close to the Jura Mountains and the border with Switzerland. Capital of the historic and cultural region of Franche-Comté, Besançon is home to the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté regional council headquarters, and is an important administrative centre in the region. It is also the sea...

[ read more ]

Lod in Israel

Lod in Israel

[caption id="attachment_241174" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © DGtal/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Lod, also known as Lydda, is a city 15 km (9.5 mi) southeast of Tel Aviv and 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Jerusalem in the Central District of Israel. It is situated between the lower Shephelah on the east and the coastal plain on the west. The city had a population of 85,351 in 2019. Lod is an ancient city, and Neolithic remains have been discovered there. It is mentioned a few times in the Hebrew Bible and in ...

[ read more ]

Beijing in China

Beijing in China

[caption id="attachment_201542" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Central Business District © 郭友柏/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Beijing ("Northern Capital") is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of central government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the except...

[ read more ]

Palm Islands in Dubai

Palm Islands in Dubai

[caption id="attachment_164801" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palm Jumeirah, The Universe, The World and Palm Deira © Tobias Karlhuber[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Palm Islands are three artificial islands, Palm Jumeirah, Deira Island and Palm Jebel Ali, on the coast of Dubai. As of November 2014, only Palm Jumeirah has been completed. This island takes the form of a palm tree, topped by a crescent. After completion, Palm Jebel Ali will take a similar shape; each island will be host to a large number of residential, leisure and...

[ read more ]

Research vessel RRS Sir David Attenborough

Research vessel RRS Sir David Attenborough

[caption id="attachment_240808" align="aligncenter" width="590"] RRS Sir David Attenborough at Liverpool Cruise Terminal © Rodhullandemu/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]RRS Sir David Attenborough is a research vessel owned by the Natural Environment Research Council and operated by the British Antarctic Survey for the purposes of both research and logistic support. The ship replaces a pair of existing vessels, RRS James Clark Ross and RRS Ernest Shackleton. The vessel is named after broadcaster and naturalist Sir David A...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Provence - Orange

Theme Week Provence - Orange

[caption id="attachment_152671" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © theatre-antique.com - Culturespaces/Les chorégies/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Orange is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is located about 21 kilometres (13 miles) north of Avignon. It has a primarily agricultural economy. The town is renowned for its Roman architecture and its Roman theatre, the Théâtre antique d'Orange, is described as the most impressive still existi...

[ read more ]

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle

[caption id="attachment_236954" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Diliff/cc-by-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is strongly associated with the English and succeeding British royal family, and embodies almost a millennium of architectural history. The original castle was built in the 11th century, after the Norman invasion of England by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I (who reigned 1100–1135), it has been used by the re...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Marseille, France's oldest and second largest city

Theme Week Marseille, France's oldest and second largest city

[caption id="attachment_160210" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Corniche - Petit Nice © Jddmano[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Marseille, known in antiquity as Massalia, is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 852,395 within its administrative limits on a land area of 240.62 km2 (93 sq mi). The urban area of Marseille extends beyond the city limits with a population of over 1,420,000 on an area of 1,204 km2 (465 sq mi). 1,530,000 or 1,601,095 people live in the Marseille metropolitan area, ranking it...

[ read more ]

Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America

Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America

[caption id="attachment_233146" align="aligncenter" width="483"] © Richard Zietz/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies, the Thirteen American Colonies, or later as the United Colonies, were a group of British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America. Founded in the 17th and 18th centuries, they began fighting the American Revolutionary War in April 1775 and formed the United States of America by declaring full independence in July 1776. Just prior to dec...

[ read more ]

The half-timbered and university town of Schmalkalden

The half-timbered and university town of Schmalkalden

[caption id="attachment_161118" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Timber-framed houses on Salzbrücke © TOMMES-WIKI[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Schmalkalden is a town in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district, in the southwestern portion of Thuringia state in Germany. It is situated on the southern slope of the Thuringian Forest at the Schmalkalde river, a tributary to the Werra. The town has a population of 20,000. In 2004, the title "college town" was officially awarded to the city. The FH Schmalkalden University of Applied...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Place de Jaude © Eazyzzz
Clermont-Ferrand, capital of Auvergne

Clermont-Ferrand is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of 141,000. Its metropolitan area...

Market Square with the City Hall © Axt
The university and Hanseatic town of Greifswald

Greifswald is a town in northeastern Germany. It is situated in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, at an equal distance of...

Propylaea and Acropolis © Fantasy
The Propylaea and Acropolis of Athens

A Propylaea, Propylea or Propylaia is any monumental gateway based on the original Propylaea that serves as the entrance to...

Close