Cours Saleya in Nice

Monday, 11 March 2024 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, French Riviera, Bon appétit, Shopping
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© Miniwark/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Miniwark/cc-by-sa-3.0

The main pedestrian route in Old Nice, the Cours Saleya, parallel to the Quai des États-Unis, extends rue Saint-François-de-Paule to the west, from rue Louis-Gassin to Place Charles-Félix.

This space is referred to as the Marina in ancient texts. From 1714, the term Palco, scene in Italian, prevailed: “this is where you have to show yourself”. It is indicated Cours on the Napoleonic land register, then at the beginning of the 20th century, adopted its current name of Cours Saleya. Originally, the Palco (Court) was probably formed on a space left free between a line of fortified houses parallel to the seafront rampart.

In the first half of the 18th century, the Course found its definitive axis during the construction of the main buildings of the Terrace, accessible to the public, along the shore. In 1748, it was almost completely leveled. Many stores extend to the front of the royal garden (today Place Pierre-Gautier). Around 1750, an association of traders and owners was founded to defend their common interests. To the east, the Senate palace is enlarged and the Holy Shroud chapel has a new facade.

In 1766, it was planted with rows of abalone to replace the mulberry trees planted in the previous century. The foliage serves to hide the monotony of the walls but should not hide the terrace balustrade.

© Irina Korch/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Urbanus/cc-by-sa-2.0 © GFreihalter/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Miniwark/cc-by-sa-3.0 © GFreihalter/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Miniwark/cc-by-sa-3.0 © flickr.com - Dennis Jarvis/cc-by-sa-2.0
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© flickr.com - Dennis Jarvis/cc-by-sa-2.0
At the end of the 18th century, walking became the favorite leisure activity of a wealthy, idle clientele. The Courtyard and the Terraces were the center of social life in Nice. Notable families frequented cafes and luxury boutiques. In 1827, at the eastern end of the Cours, a monument known as the Locksmiths was erected in honor of King Charles-Félix, on the eponymous square.

Opposite, the north side also includes buildings with private gardens and terraces, on the first floor, overlooking the Cours. In 1839, in one of his houses, Benoit Visconti opened the Visconti Literary Establishment, a literary salon which remained for more than half a century the international reference address for all lovers of arts and letters. In living rooms and gardens, ladies organize charity evenings. On the Cours, the Visconti terrace was the place where every distinguished guest must show up. They attended musical concerts and illuminated night parties. It was fitted out with stands and later with boxes during carnival parades.

At the same time, the Consiglio d’Ornato decided to open the Cours sur la mer with a Marine gate with three arcades, then a so-called Charles-Félix gate in the axis of the rue du Sénat and a passage under the terrace in front of the government palace. On the other hand, its alignment on the north side, planned in the regulatory plan, was only achieved after the annexation of the County of Nice to France.

On July 22, 1861, the municipality of Malaussena approved the creation on the Cours of the city’s first flower, fruit and vegetable market. In 1892, the carnival corso abandoned the Cours and migrated to the new town. Luxury boutiques follow the movement and set up shop on the quay, Avenue de la Gare and Place Masséna. The Course loses its festive character. In 1900, it was covered by a metal hall for market use. In 1930, the existing metal roof was replaced by a concrete construction. In 1950, the plane trees which planted it were cut down. From then on, outside market hours, the Cours transforms into a vast car park where pedestrians are excluded. Gradually abandoned, the Terraces were closed to the public in the 1960s. The unsightly concrete hall was demolished in 1980 and major renovation work was undertaken to create an underground car park, and restore the Cours to its vocation as an promenade. Depending on the time of day, there is the flower market, market gardeners or, in the evening, artisan jewelers, etc.

From 2009, as part of the 150th anniversary of the annexation of the former county of Nice to France, the city of Nice undertook its beautification through major renovation work.

Read more on ExploreniceCotedAzur.com – Cours Saleya and TheGoodLifeFrance.com – Cours Saleya (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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