Columbia University in New York City

Wednesday, 30 June 2021 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, New York City, Universities, Colleges, Academies
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The Thinker (Le Penseur) © flickr.com - InSapphoWeTrust/cc-by-sa-2.0

The Thinker (Le Penseur) © flickr.com – InSapphoWeTrust/cc-by-sa-2.0

Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a private Ivy League research university in New York City. Established in 1754 as King’s College on the grounds of Trinity Church in Manhattan, Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in New York and the fifth-oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. Columbia is ranked among the top universities in the world by major education publications.

Columbia was established by royal charter from King George II of Great Britain in reaction to the founding of Princeton College. It was renamed Columbia College in 1784 following the American Revolution, and in 1787 was placed under a private board of trustees headed by former students Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In 1896, the campus was moved to its current location in Morningside Heights and renamed Columbia University.

Low Memorial Library © Ad Meskens/cc-by-sa-3.0 Pupin Hall with the rooftop Rutherford Observatory © flickr.com - Ajay Suresh/cc-by-2.0 The Thinker (Le Penseur) © flickr.com - InSapphoWeTrust/cc-by-sa-2.0 Union Theological Seminary © Gryffindor/cc-by-sa-3.0 Butler Library © Andrew Chen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Dodge Hall © Ad Meskens/cc-by-sa-3.0 Hewitt Hall at Barnard College © The Fixers/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Pupin Hall with the rooftop Rutherford Observatory © flickr.com - Ajay Suresh/cc-by-2.0
Columbia scientists and scholars have played an important role in scientific breakthroughs including brain-computer interface; the laser and maser; nuclear magnetic resonance; the first nuclear pile; the first nuclear fission reaction in the Americas; the first evidence for plate tectonics and continental drift; and much of the initial research and planning for the Manhattan Project during World War II. Columbia is organized into twenty schools, including four undergraduate schools and 16 graduate schools. The university’s research efforts include the Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory, the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, and accelerator laboratories with major technology firms such as IBM. Columbia is a founding member of the Association of American Universities and was the first school in the United States to grant the M.D. degree. With over 14 million volumes, Columbia University Library is the third largest private research library in the United States.

The university’s endowment stands at $11.26 billion in 2020, among the largest of any academic institution. As of October 2020, Columbia’s alumni, faculty, and staff have included: seven Founding Fathers of the United States; four U.S. presidents; 29 foreign heads of state; ten justices of the United States Supreme Court, one of whom currently serves; 96 Nobel laureates; five Fields Medalists; 122 National Academy of Sciences members; eleven Olympic medalists; 33 Academy Award winners; and 125 Pulitzer Prize recipients.

Read more on Columbia University and Wikipedia Columbia University (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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