Dachau in Upper Bavaria

Thursday, 3 October 2013 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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Historic District - Konrad Adenauer Street © Schlaier/cc-by-3.0

Historic District – Konrad Adenauer Street © Schlaier/cc-by-3.0

Dachau is a major district town of the administrative region of Upper Bavaria, in the southern part of Germany, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) north-west of Munich. It is now a popular residential area for people working in Munich with roughly 40,000 inhabitants. The historic centre of town with its 18th-century castle is situated on an elevation and visible over a great distance. Between 1546 and 1577, the House of Wittelsbach had the Dachau Palace erected in the Renaissance style. From June 1715 to Autumn 1717, Joseph Effner remodelled the palace to suit the contemporary taste in style. At the beginning of the 19th century, the castle’s north-, east- and south-wing had to be demolished due to their state of disrepair. The west-wing housing the dance hall with a superb view of the enchanting gardens, still remains today. On the first floor the original renaissance wood carved, coffered ceiling can be admired by visitors.

Dachau was founded in the 8th century. It was home to many artists during the late 19th and early 20th century; well-known author and editor Ludwig Thoma lived here for two years. Beginning during the second half of the 19th century the town became home to numerous artists. The Dachau artists’ colony gave the town recognition as one of the most important artist’s colonies in Germany beside Worpswede.

Model of Dachau Concentration Camp © Andrew Bossi/cc-by-sa-2.5 Town Hall © Rufus46/cc-by-sa-3.0 The Cloister Street in the historic part of Dachau © Schlaier/cc-by-3.0 River Mühlbach © Schlaier/cc-by-3.0 Dachau Palace © Patrick Huebgen Historic District - Konrad Adenauer Street © Schlaier/cc-by-3.0
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The Cloister Street in the historic part of Dachau © Schlaier/cc-by-3.0
In 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was built east of the city by the Nazis and was operated until 1945. It became the prototype for all other camps. 25,613 prisoners died in the camp and almost another 10,000 in its subcamps. Dachau concentration camp was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned ammunition factory. Opened in 1933 by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, Sinti, Roma, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, ordinary German and Austrian criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries which Germany occupied or invaded. It was finally liberated in 1945. In the postwar years it served to hold SS soldiers awaiting trial, after 1948, it held ethnic Germans who had been expelled from eastern Europe and were awaiting resettlement, and also was used for a time as a United States military base during the occupation. It was finally closed for use in 1960. Several memorials have been installed there, and the site is open for visitors.

Read more on City of Dachau, Dachau district, Memorial Site on the grounds of the former Dachau Concentration Camp, International Youth Meeting Dachau, Wikivoyage Dachau and Wikipedia Dachau. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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