Damascus, capital of Syria

Wednesday, 29 April 2015 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, UNESCO World Heritage, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Saladin mouselum tomb © flickr.com - Jan Smith/cc-by-2.0

Saladin mouselum tomb © flickr.com – Jan Smith/cc-by-2.0

Damascus is the capital and largest city of Syria. Aleppo comes in second. It is commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: ash-Shām) and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: Madīnat al-Yāsmīn). In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 (2009 est.). Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate due to the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.

First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries.

Ruins of the Jupiter Temple at the entrance of Al-Hamidiyah Souq © flickr.com - Ai@ce/cc-by-2.0 Saladin mouselum tomb © flickr.com - Jan Smith/cc-by-2.0 Damascus, seen from Qasiyon © Aziz1005 The Umayyad Mosque - The Dome of the Eagle © Jerzy Strzelecki/cc-by-sa-3.0 Typical ancient Damascene street © Mappo/cc-by-sa-3.0 Al-Hamidiyah Souq © Bernard Gagnon/cc-by-sa-3.0 The Umayyad Mosque, the Great Mosque of Damascus © Noor Khayat/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Ruins of the Jupiter Temple at the entrance of Al-Hamidiyah Souq © flickr.com - Ai@ce/cc-by-2.0
The historical role that Damascus played as an important trade center has changed in recent years due to political development in the region as well as the development of modern trade. Most goods produced in Damascus, as well as in Syria, are distributed to Countries of the Arabian peninsula. Damascus also holds an annual international trade exposition in the fall since 1955. Damascus has the potential for a highly successful tourism industry. The abundance of cultural wealth in Damascus has been modestly employed since the late 1980s with the development of many accommodation and transportation establishments and other related investments. Since the early 2000s, numerous boutique hotels and bustling cafes opened in the old city which attract plenty of European tourists and Damascenes alike.

Damascus has a wealth of historical sites dating back to many different periods of the city’s history. Since the city has been built up with every passing occupation, it has become almost impossible to excavate all the ruins of Damascus that lie up to 8 feet (2.4 m) below the modern level.

Read more on unesco.org – Damascus, Tourism in Syria, Politics of Syria, Foreign relations of Syria, Economy of Syria, Culture of Syria, Architecture of Syria, Syrian cuisine, Wikitravel Damascus and Wikipedia Damascus (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Her Majesty's Yacht Britannia

Her Majesty's Yacht Britannia

[caption id="attachment_152559" align="aligncenter" width="443"] HMY Britannia Bell © Robert Breuer/GFDL[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Her Majesty's Yacht Britannia is the former Royal Yacht of the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. She was the 83rd such vessel since the restoration of King Charles II in 1660. She is the second Royal yacht to bear the name, the first being the famous racing Royal Cutter Yacht built for The Prince of Wales in 1893. She is now permanently moored as an exhibition ship at Ocean Terminal, Leith, Edinb...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Cyprus - Paralimni

Theme Week Cyprus - Paralimni

[caption id="attachment_150995" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Protaras Beach © AyianapaProtaras/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Paralimni is a town situated in the southeast of Cyprus, slightly inland, within the Famagusta District. Since the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, it has increased in size and status, due to the migration of many refugees fleeing from the north. Many of the people who work in the tourist industry of Protaras and Ayia Napa live in Paralimni, which is now the temporary administrative centre of...

[ read more ]

Seaside resort Binz on the island Rügen

Seaside resort Binz on the island Rügen

[caption id="attachment_160948" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Binz - Aerial view © Klugschnacker/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Binz is the largest seaside resort on the German island of Rügen. It is situated between the bay of Prorer Wiek and the Schmachter See (a lake) in the southeast of the island. To the north of Binz stretches the Schmale Heide (the "narrow heath"), a tongue of land which joins the Muttland region of Rügen to the Jasmund peninsula. The land to the south and east, in the Granitz, of Binz is hi...

[ read more ]

Achrafieh in Beirut

Achrafieh in Beirut

[caption id="attachment_225927" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Moussa Sursock's palace © James Bradbury/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Achrafieh is an area in eastern Beirut, Lebanon. In strictly administrative terms, the name refers to a sector (secteur) centred on Sassine Square, the highest point in the city, as well as a broader quarter (quartier). In popular parlance, however, Achrafieh refers to the whole hill that rises above Gemmayze in the north and extends to Badaro in the south, and includes the Rmeil quart...

[ read more ]

Land’s End in Cornwall

Land’s End in Cornwall

[caption id="attachment_150622" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Land's End marker © Mohcyn[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Land's End is a headland and holiday complex in western Cornwall. It is the most westerly point of mainland Cornwall and England, is within the Penwith peninsula and is about eight miles (13 km) west-south-west of Penzance at the starting and finishing point of the A30 road. In May 2012, Land's End received worldwide publicity as the starting point of the 2012 Summer Olympics torch relay. In 1769, the antiquaria...

[ read more ]

Mercato Centrale in Florence

Mercato Centrale in Florence

[caption id="attachment_229867" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Mercato Centrale, built in 1874 by Giuseppe Mengoni © Txllxt TxllxT/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Mercato Centrale (English: Central Market) in Florence is located between via dell'Ariento, via Sant'Antonino, via Panicale and Piazza del Mercato Centrale. It is one of the results from the time of risanamento, the period when Florence was the capital of Italy in the late nineteenth century. It was designed by Giuseppe Mengoni, an architect who also conc...

[ read more ]

Palm Beach in Florida

Palm Beach in Florida

[caption id="attachment_162496" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Michael Kagdis - Proper Media Group/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Town of Palm Beach is an incorporated town in Palm Beach County in Florida. The Intracoastal Waterway separates it from the neighboring cities of West Palm Beach and Lake Worth. In 2000, Palm Beach had a year-round population of 10,500, with an estimated seasonal population of 30,000. Many of Palm Beach's residents are affluent. The town's affluence and its "abundance of pleasures" an...

[ read more ]

Strøget in Copenhagen

Strøget in Copenhagen

[caption id="attachment_236387" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Amagertorv © flickr.com - Olga Itenberg/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Strøget is a pedestrian, car free shopping area in Copenhagen, Denmark. This popular tourist attraction in the centre of town is one of the longest pedestrian shopping streets in Europe at 1.1 km. Located at the centre of the old city of Copenhagen, it has long been one of the most high-profile streets in the city. The pedestrianisation of Strøget in 1962 marked the beginning of a major ...

[ read more ]

Schnoor Quarter in Bremen

Schnoor Quarter in Bremen

[caption id="attachment_224263" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Lucas Kaufmann/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Schnoor is a neighbourhood in the medieval centre of the German city of Bremen, and the only part of it that has preserved a medieval character. The neighbourhood owes its name to old handicrafts associated with shipping. The alleys between the houses were often associated with occupations or objects: There was an area in which ropes and cables were produced (string = Schnoor) and a neighboring area, where wi...

[ read more ]

Cristo degli Abissi

Cristo degli Abissi

[caption id="attachment_152404" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Christ of the Abyss at San Fruttuoso © liguriaguide.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Christ of the Abyss (Italian: "Il Cristo degli Abissi") is a submerged bronze statue of Jesus Christ, the original of which is located in the Mediterranean Sea off San Fruttuoso between Camogli and Portofino on the Italian Riviera. It was placed in the water on 22 August 1954 at approximately 17 metres depth, and stands c. 2.5 metres tall. The sculpture was created by Guido G...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Speculos/cc-by-sa-3.0
Barcelonnette in the Ubaye valley

Barcelonnette is a commune of France and a subprefecture in the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It...

© Herbert Ortner
The Greek island of Hydra

Hydra is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the...

Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands stamps © John
Gay & Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands

The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands is a micronation established as a symbolic political protest by...

Close