Curitiba in Brazil

Tuesday, 18 April 2023 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Living, Working, Building
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Federal University of Paraná, the first university in Brazil © Thomoesch

Federal University of Paraná, the first ever opened university in Brazil © Thomoesch

Curitiba is the capital and largest city in the state of Paraná in Brazil. The city’s population was 1,963,726 as of 2021, making it the eighth most populous city in Brazil and the largest in Brazil’s South Region. The Curitiba Metropolitan area comprises 29 municipalities with a total population of over 3,731,769 (IBGE estimate in 2021), making it the ninth most populous metropolitan area in the country.

The city sits on a plateau at 932 m (3,058 ft) above sea level. It is located west of the seaport of Paranaguá and is served by the Afonso Pena International and Bacacheri airports. Curitiba is an important cultural, political, and economic center in Latin America and hosts the Federal University of Paraná, established in 1912.

Oscar Niemeyer Museum © Mario Roberto Duran Ortiz/cc-by-sa-4.0 Tanguá Park © Leonardo.stabile Wire Opera House © flickr.com - herval/cc-by-2.0 © flickr.com - Francisco Anzola/cc-by-2.0 Botanical Garden © Hicham El Banine/cc-by-sa-4.0 Federal University of Paraná, the first university in Brazil © Thomoesch
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Federal University of Paraná, the first university in Brazil © Thomoesch
In the 1700s, Curitiba’s favorable location between cattle-breeding countryside and marketplaces led to a successful cattle trade and the city’s first major expansion. Later, between 1850 and 1950, it grew due to logging and agricultural expansion in Paraná State (first Araucaria angustifolia logging, later mate and coffee cultivation and in the 1970s wheat, corn and soybean cultivation). In the 1850s, waves of European immigrants arrived in Curitiba, mainly Germans, Italians, Poles and Ukrainians, contributing to the city’s economic and cultural development. Nowadays, only small numbers of immigrants arrive, primarily from Middle Eastern and other South American countries.

Curitiba’s biggest expansion occurred after the 1960s, with innovative urban planning that allowed the population to grow from some hundreds of thousands to more than a million people. Curitiba’s economy is based on industry and services and is the fourth largest in Brazil. Economic growth occurred in parallel to a substantial inward flow of Brazilians from other parts of the country, as approximately half of the city’s population was not born in Curitiba.

Read more on Wikivoyage Curitiba and Wikipedia Curitiba (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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