The Kyffhäuser Monument

Friday, 6 April 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Museums, Exhibitions, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks

© Burghof Kyffhäuser/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Burghof Kyffhäuser/cc-by-sa-3.0

The Kyffhäuser Monument (German: Kyffhäuserdenkmal), also known as Barbarossa Monument (Barbarossadenkmal), is an Emperor William monument within the Kyffhäuser mountain range in Thuringia. It was erected in 1890–96 at the site of medieval Kyffhausen Castle near Bad Frankenhausen. The Kyffhäuser Monument is the third-largest monument in Germany, after the Monument to the Battle of the Nations (Völkerschlachtdenkmal) commemorating the 1813 Battle of Leipzig and the Emperor William Monument at Porta Westfalica, both of which also were designed by architect Bruno Schmitz (1858–1916).

The monument, which totals 81 metres (266 ft) tall, is located in the eastern part of the Kyffhäuser range at an elevation of c. 420 m (1,380 ft) below the Kyffhäuserburgberg peak, 439.7 m (1,443 ft). The site belongs to Steinthaleben in the municipal area of Kyffhäuserland, about 6.5 km (4.0 mi) north of Bad Frankenhausen and southwest of Tilleda in the Goldene Aue plain.

© Kora27/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Kora27/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Kora27/cc-by-sa-4.0 Kaiser Barbarossa © Reinhard Kirchner/cc-by-sa-3.0 Wilhelm I. © Reinhard Kirchner/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Burghof Kyffhäuser/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Kaiser Barbarossa © Reinhard Kirchner/cc-by-sa-3.0
After the death of William I (Wilhelm I.), first German Emperor in 1888, numerous memorials were erected in his honour all over the German Empire. The Kyffhäuser Monument was initially proposed by the 19th century Deutscher Kriegerbund (German War Veterans Federation), which under the name Kyffhäuserbund (Kyffhäuser Federation) took over its maintenance after 1900. Architect Bruno Schmitz drew up plans referring to the tradition of massive monuments like the Bavarian Walhalla memorial, the Hermannsdenkmal in the Teutoburg Forest, or the Niederwalddenkmal near Rüdesheim. The monument was built atop the ruins of the medieval Imperial castle of Kyffhausen, a German Baron. Stylistically, it recalls the castles and fortresses of the Hohenstaufen era in Germany in the 12th and 13th centuries. In the beginning period of Wilhelminism, it was intended to suggest that the Prussia-dominated German Empire founded in 1871 was the legitimate successor to the medieval Holy Roman Empire. It also signifies the national theme of decline and rebirth.

The monument features a 6.5-metre-tall (21 ft) sandstone figure of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick Barbarossa (“The Red-Bearded”) by Nikolaus Geiger (1849–1897). Referring to the king in the mountain legend of Barbarossa, which held that the emperor was sleeping under the Kyffhäuser Mountain and someday would rise again when Germany needed his leadership, the sculpture appears to just have awakened. Above him stands an 11-metre-tall (36 ft) copper equestrian statue of Emperor William I, designed by sculptor Emil Hundrieser (1846–1911) in a Neo-baroque style. This composition expresses the monument’s theme: That William I brought to fruition the unification of the German nation that had been so long desired since Barbarossa’s time. Towering over the monument is a 57-metre (187 ft) tower topped by a huge imperial crown. A 247-step stairway leads to the top of the tower, offering a panoramic view over the Kyffhäuser range to the Harz mountains in the north and down to the Thuringian Forest in the south. An adjacent building features exhibits depicting medieval Kyffhausen Castle and the Barbarossa legend.

Read more on Kyffhaeuser-Denkmal.de, Burghof Kyffhäuser-Denkmalwirtschaft seit 1892, region-suedharz-kyffhaeuser.de – Kyffhäuser Monument and Wikipedia Kyffhäuser Monument (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

The hotel ship Barken Viking

The hotel ship Barken Viking

[caption id="attachment_150798" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Barken Viking © Pär Henning[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Viking (better known by the ship type as a prefix, Barken Viking) is a four-masted steel barque, built in 1906 by Burmeister & Wain in Copenhagen, Denmark. She is reported to be the biggest sailing ship ever built in Scandinavia. Viking was originally built as a sail training ship for the rapidly growing Danish merchant fleet. At that time, seaworthiness and cargo capacity were given top priority. One day ...

[ read more ]

Hotel New York in Rotterdam

Hotel New York in Rotterdam

[caption id="attachment_200704" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Kromme Zand/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Hotel New York is a hotel in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, based in the former office building of the Holland America Lines (Nederlandsch Amerikaansche Stoomvaart Maatschappij). It was used as temporary accommodation for European emigres in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. "Often, package deals were available which would combine a train ticket, hotel accommodation and passage over the oceans." When ...

[ read more ]

The hotel ship Queen Elizabeth 2

The hotel ship Queen Elizabeth 2

[caption id="attachment_203448" align="aligncenter" width="590"] near the Cunard Building in Liverpool © flickr.com - Eric The Fish/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Queen Elizabeth 2, often referred to simply as QE2, is a floating hotel and retired ocean liner originally built for the Cunard Line, which operated by Cunard as both a transatlantic liner and a cruise ship from 1969 to 2008. Since 18 April 2018, she has been operating as a floating hotel in Dubai. QE2 was designed for the transatlantic service from her ho...

[ read more ]

Hengelo in the Overijssel province

Hengelo in the Overijssel province

[caption id="attachment_151601" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Steven van der Wal[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Hengelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel. The city lies along the motorways A1/E30 and A35 and it has a station for the International Amsterdam – Hannover – Berlin service. During World War II, the city was often bombed by the Allies because of the presence of the railways and the war industry activities of local factories. Accidentally the heart of the town wa...

[ read more ]

The National Gallery in London

The National Gallery in London

[caption id="attachment_23499" align="alignleft" width="590"] © geograph.org.uk - Robert MacPherson/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square, London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. The Gallery is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection is free of c...

[ read more ]

Costa Brava in Spain

Costa Brava in Spain

[caption id="attachment_171441" align="aligncenter" width="588"] Palafrugell © Patronat de Turisme Costa Brava Pirineu de Girona/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Costa Brava ("Wild Coast" or "Rough Coast") is a coastal region of Catalonia in northeastern Spain, consisting of the comarques (counties) of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and Selva in the province of Girona. Costa Brava stretches from the town of Blanes, 60 km (37 mi) northeast of Barcelona, to the French border. In the 1950s, the Costa Brava was identified by...

[ read more ]

Theme Week China - Nanjing

Theme Week China - Nanjing

[caption id="attachment_201019" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Qinhuai River and Fuzimiao with Kuiguang Pavilion and Great Spirit Screen © flickr.com - SQFP/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of 6,600 km² (2,500 sq mi) and a total population of 8,270,500 as of 2016. The inner area of Nanjing enclosed by the city wall is Nanjing City, with an area of 55 km² (...

[ read more ]

Time for some amusement? Theme parks around the world

Time for some amusement? Theme parks around the world

[caption id="attachment_2271" align="aligncenter" width="500" caption="Europapark Rust © Jonas Lange"][/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Amusement parks evolved in Europe from fairs and pleasure gardens which were created for people’s recreation. The oldest amusement park in the world (opened 1583) is Bakken, at Klampenborg, north of Copenhagen, Denmark. In the United States, world's fairs and expositions were another influence on development of the amusement park industry. In common language, theme park is often used as a sy...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
Swamped forest © Lilly M/cc-by-sa-3.0
The Białowieża National Park

Białowieża National Park is a National Park in Podlaskie Voivodeship, in Eastern Poland adjacent with the border with Belarus. The...

Museum of the Revolution © flickr.com - Paul Mannix/cc-by-sa-2.0
Museum of the Revolution in Havana

The Museum of the Revolution (Spanish: Museo de la Revolución) is a museum located in the Old Havana section of...

Stern © geograph.org.uk - Ian Petticrew/cc-by-sa-2.0
The HMS Trincomalee

HMS Trincomalee is a Royal Navy Leda-class sailing frigate built shortly after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. She is...

Schließen